Global Partnerships And Large Installed Base Computer Science Essay

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Android powers hundreds of millions of mobile devices in more than 190 countries around the world. It's the largest installed base of any mobile platform and growing fast-every day another million users power up their Android devices for the first time and start looking for apps, games, and other digital content.

Android gives you a world-class platform for creating apps and games for Android users everywhere, as well as an open marketplace for distributing to them instantly.

Android is the world's most popular mobile platform. With Android you can use all the Google apps you know and love, plus there are more than 600,000 apps and games available on Google Play to keep you entertained, alongside millions of songs and books, and thousands of movies. Android devices are already smart, and will only get smarter, with new features you won't find on any other platform, letting you focus on what's important and putting you in control of your mobile experience.

Global partnerships and large installed base

Building on the contributions of the open-source Linux community and more than 300 hardware, software, and carrier partners, Android has rapidly become the fastest-growing mobile OS.

Every day more than 1 million new Android devices are activated worldwide.

Android's openness has made it a favorite for consumers and developers alike, driving strong growth in app consumption. Android users download more than 1.5 billion apps and games from Google Play each month.

With it's partners, Android is continuously pushing the boundaries of hardware and software forward to bring new capabilities to users and developers. For developers, Android innovation lets you build powerful, differentiated applications that use the latest mobile technologies.

Powerful development framework

Easily optimize a single binary for phones, tablets, and other devices.

Android gives you everything you need to build best-in-class app experiences. It gives you a single application model that lets you deploy your apps broadly to hundreds of millions of users across a wide range of devices-from phones to tablets and beyond.

Android also gives you tools for creating apps that look great and take advantage of the hardware capabilities available on each device. It automatically adapts your UI to look it's best on each device, while giving you as much control as you want over your UI on different device types.

For example, you can create a single app binary that's optimized for both phone and tablet form factors. You declare your UI in lightweight sets of XML resources, one set for parts of the UI that are common to all form factors and other sets for optimzations specific to phones or tablets. At runtime, Android applies the correct resource sets based on its screen size, density, locale, and so on.

To help you develop efficiently, the Android Developer Tools offer a full Java IDE with advanced features for developing, debugging, and packaging Android apps. Using the IDE, you can develop on any available Android device or create virtual devices that emulate any hardware configuration.

Powerful development framework

Easily optimize a single binary for phones, tablets, and other devices.

Android gives you everything you need to build best-in-class app experiences. It gives you a single application model that lets you deploy your apps broadly to hundreds of millions of users across a wide range of devices-from phones to tablets and beyond.

Android also gives you tools for creating apps that look great and take advantage of the hardware capabilities available on each device. It automatically adapts your UI to look it's best on each device, while giving you as much control as you want over your UI on different device types.

For example, you can create a single app binary that's optimized for both phone and tablet form factors. You declare your UI in lightweight sets of XML resources, one set for parts of the UI that are common to all form factors and other sets for optimzations specific to phones or tablets. At runtime, Android applies the correct resource sets based on its screen size, density, locale, and so on.

To help you develop efficiently, the Android Developer Tools offer a full Java IDE with advanced features for developing, debugging, and packaging Android apps. Using the IDE, you can develop on any available Android device or create virtual devices that emulate any hardware configuration.

1.5 billion downloads a month and growing. Get your apps in front of millions of users at Google's scale.

Open marketplace for distributing your apps

Google Play is the premier marketplace for selling and distributing Android apps. When you publish an app on Google Play, you reach the huge installed base of Android.

http://developer.android.com/images/gp-device.png

As an open marketplace, Google Play puts you in control of how you sell your products. You can publish whenever you want, as often as you want, and to the customers you want. You can distribute broadly to all markets and devices or focus on specific segments, devices, or ranges of hardware capabilities.

You can monetize in the way that works best for your business-priced or free, with in-app products or subscriptions-for highest engagement and revenues. You also have complete control of the pricing for your apps and in-app products and can set or change prices in any supported currency at any time.

Beyond growing your customer base, Google Play helps you build visibility and engagement across your apps and brand. As your apps rise in popularity, Google Play gives them higher placement in weekly "top" charts and rankings, and for the best apps promotional slots in curated collections.

Preinstalled on hundreds of millions of Android devices around the world, Google Play can be a growth engine for your business.

Accessibility

With Jelly Bean, blind users can use 'Gesture Mode' to reliably navigate the UI using touch and swipe gestures in combination with speech output.

