External Finishes And Landscaping Construction Essay

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The gate will be controlled by a gate keeper who will be there to let vehicles and pedestrians in to the site, the keeper will help direct delivery trucks into the right location around the site with the awareness of other staff around the site in addition a banksman will be hired to do signalling. Special training will go into the gate keepers roll as their duties and responsibilities will be unique compared to other staff. To help aid vehicles to deliver material and also make drivers aware of any labourers around there drop off points, signage will be placed around appropriately.

The entrance gate is the main access point on to the site therefore it has been placed at the front where the gate can be visible from all the far corners of the site. This is so that employees will be able to see any trucks or plants leaving or entering the site, as well as the public- they will be able to see vehicles turning into or leaving out of the site. This will give staff and pedestrians greater awareness of their surroundings which could possibly diminish potential accidents.

On entrance to the site all operatives and drivers will be presented by a hazard board which will inform them off all the activities which will be taking place on the day [1] as well as any potential hazards which have happened [2] . The board will be constantly updated, this is extremely important as it will remind workers of any hazards which will be taking place on the day for example demolition of the building. The hazard risk board is at the front as it is there to remind the operatives off activities taking place as soon as they enter the site to protect them from any potential accidents.

Also at the site entrance will be a large think safe board reminding operatives and the community off all potential hazards on site, the think safe board will be specially adapted to cater to the visually impaired by having information up in braille and catered for the hearing-impaired by installing a loop system next to the board.

There will be 5 parking bays allocated on site which will be used by the Foreman, Contract manger and project manager the other two bays will be for guest visiting the site. Out of the two guest bays one will be a disabled bay parking. The parking space will be near the site entrance towards the reception, this is so that workers can quickly park and be able to quickly get into their work. Another reason is for access for the disabled will be less strenuous as the reception will be directly near the parking.


All staff must go through the reception to gain access to the site; this is where staff will be able to sign in using a clock in style system. This is implemented so that the project manager will know who is on site and to make sure staff has arrived on time. By going through the main reception will disable any unauthorised personnel from entering the site. An added security feature will also be implemented where all staff must present there CSC cards to the receptionist to prove there occupational competence, without this they will not be granted access to site. On entering the reception staff must also have on display a badge which shows that they have been for induction, if not the receptionist will admit them into the introduction room where they can be briefed and given a badge to show that they have completed induction. Each staff will be briefed again at different stages of construction and be assigned a new colour badge at each stage to prove that they have gone through induction.

The main office is a 25m² port cabin located on top of the reception cabin; this is for the professional qualified personnel's to complete their work. The main office will have its own toilet and washing facility's which will be used by the staff working in the office and the receptionist. The office will be equipped with computers and telephone points which will be used for business and safety features [3] . Visitors can also go upstairs to the mobile office as space will be allocated for short meetings.

The main office will be placed on top of the reception as this will free up space for other rooms around the site, also by having the office high up staff can have a better view of the construction site and to look over operatives.

The induction room is the first room next to the reception; all staff will have to report to this room on their first time on site, and also once at each stage of construction. Here staff will be educated on health and safety, site rules and regulation and potential hazards on site and familiarize themselves with signage meanings. Staff will also be briefed on where fire exits/emergency exits are located around the site and where the fire assembly points are. A mini map of the site layout will be given to locate where the welfares and amenities are located. After briefing staff will have to complete a multiple choice test to ensure that staff has been educated adequately. If passed staff will be given a badge to show that they have completed their induction and will be given there protective clothing and equipment and a locker key if applicable. If failed then an in-depth one to one session will be given as it is the employees' duty to make sure that staff is protected around the sight [4] .

The café/resting area will be located next door to the induction room here employees will be able to have their lunch and also take their breaks. The canteen/resting area will protect staff from the weather and will have provisions for heating staff on cold days. The canteen will have windows to keep the room cool on hot day and also can be opened to remove any discomforting smells. The canteen/resting area will be equipped with table and chairs so staff can sit down and eat comfortably. Provision for preparing food will be incorporated into the canteen by having a microwave oven as well as a kettle to boil water. Adequate provisions will be carried out to make sure that clean water will always be readily available to all staff by having two water tanks in the canteen/resting area, this will be regularly monitored to make sure cups and water are always available. Signage will be put around the cabin to reinforce the no smoking rule around the site [5] .

The canteen and resting area is on site as this will allow workers to take there breaks within the site perimeters which will give staff more time on their break which will give them a chance to re energise. Also it will ensure staff can start work immediately after their break as they are already on site. The cabin is situated at the furthest point away from any works, this is to ensure that no dust or debris can come near the resting area; this is for the staff safety and welfare. By having the canteen close to the entrance staff again can come to work early and have their breakfast before they start work which will save them time and help prepare them for the day.

Located near where works commence are two toilets and changing room one for boys and one for girls. Both toilet and changing rooms are identical in lay out. The bathroom/toilets and changing room has been broken down into two rooms, the room to the left is the shower room and toilets. This room on entrance has 3 showers for staff to wash themselves and 3 toilets to the north side of the room and 1 disabled access toilet. All the toilets and showers will work with a drainage system, where the water can be recycled to control dust on site. The bathroom/toilet will be adequately ventilated and sink basins will be large enough for staff to wash their face, hands and forearms. The room will have hand dryers instead of paper towel to help lower emissions, the bathroom will be equipped with soap and toilet paper Hourly checks will be carried out to ensure the cleanliness and facilities of the room are always up to standard.

The second room on the right can be accessed from either the front of the building or through the door between the toilet and changing room. The changing room will allow staff to get change from there uniform to their normal clothes or vice versa, lockers will be provided to staff to store their clothing and their belongings, as well as their work uniform which will have space for their boots, helmet and so on. A wall mounted electric spin dryer will also be installed in the changing room for staff to dry wet clothing.

Bathroom/toilets and changing room are located close to the site works as staff can get changed and get straight on to site, this is convenient especially once they have finished work as they can get rid of all the much and grime from their boots at the boot cleaning zone which is near the bathroom and proceed straight into the showers. This is beneficial as they will not make the rest of the site dirty. Another reason why this is a convenient location is because the closeness of the toilets to where the site works are commencing this will save time and allow for work to run more efficient as staff can quickly go to and from the toilets to the site at ease.

The petrol store is located on the north east side of the site perimeter and is adjacent to the mobile plant store. The petrol store will be used by the vehicle on site to fill up petrol. As staff will be dealing with hazardous substances extra care will go into the setup of the petrol store and be created into a bunded area. Also extra training will be given to staff on techniques to clean oil spillages in a safe manner. Around the re fuel store will signage will show no smoking and no naked lights or other source of ignition should be used whilst re fuelling.

Site waste management skips can be located at the southeast perimeter of the site layout away from the welfare facilities. It is crucial to keep the site clean and to remove demolition and waste material from the site in an efficient manner, this is why a waste management controller will be appointed to transport all waste to the waste management zone. The waste management zone will have different type of skips for different types of material and waste, also for materials which will be recyclable [13] . This will be identified by users with adequate signage placed on and around the skips. Waste will be transported from the site to the waste zone via dumper trucks which will be loaded with rubble from the demolition via diggers.

The site waste management zone has been placed here as it will provide good distance from where construction takes place to keep the construction zone clean and less hazardous, another factor is as the waste material will be heavy and access to the site can be restricting it will be easier for waste personals to simply pick up the waste from near the entrance using the secondary entrance specially used for waste collection.