Operating System Based On The Last Computer Science Essay

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It is required to pick two popular operating systems to make comparisons of their advantages and disadvantages. The two Operating Systems that are picked are Microsoft Windows and Linux. This report also includes information on the operating systems, advantages, disadvantages and implementation of the OS to education in Taylor's University.

The research plan is to search details online because there are plenty of them on the Internet. Of course, Google will be the main search engine. First, information of operating system will be searched. Then, the simple definitions of the two operating systems will be stated as well as their advantages and disadvantages. A Prezi slide will be made for presentation and as the lecturer Mr Budiman clearly stated that students have to do the presentation using the Prezi slide.

Information Content

What is an Operating System? An OS is a collection of software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs. These include receiving inputs from keyboards, sending outputs to display screen, keeping track of files and documents on the disk and so on. Every computer must have an operating system for it to run programs or applications. Without an OS, the computer is pretty much useless.

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There are many types of operating systems:

Multi-user: A multi-user OS allows two or more users to run programs on the same computer at the same time.

Multi-tasking: A multi-tasking OS allows more than one program to run simultaneously.

Multithreading: This type of OS allows different parts of a program to run concurrently.

Real time: A real time OS process inputs simultaneously and instantly. Usually used in complex systems that needs a lot of processing.

Microsoft Windows

One of the most popular OS in use nowadays is Microsoft Windows. Microsoft Windows is a series of graphical interface operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. Microsoft introduced Windows 1.0 in 1985, as an add-on to MS-DOS in response to the growing interface in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The most recent version of Microsoft Windows is Windows 8, released in October.

Advantages of using Windows

Windows is a user-friendly OS, which is very easy to learn and use, serving basic needs of a PC user and has the most hardware and software support. Running Windows gives users more choices of the stuff they want to install or plug into their computer. One of the most important features of Windows is Microsoft Office. It is widely used by businessmen, students, and many more working people. Because large numbers of people use Windows, the variety of software programs, utilities and games for Windows available are wider compared to other OS. Besides that, Microsoft Windows has its own help section for users and vast amount of online documentation as well as guidebooks for each version of Windows. This makes it easy to understand every function Windows have.

Disadvantages of using Windows

Windows is not an open source OS. We have to pay for the license copy. Even upgrading from an older version of Windows to new one requires an amount of fee. Also there are people who think that although Microsoft always improves with security on their OS, Windows is still the most vulnerable to viruses and other attacks. Users are strongly advised to install additional anti-virus software for protection and this costs another amount of money. Besides that, Windows tends to slow down upon excessive usage of the computer with too many features that not everyone uses.

Linux

A free and open-source Unix-like OS developed by Linus Torvalds and friends. The Linux kernel runs on many different types of platforms, first released in 1991. Linux is also a multitasking, multiuser operating system that is popular of its stability.

Advantages of using Linux

Linux is a FREE, open-source OS. This enables users to customize or modify codes however they wish to. The majority of Linux variants cost lower than Windows and are so reliable that they can run for months and years without rebooting. It also has always been very secure in terms of security. Although Linux is still bound to get attacked but when compared to Windows, it is more secure. Linux has a variety of distributions designed for specific tasks. Some examples of the distributions are Ubuntu, Mandriva, RedHat and Fedora. Although it may be harder to find users familiar with Linux, there are huge amounts of online documentation and help, books and support available for Linux.

Disadvantages of using Linux

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Linux is not a completely user-friendly OS. For a new computer user, Linux may be a bad choice as it requires a wider knowledge in computing compared to other OS. The software variety of Linux is very wide but the user interface is very different and users cannot always find the functions they want. It requires more searching and testing of programs until the users find what they like or meet their needs. Alos, computer hardware compatible with Linux is limited and there are only small selections of drivers that will work with the OS. It takes a while for new hardware to be supported and users may find hardware they had are tough to run on Linux. The technical support on a Linux computer may be lacking. There is a large community of helpful Linux users in answering other users' questions on the internet but still difficult to get assistance for their issues. No immediate help could be offered since users will be waiting for response from someone rather than calling a customer service for support where someone would respond to them right away.

Implementation to Education in Taylor's University

Microsoft offers discounts for school. The discounts are often so deep that license may effectively be free. Currently, Microsoft Windows is mainly used in Taylor's University for students, lecturers, staffs, everyone. Microsoft Office is of course essential for students and lecturers to do assignment, prepare slides, everything related to studies. Needless to say, Windows is a very good choice to be used on school computers - simple and user-friendly where students already know how to operate a Windows computer since young.

The implementation of Linux to Education in Taylor's University should be optional as the students do not necessarily need it. Also, large number of students would find Linux hard to use as not everyone is a Linux fan. However, if certain number of students or staff request for the implementation of Linux, it should be considered. This way, there will be more people in Taylor's who can show their wide knowledge in using something different from what others usually use. The knowledge can be inherited from them and thus letting more people know that there are other Operating System usable besides Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X.

Conclusion

As a conclusion, there are always advantages and disadvantages of using any particular Operating System. Although the costs of affording the two OS are clearly a big difference and the reliability of Linux is better, Windows as a user-friendly OS is still a more favorable OS compared to Linux. Telling a long-time Windows user to switch to Linux would be a difficult thing as people dislike big changes and are reluctant to learn new things. I personally never used a Linux OS computer before and have always been using Windows since young. It would take a really long for me to learn about Linux.