With the new accessibility focus feature, you can move a cursor between controls to maintain a target for the next action or a source for the next navigation event. You can double tap anywhere to launch the current item with accessibility focus.

Text traversal in accessibility now gives you more control - choose to move between pages, paragraphs, lines, words or characters.

TalkBack, a screenreader for Android, now supports gestures to trigger actions, to navigate applications, and traverse text.

Get full support for braille accessibility services (download BrailleBack on Google Play).

Android Beam

With Android Beam, you can now easily share your photos and videos.

Instantly pair your phone or tablet to Bluetooth® devices like headsets or speakers that support the Simple Secure Pairing standard by just tapping them together.

Audio Accessories

Support for USB audio docks, shipping later this year.

BrowserBrowser and WebView

Browser has improved performance, CPU and memory efficiency. With better performance for animations and HTML5 canvases and an updated JavaScript Engine (V8), pages load faster and feel smoother.

Browser now has better HTML5 video support, and has a new user experience. Just touch the video to play and pause, and smoothly transition into and out of fullscreen mode.

Browser now supports the updated HTML5 Media Capture specification on input elements.

WebView now supports vertical text, including Ruby Text and other vertical text glyphs.

CalendarCalendar

Calendar is more buttery. Content fades in, animations are sprinkled throughout, and swiping/paging between days is smoother.

Calendar will now display event colors if you've given your event a color on your PC.

The 'Today' button on the action bar now shows the current day. When viewing an event's details, you can now email all the guests with a single tap.

Notifications for upcoming events now display more of the event description to let you quickly see relevant details without having to open the app.

Notifications for upcoming events now let you email all the guests without opening the app, and you can choose a quick response such as "Be there in 10 minutes" or type your own.

A new option in Calendar settings lets you create your own default quick responses for emailing guests.

You can now snooze an upcoming event reminder right from the notification.

Calendar has a new 7" tablet layout that is optimized for the form factor.

When viewing Calendar in portrait orientation on tablets, you can hide or expand controls to give you complete control over how you view your Calendar space.

Calendar will now remember whether you've chosen to hide or expand controls so you have a consistent experience viewing Calendar whenever you open it.

Camera and GalleryCamera and Gallery

You can now swipe from the camera viewfinder to quickly review photos you've taken without having to leave the camera app. You can swipe back to the camera viewfinder to start snapping photos again.

When viewing photos in Gallery, you can pinch to zoom out to enter "filmstrip mode" and rapidly review photos. When viewing photos in filmstrip mode, you can swipe up or down to delete an individual photo. You can also undo the delete with a single tap.

When taking a photo, a new animation sweeps your photo off the screen. There is now a new paging animation when swiping between photos.

Camera features a new animation for switching between the front-facing and back cameras.

When focusing on an object in Camera, a new animation gives you visual feedback on your focus state.

Gallery features a new animation when selecting a photo from within the album view and back.

Data Usage

You can now dismiss a data usage warning without changing the data threshold set for warning notifications.

Disable background data usage on certain Wi-Fi SSIDs by designating them as mobile hotspots.

Android now automatically detects when one Jelly Bean device is tethered to another's Wi-Fi hotspot, and intelligently enables or disables background data usage on the SSID.

Face Unlock

Face Unlock is now faster and more accurate, and startup is smoother with a new animation.

You can improve face matching accuracy by calibrating your face in different conditions and with different accessories (e.g. hat, glasses).

Face Unlock can now optionally require a 'blink' to verify that a live person is unlocking the device rather than a photo.

Internationalization

Jelly Bean adds support for bidirectional text and more input languages to make the platform accessible to more people around the world.

There is improved support for Arabic and Hebrew, including a new Arabic font, in the platform.

You can now enter text in one of 18 new input languages, including Persian, Hindi and Thai. Additional Indic languages Kannada, Telugu, and Malayalam are now supported by the platform.

Emoji from Unicode 6.0 will now render when received or viewed.

If the system language is set to Japanese, Japanese specific versions of glyphs will now be properly rendered.

Keyboard

The platform's dictionaries are now more accurate and more relevant.

The language model in Jelly Bean adapts over time, and the keyboard features bigram prediction and correction.

You can now switch languages quickly with the dedicated language selector key on keyboard.

You can use custom keyboard input styles for more than 20 languages, with keymaps for QWERTY, QWERTZ, AZERTY, Dvorak, Colemak, and PC styles.

