The History Of Microsoft Windows Server Computer Science Essay

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For my research paper I chose to write about the history of Microsoft Windows Server. The reason I chose history because it is important to know how it has evolved over the years. My goal is to inform and enlighten the reader on the enhancements of each iteration of Windows Server. I will accomplish this by first discussing the start of Microsoft and then going into the development of each of the Windows Servers. At the end of this paper I hope will give you a better understanding of windows server functionality and reasoning for each evolution.

Microsoft has been in the computer business since 1975. I all began when two young men embarked on a journey to become a part of history. In the early part of 1975, Bill Gates and Paul Allen became inspired after reading a article in popular magazine that discussed the creation of the first microcomputer known as Altair 8800. The only problem was that the computer did not have a language needed to issue and receive commands. The men felt as though they were being left behind. They felt that it was their duty to develop this language. They took immediate action. They contacted the MTIS team and committed themselves to the development of the language to run the Altair 8800. At first MTIS was a little reluctant because of the numerous calls received from other companies but after a long conversation they agreed to let Bill and Allen develop the Altair computer language. This sparked a ray of hope. This was Bill and Allen's chance at being a part of history. That very night Bill Gates worked diligently to learn as much as possible about the microcomputer. He stayed up all night reading the Altair guide. This research was conducted in preparation to develop software that could demonstrate the functionality of the new microcomputer. The next day his partner Paul Allen flew out to MTIS in New Mexico to demonstrate the software's potential. Both Mr. Allen and the MTIS team where astonished by the feats that the machine could accomplish when paired with the new software. In mere months the MTIS BASIC language was developed by what is now known as Microsoft. Not only was MTIS their first customers but this was Microsoft's first operating software so to speak. This was the beginning of a Dynasty. It wasn't till the end of the 1975, that the name Microsoft became the official name of the company. Innovativeness went ramped after that each year Microsoft began to grow more and more and explored numerous areas of technology, media, entertainment and computing. Their competitors Novell, and UNIX had a hard time keeping up. Though they had several successes and land marks in their earlier year's development, I want to flash forward and focus on the development of their operating systems and Servers.

It wasn't until 1993 that Bill gates took Microsoft Operating system business by storm. Microsoft had already been the leading innovators of computer software technologies for almost 20 years. This is when Microsoft introduced Windows NT Advanced Server. NT stood for new technology. It had a lot of features that mirrored UNIX. It was a powerful high level language meant to complement Ms- Dos the consumer version of windows. It was the first basic network operating system server for Microsoft. Windows NT was the first full 32 bit version of windows. The early version OS windows 3.1 and 9x where hybrids those were true 16 bits Operating systems. NT is the blue print for predecessors of operating systems after itself.

In 1994 Windows NT server 3.5 was released. The whole purpose of the evolution of NT sever was increase the speed of the operating system. This earned the project the code name Daytona. Some of the features of this version of NT severe included VFAT, WINS clients DHCP, WINS server, Microsoft DHCP and a OLE that used less memory. This was also the first time that the name Windows NT workstation and Windows NT server were used. Even though Windows NT 3.5 hand its perks some anticipation was overshadowed by hardware compatibility problems. The name NT was short lived after several allegation that Novell Netware name had been stolen. Although the new server had provide the same perks to Novell systems as well, in later years Microsoft eventually drop the name NT due to the conflict.

Then in 1995, the release of Windows 95, they also released NT server 3.51. It was only months after release of NT 3.5 the Microsoft was back at the drawing boards. The purpose of the third release of the windows server was aimed at repairing the hardware problem from the previous version. The problem was a malfunction installing processor higher than the Pentium chip. This also gave them time to create some other revolutionary features. NT 3.51 was revitalized and ready to go this time bringing to the table a new concept called the client/server. This new feature would give Windows NT 3.51 interoperability with the newly released Windows 95 operating system. It also offered a way that companies could keep up with your client access licenses. This was a huge benchmark in the computing industry for Microsoft. Another milestone was the first graphical user interface and a bright new look. This was around the time that Microsoft really gained its momentum. Now, before Windows 95 there was NT 3.1, I am not discrediting it success. However, during this release of Windows 95 Microsoft pulled out all the stops. They solicited the services of the mega rock group rolling stones to provide music for their Windows 95 commercials. This was a good year for Microsoft but they didn't stop there.

In 1996 was the introduction of the fourth edition of NT server, NT server 4.0.NT 4.0 displayed a more mature look and feel about it. NT 4.0 had the look and feel of Windows 95 for the administrator and the Desktop on the Windows Server product. Only this time it had a faster file and print services, and it introduced Internet Information Server 2.0 Web Server into the Microsoft Server operating system package. This gave you a free web server. This was pretty revolutionary stuff because the internet was starting to take the world by storm. Windows NT also added PKR, public key infrastructure for encryption technologies and smartcard support and clustering for servers, as we started to see the loads on the servers increase.

Then in 97, NT Server 4.0 Enterprise came out and this was no more than an enhanced version for large corporate customers. This version was designed for high traffic and high demand. This fifth version introduced a transaction server, now transaction server was an outgrowth of the Internet influence. Now, this is mandatory for all internet transactions. Message cue server was developed to prevent the assumption of constant access. Later in 1998, terminal server edition was introduced and gave us the ability for non Windows clients to connect to the network. This was another phenomenal feat because it provided a bridge for corporate environments to get everybody on a 32-bit Desktop environment. Now there were a lot of 16-bit DOS applications out there, this helps them run. Clearly, innovations like this help put Microsoft at the helm of evolution in computing technology.

In the year 2000, Microsoft introduced Windows Server 2000; this was an upgrade of epic proportions. It introduced the active directory structure for directory management, active server pages, or ASP. This was a dynamic way of web development for the internet. This version also brought us XML support. This was first in Microsoft server product line. This was the first time that this was done for a singular Microsoft product.

Then in 2003, Windows Server 2003 was released. It introduced the .NET Framework functionality on the server, Active Directory got enhanced and improved, improvements in the security dependability and scalability. Microsoft also worked long and hard to reduce the number of times what it took to you had to restart a Windows server and they drastically reduced them. The versions on this one were standard Enterprise data center and the new web edition because of the rapid growth of the internet. This new web edition was a stripped down version that sole purpose was to target web hosting. This was the first time that a 64-bit version was introduced. This came a few months after the original Windows Server 2003. Windows server is still in use today by many corporations all around the world. Finally, in 2008 windows server 2008 was released. This is the server that of present day that we are currently using.

Today I hope that I have informed and enlighten the reader on the enhancements of each iteration of Windows Server. We talked about the start of Microsoft and the development of each of the Windows Servers. Well this has come to the end of our Journey down the timeline of Windows server. Hopefully, you have clear understanding how Windows server has innovated the computing community throughout the ages. This concludes my presentation.