Essay about data, information and knowledge


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Essay about Data, Information and Knowledge:

"Data, Information and Knowledge - it's all about context."- Mark Whitehorn.

Both context and understanding the same can make us differentiate between these terms.

Data - It is a collection of raw facts, basic unit to build up information. It must relevant to an object. It must be meaningful with a context. Data are defined as symbols that represent properties of objects, events and their environment. Often they are the products of observation. But it is no use until they are in a useable form (Journal of Information Science 2007, Jennifer Rowley).

It may be a statistics about an incident, place, time duration, so on. But it must be completely sensible with according to the need it is been considered. The quality of information is based on the quality of data we has. For example: If I just denote A, it cannot be understand as data until it is warped with a value like in the expressions A = 5, A CAR. Often we can understand what the data is with the help of the context.

Information - The processed, valid data is known as Information. How can we process a data? - You can do it by applying some operation as you need. For example: 'a', 'b' are two data I have, with this data I want to process an operation 'sum' (+) to get my information 'c'. So, it is now a + b = c. The operation here I applied is summing up of two data, through which I can yield my result/information 'c'. So, again the processed data is called information.

Information is data that has been given meaning by way of relational connection (Data, Information, Knowledge, and Wisdom, Gene Bellinger, Durval Castro, Anthony Mills). Information is inferred from data (Journal of Information Science 2007, Jennifer Rowley).

Knowledge - The collection, report or the learned experience from the processed information provides us Knowledge. For example: It may be a statics report about the market, about the tourist destination or production techniques, sales during a particular time period, historical events and more. Knowledge may provide us a brief view about what we need in this situation. Knowledge is much required to forecast our things. It may be in a common understandable way that anyone can utilize it in the future when they need.

Knowledge is the appropriate collection of information, such that its intent is to be useful. Knowledge is a deterministic process (Data, Information, Knowledge, and Wisdom, Gene Bellinger, Durval Castro, Anthony Mills).Knowledge is know-how, and is what makes possible the transformation of information into instruction, or by extracting from experience (Journal of Information Science 2007, Jennifer Rowley).

Knowledge is a fluid mix of framed experience, values, contextual information, expert insight and grounded intuition that provides an environment and framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information. It originates and is applied in the minds of knower's (Online resource). The purpose of this investigation summary about these three relevant terms is to determine how we understood about the same.

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