You can choose the input styles that you want to use for each keyboard, and use a hotkey to switch between them while typing.

Messaging and TalkMessaging and Talk

New notifications display the full text of incoming SMS messages. When receiving an MMS, you can view the full photo in a notification.

When entering recipients for an SMS or MMS, a new UI collects recipients as chips, making it easier to compose messages.

Talk features a new notification style.

Notifications

You can now take action on notifications directly from the redesigned notifications shade.

Notifications from the same application are grouped together, and the first item is automatically expanded. You can also pinch notifications to expand or collapse them.

You now get an image preview in notifications after taking a screenshot. You can quickly share the screenshot directly from the notification.

You can lock automatic display rotation from the notifications shade on 7" tablets.

For Wi-Fi only devices, quickly see the SSID of the access point you're connected to from the notifications shade.

You can now touch-hold a notification to identify the application that created it and turn off notifications from that application if needed, as well as uninstall the application.

Networking

Wi-Fi protected setup is now supported with WPS push button and PIN support.

A new setting lets you stay on mobile data and avoid nearby Wi-Fi networks with poor connections.

NewsNews and Weather

News and Weather is updated to improve freshness and power consumption.

PeoplePeople

The People app is more buttery with smoother animations and improved search performance.

The People app now retrieves high res photos automatically for Google contacts with public Google+ profiles and displays higher res photos (720x720) on certain devices.

High res photos set on Google accounts will be backed up and synced across devices.

The People app has a new 7" tablet layout that is optimized for the form factor.

You can now quickly add your favorite contacts to a home screen, directly from the contact's details page.

The People app helps you organize your contacts and reduces duplicates with an Improved auto-joining algorithm.

You can now clear the frequently contacted list from the favorites tab in the People app.

PhonePhone

When you miss a call, a new notification lets you return the call or reply by SMS with a single touch.

Incoming visual voicemails are displayed in a new notification that lets you play the message with a single touch.

When a call is ongoing, a new notification lets you hang up the call with one touch.

As part of Project Butter, the dial pad is more responsive. Call log scrolling is buttery smooth, and swiping between tabs in Phone is quick and fluid.

You can now clear your frequently contacted list in the favorite tab of Phone.

You can now add phone numbers from the call log to existing, read-only contacts.

SettingsSettings

Accounts are now displayed in the primary Settings view so you can easily see all the accounts you're signed into on your device.

You can now easily access all Google Privacy Settings in one place by selecting your Google account from Settings.

SystemSystem

Device encryption is now more reliable, and periodically reminds you to decrypt your device. Now, SMS messages and calls are declined when waiting for decryption.

You can long press the 'Power Off' option in the power menu to boot your device to safe mode.

A new 'Reset app preferences' button lets you quickly reset default applications for specific activities, background data restrictions, notifications suppressions, and more.

A redesigned dialog with larger icons lets you intuitively choose your preferred application for specific activities.

Google Apps Device Policy on your device may now override the 'keep screen awake' option from developer settings.

Text-to-speech

Jelly Bean introduces a new conversational text-to-speech voice in US English, available as both a network engine and an embedded engine via the TTS API.

Voice Typing

A new embedded speech recognizer lets you use Voice Typing even when you don't have an Internet connection.

WidgetsWidgets

Jelly Bean makes it easier to personalize your home screen. As you place widgets on the screen, everything else automatically moves to make room.

When they're too big, widgets resize on their own. If you choose to resize a widget, apps and widgets will now also move out of the way.

You can now quickly remove apps or widgets from any home screen by picking them up and flinging them to the edge of the screen.

Launching apps and returning back home are now faster and smoother.

The new Google experience on Android

Google Search

With Jelly Bean, a redesigned experience uses the power of the Knowledge Graph to show you search results in a richer way. It's easier to quickly get precise answers to search queries and explore and browse search results.

Get to Google Search faster: Google Search can be opened directly from the lock screen by swiping up. For devices with software navigation keys, you can now swipe up from the system bar to quickly access Google Search with Google Now. For devices with a hardware search key, you can tap it to launch Google Search.

If you're using a wired headset, long press the headset's button to activate Voice Search. You can quickly perform a search query by voice and have the result read back to you.

You can say "Google" to activate Voice Search from within Google Search.

For many search queries performed through Voice Search, you can now hear a spoken answer.

Voice Search recognition is now significantly faster so you can search quickly on the fly.

Voice Search can now recognize queries even when you have a poor network connection.

