Critical Thinking Of Microsoft Windows Computer Science Essay

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I would like to discuss in this paper Microsoft Windows and the main aim is to discuss the question about its necessity and answer on the general question: Is Microsoft Windows a good thing? I would like to use for example one Microsoft Widows component and due to its detailed analysis prove that Microsoft Windows is really necessary for people and society. The component for my analysis has the name Microsoft Windows Server 2008.

First of all it is necessary to say several words about Microsoft Corporation, because exactly to its appearance and today's existence we have such wonderful global products that make our life mobile and easy. Microsoft Corporation was found in 1975. Nowadays Microsoft is the worldwide leader in software solutions for business management, services and Internet - technologies for personal computers and servers. The company offers a wide range of software products for business and personal use, designed to empower people or companies through great software anytime, anywhere and on any device.

Discussing Microsoft Windows Server 2008 we should say that it is a Windows Server operating system of the new generation, which helps IT professionals to completely control the infrastructure, providing unprecedented availability and management that allows to reach higher than ever, the level of security, reliability and stability of the server environment. Windows Server 2008 opens up new opportunities for organizations, providing all users, regardless of their location, access to the full range of network services. In addition, Windows Server 2008 has the means to analyze and diagnose the state of the operating system that helps administrators to devote more time to business development.

In Windows Server 2008 based on successful and powerful operating system Windows Server 2003 and enhancements in Service Pack 1 (SP1) and the release of Windows Server 2003 R2. However, Windows Server 2008 - is not just improving the previous operating system. It is designed to provide organizations with the most productive platform for extending the functionality of applications, networks and Web services, from workgroups to data centers, and significantly improve the quality of the underlying operating system.

Thinking about Microsoft Windows Server 2008 I understand that it is full of improvements. For example, In Windows Server 2008 is not only added new features, but also significantly improved, many capabilities of the core Windows Server 2003. Among them is the work of the network, advanced security features, remote access to applications, centralized management of server roles, means of monitoring of the performance and reliability, failover clustering, deployment, and the file system. In my opinion, these and many other improvements should help remove servers to the maximum level of flexibility, reliability and manageability.

Discussing the necessity of the Microsoft Windows to commercials and to the society in general, we see that it is full of new technological improvements that will help people to control all kinds of their activity in easy way. Today we need computers as air and our high technological century requires good technological applications that will help us to develop our business and also communicate with each other with the help of internet.

Improved system of control. Looking at the new technologies of Windows Server 2008 we see that it has improved system of control. That is meaning that maintaining control over your servers and networks, especially over access to them, is a top priority for administrators. Therefore, in Windows Server 2008 includes two new technologies that give administrators the most control over access to network servers: Network Access Protection and Services Internet Information Services 7.0.

Server Manager. new features in Windows Server 2008, providing a single interface through which administrators can perform all the steps for installing and configuring server roles and components of Windows Server 2008, and management. Server Manager replaces and combines the functions of several components of Microsoft Windows Server 2003, such as "Server Management", "Configure Your Server Wizard" and "Add or Remove Programs". With Server Manager you can configure different functions and roles of computers.

Windows PowerShell. New command-line shell supports more than 130 funds and built-in programming language. Through it, the administrator can easily control and securely automate routine tasks of systems management, especially across multiple servers. Windows PowerShell is does not require migration of existing scenarios and is ideally suited for automation of new features of Windows Server 2008. With the new scripting language, uniform syntax and utilities, Windows PowerShell accelerates automation task management systems (Active Directory, Terminal Server, Internet Information Server (IIS) 7.0, etc.) and takes into account the unique characteristics of media company. Windows PowerShell is easy to learn and use because it does not require programming skills. In addition, it supports the existing IT infrastructure, scripting and command line interface.

Internet Information Services 7.0. Windows Server 2008 provides a unified platform for Web publishing that integrates Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.0, ASP.NET, Windows Communication Foundation, Windows Workflow Foundation and Windows SharePoint Services 3.0. Services IIS 7.0 is a major improvement in the existing web server, Windows and play a central role in integrating Web platform technologies. They help developers and administrators to maintain maximum control over the network interfaces and the Internet with the help of key functions, which include: delegation of management, increasing security, reducing vulnerability, embedded control applications, and the state of Web services, as well as improved administration tools.

The controller read-only domain (RODC) is a new type of configuration domain controller in the operating system Windows Server 2008 enables organizations to easily deploy a domain controller in locations where there is no guarantee of their physical safety. Domain Controller RODC holds a read-only replica of the database of Active Directory for a particular domain. Prior to the release this version, users in branch offices, where it was not possible to ensure proper physical security of the domain controller should have been authenticated on the domain controller through a global network. In many cases, the path is irrational. Placing the available read only replica of the database of Active Directory is closer to the users of its affiliates, may reduce the time of login, and more efficient access to the resources of network authentication, even if you provide the proper physical security of a traditional domain controller is not realistic.

