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The 21st century is the era of upcoming technologies, and the other hand electronics and the nanotechnology is the combination of new hall mark in electronics field. We are discussing here most promising technologies electronics devices and nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology is a broad highly, interdisciplinary, and still evolving field over the past TEN years "The technology significally reduces their weight, size, power, consumption, and production costs". We discuss here how we used or involved nanotechnology in electronics circuit and devices to improved nanotechnology devices and applications or its uses. Now a day's nanotechnology used in different field like Medicine. Chemistry and environment, energy, information and communication heavy industry, and consumer's goods,
As we know that nanotechnology is used in information and communication field and its usage a s memory storage, novel semiconductor devices, optoelectronics devices , displays, quantum computers, on the other hand its uses in aerospace as well. We discuss here its applications, technologies, companies, circuits. We give here some useful data's analysis as well.
As we know that basic theory of electronics means network of voltage, resistance capacitance and active elements such as transistors the whole phenomena to produce signals typically to low levels of powers and that theory produce or referred circuit theory.
Generally transistors act as amplifier or on-off switches if we focus an electronic circuit designed with active or passive elements then form circuits such as power supply, amplifier , oscillator etc. then we proceed on the same phenomena of elementary circuit then create useful devices such as radio, TVS , COMPUTERS etc.
Study of these parameters on DC and AC circuit analysis , diodes , transistors and digital electronics which are then used as building blocks to introduce information , digital communications and the internet . As we know those devices are becoming Compact and Compact these days and that's why the terminology of nanotechnology is introduced in electronic field.
We discuss here about nanotechnology so the first question emerges in our brain is WHAT IS NANO TECHNOLOGY?
ACTUALLY "nanotechnology is a manipulation of atoms, molecules and materials to form structures on the scale of nanometres (billionths of a metere). Nanotechnology involves the production and application of physical, chemical and biological systems at scales ranging from individual atoms or molecules to about 100 nm, as well as the integration of the resulting nanostructures into larger systems.
Now a days research in Science and engineering proved that in nanotechnology promises breakthroughs in areas such as materials and manufacturing, electronics, medicine and healthcare, energy and the environment, biotechnology information technology and national security.
On the other hand scientists define the Nano technology on the base of his research like that "The parameter of Nano scale
Structures deals with the creation, investigation and utilisation of systems that are 1000 times smaller than the components currently used in the field of microelectronics. Nanometer-scale features are built up from their elemental constituents. Micro- and Nano systems components are fabricated using batch processing techniques that are compatible with integrated circuits and range in size from micro- to nanometers Convergence of these two technologies results in growth of Nano electronics. This interdisciplinary combination can create many innovative tools.
MODREN ERA OF NANOTECHNOLOGY:
Nanotechnology is a vast and growing fields and it's provide a broad prospects of revolution in our industry and its offers potential solutions to many problems using emerging nanotechnology.
This technology provides a new opportunities to reshape the electronics industry that's why nanotechnology received a better attention from industrial sector , companies universities and government.
Nano electronics is one of the new field in nanotechnology and it offers a different and right approach for electronic industry in the form of circuit materials , process, information storage and transfer information, and optoelectronics as well we divide the branches in Nano electronics here in three parts like as
Applications of nanotechnology:
Nanotechnology is like a tool kit for all the industries it's provide a solution of all the problem it's provide a kit to interface with machine and its problems its allow us to make a nanomaterial with special properties modified by particle size, structures, surfaces.
This technology will become an especially and commercially importance because its reduced the costs and give a better performance advantage over existing technology but, on the other hand scientists and researcher divides its application on further field such as
Nano electronics (information and communication technology)
Nano medicine and bio technology
Applications of Nano material in nanotechnology:
We focused in this part of nanotechnology advancement .it depends on understanding of its applications and its principles .As we know that the development of devices in nanotechnology means these are small in size, self contains , light energy and easily turns or replace larger equipment's into compact and this is the first achievement in nanotechnology revolution. In application of nanomaterial's form unique chemical and physical and grain size properties they can be used as wide range of variety like as next generation computer chips, such as kinetic energy penetrators with enhanced lethality, better insulation material, phosphor for high definition TV, low cost flat- panel display, tougher and harder cutting tools, elimination of pollutants, high energies density batteries, high sensitivity sensors, automobiles with greater fuel efficieny,aerospace components with Enhanced Performance Characteristics, Better and Future Weapons Platforms, Long lasting Satellites, Longer-Lasting Medical Implants, Ductile, Machinable Ceramics, Large Electro chromic Display Devices.
Applications of Nano electronics (information and communication in nanotechnology):
Nano electronics properties based on carbon nanotubes because its application has vast potential in Nano electronics, biosensor, microscopy, mechanical systems, scientist and researchers is motivated to move beyond to explore the real issues with carbon Nano tube.
In this part we discussed briefly about nanotechnology and its application in Nano electronics and we know that nanotechnology based on two techniques first is top-down method and second is bottom-up methods .we easily say that top-down method is semiconductor devices fine pattery procedure and bottom-up method is synthesis of protein procedure. In first procedure we do the smaller size on Nano scale through semiconductor process and bottom up method integrated atoms or molecules on Nano scale.
Top-down method gives vast idea to scientist to improve the research program of industrial span through SI-LSI technology. Both top-down and bottom-up technology combined together and play an important role in application in ionic and electronic prospective.
SI-LSI technology helps electronic devices and their integration.
Most technologies converge with Nano technology the important techniques has used by the many researchers is fabricated a DRAM capacitor .It's also called batch-processing technique because it's compatible with integrated circuits.
Now a days application of Nano electronics based on information and communication technologies and that's technology has a vast demands this application moderate on the base of current high technology because Nano technology has been already introduced .this technology based on integrated circuits of Nano scale(50nm) it's also use in CPU .
Information and communication applications is further divided as
Novel semiconductor devices
Novel optoelectronics devices
Scientist has been already developed low cost memory that could put tetra byte data or information .in that technique manipulating charged copper particles at the molecular scale. The technology used in mobile devices .this technology based on Nano wires and nanotubes from copper atoms. Apple and Scan Disk Company introduce this technology in market these days.