Feng Shui is type of Chinese Tradisional Cultural. Feng Shui since from Tang Dynasty and Feng Shui is no magic. It is a collection of practical, time-tested solutions based on the fundamental properties of elements that are used to change the negative aspects and introduce the positive aspects of each element to your living environment and change your life for the better. Feng Shui is a thing that very sensitive it is because by changing a little bit of interior design of home, colors of wall, or relocating house furniture will bring different positive or negative effects.
In my study, it will mainly concern about the influence of feng shui when purchaser's decision for buying houses. Discuss about is it Feng Shui is a main factor when purchaser's choosing houses. And also recently a lot of purchaser will renovate them houses before move it, is it them trying to make a good feng shui for their houses or other reasons.
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Besides that, these studies will also discussed about different type of feng shui that apply in residential building and also basic principles and concept of feng shui. This study also will lead to the growth of future housing types which are apply more feng shui design to bring better life for occupants.
To get the information for this study, literature review will be the main sources to get data and the type of literature review will be books, article, magazines or journals. Interview and questionnaire also is one of the ways that get information to carry this study. To ensure that the result will more accurate, that will be five face-to-face interviews either architects or developer and 100 survey questionnaire will be send out.
From this study, it can be know that purchaser's more prefer which location of houses, which type of feng shui that are them preferable and also determine feng shui is importance when apply in residential houses. This study also will explain the concept and principle of Feng Shui, thus purchaser's will apply suitable feng shui to their houses.
History Of Feng Shui
Feng Shui is also known, as Kanyu is the art of placing and situating a building so that it is in harmony with its surroundings. According to Feng Shui cultural and social issues are influenced by natural, metaphysical and cosmological factors. To practically use Feng Shui one needs to understand the influence of cosmology on earth, should have a knowledge of how astronomy and astrology influence the placing of buildings, understand the Confucian classic, understand the weathering process and understand the forces of nature acting on buildings and their surroundings. It is also essential to have knowledge of the magnetic fields and how they influence man, knowledge on how to place buildings in order to tap 'chi' or the energy of the earth, understand the geographical land forms like hill, valleys, flat land etc. One must understand how environmental factors influence buildings externally and internally and must know how to place buildings so that the building has a comfortable physical environment. The practice of Feng Shui began: (www.indobase.comHYPERLINK "http://www.indobase.com,2003wrong!)/",2003HYPERLINK "http://www.indobase.com,2003wrong!)/")
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Definition of Feng Shui
In (Encarta World English Dictionary, year) the definition of feng shui is study of environmental balance, a Chinese system that studies people's relationships to their environment, especially their home or workspace, in order to achieve maximum harmony with the spiritual forces believe to influence all places.
Feng shui, literally means wind and water. It is rapidly becoming a standard practice for creating the ideal environment in which to live and work. Feng shui is an ancient Chinese of the natural and built environment and has been practiced for thousands of year. This environment can beat the office, in your house, in a building or on real property (master larry Sang, year). A feng shui is used to analyse neutral environments in order to locate sites with a favourable circulation of life energy, or qi. It also used to make adjustments to improve the naturally occurring qi of a place or building. (www.fengshui2000.com)
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Lung.(2001) described "Feng Shui" as an ancient science of selecting a living and working environment where the elements and the energies are in harmonious balance, which will bring good life, great abundance, wonderful opportunities, good health, personal happiness and even serious wealth and prosperity to the whose reside within that element.
Principles of Feng Shui
Feng Shui has evolved from the observations that people are affected, for better or for worse, by their surroundings. The location of mountains, lakes, rivers, buildings and roads, and the orientation and placement of rooms and furniture within your house or office can influence your wealth, health and relationships. What is the benefits or advantages or Feng Shui ?
Good Feng Shui requires an open mind, heart and spirit.
Feng Shui releases negativity from your house and life. It opens up a whole new space within you for positive thoughts, love, contentment and prosperity. Don't let negativity enter when you practice Feng Shui.
Holding onto negative emotions and past anger can only hinder you from making progress through Feng Shui and creating a wonderful future for yourself.
Practicing good karma is a cornerstone of Feng Shui. Be generous and give of yourself in order to receive in kind from the universe and others around you.
Factors that will affect purchaser result in making decision upon buying houses.
Feng shui plays an important integral role among Chinese. Feng Shui has evolved from the observations that people are affected, for better or for worse, by their surroundings. The location of mountains, lakes, rivers, buildings and roads, and the orientation and placement of rooms and furniture within the house or office can influence wealth, health and relationships. The theories and practice of Feng Shui that we know today have evolved through centuries of research, analysis and experimentation. Ancient masters passed down their collective knowledge to their students and in every generation new findings were added and old theories refined. First of all let's move on into surrounding of the buildings.
