Cloud Computing Ugi Based Integrated Collaborative Computer Science Essay

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Cloud computing is a style of computing where information technologies enable business products, services and solutions delivery as a service over the internet. It is a concept where it is characterized into three main entities - Software, Hardware and Network. The collective nature of all these entities are known as the Cloud computing. The concept of cloud computing is currently in very early stages of development. There is lot of research being carried out in this area. In this research paper, author tries to analyze the cloud computing and also to propose a prototype (Business process model) for business process integration and Industrial collaboration, in the context of SMEs in Textile sector. Here the author proposes cloud computing based infrastructure as an ideal for SMEs specially those companies having their no information system based infrastructure and solution to the challenges that they are facing in Pakistan and also to maintaining Green ICT

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KEYWORDS

Cloud Computing, Business Process model, cloud based infrastructure, Industrial collaboration, uniform user graphic interface, Value add process, SMEs

introduction

Nowadays most of the companies provide cloud base resources / services over the internet. Today the clouding computing is rendering users with services to access hardware, software services and data resources while using the internet [1]. In computer science the word "broadcasting" means the computing at a remote location inside the cloud, either through your own computer or with any other device through the web using an internet connection. "The cloud is a smart, complex, powerful computing system in the sky that people can just plug into [2]."

The major contributions of this practice is to make the structure, constant and smooth flow of information with help of cloud based infrastructure in efficient manners to support SMEs. As textile manufacturing process in Pakistan is divided into clusters e.g. ginning, sipping, weaning, processing. Only few corporate level industries have their complete units for manufacturing with structured business operation. But the SMEs sector majorly faces the problem due this dis-integration and industrial collaboration where they have to support each other in value addition process of product. The purposed cloud based infrastructure will provide and facilities the SMEs in reducing operational cost, reducing the inventory cost , improving delivery, Improving the revenue and market share and working collaboration.

background

In response to rapid environmental changes, diverse business developments and in order to continuously improve their information system, many organizations think to enhance their business processes through integration and collaboration for future. Pakistani entrepreneurs have been facing tremendous changes of the economic, commercial and technological environments. It is becoming an urgent problem for them how to utilize information technology and to build an effective information system. The poor performance is only due to limited resources and unawareness about the Information system capabilities, poor implementation, lack of integration in process and industrial collaboration. Government should provide them such resources in order to serve better and to win competitive advantage and improve their development. Entrepreneurs are not in position to overcome due to lack of resources, poor information system. According the statistics calculated from FCCI (Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry) and SMEDA (Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority) in Pakistan, there are 1400 corporate and 22378 SMEs level industries in textile sector operating in Faisalabad. From them only few corporate level industries have their own development information system e.g. Sadaqat textile, Interloop, crescent textile and MTM. MTM (Masood textile Mills) is one of the best example among other having their own complete and mature IS base integration for business processes and collaboration within the partner and getting the strategic advantages and opportunities over the others.

In this paper the authors contribution is not only to bring the SMEs issues in textile sector but also to propose a premature graphical prototype of cloud based infrastructure. It helps to integrate the business processes and collaborative environment between the textile industries especial for SMEs. The objective of this infrastructure to provide capabilities and enterprise solutions to those companies having limited resources, expertise and are not capable to design and implement their own is infrastructure. Business processes integration not only manages the resources, it also provides an efficient way for information in reverse order to enhance the flow of work and flow of material. The purpose of this prototype for the implementation of cloud based infrastructure at government level in order to the medium and small level industries having lack of resources, expertise and human powers in textile industries.

Objectives

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Business process integration through smooth flow of information

Industrial Collaboration in between the textile SMEs sector

Uniform user graphic Interface based applications using cloud based infrastructure to increase the adoptability of applications

SMeS IN PAKISTAN

SMEs have been serving as respirator for the economic development with contribution towards GDP value addition, export earning. As the developed country like USA, UK, Germany, Canada and Japan have focused on this sector which paying a fruitful results in the economic development. [7]. Definition of SMEs according to the Pakistan SMEs Policy, the definition of Small and medium-sized enterprises is.

Table . 1

Enterprise Category

Employment Size (a)

Paid Up Capital (b)

Annual Sales (c)

Small & Medium Enterprise (SME)

 Up to 250

Up to Rs. 25 Million

Up to Rs. 250 Million

Small and medium enterprise sector is the backbone of Pakistan economy, as it plays very important role in the social and economic development of Pakistan. According to the statistics collected from SMEDA (Small Medium Enterprise Development Authority) there are about 3.2 million business enterprises in Pakistan, (44% Rural & 56% Urban), where they produce a wide range of goods and services, provide employment for a large number of skilled and semi-skilled workers, account for a substantial proportion of manufacturing output, and make a major contribution to the country's balance of payments. Here author's attention on the manufacturing related SMEs specifically in Faisalabad. Faisalabad is the third largest city of Pakistan having 45932 SMEs manufacturing units, from them 22378 related to business of textile sector.

