Major Developments And Future Trends Computer Science Essay

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In recent years personal computing has advanced considerably. Twenty years ago, computers could be anything up to a size of a room. They were hard to operate and required multiple personal to perform basic tasks. One of the major developments were by Bill Gates the founder of Microsoft Corporation. Bill Gates developed a operating system which collects software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs. For hardware functions such as input and output and memory allocation, the operating system acts as an intermediary between programs and the computer hardware later became known as Windows. Meaning that you no longer had to use a manual to use a personal computer, it came simple and efficient. Later other operating system competed with windows, such as Liniux and Macintosh.

Creating a operating system simplified the use, the stroke of genius came with the creation of world wide web, which allowed to share files simultaneously and freely through the world. Later social media sites like "Facebook" became the attraction of the internet, hundreds of people use Facebook to communicate with their friends, share photos and discuss day to day topics. Also programs such as Skype allowed video calls. But to make sure all of those functions would be carried out, the developments of major components were required. AMD develops micro-processors, Cursair Air develops Random Accessed Memory (RAM) and many more all those inventions and developments lead to the world which we live in today. By reducing the size of technology it became cheaper to produce which lead to bigger usage. Many business in today world would not be able to operate properly and as efficient without the development of technology. With a smaller microchips, development of smartphones were possible, notebooks and laptops.

In this project I will explain how all those wonders of technology came to existence and I will identify the future trends of technology

History of Technology


Microsoft was established by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975. Microsoft develops, manufactures, licenses and supports a wide range of products and services related to computing. One of the biggest Microsoft successes were its operating system "Windows".

Windows allowed simple use of computer. The first version of Windows was released in 1983, Windows 1.0 and it ran on a floppy disk of 256kilobytes. Windows quickly dominated the market and became the most used operating software in the world. With the success of Windows 1.0, bill gates continued to develop the operating system. It was named Windows because it was referred to the windows which popped up with a mouse click. Before the release of windows, users had to use Binary code in order to operate the computer, which was complex and consisted only of numbers (010101010)

By creating Operating system a whole new market was available. Because of the growth of the people using the computer, a simple and effective way had to be developed to transfer data with the world. This lead to the invention of World Wide Web.

World Wide Web

World Wide Web is commonly known as the web. It invented by Sir Timothy John who is a British computer scientist. The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked documents accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia. World Wide Web was a huge success and it lead to free sharing of files. People began "uploading" photos with a click of the button as software developed. Social Media sites such as Facebook became into existence, and today more than five hundred million people use Facebook.


Facebook was developed by Mark Zuckerburg. It was originally limited only for Harvard university but quickly expanded all though the Boston and the world. Facebook allows a simple way of communicating with friends, college students and employees. Facebook allows to share photos and other media.


With all the developments which took place, previously the computer was slow and unable to operate multiple functions. 20 years ago, Computers were extremely slow and complex, because of the growing marked, it was required to quickly expand the components, make components more reliable and cost effective for the public. Computer usually consist of Motherboard, RAM, Central processing unit, Video card and hard drive disk.


Motherboard is a system board where all the components are attached into sockets.


RAM is short for "Random Accesses Memory". A random-access device allows stored data to be accessed quickly. Data can be accessed quickly in any random order and processed by the CPU


CPU is Central Processing Unit. Is hardware within a computer system - which carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing input/output operations of the system.

Video Card

A video card is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display.

Hard-drive disk

Hard drive disk is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information. Previously the data storage was limited to kilobits, in today's technology the data available is Terabits.

Future Trends

The future of technology in computing leads to variety of possible outcomes. One of which will be the television and computer merging into one. Previously, in technology shows Samsung released SMART TV, not requiring a remote, and able to change channels with a hand moves.

There is a lot of focus in nanotechnology. By applying nanotechnology into computer components, it will reduce the size of the computer, boost its performance and allows for more economical consumption of electricity. It is possible because nanotechnology uses the smallest components known to man. Nanotechnology is the capability to manipulate, control, assemble, produce and manufacture things at atomic precision


In conclusion it is strongly evident that the creation of windows operating system shaped the way we use our computers. By those developments we were able to improve our life styles dramatically. The way we socialise, communicate and interact with other human beings have been changed. In near future even more things will be computerised and made simple to use.


Problems regarding security and ethics.


Privacy, security and ethics are the most vital issues in today's world and the most important rights.


Every single person using the internet wants to feel secure from online threats, which can relate to people who try to harm your computer for personal data, they are referred as "hackers". Usually people attempt to protect themselves from viruses which try to gain your private information regarding bank details, addresses and other vital peace of information. One way people protect them by purchasing an anti-virus software.


Is software used to prevent, detect and remove malware which may harm your computer. No matter how useful antivirus software can be, it can sometimes have drawbacks. Antivirus software can impair a computer's performance

Antivirus works by signature-based detection involves searching for known patterns of data within executable code. However, it is possible for a computer to be infected with new malware for which no signature is yet known. Some antivirus software can also predict what a file will do by running it in sandbox aka controlled environment and analysing what it does to see if it performs any malicious actions.

People purchase antivirus to feel saver surfing the World Wide Web or downloading and exchanging files.

Recently, a vigilante group known as Anonymous attacked Samsung Corporation and disabled the online network of Play station 3. Leaving thousands of user's information in jeopardy. Anonymous was able to access all information, from street address to bank details stored in Samsung servers. Nevertheless, the information was not used for personal reasons, because anonymous attacked Samsung for its policy on customers which many felt that it was breach of security and privacy. Samsung suffered damage amounting to millions.


The ability for individuals to interact online without sacrificing their personal privacy is a vital part of the Internet's value, and is intimately related to its trustworthiness.

Every single person wants to have certain degree of privacy when they publish information online or in a blog. Some people wish to be unknown on publication because of his/her status in the society. Privacy protects every single user with its basic right: freedom of speech. There is multiple situations involving multi-national corporations or even governments attempting to access private information by group of individuals.

In 2008, Google have expanded its services into China republic. Google is a provider of most powerful search engine and its g mail. During the years, Google has repeatedly found signs of attacks on their servers by the Chinese government.

Google suspected that Chinese government was attacking their servers successfully. The Chinese government has been stealing information on emails. It was registering every single email sent and analysed for conspiracy. In response Google has shut down its servers in china and moved to Hong Kong where Japan was in control.

Also Facebook was accused of selling information to third parties regarding persons "likes" and preferences.


Ethics is also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. Ethics is very important in today's society. Parents should educate children using internet regarding appropriate websites, do's and don'ts. There a number of reports across the world of children being bullied on social media sites and chat rooms or even forums. Ethically educating children in schools would decrease the chance of bullying

In recent news, elderly man as accused of violent crime. Hundreds of twitter users "tweeted" about the person and the crime committed. Later in court, the person was proven guilty accused and now he entered legal action where everyone who has more than five hundred followers will be sued for deformation which is a law under tort act. He already claimed over hundred thousand pounds from BBC station.

Also using giving credit to authors from online sources is an important part of ethics. I believe every author should be credited or rewarded for its work.


In conclusion I strongly believe that's privacy, security and ethics are highly important in today's society. Personally I feel save knowing that I am protected under specific laws. It's important to protect yourself from danger which lures in internet. By educating today's youth about the ethics we can prevent future accidents regarding social media.