Evaluate Management Theorist and their Contribution to Management Theory and Practice

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Evaluate Management Theorist and their Contribution to Management Theory and Practice

Introduction

This study focuses on discussion evaluate management theorist and their contribution to the management theory and practice. Likewise, who are the theorists? What they have done? Are those appropriate to carried out in this study? In order to focus on the management, the outputs can be configured in a variety of applications. Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber, Kant, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth are some theorists have made ​​great contributions to the development of management theories and criticism. The management role, strategic planning, systems theory and contingency theory and the traditional approach (scientific, bureaucratic and administrative management) were leading management approaches rooted in different management theories. The Classical approach in management of John G. Hutchinson, neo -Classical approach and modern approach are four main schools of thought today.

This approach emphasizes the ability of the organization to maximize success. Following are some of the basic principles which are experience, trust, scientific management approach, that in three different directions were created to manage, administration approach, and bureaucratic approach which falls under the administration of the school.

The Theorists which are illustrated bellow are explained in the report for your consideration:

  • Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) illustrated in scientific management school the human-based work is the best way to measure that and followed by Henry Gannt, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Max Weber.
  • In Classical School, Henri Fayol (1949) has developed 14 a set of principles which are Specialization/Division of Labor, Authority with Corresponding Responsibility, Discipline, Unity of Command, Unity of Direction, Subordination of Individual Interest to the General Interest, Remuneration of Staff, Centralization, Scalar Chain/Line of Authority, Order, Equity, Stability of Tenure, Initiative and Esprit de Corps.
  • In human relations school, the 'Hawthorne experiments' which has become famous due to Mayo (1949). Formed in 1920, he introduced the idea of the human relations school. The production and promotion of human welfare and care and modern management school connection.
  • In System theory, Hegel (1770-1831), the most significant pioneers can see a pattern and a system set up and managed in a systematic manner, he added.
  • Contingency theory advocates the Burns and Stalker (1961), Fiedler (1967), Lawrence and Lorsch (1967) and Pierre Kast and Rosenzweig (1973) was the coincidence theory. Theory focuses on the need for a structure to be adaptable to change.
  • The most notable theories are: Total Quality Management (TQM) is that the zero- defect approach, quality circles and Keizen, or continuous improvement techniques.

The Frederick Winslow Taylor’s work is going to be presented in this report.

Management theory and Theorist Taylor "s contribution

Theorist Frederick Taylor 's scientific management school ( human -based work carried out to determine the best way ) and Henry Gannt, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Luther Gulick third followed by Max Weber. Frederick W. Taylor worked to increase workforce efficiency. He built on the principles of scientific management. Admin workers shirked the job was actually unaware that there was much work. Therefore, he said, those responsible for the management of their work and take a scientific approach to achieve greater efficiency would be to use the scientific method.

Taylor’s scientific methods and techniques are often an evolved system, almost literally, in some cases, survival. Lean production system has become dominant in contemporary production and Taylor’s element of its forthcoming Taylor’s comments confirmed position. Merkle explains why: Scientific Management consumption of low- cost production, product development, productivity, and it is usually planning, packaging and industrial production in the white- collar worker participation by redefining the middle class has great potential.

Following the method of observation, measurement, test, Inference His “time and motion study created". He has a job to break down into sections; each section can be measured by one hundredth of a second.

His work is based on a set of performance standards, workers ' earnings, “the difference in rate mode." Taylor is often referred to as the father of scientific management. Follows Taylor's scientific management " s principles are:

  1. Management of the development of a true science - the best method of performing a task is determined. The working principle of the scientific method employed workers , " according to the methods that must be responsible for the management of
  2. Science exam worker - every worker should be given responsibility for the task , he will be the best fit .
  3. Science education and development worker
  4. Close friendly cooperation between management and labor.
  5. Piece -rate policy - wages and prices should be proportional to the time as determined by the quality of the study will be based.

More emphasis on the human and material resources to achieve the organization's objectives is to increase use. Taylor economically rational, hard work, and stressed defined social roles and status. Long shot or believed to be either the most highly paid workers.

The Merits of this Theory

  • Companies became the most successful and flexible. Also, every member of staff for a very successful working environment and science rather than the stability of a long- term relationship, rather than leaving them to train themselves trained and developed.
  • A contribution to the scientific management techniques, such as time and motion studies, arguing that it is capable of. Another consultation process design work on a “best way" to find that managers, the management becomes. Finally, the emphasis placed on a worker’s ability to choose science and shows that it cannot do his job without training.

The Theory also has its Demerits,

  • Saw some workers resented the many strikes that led to the time that has passed. Taylor, many articles and short monographs, most famous for his 1911 “Principles of Scientific Management” in 1903 and “Shop Management " published an article.
  • Supporters laid more emphasis on the economic and physical needs but also social needs of employees as members of the committee failed to recognize the place. Secondly, they are satisfied with the work (issues of working conditions, etc ), the desire to not be overlooked .
  • Only focus on the physical and economic needs Taylor. He overlooked the importance of their actions would not affect the social and ego needs. Taylor is just a factor of production and the social and emotional relationships seen in human
  • They felt that scientific ways to increase productivity and reduce the labor force and labor unions opposed his theory

Management Theory Taylor’s Contribution

Manager role: as a time management system of the organization's vision and corporate performance management theory suggests that managers have a special role in terms of a rational economic or technological suggested. This is a closed system with visual and technical level but also at the organizational or institutional level is appropriate. In view of the open management system creates a difficult role. It needs to deal with uncertainties and ambiguities, and should be of concern to embrace the new and changing needs of the company. It is a process that spans and connects the various sub- systems management.