There are a few things to consider when evaluating the land. These are the 'energy' of the land, its shape, profile and location.
The 'Energy' of the Land
The land that your house sits on should have 'qi' or 'energy' that supports life. This energy is manifested in the flora and fauna of the land. A land that has ample wildlife such as birds, squirrels or earthworms as well lush-green vegetation indicates strong 'qi'. Vegetation that is sparse or has a yellowish tinge indicates land with insufficient 'qi'. You should avoid dry, rocky or sandy terrain. It indicates the absence of 'qi'. (Henry Fong, 2004)
The Shape of the Land
Square or rectangular-shaped land is ideal. For a rectangular plot, the length to breadth ratio should not exceed 2.5:1. This is not a hard and fast rule, but it is generally accepted in Feng Shui that a less extreme ratio is better. Odd shaped lands such as rhombus, trapezoid or any other irregular shape are not Feng Shui friendly. L-Shaped or U-Shaped lands are also inauspicious. The worst shaped land is a triangle. You should also avoid land with significant missing corners. (Henry Fong, 2004)
The Profile of the Land
The land that the house sits on should ideally be higher at the back and slightly lower in front. Avoid land which is higher in front and lower at the back since this configuration is inauspicious. The area directly in front of the house should ideally be an open space such as a playground or a pond so that 'qi' can gather to benefit the occupants. (Henry Fong, 2004)
Contrary to popular belief, it is inauspicious to build a house on the top of a hill. Such a house lacks support and its occupants are known to feel insecure and lonely. In addition, the occupants are exposed to the full effect of nature's forces and are more vulnerable to ill ealth, in particular those associated with the lungs and the skin. You should also avoid building a house on a steep incline for obvious reasons. The best location for a house is on a gently sloping hill with the incline providing support at the back. Flat land is also acceptable provided that it is not so low that it floods easily. You should also avoid low lying areas that are landlocked by surrounding hills. Such land-locked areas can cause 'qi' to stagnate and can make the occupants vulnerable to ill health. (Henry Fong, 2004)
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Excessively Yin and Yang Places
A house that is located near to or facing a gravesite has bad Feng Shui. It can also hurt your pocketbook because you will have difficulty disposing of it at a good resale price! In fact, there are documented cases where the resale price of the property plummeted after a gravesite was built nearby or expanded. Yin Yang is an ancient Chinese philosophy. In simple translation it means the 'existence and interaction of two complementary and opposite forces or states' (day and night, cold and hot etc'). Too much of either yin or yang is undesirable. The idea is to have a balance of Yin and Yang. In Feng Shui, the house (or office) should have a surrounding that has a balance of Yin and Yang. Gravesites, funeral homes, places of worship and hospitals are all associated with death, passivity, suffering and unhappiness. They have excessive Yin 'qi'. Prison complexes, abattoirs, power generation plants, and police stations on the other hand, are associated with aggression, violence and anger. They have excessive Yang 'qi'. You should buy a house that is located as far from these places as possible. (Henry Fong, 2004)
Mountains and Rivers
There is a popular Chinese saying, "Mountain at back, water in front". This statement reflects a Feng Shui concept that a house must have support or a strong back. This support can be in the form of mountains or hills at the back of the house. In addition, a good Feng Shui house should ideally have water or an open space in front for 'qi' to gather. Clean moving water in particular is a strong accumulator of 'qi' and is highly favored. In an urban context, mountains and hills are substituted by buildings. Lakes or rivers and open areas are substituted by parks, playgrounds or roads. You may notice my emphasis on clean lakes and rivers. Those that are stagnant with rotting vegetation emit bad 'qi' and should be avoided. (Henry Fong, 2004)
Additional Places to Avoid
In an urban setting, there are many manmade structures that are undesirable in Feng Shui and should be avoided. High tension pylon, microwave relay stations, radio base stations and the likes emit radiation, and long term exposure can potentially affect your health.
