Netscape And Internet Explorer Browsers Computer Science Essay

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For a Global Reach and Connectivity, It is very important to have an Internet Connection and to make use of the Internet we would need a Web Browser to surf the Web. In this project, I would be discussing about the Internet Explorer and Netscape Browser in terms of Internet Exploration.

Windows Internet explorer (IE) which was invented 15years ago by Thomas Reardon who leveraged source codes from Spyglass Inc. A Company that pioneered Mosaic browser which first began development at the National Centre for Super Computing Applications (NCSA) back in 1987. It was the first browser to use a GUI (Graphical User Interface). Microsoft Internet Explorer (MSIE) as formerly known has evolved and it has been widely accepted. Internet Explorer was used mainly by Universities and Research Institutions to share documents and information via FTP, Gopher and Usenet. Casual usage as we know it today was a rarity. That, however, was to change as the World Wide Web slowly came into being, thanks to a gentleman by the name of Tim Berners-Lee who not only published the first formal proposal for the World Wide Web, but is also credited with publishing the first Web page on August 6, 1991. (Wikipedia, 2010)

Internet Explorer is pre-included in Windows Operating System (OS) but was dropped recently in UNIX, Mac OS. (Gapinski, 2010)

THE EVOLUTION OF INTERNET EXPLORERedei.png

Internet Explorer (IE) has evolved from IE1 to IE9 with improvements with intriguing graphics and better security platforms.internet-explorer-overview-01042010_img640.pngold_ie.gif

IE version 1.0 IE version 9

The First Internet Explorer Logo 220px-Internet_Explorer_1.0_and_2.0_logo.png

NETSCAPE BROWSERNetscape-logo.png

THE HISTORY OF NETSCAPEnets9.jpg

Netscape Navigator was also based on the Mosaic web browser.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/1f/Mosaic_Netscape_0.9_on_Windows_XP.png/225px-Mosaic_Netscape_0.9_on_Windows_XP.png

Mosaic Netscape 0.9 Netscape Navigator 9.0

Netscape 0.9 was jointly written by Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen. The first Beta version of Netscape was released in October, 1994 and with the full version 1.0 available in December 1994.Netscape announced in Jan, 1998 that the source code would be free and the browser itself would also be available for free. (Wilson, 2010)

Netscape was bought by AOL but in December 28, 2007, AOL withdrew its support for Netscape Browsers which means this version will slowly turn into a museum piece. (Roger, 2010)

COMPARISON OF THE BROWSERS IN TABULAR FORMUntitled-2.png

Bookmark

Managing

Download Managing

Password Managing

Form Managing

Spell Checking

Search Engine

Privacy Managing

Auto Updating

IE

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

IE (MAC)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Netscape Browser

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Netscape Navigator9

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

BROWSER FEATURES

Tabbed Browsing

Pop-Up Blocking

Incremental Finding

Ad Filtering

Page Zooming

Full Text History Search

Access Key

IE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

IE (MAC)

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Netscape Browser

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

Netscape Navigator 9

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

WEB ACCESSIBILITY FEATURES

Untitled-2.png

Tabbing Navigator

Spatial Navigator

Caret Navigator

Mouse Gesture

Text to Speech partial

Voice Control

IE

Yes

No

Yes

No

Partial

Yes

IE (MAC)

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

Netscape Browser

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

No

Netscape Navigator 9

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

No

WEB ACCESSIBILITY FEATURES Contd.

Acid Test 1

Acid Test 2

Acid Test 3

IE

Yes

Yes

20/100 **

IE (MAC)

?

No

No

Netscape Browser

Yes

No

?

Netscape Navigator 9

Yes

No

52/100

ACID TEST SCORE OF THE BROWSERS (Wikipedia, 2010)

**Acid Test 3 for Internet Explorer 9 is 52/100 (Santos, 2010)

ACID TEST SCORE: The Acid tests are standard tests to rate the performance of a browser. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).Untitled-2.png

Acid1:

Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.

Text can be highlighted and radio buttons can be selected.

Acid2:

Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.

Smiley's nose turns blue when hovered over.

Acid3:

Final score of 100/100.

No error messages on final rendering.

Render-in-progress loads smoothly (no pausing).

Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website. (Wikipedia, 2010)

Untitled-2.png

Active X

NPAPI

Java

Gears

RSS

Atom

Other Web Feeds

IE

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

IE (MAC)

No

Yes

?

No

No

No

No

Netscape Browser

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

?

Netscape Navigator 9

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

PLUGINS SUPPORTS

Internet Explorer is the only browser that supports ActiveX, most other browsers uses the NPAPI plugin architecture. ActiveX is more powerful than NPAPI in terms of the control it affords over the browser, but it is specific to Windows whereas NPAPI is cross-platform. There is a third-party plugin that adds partial ActiveX support, which is available for certain older versions of Netscape Navigator. The default settings in earlier versions of Internet Explorer allowed the automatic download, installation, and running of new ActiveX controls with minimal user intervention, this made it possible to use ActiveX on web pages to install viruses, spyware, etc. onto a user's computer. (Wikipedia, 2010)

SIMILARITIES BETWEEN NETSCAPE AND INTERNET EXPLORERUntitled-2.png

There are similarities between Netscape and Internet Explorer

Use this feature in Netscape Navigator

Use this feature in Internet Explorer

Add favourite pages to a list so you can have quick and easy access to them later.

Bookmarks

Favorites

Go to a Web page by typing a Web address (URL).

Location Field

Address Bar

Make sure you have the latest version of the current Web page.

Reload

Refresh

Add shortcuts to Web pages and even to folders on your computer for quick access.

Personal Toolbar

Links Bar

Add favourite pages to a list so you can have quick and easy access to them later.

Net caster,

subscribing,

automatic delivery,

channels

Making favorites available offline

(Microsoft, 2010)

CONCLUSIONUntitled-2.png

Internet Explorer and Netscape are both good browsers but their quality varies in the terms of the following:

INTERFACE

Netscape Navigator's interface is more bare bones, with its simple gray windows and minimal clutter. Internet Explorer has a multi-faceted interface, ideal for some advanced users but unnecessarily complicated for others.

SPEED

Though Netscape takes a little bit longer to initialize than Internet Explorer, the Netscape browser is able to offer quicker real-time browsing due to its smaller file sizes.

SECURITY

According to Microsoft, Internet Explorer offers "cross-site scripting filter" and "a SmartScreen Filter" to help avoid security risks. Netscape employs security certificates, but it does not have active security updates.

COMPATIBILITY

Both browsers allow for basic Direct X, Java, and Flash compatibility. However, in terms of toolbars and other browser add-ons, Internet Explorer is more widely compatible.

(Gapinski, 2010)

I would prefer to use internet Explorer because of the Security platform provided for my information.

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