Video Arcade And Computer Games Computer Science Essay

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Video games are games which are played in a computer or a special player which will work with television sets such as PlayStation series, XBOX and Wii. Video games are electronic and interactive games. In the games, the actions controlled by the player will affect what will happen in the game (Berger, 2002). Video games composed of graphics, text and sound effects. There are many types of games such as arcade, console, handheld, flash, etc.

Arcade games are electronic machines which can be operated by using coins (Ormandy, nd). These types of machines can be easily found in public places such as restaurants, shopping malls and hotel games room. In these types of games, it often comes with simple player control and the games levels are not too complicated. As times increase, the games difficulties also increase (Adriana N, nd). The games are designed to be short and more difficult because players will leave the machines and give another player chances to play.

Computer games are types of games which are played on the personal computer (McGuigan, nd). Computer games can be also known as PC games. Computer games offer more controls which are all the buttons on the keyboard and better graphics compare to other types of games (Stover, 2011). Computer games are very innovative because there are many types of games which are suitable for almost everyone can be downloaded from the internet. Besides that, it is also very effective because it is presented in many types such as racing, puzzle, fighting, etc. Computer games are one of the best entertainment tools as well as can be a learning tool. (Marshal, nd)

Console games are games which use a handheld controller as input device and television set as output device that designed for single or multiplayer gaming. The most well known game consoles are Sony's Play Station, Microsoft's Xbox and Nintendo's Wii. Game console often are small in size and light in weight. So, gamers can easily carry them to anywhere and play it wherever that provides television set and electrical outlet. The graphic and speed of the console games are better. Besides that, many gaming console also provide features like watching movies, listening to songs and connect to the internet. (Shelly and Vermaat, 2008)

Handheld games are games which use a handheld games console to play. The most well known handheld game devices are Nintendo's Dual Screen, Nintendo's Gameboy and Sony's PSP. The design of the handheld game devices is usually small in size and light in weight (Dimeck, 2006). So, it can be easily bring to anywhere to play. It can be fit to places as small as a shirt or pant pocket. The handheld console devices are smaller and have a less powerful processor, so, the graphics of the handheld games are poorer than computer games and console games. Handheld game devices also provide WiFi features which will let gamers to connect to the internet or either versus each other wirelessly. (National Academy of Science, 2010)

Flash games are interactive multimedia which is developed for online or mobile applications. By using Flash software such as Adobe Flash, programmers and designers combine all or partial of the text, audio, video, graphics and animations elements together with Action Script to develop a creative flash game which are suitable for everyone (Carmelo Spatazza).

According to Griffith (2010), Flash will be an outstanding tools to create games. Creating games in flash comes with some advantages. Flash games practically have a smaller file size compare to other standalone games. Although it is small in size but it still have a powerful plug-ins. Games developed in flash can be easily uploaded to website because of the small game sizes and let people from around the world to play. Developing games in flash definitely will help the developed games to be seen by larger group of audience.

Games had become more and more complicated as the rise of the technology world. A two dimensional game a game which work in two dimensions that can let players to control actions and activities in it. The movement actions are limited to only up, down, left and right within the flat playing area(Thompson, Barbany Berbank-Green and Nic Cusworth, 2007). According to Thompson (2007), there are still games that would be better if it is developed in two dimensions because we can only obtain creativities and challenges through the limitations of the playing area.

The picture below shows a character from a game known as Super Mario, Copyright© Nintendo. The characters in the picture below are shown in two dimensions and three dimensions. The left one is in two dimensional forms and the right is in three dimensional forms. The character that is shown in two dimensional forms look more unrealistic compare to the character that is shown in three dimensional way. 2D and 3D can be differentiated in another way in the terms of a painting or sculpture. Two dimensional forms involves in flat area and three dimensions often involves with more complicated virtual environment such as lighting, shadows and object movements.(Chang, 2010) [1] 

Playing flash games had become one of the favorite pastimes when we are free. Flash games can be simply found in the Internet. All required for playing flash games are only internet connection, browsers and flash plug-ins. There are many types of flash games in the Internet ranging from adventure, actions until puzzle games that are suitable for all range of people.