Google Now

Google Now brings you just the right information at just the right time. Cards appear throughout the day at the moment you need them, and appear as a notification when they're important.

Weather card: When you start your day, Google Now shows weather for your current location and work.

Traffic card: Get traffic conditions and alternate routes before you leave home or work.

Transit card: When you're near a bus stop or a subway station, this card shows you what buses or trains are next.

Places card: When you're on the go, Google Now will suggest nearby bars, restaurants, and places of interest.

Flight card: See flight delays and traffic conditions to the airport for flights you've recently searched for.

Sports card: You can see live scores and upcoming games and also buy game tickets on the fly.

Currency card: When you're traveling, quickly check the local conversion rate.

Translation card: When you're in a foreign country, you can quickly translate words into the local language.

Google Apps

Google+Google+

As you swipe through the stream, large bold photos now fall into place with animations giving you a more interactive browsing experience.

Google+ on tablets has a new magazines layout in the stream.

You can now create and manage Google+ Events right from your device. Posts and photos are saved to the event so you can relive the party any time.

Party Mode lets you instantly upload and share photos during an Event so you capture all the right moments in one place.

New notifications let you +1, comment, or reshare without having to open the Google+ app.

You can now see live video streams of all participants in a Hangout.

A new navigation menu lets you easily navigate through the app and quickly see Google+ notifications.

When viewing a post, you can now swipe to expand and view comments.

GmailGmail

Gmail has an optimized view for 7" tablets in portrait orientation to give you a better experience reading email.

Gmail and Email feature updated notifications will give you a preview and digest of your inbox. Notifications will also now display the full text of new mail.

YouTubeYouTube

YouTube has a new, more intuitive user interface, including a guide that provides quick access to your channel subscriptions.

YouTube can now preload videos from subscribed channels for seamless playback even on slower networks.

With a new integrated menu, you can easily watch YouTube on the big screen with Nexus Q or YouTube TV.

ChromeChrome

As a part of Project Butter, Chrome is optimized for fluid and responsive interaction with web content.

To get you started, a new product tour guides you through Chrome's features.

Quickly change tabs by dragging your thumb from the edges of the screen.

Chrome has a new look and feel for the "Other Devices" page.

Chrome now has simplified application-level settings, which are most consistent with the rest of the platform.

Chrome is the standard browser on Nexus 7.

MapsMaps

With support for offline maps, you can select an area to cache and access it even when you don't have a data connection.

Compass Mode for indoor views and street view is more accurate and responsive with gyroscope support.

With Zagat ratings and reviews built in to Maps, you can quickly get the information you need about places you search for.

You can now browse Google Offers within Maps to find local deals.

Get indoor walking directions in Maps.

CurrentsCurrents

With performance enhancements throughout the application and updates to the user interface, you can browse articles quickly and intuitively.

With an enhanced layout engine for articles, you can enjoy dramatic, large images on a variety of articles.

Currents now uses hardware acceleration to make moving between articles smoother.

Currents has a new 7" tablet layout that is optimized for the form factor.

For editions written in other languages, you can now translate text into your preferred language.

Google Play

A new set of recommendations widgets use a variety of signals - content that people with similar tastes have purchased, stuff that's popular around where you live, content people in your Google+ circles have +1'ed, and more - to recommend new content like apps, games, music, and movies.

A new My Library widget, which displays all of your recent movies, books, music, and magazines and dynamically changes based on what you've been engaging with recently.

Smart App Updates ensure that only the parts of an application that have changed will be downloaded when you next update it, saving on time, bandwidth, and battery when updating apps.

Jelly Bean introduces app encryption for paid apps.

Play BooksGoogle Play Books

Embedded audio tracks and videos can now be easily streamed directly within the book you're reading.

You can now add bookmarks to remember important information for later or pick up where you left off reading.

Play Books now offers fixed layout books, optimized for tablet-reading of books with beautifully designed graphics and layouts, like children's books and comic books.

For visually impaired users, automatic text-to-speech settings have been enabled.

Play MoviesGoogle Play Movies and TV Shows

Movies and TV shows can be quickly downloaded for viewing offline, now with just one tap.

When you make a new purchase from Google Play, that item will be synced directly to the Play Movies and TV Shows app, ready for you to watch when you open the app.

You can watch Movies and TV Shows with Nexus Q by using the integrated media routing menu.

You can zoom in during video playback.

Play MusicGoogle Play Music

A new Sound Search widget lets you identify songs you hear and purchase them directly from Google Play.

