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From 1 April 2011, the shipyard will be affiliated to a group company with head office in Shanghai, PRC and the ship repairing business in Hong Kong will be expanded with the employment size increased from 40 to 150 workers and the group company is adopting OHSAS 18001:2007 safety management system. With an increase in employee number; safety management system should fulfill legislative requirements of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation. This report is how to fulfilling the legislation required in the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation, the principle can be adapted by OHSAS18001: 2007 safety management system, establish a system, how to improve the safety and health performance of the branch factories in the world.
Scope of work
This report has been reviewed the 14 elements in Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation and OHSAS 18001:2007 safety management system and discuss with reasons which part of Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation can be fit into OHSAS 1800:2007 then provide recommendations to fill the loop-holes of safety and health performance of the ship repairing business.
Under the safety management system consisting of 14 elements, employer in health and safety undertakings are required to develop, implement and maintain in safety management system. They are required to the system regularly audited or reviewed. This system is now enshrined in the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation passed on 24 November 1999.
OHSAS 18001 is a standard for occupational health and safety (Occupational Health and Safety) management system jointly developed a number of international third party certification bodies, national standards bodies and other interested parties. It enables enterprises to manage risk, improve operational performance. It also provides guidance on how to manage the health and safety aspects of the business activities more effective, taking careful consideration accident prevention, risk reduction and well-being of employees.
The benefits of F&IU and OHSAS 18001:2007
Health and safety management systems can actively improve the efficiency of internal operations to reduce accidents, danger and downtime. Safety and quality of staff are actively improving the work environment, because the goals and responsibilities more clearly, all employees are prepared to effectively deal with any future hazards. F&IU and OHSAS18001: 2007 to ensure compliance with current laws and regulations reduce the risk of penalties or possible litigation.
Health and safety management system to demonstrate a high level of occupational health and safety bid for international contracts, the expansion of the local, to adapt to new business, or negotiating insurance.
Continue to use, monitor and improve your health and safety management systems and related processes. This improves the reliability of your internal operations to meet customer requirements, and overall performance. You can also get a significant improvement in staff motivation, commitment and understanding of their responsibilities; help ensure the safety of the workplace.
Identify the common features in F&IU safety management systems
The safety system consisting 14 elements of the following:
A safety policy which states the commitment of the proprietor or contractor to safety and health at work.
Shall prepare a written policy statement, the health and safety policies, systems, distribution of duties to perform; and arrangements for the implementation of the responsibility.
A structure to assure implementation of the commitment to safety and health at work.
Framework of the Organization to provide a safe, clear and logical way to promote health and safety culture, safety and sustainable development of the implementation of safety management system.
Training to equip personnel with knowledge to work safely and without risk to health.
Should devise and refine training policy system and feedback loop to improve training process. Based on feedback loop, can set objectives for training. These can basis on used for measuring of training and for determining workers have level of proficiency.
In-house safety rules to provide instruction for achieving safety management objectives.
In-house safety rules cover general rules, specialized work rules, specialized work permits and procedures to finally objective in the workplace is no people injury and ill health is undertaking health and safety management policy.
A programme of inspection to identify hazardous conditions and for the rectification of any such conditions at regular intervals or as appropriate.
Before the accidents and losses shall be provide safety inspection and monitoring to find out hazard and risk to take remedial action. If accidents and losses is occurred should be as soon as possible to correct problem.
A programme to identify hazardous exposure or the risk of such exposure to the workers and to provide suitable personal protective equipment as a last resort where engineering control methods are not feasible.
This system is a pro-active to find out working place hazards and risk to be assessed and control before the accident. If control methods are not feasible shall be provide personal protective equipment, but personal protective equipment should always be regarded as the "last resort".
Investigation of accidents or incidents to find out the cause of any accident or incident and to develop prompt arrangements to prevent recurrence.
This system is reactive monitoring shall be after accidents to identifying and reporting. Based on reporting to check safety management system and risk assessment performance and as soon as possible to correct problem.
Emergency preparedness to develop, communicate and execute plans prescribing the effective management of emergency situations.
Set-up an emergency planning committee to find out all possible emergencies and list out. Based on emergencies list should be formed to work out the detail of an emergency response plan and should be provide an emergency manual for reference.
Evaluation, selection and control of sub-contractors to ensure that sub-contractors are fully aware of their safety obligations and are in fact meeting them.