Throughout the internet, there are many adventure types of flash games. Adventure based games are often story-driven like a movie (Griffith, 2010). This kind of game is about set to have stories, letting players to explore, and solving things in a world which is designed to be mysterious, horror, funny, or even sci-fi. In adventure style of flash games, there will be only few actions or even no at all. Adventure type of flash games can be also known as point-and-click adventure or graphic adventure games (Bronstring, 2002).

The first characteristic of the adventure type flash games are the storyline. A good story-line is very important for this type of games. Besides that, adventure games also contain puzzle solving. According to Bronstring, there are four types of puzzles solving such as dialogue-based, environmental puzzles, inventory puzzles and non-contextual puzzles. In inventory puzzles, it will let the player to collect certain inventory in order to solve the puzzle. In dialogue-based puzzles, players will be able to interact with other characters to collect clues in order to solve the puzzle. Environmental puzzles are which players will need to analyze and need to select the right things in order to change the surroundings. Non-contextual puzzles are like chess or jigsaw puzzle (Bronstring, 2002).

Action flash games are types of game which will test the player's reaction time, quickness and accuracy. This type of game uses shooting and combat to become their main interactive feature (Griffith, 2010). Shooting and fighting game falls under this type of games. Some action games also includes with a minimum puzzle solving features. The fighting type of action game often involves with one-on-one melee actions. Players will have controls over the buttons to perform actions to the characters with special effects moves. Shooting types of action games will able to let players to use various types of guns to shoot enemies. Shooting games can be divided into first-person shooter, third person shooter and tactical shooter. In first person shooter, player will control character in a first person view in the game while in third person shooting game; it will be presented in third person view.

Platform flash games are games that are designed in a world which allows player to control a character to do actions such as jumping on and off from the platforms (Adams, 2006). The jumping can be control with direction in the mid air and fall to the platform or eventually miss it. Besides that, some platform games allow the character to perform a jump in the mid air to reach a higher platform. Platform games often come with various levels or stages and a story. In the process, player will need to deal with all the obstacles and enemies in order to reach to next levels. Some platform games also included with some elements such as adventure, actions and puzzles. With the combinations of all of these elements, it helps to make the game play of the platform game become more interesting and challenging.

Puzzle type of flash games is a game which based on the puzzle solving that involves problems and logic solving or pattern matching (Griffith, 2010). In this type of flash game, there will be not much of actions, so, lesser amount of art and graphics are needed. In puzzle games, it often has a time factor which will show the player the time count downing. Besides that, it also must be re-playable. It means that if the player loses in that particular puzzle or time is up, player will be able to play the particular level again (Robinson, nd). Puzzle games often needs the skill of the player to solve more difficult puzzles, getting to higher levels and gaining more points (Robinson, nd). The famous Sudoku and Bejeweled are few of the many puzzle games.

RPG is defined as role-playing games. Role-playing games are often based on the game story which is similar to the adventure games but it pays more attention on the development of the character that control by the player (Griffith, 2010). This type of game usually takes place in a fantasy story which player can take control, improve the abilities and skill of a bunch of characters throughout the stories. The outcomes of the games are depending on the actions of the control of players. All of the characters in the games are designed to have their own personalities, attributes and back stories. Role-playing games come with many forms such as free-foam, real time, "turn based" and strategic map based battles (Wilkins, nd). The most well known RPG games are Final Fantasy and Breath of Fire series. With the rise of the internet, players now can play RPG games online with others players around the world. The World of Warcraft is one of the most popular MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games).

Games had evolved and become more and more powerful throughout the decades. Nowadays, flash games had used the power of the internet and give advantages to the players. Over the internet, it offers all types of flash games which are suitable for people with different interests that can satisfy everyone. Flash games can provide a lot of benefits to the players.