The Google Play Music widget now lets you thumbs up songs as they're playing and features a new design for better readability.

Playlist art is automatically created based on the album art of songs in that playlist.

In the now playing bar, you can swipe between screens.

The Recent screen features larger album art.

You can delete tracks within the app.

There is a Now Playing queue of tracks.

There is an integrated media routing menu for listening to tracks on Nexus Q, Bluetooth audio devices and headsets.

Take Google with you

Take Google with you on your mobile device: all the Google products you know and love, designed to work best on Android phones and tablets.

SearchSearch the WebMapsNavigate your WorldPeopleConnect & SharePlayBe EntertainedGmailCreate & Collaborate

Search the web

The fastest, easiest way to find what you need on the web and your phone or tablet. Enjoy the power of Google search wherever you are.

Browse fast on your Android phone or tablet with Chrome. Bring your personalized Chrome experience with you anywhere you go.

Navigate your World

Never get lost as you go to new places and old favorites. Get voice-guided turn-by-turn GPS navigation to your destination, powerful local search with full place reviews and summaries from Zagat editors, detailed maps with 3D buildings, live traffic information and more with Google Maps for Android.

Connect & Share

Stay connected and share epic moments as they happen. Start a group video chat on the go with up to nine people at once with Google+ Hangouts, and never lose another mobile photo with Instant Upload.

Be entertained

Get all your apps & entertainment in one place. Google Play brings you the world's largest collection of eBooks, millions of songs, thousands of movies and TV shows, and a growing selection of magazines - plus over 600,000 apps and games. With Google Play, you can now read, listen and watch anywhere you want - on your tablet, phone, or on the web at play.google.com - no wires, no syncing and no storage costs.

YouTube puts millions of videos at your fingertips, available on the go wherever you are.

Create & Collaborate

Google Drive gives you one place to create, share, collaborate and keep your stuff, accessible on all your devices. With Gmail, get smarter email wherever you are, integrated with contacts and apps on your Android phone or tablet.

Your stuff, always available, no wires needed

When you sign in to your phone or tablet with Google, you can access all of your Google stuff (contacts, photos, Gmail and more) quickly and easily. You can also enjoy all of your favorite entertainment across your Android devices and even your computer - no wires, no syncing.

Play everywhere you go

Google Play is the easiest way to enjoy all your favorites - no wires, no hassle, just pure entertainment. You can now read, listen and watch anywhere you want - on your tablet, phone, or in any browser at play.google.com. Forget about cables and syncing: your favorite music, movies, books, apps and games are instantly available across all of your devices and on the web.

The World's Most Popular Platform

Millions of people already use Android because it makes your mobile device so much more powerful and useful. On Android, the home screen, web browser, email and everything in between are designed to make your life easier. And because Android is open, you can create a unique mobile experience that's just right for you.

Widgets

Put the important stuff right within reach and interact with your favorite apps directly from your home screen with widgets - see the latest sport scores, view your favorite photos, check the weather or peek at your inbox all without having to open different apps or leave the home screen.

Notifications

An easy-to-read notification tray gives you quick access to your calls, incoming texts, and new emails in a non-intrusive way.

Multi-tasking

With Android, you can quickly and seamlessly switch between apps and pick up whatever you were doing. Juggling multiple tasks at once on a mobile device has never been easier.

Voice typing and actions

Control your Android device with your voice. Simply touch the microphone on the keyboard and start talking to write emails, SMS, or any other text - more than 30 languages supported. Text appears in real time, so there's no waiting.

Photos and videos

Capture special moments with great photos and videos, explore your shots and quickly share your favorites in any way that you want.

Beyond Smart

Your Android device is already smart, and it's only going to get smarter. Android was the first to bring you features on certain devices like Face Unlock - which uses facial recognition to let you unlock your device with a smile, Android Beam - which lets you share contacts, directions and more by touching two devices together, and Google Now - which brings you just the right information, before you even ask.

Choose the Android device that's right for you

Android powers devices from some of the best handset and tablet manufacturers in the world, like Samsung, HTC, Motorola, Sony, Asus and more. Android devices come in all shapes and sizes, with vibrant high-resolution displays and cameras, giving you the flexibility to choose the one that's just right for you. Flip-out keyboard or on-screen, from smartphone to tablet and at every possible price point, there's an Android device for everyone. Android lets you choose the best smartphones and tablets through a global partnership network of over 300 carriers in over 169 countries.

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