The evaluation and selection strategy is high safety standards of work sub-contractors. Control strategy is monitoring sub-contractors health and safety performance is under contractor's objectives in the contract.
Set up Safety committee to identifying, recommending and keeping under review measures to improve the safety and health of the workers. Safety committee should be provided decisions and actions to responsible persons for their implementation.
Part 3 is not yet in operation.
Evaluation of job related hazards or potential hazards and development of safety procedures.
Risk assessment and risk control have five stages to control, including to identification of hazards; determination of risk; development, implementation, maintenance and review of safety procedures and risk control measures.
Promotion, development and maintenance of safety and health awareness in a workplace.
Safety promotion is health and safety commitment and responsibility. Promotion is an effective improve in the workplace of health and safety.
A programme for accident control and elimination of hazards before exposing workers to any adverse work environment.
This system provides process control planning and find out health and safety risk. An effective control planning including emergency plans, training, technology and operational to reduce risk and hazard in the workplace.
A programme to protect workers from occupational health hazards.
Can find out ill and loss risk. Prevention cost losses due to sick, lost production, compel lost and insurance.
Identify the common feature in OHSAS 18001:2007
Enable an organization to control occupational health and safety risks and improve its occupational health and safety performance. It does not make specific health and safety performance criteria, nor does it provide detailed specifications for the design of a management system.
Related to OH&S these changes in Definitions are considered most substantial for ill health and workplace. Definitions for hazard, incident and risk. OHSAS to harmonies with common terminology in ISO 14001 and ISO 9001: Document, procedure, record, corrective action, preventive action and OH&S policy.
(4.1) General Requirements
OHSAS explicit on continual improvement of the OHSMS. Need for the organization to define and document the scope for the OHSMS.
OH&S Policy explicit to require communication of policy to all persons working under the control of the organization and not only to employees. To include a commitment to prevention of injury and ill health.
(4.3.1)Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls OHSAS improved to clarify the process steps: Hazard Identification ââ€ ' Risk assessment ââ€ ' Determination of controls. OHSAS explicitly addresses management of change Introduced new paragraph considering the hierarchy of controls as part of OH&S planning.
(4.3.2)Legal and other requirements
OHSAS explicit to require that applicable legal requirements and other requirements to which the organization subscribes are taken into account in establishing, implementing and maintaining its OH&S management system
(4.3.3)Objectives and programme
Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls and objective and programme.
(4.4.1)Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability and authority
OHSAS explicit to require endurance by the organization that persons in the workplace in general take responsibility for aspects of OH&S over which they have control and adheres to applicable OH&S requirements. Commitment from top management on OH&S management.
(4.4.2)Competence, training and awareness
OHSAS explicit on addressing awareness training for persons working under its control and not limited to employees as in previous edition. Retaining records of relevant training, education and experience.
(4.4.3)Communication, participation and consultation
OHSAS explicit on addressing communication to contractors and other visitors to the workplace with regard to the OH&S hazards and consultation with contractors when there are changes affecting their OH&S and requires appropriate involvement from workers in hazard identification, risk assessment and determination of controls and within incident investigation and development of OH&S policies and objectives.
(4.4.5)Control of documents
OHSAS explicitly requires control of documents of external origin.
OHSAS explicitly refers that operations and activities related to management of change shall be considered for needed operational controls.
(4.5.1)Performance measurement and monitoring
OHSAS includes for monitoring the effectiveness of controls and stating explicitly that this shall be done for health as well as for safety.
(4.5.2)Evaluation of compliance
OHSAS requirements fully aligned to ISO 14001 Incident investigation, nonconformity,
(4.5.3) Corrective action and preventive action
OHSAS includes on Incident investigation and more emphasis have been put on this issue.
(4.6) Management review
OHSAS largely aligned with ISO 14001. OHSAS lists the following required input to Management review:
Results of internal audits and evaluations of compliance with applicable legal requirements and with other requirements to which the organization subscribes,
The results of participation and consultation (see 4.4.3)
Relevant communication(s) from external interested parties, including complaints,
The OH&S performance of the organization,
The extent to which objectives have been met,
Status of incident investigations, corrective actions and preventive actions,
Follow-up actions from previous management reviews,
Changing circumstances, including developments in legal and other requirements related to OH&S, and
Recommendations for improvement.