Playing flash games can provide relaxation to the players. When we feel tired due to a lot of works, playing flash games can help to refresh our minds. While playing flash games, it helps to boost our mind to become more energize. After playing some flash games, we can think of a better and more creative idea for work because our minds are fresh and energize. Besides that, playing flash games also can helps to remove stress. After all day of work, playing some minor flash games can help someone to relief their stress. When people are in stress, they cannot do their work in a good performance. With the proper time of playing flash games, one not only can gain entertainment, they also can do their work better because relief of stress. (Diehl, nd)

Another great advantage of flash games is that it is totally free of charge. All of the flash games which are available in the internet are all free of charge. Although it is free, but all of the websites still provide various types of flash games which are interesting, challenging and fun to play for all the gamers. There also will be no subscription fees, so, players will not need to worry for which games they need to save up money for subscribing. With zero cost, gamers all around the world can play whenever they want and how many times they want over the internet. Free of charge will be the nicest factor to attract people to play flash games. (Cliven, 2011)

Besides that, there will be no downloading required for flash games comparing to other video games. Video games are in large file sizes, so, it will often need a very long time to finish downloading and takes up a very large space in a computer hard disk space. Some video games need to have patch and it is very difficult for those who are not familiar with that. In this situation, flash games are better because anyone can play flash games whenever there is an internet connection. With just seconds, gamers can play the desire flash game and it will not take any hard disk space on the person's computer. (Diehl, nd)

There are all types of flash games ranging from action until puzzle games available for all gamers. Over the internet, there are many websites which provides free access of flash games to gamers. In the websites, there are action, adventure, sport, shooting, strategies and puzzle games. In each website, there will be about more than hundreds games. All the flash games are suitable for people of all ages, genders, religion, etc. So, there will be a game which is suitable for everyone. (Cliven, 2011)

Most of us often play flash games to help get past our free time. Although flash games provide some advantages but it also bring disadvantages to us who constantly playing it. Playing flash games actually are wasting if the person did not arrange their playing time properly (White, 2010). Some people which are gaming freaks usually used most of their time playing flash games (Arora, 2009). They often put their time on the games rather than work. This may cause them wasting their time on playing the games rather than doing their work. Nowadays, many employee works in the surroundings with the existence of computers. Some employees constantly play flash games instead of doing their work during the working time. In this situation, the person might get fire because many of the employers have software to monitor the activities the employee doing with their computers. They will know the employee is either doing their work or just playing flash games. (Larry, 2008)

Nowadays, there are many types of flash games available over the internet. There are some of the flash games which contain violence, sex and some inappropriate actions and languages. Children will be influenced by these kinds of games if they were exposed to them without any parental guidance. They will learn to do the inappropriate actions and the way it speaks in the games. This is very bad because the children might end up in being criminals because of the influences. (Windhurst, 2010)

People who constantly play flash games might affect their own health. Some gaming freaks often stick in front of the monitor and play games on most of their time. Sometimes they are too addicted to the games and they might even forget to eat. They might only just taking junk foods which placed beside the computer instead of a proper meal. Besides that, they also forget the importance of exercise. Most of the gaming freaks just sit in front of the computer for whole day without going out (Windhurst, 2010). They will not go outside to do exercise and might forget the importance of it. Besides that, constantly sitting in front of the computer to play flash games might affect the person's eye sight. So, some proper guidance and control will be needed for everyone who plays flash games. Without the guidance, playing flash games just will bring disadvantages for us.

Nowadays, many game designers choose flash as their game designing platform. The development of flash had revolutionized the internet. There are many advantages by using flash to develop a game.

The first advantage of using flash to develop a game is web deployment. Nowadays, there are many websites which had flash elements in it, some even include flash games. Files which were designed by flash tools are designed to be viewed in web pages over the internet. So, flash will be a very good choice to develop a game and put up into the internet. Besides that, flash files also often come in small file sizes. Flash uses compressed sound files and vector graphics, so, the file size will be smaller than those games which are develop in other platforms. (Makar, 2003)

Another advantage of using flash to develop flash games is the ease of use. Flash is a very easy platform for a designer to create a game. A person can learn the software, programming and creating game in a short time compare to other languages (Makar, 2003). Besides that, flash is also a very good platform for programmers and designers to share between files. Programmers and artists can use flash to work together using the same files.

Besides that, games that are developed in flash also can be integrated with the server-side. Flash games can communicate with the server-side seamlessly (Makar, 2003). With this feature, multiplayer games will become possible and players can chat with other players in the flash games. Players can also submit their score in the games to compare with other players all around the world.