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Encourage housing opportunities for all income and population groups in a manner consistent with the preservation and enhancement of our communities, and the preservation of the important environmental resources of the community in conjunction with Smart growth principles.
Malaysia's housing policy is geared toward meeting the objective of ensuring access to adequate and decent shelter to all citizens, particularly the low-income groups. The national housing policy will effectively contribute to the provision of physical shelter as a basic social need toward improving and enhancing the quality of life through the erection of decent and viable human settlements. In implementing this policy the quantitative and qualitative aspects of housing development are taken into account. (Badir et al, 2002)
Under the Seventh Malaysia Plan (1996-2000) and Eight Malaysia Plan (2001- 2005), Malaysian government is committed to provide adequate, affordable and quality housing for all Malaysian, particularly the low-income group. During the Ninth Malaysia Plan (2006-2010) period, continuous efforts will be undertaken to ensure that Malaysians of all income levels will have access to adequate, quality and affordable homes, particularly the low-income group. In this regard, the private sector will be encouraged to build more low- and low-medium-cost houses in their mixed-development projects while the public sector will concentrate on building low-cost houses as well as houses for public sector employees, to enhance the quality of life of the urban population, the provision of more systematic and well organized urban services programs will emphasize on sustainable development, promoting greater community participation and social integration of the population. (Dasimah Bt Omar, 2008), (Idrus & Siong, 2008)
The government has been focused more on low medium cost housing during the Seventh Malaysia Plan with total 350,000 units or 44% from the total 800,000 units planned. Although the number of units planned for low medium cost houses are the highest compared to other categories, but the achievement relatively low in both sector. In addition to that, there are many other buildings offices, schools, shopping centers, hospitals, etc. supposed to be built to serve the new housing program. (Badir et al, 2002)
The construction of low medium cost housing according to the states in Malaysia also shown the imbalance of distribution with several states not even building a single low medium cost houses until 1999 including the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur. From the study, in several states the construction of low medium cost housing has only started after the government announced the new ceiling price structure for low cost housing to be at RM42, 000 per unit. Other factor including the economic crisis which require the housing developers to concentrate more focus on affordable housing due to the oversupply of medium and high cost housing. (Shuid, 2004)
In order to achieve government aims to provide adequate and decent housing for all as stated in Eighth Malaysia Plan, something need to be done especially at the implementation level. This is because under the Eight Malaysia Plan the government planned to build another 131,300 units of low medium cost housing nationwide. Special attention must be given to low medium cost housing since majority of this country population are in this category. The low achievement of Seventh Malaysia Plan should not hamper the government effort to provide housing in this category. (Shuid, 2004)
IBS promises elevated levels of expertise throughout the industry, from manufacturers, installers, engineers, planners, designers and developers. The benefits of IBS are numerous and far reaching. Reduced construction time, better site management, reduced wastage are but a few of these benefits, that will ultimately produce better products for the population. Undoubtedly, with better productivity, quality and safety, IBS will contribute towards a better construction industry, as well as enhance the global competitiveness of Malaysian builders. (HAW & MAJID, 2009)