You should also avoid oxidation ponds, which emit bad 'qi'. Stay a sensible distance away from such structures. (Henry Fong, 2004)
House location also will affect Feng Shui effect, so that it also will is the factor that affect purchasers in making decision to buy houses. These are the several type of house that will affect Feng Shui:
House located next to industrial area
The energy or "qi" created from this area is considered mixed dynamic and unpredictable. It is not a kind of good energy for creating a pleasant and health home environment. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House located opposite the gap between tow building
The poor "sha qi" with encounters when the house located at that location, this is known as wind tunnel or knife life energy. The wind tunnel through the narrow clearance between the two building and creates a cutting qi that will hit the houses with an impact similar to that of a sword reducing the field energy to half. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House between two high rise building
The pressure created by the reverberating wind on the house in appressive and over powering, this has a tendency to suppress the growth and progress of the tenants of the house. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House located beside the river bank or manhole or public dranage in front of the man door
The good qi will sap. It can adversely affect the financial position of the occupants.Besdes.it is very difficult to save and earn in come in this situation. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
A house located alone on the top of a hill
The house has no energy because it stands unprotected. No mountains or hills around to shield it from harsh winds or acts as a natural container for good qi. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House located beside LRT rails
The flow of traffic in LRT rails either in straight or curved lines will generate too vibrant energy or sha qi to the adjacent houses. Noise generated is also known as "sheng sha" in Feng Shui . (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Dead end Street
The "qi" is unable to circulate properly. The stagnant qi will alter become negative life force energy, dead "qi". It is harmful to occupants. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
This configuration creates "sha qi" because the roads crossing each other are equivalent to two swords cutting or clashing. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
This configuration is similar to T-junction but considered even worse because the road has more potential for the "Sha qi" to hit and stagnate at the corners. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Beside electrical sub-station or pylon tower
The electromagnetic frequencies generated by transformers in electrical sub-station or pylon tower's cables will disturb the flow direction of "qi" and energy around house. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House facing graveyard, funeral parlor, and health care centre
These places generate yin energy associated with grief of the dead. This energy will be drawn into house through the door and can trigger nervous breakdowns, apparitions and sickness.(liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Taller and large mountains building at the back and empty field or pond at the front
Taller and larger buildings behind offer protection, as do the higher buildings on the left and the right. Besides, this symbolizes auspicious bright hall if empty field or pond right in front of the house. In Feng Shui viewpoint, a bright hall wills bring a great good fortune. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House facing neightbour's chimney
In Feng Shui point of view, house facing chimney in face is similarly to incense facing the house incense is use to dead. As a result, it is unfavourable to the occupants in the house. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Façade with elegant design
Strong façade design round an entrance makes it seem larger, helping to attract positive entry to the building. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Too much of windows design
Windows represent the holes which give chances for good "qi" to drain away from house therefore; it is inauspicious with too much of windows. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
House with big car porch
Occupants will enjoy excellent Feng Shui because the feature same as empty field which symbolizes the auspicious bright hall. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Main door and back door forming a straight line
The flow of "qi" in straight line can be too dynamic. Therefore, keep in mind that "qi" will become "Sha qi" when it too vibrant. Besides, the luck of the home will be short-lived.the "qi" coming from main door will drain away directly from the backdoor. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Paint the main door with contrast colour
The front door is emphasized so that is encourages the flow of "qi" into the house. (liu, 2003), (Shen, 2001)
Practicing Feng Shui in residential houses is a trend in local housing industry. Nowadays, people especially Chinese take Feng Shui as part of their measure and consideration when they buying a house. Researches and case studies carry out by other researchers concerning on Feng Shui in property development, specifically residential houses also prove that Feng Shui is getting popular history. Besides, they also conclude that application of Feng Shui is living environment in face able to enhance harmony thus recude environment impact to surrounding atmosphere. (Bramble,C (2003))
Since the results show feng shui is advantageous to people, why not everyone think about to practice Feng Shui or straightforwardly buy a house which incorporated with good Feng Shui? Do this Feng Shui really exits, thus can it be explained in logical ways? And how do they recognize which feature is considered unfavourable or Feng Shui for residential house? These are the reason why this research study is being conducted.
The aim of this research is to study the influences of feng shui when purchaser's decision for buying houses.
To determine whether application of Feng Shui into the residential houses will affect the purchaser's preference.
To identify type of Feng Shui that affecting purchaser's result of decision making to buy house.
Basic principles and concept of Feng Shui for houses.
Feng Shui can be applying into residential building and it also will affect purchaser's result in making decision to buy houses.
Scope of Study
The scope of research is focus in the auspicious and inauspicious feng shui features for residential building which is located at Kuala Lumpur and Selangor.