The basic function of management, but the technology, processes, and the system is to align, including the company itself. At the same time, attempts to reduce uncertainty in search of its flexibility. Systems theory including basic science, management theory has evolved, but the social sciences.

Systems theory was all a big, interdependent part of the arrangement is based on the idea. It is full, its components, and the relationships between them (von Bertalanffy 1972) is centered on explaining. Open system , subsystem , synergy , interface , holism , strategic blocks , borders , practical , interface , strategic systems , the concept of moving the balance of rules and procedures. The following are some important ideas, including some that apply to emergency management. The manager’s response and recovery efforts require the cooperation of the entire community, not in isolation but as part of a larger open system should operate.

No mechanical or biological systems, such as systems management, systems theory as they are scheduled. Or the boundaries of the system, rather than the body parts configuration events. Human and organizational boundaries, the system cannot separate processes. Social systems are imperfect systems. Cement holding them together rather than biological psychology is based. Their attitudes, emotions, beliefs, goals, habits, and human expectations are anchored. Systems approach can provide a means of solving all problems. It is, however, think about how these relationships affect the overall system performance is useful for viewing the relationships between parts ( Kast 1985; Freemont 1985). Systems theory and to see and respond to hazards and to understand how to reduce their negative impact on emergency managers provides an important perspective .

Management Theory improvement

Taylor’s Theory in Scientific Management

Frederick Taylor (1856-1915)

  • The Father of Scientific Management
  • increase worker efficiency and profitability
  • Problem: employees get their maximum capacity to work
  • Primary focus: Functions

Systematic Soldiering

  • Try to avoid expanding more slowly than is deemed necessary to work
  • Causes
  • A reduction in workforce due to decreased need
  • Piecework wages system - increasing production requirements without pay raise
  • Rule of thumb training methods – inefficient

Elements of Scientific Management

  • Scientific design of every aspect of every task
  • Time and Motion Studies
  • Carefully chosen for each job training
  • Maximize output - increase pay
  • Equal division of work and responsibility between the employee and manager

Underlying Themes

  • Are knowledgeable managers, workers and ignorance should be
  • Provide opportunities for employees to achieve greater financial rewards
  • Workers' wages are motivated almost solely
  • Maximum bid = higher wages
  • Manager of planning, training, and evaluation of the responsible

Application in the Modern Workplace

  • For example, a typical assembly line plants
  • "Punish prisoners"
  • Payment system (quotas - Commission)
  • Re-Design - Reengineering
  • Rating
  • Data, refine and improve, change, change and organizational processes used to remove
  • Lean Production

Scientific management to improve the ability of workers to work in the middle of a traditional approach emphasizes scientific research. All contributors to this school of thought among scientific management to improve workers' ability to work with a traditional approach emphasizes the scientific study of methods, Taylor is considered an important contribution. Regarded as the father of scientific management, Taylor developed specific policies in this field. He has ability for employees to work at a pace slower than that seen Midvale Steel Co. began his examination of the concept of scientific management. They increase their output incorrect payroll systems behind it fear of losing their jobs and there are three reasons dated methods of work.

He said some principles to deal with this problem. This formed the basis of the principles of scientific management theory which are the rule of thumb is to change science, Do not mess where reconciliation and group action, Cooperation individuality, the maximum output, the output is not blocked and Workers develop their full capacity.

Taylor's management and workforce productivity means higher wages for their work on the project is completed on time, the higher pay ' structure Heterogeneity rate ' introduced. Taylor policies became more prevalent and as a result of cooperation between workers and managers in the end we enjoy today were created by teamwork. Although this is not very practical in a pure sense of Taylor’s and scientific management, management training could provide significant contributions to progress. This systematic introduction to the selection and training procedures provided a way to examine the effectiveness of workplace; it encouraged the idea of ​​a formal organizational design.

Conclusion

From the theorist of the management contributors, the Frederick W. Taylor is illustrated in this report. The Frederick W. Taylor worked to increase workforce efficiency. He built on the principles of scientific management. Admin workers shirked the job was actually unaware that there was much work. Scientific Management consumption of low- cost production, product development, productivity, and it is usually planning; packaging and industrial production in the white- collar worker participation by redefining the middle class has great potential. He has a job to break down into sections; each section can be measured by one hundredth of a second. The human and material resources to achieve the organization’s objectives are to increase use. Companies became the most successful and flexible. A contribution to the scientific management techniques, such as time and motion studies,

The Scientific management to improve the ability of workers to work in the middle of a traditional approach emphasizes scientific research. , Taylor developed specific policies in this field. He has ability for employees to work at a pace slower than that seen Midvale Steel Co. began his examination of the concept of scientific management. They increase their output incorrect payroll systems behind it fear of losing their jobs and there are three reasons dated methods of work.

This formed the basis of the principles of scientific management theory. The rule of thumb is to change science, Do not mess where reconciliation and group action, Cooperation individuality, the maximum output, the output is not blocked, Workers develop their full capacity

Taylor's management and workforce productivity means higher wages for their work on the project is completed on time, the higher pay ' structure Heterogeneity rate ' introduced. Taylor policies became more prevalent and as a result of cooperation between workers and managers in the end we enjoy today were created by teamwork. Taylor’s and scientific management, management training could provide significant contributions to progress. This systematic introduction to the selection and training procedures provided a way to examine the effectiveness of workplace; it encouraged the idea of ​​a formal organizational design.

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