Greater flexibility. During the period of organization development, it changes the requirements that apply to servers. At the same time increasing the possibility of server technologies, influence the way for organizations and users. The operating system Windows Server 2008 is designed so that you can modify the network infrastructure to adapt it to changing needs and maintaining the required flexibility. For organizations that need to deploy a domain controller in an unsafe place, or use it only for business applications, Windows Server 2008 provides a new version of the configuration: domain controller is read-only (RODC). The organizations that have remote users, useful implemented in Windows Server 2008 enhancements to Terminal Services that facilitate integration of the remote and local applications on client computers, access to remote programs via Web browser and access to remote terminals and applications across firewalls. Organizations that want to deploy multiple servers and personal computers; Windows Deployment Services help you quickly and easily deploy new computers in the network, using a method based on the image.

Saying about benefits of Microsoft Windows it is necessary to add that this software is popular among the population over the globe because it has many necessary functions. Improved security is number one among them, in my opinion.

I think that Network Access Protection (NAP) is a new technology that enables IT-administrators to install the requirements necessary to maintain the efficiency of the network, and deny access to network computers that do not meet these requirements. NAP guarantees the performance of administrator-defined policies that describe the requirements for maintaining network health within a specific organization. For example, the requirements may be that the computer must attend all operating system updates, and updated software to protect against viruses and spy ware. Thus, the administrator can set the overall level of protection for all computers that connect to the network.

Microsoft BitLocker feature provides extra data protection through full volume encryption on multiple drives - even if your computer falls into the hands of a stranger or run under another operating system.

Failover clustering improvements in this area make it easy to configure a server cluster, while ensuring the safety and accessibility of data and applications. Using a new tool to test a failover cluster, you can perform testing to determine suitability for a cluster of this system configuration, storage or network. Windows Server 2008 allows administrators easily perform operations on the configuration, migration and the use of failover clusters and management. With improved infrastructure, cluster administrators can ensure the smooth operation of services to users, promoting greater productivity and storage networks and improve the system security.

Summarizing information sources and analysing different information about Microsoft Windows Server 2008, as an object of my analysis I want to say that Windows Server 2008 allows more control of servers and network infrastructure and concentrate on solving high priority due to the following:

Simplified IT infrastructure management with new tools that provide a single interface for configuring and monitoring of servers and the ability to automate routine operations.

Optimization of installing Windows Server 2008, and management by deploying only the necessary roles and functions. Configuring the server reduces the number of vulnerabilities and reduces the need for software upgrades, which leads to the simplification of maintenance.

Effective detection and troubleshooting with powerful diagnostic tools that provides a visual representation of the actual state of the server environment, both physical and virtual.

Improved control of remote servers, for instance, servers affiliates. Through optimization of the administration of servers and data replication, you can better serve its users and get rid of some management problems.

Lightweight Web server using Internet Information Services 7.0 - is a powerful Web platform for applications and services. This modular platform provides a simple management interface based on tasks and integrated means for controlling the state of Web services, provides strict control over the interaction sites, but also contains a number of enhancements for security.

Improved control of user settings by using Group Policy extension.

We also should understand that the following Windows Server 2008 features allow you to create flexible and dynamic data centres that meet the continually changing needs of the company.

Built-in virtualization technology on the same server to multiple operating systems (Windows, Linux and so forth). With these technologies, as well as simpler and more flexible licensing policies today can easily take advantage of virtualization, including economic.

Centralized access to applications and seamless integration of remotely published applications. In addition, it should be noted to connect and to remote applications through the firewall without using VPN - this allows you to quickly respond to the needs of users, regardless of their location.

A wide selection of new deployment options.

Flexible and functional applications connect employees with each other and with the data, thus providing a visual representation, sharing and processing information.

Interaction with the existing environment.

Developed and active community for support throughout the life cycle.

Thus, based on all above said it is necessary to come to the conclusion that Microsoft Windows is good for both parties of process, I mean it is good for society and for commercials at the same time. For the end of my paper I want to add one interesting fact that operating system Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 from the beginning were part of one project. As a result, they use a number of similar technologies for network, storage, security and governance. While in the process of developing Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 are divided into separate products with different release cycles, many improvements have been applied in one or another operating system. In addition we should mark that in the case of co-deployment of combined client-server infrastructure provides significant benefits to the organization.

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