The importance and benefits of this research is to bring up the awareness and benefits of implement of the FENG SHUI into residential houses and also various parties involved such as developer, architects, occupants and owner. Certain types of FENG SHUi may affect occupant financial, health, relationships, career, fate of children, and etc. Therefore, it is important to know that which kind of FENG SHUI is favourable (auspicious) and unfavourable (inauspicious) in order to make occupant comfortable environment for living. Besides that, from this research we can more know about Chinese tradisional cultural. Besides that, more and more people are seeking feng shui advice and guidance for buying a property that suite their particular dynamics and that will bring them success and good fortune. Others use feng shui advice to enhance not only the chances of a sale but also to assist with selling quickly, smoothly and for a good price. So from this research, the researcher will know whether the application of feng shui into the building design will affect the purchaser's preference. Indirectly from this research, the designer or architect will aware whether they should apply the Feng Shui into building design or not and the developers may know whether this will affect the sales for the houses that with feng shui design so the developers have a new idea to develop because the purchasers no need to renovate their new propery due to the building that has design based upon Feng Shui
In order to complete this research, various methods that can be using for extract necessary information regarding the application Feng Shui into residential building. The information gathered is based on the objectives above and aim for my research. The methods are differential into 2 types, Primary Data and Secondary Data.
Interview is a face-to-face question and answer section where the researcher will give question directly and will discuss the answer that answer by respondents. In this study, interview will be carry out to gain more information so that can be compare with theoretical part and in order to get accurate and reliable information. The target for this interview will be developers, architect or Feng Sui consultant. From this interview section, it can be determine whether Feng Shui is first priority of consideration when purchasing houses and also to find out which type of Feng Shui design purchaser more preferable. And also will find out whether Feng shui will be apply when design building.
The Questionnaire to be design and to find out whether Feng Shui is an important consideration of purchaser and to see the understanding about basic knowledge of Feng Shui people know about it. In this research, Door to Door Survey Questionnaire will be carry out in order to find out whether Feng Shui is the first priority of consideration by the purchaser during buying a house. Using the information obtained from potential respondents and will hand over to respondents by hand, facsimile, email and by mail. 150 Questionnaire will be send out and result will be analyze once receive back more than 100 Questionnaire. In this questionnaire design, questionnaire was divided into 2 main section. Section A is intended to obtain some general information, to validate al the respondents are prospective purchasers. Section B is divided into five small parts. Systematically, each and every question designed earlier is separated into Part A, B, C, D and E according to the factors established.
Literature research is very important to get the data and information in order to do the theoretical part of this dissertation especially for objective. Besides that, in Tunku Abdul Rahman College (TARC) library there have a lot of books and article about Feng Shui so it help to find out the concept and principles of Feng Shui. Beside books and articles, magazines, references, newspapers, journals & publications also are very useful sources to get the data required for the dissertation.
Another better and more ideal way to carry out literature research source is conducting on internet. The internet is very convenience to use, especially for this research, since it can be searching by specific key words and automatically arrange ascending according to the topic. Furthermore, the sources also can be refined easy. Based on my dissertation, it can log on to the website goggle to searching the relevant information regarding precast concrete. Normally it will show lots of recommend books or publications to get further information. Of course, it also can get the ideal or application of this kind material at different countries. Besides, internet also considered as a suitable method to get the journal and article. However, not all the website are free accessible.
Working Programme And Timetable
Overall Structure and Planned Organisation of Dissertation
In this dissertation, it may separate into 5 topics which are:
Chapter 1 Introduction
In this Chapter, it will talk about aim and objectives of this title. And will have a introduction for this title. Besides that, it also will talk about research background, scope of this research and problem statement
Chapter 2 Literature Review
This chapter mainly is discussing about the type of Feng Shui that will affecting purchasers result in making decision upon buying house. Besides that, this chapter also will discuss about principles and basic concepts of Feng Shui for house. And history of Feng Shui also will introduce in this chapter.
Chapter 3 Research Methodology
In this Chapter, the method of data collection will be selected to achieve objectives of this study. On the other hand, the strategy of data gathering will discuss to carry out this research. There are 3 type of research method fundamentally which is interview, questionnaire, internet searching and literature review. However, for my research, interview and questionnaire survey will be carrying out to collect data. All the data collected will summary, analyze and evaluate afterwards to obtain finding for this research.
Chapter 4 Data Analysis and Discussion
In this chapter, an interview has admin to at least five interviewees who have been involved or experience in this Feng Shui category or in building design. A set of standard interview questions will prepare as to achieve the objectives of this research. The interviews will carry by face-to-face to obtain data from five interviewees. Besides that, Survey Questionnaire also will carry by door-to-door in order to get result to determine whether Feng Shui is the first priority of consideration by the purchaser during choosing the houses.
Chapter 5 Conclusion
In this chapter, it will give a conclusion of all data and result of this research.
Basic principles and concept of Feng Shui for houses
Literature review and internet researching
Chapter 2 &Chapter 3
To identify type of Feng Shui that affecting purchaser's result of decision making to buy house.
Literature Review and Interview
Chapter 2 &Chapter 4
3) To determine whether application of Feng Shui into the residential houses will affect the purchaser's preference.
Questionnaire and Interview
Chapter 3&Chapter 4