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Cyber pornography is an increasingly problem on affecting young people in the society today. With the growth of access to the internet, via personal computers and other digital communication devices are increasingly a modern day must have for young people. Internet is a neutral medium that provides access to enormous amounts of data. Many new forms of communication that internet provides empower individuals to share limitless amounts of material to a wide audience almost instantly. These forms of communication provide means for young people to create places within which they socially interact with each other. Many young people use the internet as a useful source for downloading music, games, chatting, learning or just reading online newspapers.
Every young person who uses the internet will likely be exposed at sometimesome time to materials that will shock them, or they may come into across an organisation or individuals who mean them no good. These materials are easily available and just one mouse click away from young people surfing the net. When using the internet for useful information, young people are may being drawn or coerced in to viewing materials which are not suitable for them on the internet by being directed to websites containing those harmful materials or through pop-ups and mouse trapping. This is when young people access pornography and terrorism. Involuntary exposure to pornography also occurs through spam, deception and luring practices of porn sites, or typing innocent key words on search engines. Young people are vulnerable to sexual solicitation and predation in cyber space.
This article investigates the technological ways that can be used by parents, teachers, and internet companies to protect young people when using internet. The main aim of this article is to provide guidelines for protecting young people when on using the internet: usage that is the data that they should and should notshould download, websites to visit and how to use internet in a good manner. This article aims to provide e author believes that the technological ways and guidelines that would be are attractive to all all people of different backgrounds.
Key words: Cyber pornography, Internet, personal computer
Cyber pornography is pornography that is distributed by means of various sectors of the Internet and it is one of the terrible abuses that target young people when surfing the net. That is because young people are the fastest growing user group of Internet. These young people they most of their time on internet through iPod, instant messaging, mobile video, YouTube; social networking sites like Facebook, file sharing, chat rooms, multi-player interactive games and web cameras. In early days, use of internet was limited to the PCs but nowadays terabytes of information is being shared through laptops, PDAs and smart-phones. Internet in itself is a neutral medium that provides access to enormous amounts of information and many new forms of communication which empower individuals to share unlimited amounts of material to a wide audience almost instantly and provide means for people to create places within which they socially interact with each other . Internet has opened a new world for young people to explore and learn. Young people are encouraged by teachers and family to take advantage of Internet for their learning. Although not all the content on the web is suitable for the young and while this click-away information provides many benefits to the users, it also brings about serious threats in the form of exposure to cyber pornography, access to illegal and harmful material.
Besides many benefits that are being provided by the internet, it is also a place where young people can be seriously harmed . This is due to some factors. Internet is to a large extent, used also by people who exploit young people like pornographers. These abusers can remain relatively anonymous, and because young people make unsupervised use of the internet, this new technology is making it easier for the exploiters to reach young people and make contact with them, with a smaller chance of being caught by law enforcement agencies . Offenders use the internet to find vulnerable young people to exploit by jumping from one chatroom to another and online games. They no longer need to go out to search for the vulnerable young people in parks and public places. They particularly look for young people who seem unhappy and isolated. Since these offenders they are in the mask of anonymity, they offer sympathy and care to these young people and by doing this; they gain their trust . Young people are naturally curious about sexual matters and hence they fall easily in the trap of these offenders who offer them to show them what they want . There is little to no ethical control on the internet content, which makes it possible for young people to come across all kind of images or messages that are unsuitable or thoroughly harmful for them . The social interactions that are in virtual settings often differ from those that are found in the real world, with moral standards lowered in many cases, and can have a deep impact on forming young people's attitudes and personalities.
