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Gopi Nath Logistics Services Company was established in 1985 and was now providing a unbeatable logistic service with a good accessibility in rural and urban areas. The main aim of this company is to provide a quick and safe deliveries and pickups. The first company building is established in Toowoomba, QLD, Australia, in an area of 55 Acres and now it's an Asian region's leading provider of logistic services with an average annual turnover of 6.5 billion AUD with an extensive network over 845 sites throughout more than 50 countries. Our services had a high infrastructure includes roadways, railways, airways and seaways with a high ethical standards, good service, quality and personal attention to clients.
Safety movement of vehicles and mobile plants are highly important in the areas where there are pedestrians and employees who roam through the company. The design and the construction of the company is well established till the last year but, now due to the drastic increase in population, this area is well built-up and according to the government rules the company is supposed to provide walkways through the company. This leads in a high risk factor for the company to operate mobile plant moving vehicles. The main proposal of this project is to reduce the risk involved in the movements of vehicles at workplaces without any work and time loss.
The main objectives of this project are to:
Identify the hazards and risks.
Control the risks involved.
Develop a safe design.
Provide and maintain safe signs in;
Reversing of vehicles
Provide some tips to the employees and drivers.
Ensure safety near operating plant.
Risk Management Group and their Task:
This development of the company includes many constructions and detours to regulate risk factors affecting the pedestrians. A risk management group of five members who have an extensive experience in risk and project management were grouped together, namely
Gopi Nath Dhanekula as a Team Leader
Norman as an Infrastructure Site Engineer
Sam Sundar as a Risk Manager
Mark Thomas as an Operations Manager
Rehman A.R as a Technical and Legal officer
The main task of this group is to identify the hazards and risk areas in the company where pedestrians and employees may face a problem. To provide high safety standards around the company premises in consideration with the future problems faced. Also this group is supposed to monitor risk and effectiveness of control measures must stay standard even if the circumstances changes from time to time.
Identifying the Hazards and Risks:
Most of the occupational deaths and injuries in the workplace are caused by the mobile plant moving vehicles. To identify the risk factors in this company we must be familiar with the hazard causing issues like:
Movements of pedestrians
Movements of vehicles, plant and materials
Loading and unloading, arrivals and departures
Hitching and unhitching of trailers
Mounting and dismounting of vehicles
Securing and maintenance of load and work.
Risk Factors and Effects:
The risk is most affected to the people who work near the mobile plants and moving vehicles such as trailers, tractors, forklifts and loader utilities. Accidents are more frequent in the areas like loading and unloading, reversing and where pedestrian movement is high. Other workers and employees and visitors at work place may face low risks. To enhance safety and on the other hand the time taken to handle a specific work must be appropriate to the previous, must be enhanced if possible.
People working near mobile plants and movable vehicles
May cause major injuries and sometime leads to death.
Accidents caused in areas like loading and unloading, hitching and unhitching of trailers
May cause some minor injuries.
Workers, employees and visitors at workplace and parking of vehicles.
May lead to confusions and horns, sometimes a minor injuries
Risk Management Process:
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 the employees and other people at the workplace are not supposed to expose to hazards and this can be done with regular risk management process which includes, identifying the risk hazards, assessing the risk of injuries to the people and by controlling the risks through the control measures implementation.
Implementation of Control Measures and Risk Management Steps:
Traffic routes must be designed safely by providing wide routes for large vehicles (including loads), one ways if possible with sufficient space around for stationary vehicles, speed limits, restricted parking, headroom and other vehicle movement hazards which improves safety for both vehicles and pedestrians. Traffic routes must also be well maintained which must be free from grease or slippery liquids. And these must be free from damages on the surface and in a clear visible condition. Suitable materials like bitumen and concrete must be well drained and must be free from excessive gradients. Safety signs and clear road markings such as speed limits, bends and junctions, pedestrian and vehicle crossing, blind corners and give ways are more important in managing risk factors.
Pedestrians must be provided with separate walkways and crossing areas which are clearly marked and separated from the traffic routes. Painted white markings must be provided for the pedestrians at crossings and junctions. For clear visibility of vehicles and pedestrians adequate lighting must be provided at darker areas even at mornings.
