How can we effectively use the internet for research

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a) How can we effectively use the internet for research?

Answer

On the Web, we can find information about any topic we desire. The World Wide Web is a huge database of user-submitted content where we can access an astronomical number of informative sources, online groups and multi-media.

Because all of the content on the Internet is self-submitted, and there are very few regulations as to what a person can and can't publish (depending on local laws), content found on the Web may be inaccurate and opinion based.

Nevertheless, the internet should not be disregarded when conducting academic research. It is a major source for scholarly journals, current news, books, credible magazines, general information and other relevant content. Here are few tips to help we efficiently conduct online research and fine the information we want.

Tap into reputable sources

Many reliable statistics, articles and other information can be found on government and educational websites. These websites are easily identified because their domain names end in .edu or .gov. Additionally, we can conduct a search for only scholarly information. See the sources below.

Subscribe to RSS Feeds

Really a Simple Syndication (RSS) feed is new technology that allows subscribers an immediate update when new information is posted. RSS feeds are particularly handy for news sources or other websites that are constantly updated. If we need to collect current events on a particular topic, RSS feeds will practically do our work for us.

Join or Create a Group

A number of websites like Google, Yahoo and MSN offer online groups where members can share information. This is an excellent way to meet people who share our same interests and discover new resources.

Understand and Use Boolean Logic or an advanced search

Boolean Logic is becoming less common as more search engines offer advanced search features. Boolean Logic uses the words "and", "or" and "not" to create relationships among search terms and allow we to narrow our search.

The advanced search feature on Google, Yahoo, MSN, Ask.com and other popular search engines accomplish the same goal. Use these methods to filter our results and find the information we're looking for.

Use Synonyms, Alternate Spellings and Related Topics

As we conduct our research, take note of synonyms, alternate spellings and related keywords of our topic. For example, if we're looking for information on dogs, we may also want to search "puppies", "canines" and "pets".

Use Different Search Engines

Different search engines function differently. Google and Ask.com are link-ranking engines, which mean they consider the relevance and importance of the links that link to a website and the sites the website links to. On the other hand, Yahoo and AltaVista rank by general content. They look at keywords in met a tags and in the webpage's content. Therefore, different search engines provide different results.

snapshot of Google and YouTube search engine

Choose a Browser That's Conducive to Research

There are many free Internet browser downloads-Internet Explorer, Firefox and Opera are just a few. Some browsers allow adding notes, save groups of websites and have integrated search engines that make web research easier and faster. Any of the three listed above are great for web research.

Listed below are a number of free resources to help us with our Internet research.

Free Internet Research Resources

For Academic journals, articles and other scholarly content:

Google Scholar: "http://scholar.google.com/"

MSN Live Academic "http://academic.live.com/"

INFOMINE "http://infomine.ucr.edu/"

Resource Discovery Network "http://www.rdn.ac.uk/"

SearchEdu.com "http://www.searchedu.com/"

For Books:

A9 "http://a9.com/-/home.jsp?nc=1"

Google Books Search "http://books.google.com/"

For a broad search of the Web:

"ixquick http://ixquick.com/"

For general information:

Msn Encarta "http://encarta.msn.com/"

To create a works cited page:

Son of Citation Machine "http://citationmachine.net/"

Student abc "http://www.studentabc.com/citation_machine"

References

Internet Tutorials (May, 2006). Conducting Research on the Internet. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from Internet Tutorials Web site: http://www.internettutorials.net/research.html

Q.N. 1

b) Explain in detail about word processing.

Answer

Word Processing is application software designed to input, format, edit and print text as well as some pictures. Word processing helps the user produce letters, memos, reports, form letters, research papers, essays, novels. In other words Word Processing means working with words. In word processor, we have to knowledge on some terms also called elements, which are listed and describes below:

  • Bold or boldface: A heavier typestyle used to emphasis and appearance.
  • Bullets: Symbols used at the beginning of each line to highlight a list of items.
  • Characters: The letters, numbers, symbols, punctuation marks that appear in a word processing document.
  • Clip Art: A collection of picture files that can be inserted into a document.
  • Copy: To make a duplicate of a highlighted section of a document.
  • Curser (insertion point): A blinking line or other mark showing where the next letter or character will be keyed. Sometimes the curser is an arrow or icon.
  • Cut: To remove a highlighted section of a document.
  • Editing: Changing or making corrections in a document.
  • File: A document saved in the computer.
  • Folder: A place to store a file. Also known as a directory or subdirectory.
  • Font: A specific design for a complete set of letters, numbers, and symbols.
  • Formatting: The way the text appears.
  • Hard Copy: The printed copy.
  • Hardware: The physical components of the computer system.
  • Highlighting: To display, in reverse type, part of a word or a section of a document.
  • Italics: Typestyle that is evenly slanted towards the right for emphasis and appearance.
  • Line Spacing: The vertical distance between lines of text. The default setting is usually single spacing.
  • Load or Launch: To enter a program or file into a computer's memory (RAM).
  • Paste: To put the clipboard contents into another part of a document. Paste is used in conjunction with the cut and copy commands.
  • Point: A unit of measurement of type. The larger the point size, the larger the type.
  • Print: To make a hard copy of a document.
  • Retrieve: To load a file that has been previously saved onto a disk.
  • Save: To store a file on diskette or hard drive for future use.
  • Search and Replace: Word processing function that locates words or character strings and allows the user to replace the selected words with a replacement.
  • Soft Copy: Display of a document on a computer monitor or screen.
  • Software: The applications/programs or operating system.
  • Spell Check: Word processing tool that compares words in a document to its own disk-based dictionary to help identify and to correct misspellings.
  • Text: The words.
  • Thesaurus: Word processing tool that identifies synonyms for a selected word in a document.
  • Typestyle: Features such as bold, italics, and underline.
  • Underline: A horizontal line used for emphasis.

Snapshot of word processor (Micro Soft Word 2007) and Acrobat Reader

Formatting Documents:

  • Text formatting features include bold, italics, and underline type styles.
  • Various fonts are available to enhance the appearance of text.
  • Page formatting features include margin settings, page orientation, line spacing, justification or text alignment.
  • Advanced features, such as bullets, automatic numbering, borders, and tables may be available in our word processing program.

Editing Documents:

  • Editing features include cut, copy, and paste.
  • Cut removes selected text.
  • Copy duplicates selected text.
  • The cut or copied text is temporarily stored on the "clipboard" of the computer (in the memory.
  • Paste moves text from the clipboard to the document.
  • Edit undo can undo the last command selected.
  • Special tools such as Spell Check, Thesaurus, Grammar Check, Search and Replace can help improve our writing.
  • Highlighting a section of text is known as a "block."
  • We may cut and paste a block of text.
  • We may copy and paste a block of text.
  • We may also use the "drag and drop" editing feature with a block of text. This method is faster when we are moving text a short distance.

Q.N.2

Explain the fundamentals of spreadsheets and manipulation of values using any spread sheet application.

Answer

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