Young people adapt to the amazing speed of change in the world of Internet much faster than adults, which makes it difficult for parents and teachers to monitor their children's behaviour online. Parents have increasingly become concerned about the potential dangers that young people are facing when surfing the net. While other parents imagine that their children are safe at home, in reality they are thrown into the virtual world completely unprotected. Keeping this in view, the primary concern today of this study is to ensure for the protection of young people from cyber pornography over the Internet. With respect to the role of parents and teachers, this study have suggested that active monitoring of young people online activities by parents using technological ways can help protect them from the threats of the Internet. In addition this study will also suggest the guidelines to safeguard young people on how to use internet in a good manner or online behaviour
2 Definition of Cyber Pornography
Cyber Pornography it is the pornography that is distributed by means of various sectors of the internet and it is accessible primarily through websites, chatrooms and peer-to-peer file sharing. For the purpose of this study, Cyber pornography means using the Internet to possess, create, import, display, publish, or distribute images or visual presentations of explicit sexual conduct or other obscene materials.
A Type of Cyber Pornography
Cyber child Pornography
Cyber child Pornography includes any representation of a child engaged in real, simulated explicit sexual activities or of the sexual parts of a child for primarily sexual purposes.
3. Technological Ways for Protecting Young People from of Cyber Pornography.
3.1 Filtering software
In order to make sure that impact of the internet on young people's life is positive, we need to take help from the new software packages designed for the purpose of online protection. Filtering software program provides the ability to control and monitor young people's use of the Internet. Computers used by young people to access the Internet should be equipped with this filtering software. Filtering software are software packages that runs in the background on a computer while young people are surfing the Internet. It filters cyber pornographic and other offensive content monitors each surfer's online journeys, blocks access to certain web sites and newsgroups, keeps young people out of the shadier chat rooms and logs their online activities.
3.2 Pop-up blocker software
In some cases young people are being forced in to viewing those unsuitable and illegal materials by pop-ups when they are surfing on the net, it is important to make sure that computers used by young people should have to be equipped with pop-up blocker software. Most of this Pop-up blocker software is internet privacy software that allows for private web browsing. Using pop up blocker software young people can surf the net with complete peace-of-mind, knowing that Pop-up blocker software protects them from unwanted data becoming permanently hidden on their computers. These software packages are not hundred percent effective, but they can minimise involuntary. Combining the use of these software packages with as much supervision as possible is the best method of protecting young people online.
4. Guidelines for Protecting Young People when on Using the Internet /online behaviour.
4.1 Things that Young People should do when using the internet
Young people should know what they are supposed to do on the net when they find something with which they are not comfortable. They should understand exactly what they are supposed to do online:
To inform parents if anything bad happens while they are using internet.
To keep parents informed about the online activities.
To avoid meeting or calling someone from internet without parent's permission.
To avoid sending anything to anyone over the internet without parent's approval.
Not get into arguments or fights online, if someone tries to start an argument or fight they should not answer and immediately inform their parents.
To get offline/logout, close the webpage or click on Back button if they see something which they do not like or they are uncomfortable with.
To avoid any link sent through email or in chat and inform parents if they encounter such.
Not to give their passwords to anyone and never post any photograph online without parent's permission.
To do internet transactions only under the supervision of their parents and never give anyone their credit card information.
4.2 Responsibilities of parents regarding the safety of young people online
Parents are required to carefully monitor young people when surfing the net. They should tell them not to give their personal information online by filling out questionnaires or any information requests of any type. Computers that are being used by young people should be kept in common areas of household so that they are easy to monitor, these are places like Living room, dining room and avoid putting them in a private place .Parents need to update themselves about the software packages newly developed to protect young people on internet by filtering, blocking and monitoring.
4.3 Advice to Parents on protecting young people on the web
Parents can protect young people in the cyber world if they work on the following:
Parents should keep all Internet accounts in their name to filter/block the contents and
Parents should be aware of the filtering and blocking software as well as the similar services provided by their local Internet Service Provider to make it easier to monitor and filter.
Parents should educate young people about proper use of the internet.
Young people should be encouraged to share their online experience with their parents.
Parents should make sure young people are not exchanging emails with unknown people.
Parents should be aware of any other computers or places where young people are
accessing internet other than home.
Parents should setup house rules for computer and internet usage and make sure that
young people they know and follow them.
Young people's time on computer and internet should be limited.
Parents should know about the online friends.