Vehicles like trucks, tractors and forklifts must have adequate parking space and loading bays. Drivers must be trained for safe loading and unloading, hitching and unhitching, reversing. If the parking is provided onsite, both work and private vehicle parking must be separated. Employees and visitors must park their vehicles away from busy work areas and they must be provided with information and instructions on safe driving in the workplace premises. Loading and unloading bays must have safe access and egress for people working at ground level and these must be fitted with rails on non loading side to reduce the risk of workers falling off the edge and should clearly marked at edges. We can minimise risk in reversing by providing drive through for loading and unloading purposes and if not possible provide a neat and clean area for reversing purposes with rear vision mirrors with signallers who wear high visibility clothing. For large vehicles it's easy and safe to use radios for communication while reversing. And to provide and maintain flashing reversing light on the vehicle and reverse horn with high sound for easy recognisation while the pedestrians are on their way.
Risk Management Review:
To know the effectiveness of risk management plan it's necessary to have a review on the strategies and steps involved in management plan. Safe reversing and trailer docking and loading practices must be held in regular intervals to maintain low risk levels. All the control measures must be monitored to ensure minimum risks according to the circumstances. To maintain the risks appropriate we must ensure that ongoing reviews must be conducted at regular intervals.
The risks identified in this project are minor and sometimes causses major issues and can be managed by risk management techniques. By implementing safe traffic routes and by making separate walkways and pavements for the pedestrians makes risks factors negligible. And the managing staff must provide safe training for the heavy vehicles and they are supposed to provide checklists.
Lifting and Loading
Training in handling with all requirements as a part of induction
Information, instruction and training of safe lifting has been provided
Alternative ways for lifting and carrying using hoists or trolleys
Employees are provided for the safer ways to do the particular job and practical control measures
Slips and Trips
Staff induction must includes training in slips and trips
Information on slips, training and fall hazards are provided
Ensure that the walkways are free from hazards and greasy substances
Ensure that the company policy is clean as you go and the floor surfaces are maintained in good condition.
Pathways accesses to and from workplaces are kept free from obstacles
Ensure the walkways are provided with adequate lighting
Operator and maintenance personals must be trained properly and they must be familiar with the operation and missionary setup.
Fixed guards are provided at substantial construction while the machinery is in operation.
Pre operational checks should be conducted to ensure safety working area
The manufactures manuals should be clearly explained to the vehicle operators
Working at heights and making areas free from instructions are the part of staff induction.
High ladders and mechanical lifts must have fall back protection by arranging fall arrest systems
Threats posed to the Suspension Bridge Construction
Qualitative Risk Analysis Matrix-Level of Risk
Likelihood of Occurrence and Consequences of Risks
Qualitative Measures of Consequence or Impact
Qualitative Measures of Likelihood
Severe Risk: Immediate Action required (Assigned as 100%)
High Risk: Senior management Attention Required (Assigned as 80%)
Major Risk: Management attention required (Assigned as 60%)
Significant: Management Duties should be assigned (Assigned as 40%)
Moderate Risk: management Responsibility must be specified (Assigned as 20%)
Low Risk: Manage by Routine Procedure (Assigned as 10%)
Risk Treatment Schedule and Plan
The Risk in Priority order
Assessment of Threat
Elimination-removing the hazards or hazardous work practice from the work place
Eliminating vehicle movements, or removing the need for reversing where possible.
Substitution-replacing or substituting a hazard work practice with lesser hazards one.
Substituting unsafe vehicles, loading facilities, road signage or road surfaces with safer ones.
Isolation-isolating or separating hazards from people involved in the work or people in the general work area.
Isolation of vehicles from pedestrians at traffic areas or vice versa.
Engineering controls-if the g=hazards cannot be eliminated, substituted or isolated; an engineering control is next proffered measure.
Installing pedestrian barriers, bar guides, hand rails and separate access ways for pedestrians and vehicles
Administrative controls- introducing work practices that reduces the work such as implementing measures to ensure procedures, providing instructions and training
Providing information, training, supervision and safe procedures on vehicle movement at work places. Restricting pedestrian access in certain areas or at certain times. Preventing reversing and providing designated parking for work and private vehicles.
Personal protective equipment- workers should be safe with protective clothing when other control measures are not practicable
Ensuring that workers must have protective safety boots, helmets and reflective jackets