3.1 SMEs Issues in Pakistan

Excessive Regulation,

Energy Shortage,

Water shortage,

Difficulties in marketing and selling products

Unawareness about the technology

Lack of IT expertise

Obsolete technology

Limited R&D support,

Lack of capital and financial resources

Low skill mix of the labor / work force

Limited productivity of works.

Rising competition due to imported products [8]

3.2 Flow of Information in Textile value Chain

The textile manufacturing include following process. While the SMEs contribution to be work in cluster for whole process of textile manufacturing. There is no bridge for the follow of information in between the cluster of SMEs in this complete process of manufacturing to value add products or for the same of collaboration. Neither each entrepreneur has an individual information based system to manage their business activities due to lack of resource and um-awareness.

Cultivation / Harvest

Yarn Manufacturing

Weaving- Fabric Manufacturing

Finishing

Preparation for Yarn

Ginning, bale-making and transportation

Opening / Cleaning

Blending

Carding

Combing

Drawing

Spinning

Checking

Folding / Twisting

Gassing

Measurements

Winding

Warping / Beaming

Sizing

Drawing / Looming

Piring

Weaving

Measurements

Knitting

Pattern for Power looms

Shedding

Picking

Beating-up

Desizing

Scouring

Bleaching

Mercerising

Singeing

Raising

Calendaring

Shrinking

Dyeing

Printing

Singeing

Fig.1 Flow of Information in Textile value chain

Manufacturing Unit =192

Employment Size = 12000

Small & medium manufacturing Unit = 274

Employment Size = 20,000

Large Units: 26

Total Number of Units 1200

Registered Number of Units 300

Employment Size = 250,000

Manufacturing Unit = 26

Employment Size = 790

Manufacturing Unit = 44

Employment Size = 20,000

Others Cluster Actors Cotton Ginner

22 units (in Faisalabad Region)

156 units (in Southern Punjab region)

Small & medium Manufacturing Unit =21842

Larges Units: 32

Employment Size = 400,000

Fig.2 Textile value chain & number of SMEs units with Employment size in Faisalabad

cloud computing

It is a style in which all the information technology related capabilities are providing services and transfer technology, data and software application from a local system thought network into Cloud. According to the [3] "the aims of the cloud computing is the migration of users", data and processing from Desktop PCs (client system) and corporate servers to the cloud. [3] It also defines by [4] why not just move all processing power to the cloud and walk around with an Ultra-light input device with a screen? The Cloud computing brought a lot of services i.e. database, storage, backup, data replication, data protection and maintain the security of the services. [4]

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This model of computing is derived from the real world service model means that the users use services in daily life and pay against these services [5]. It is to sell the processing time mostly to universities, research center. As we discussed with enterprise organization, Google, IBM and Amazon have their own data centers so they are selling computer power, and storage. Amazons is the first to commercialize its cloud computing EC2. In which customer first create virtual image for software with provided tools then create instances of that image depending on their usage. There are three type of Amazon machine Instance (AMI). Recently IBM and Google are in collaboration developing utility grid for students by putting their dedicated server and run open source software and give the access to some universities [4], [6].

Cloud computing in simple words is the delivery of services or capabilities over the network and segregated into three entities.

NETWORK

DATA CENTER

Software

As services

Infrastructure As services

Platform as services

Fig .1 Layers of Cloud Computing

Software as a service (SaaS): Applications based services delivered over the network.

Platform as a service (PaaS): A software development framework / components all delivered on the network as on demand, the users have to pay.

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS): An integrated environment of computing resources, storage and network fabric delivered over the network users have to pay for usage model.

G2B and B2B

Layer 1: Business process integration

Layer 2: Industrial collaboration

Layer 3: Uniform user graphic interface

NETWORK

DATA CENTER

Software

As services

Infrastructure As services

Platform as services

BUSINESS PROCESSES

Work Follow + Raw material Follow

Flow of Information

Flow of Information

Procurement

Processing

Distribution

Logistics system

CLOUD BASED INFRASTRUCTURE

CLOUD BASED INFRASTRUCTURE FOR BUSINESS

Manufacturer

Retailer

Distributor

Supplier

Collaboration

INFORMATION SYSTEM CAPABILITIES

APPLICATION INTERFACE

IS MODEL FOR BUSINESS PROCESS INTEGRATION

INDUSTRIAL COLLABORATION

Business Transactions / Collaboration based transactions

Data Trans

Designer

Data

Employee personal experience

CAD data

Distributor

Retailer

Operational / maintenance

Supplier

Application User

Uniform user Graphic Interface

E-government

Management

G2B, B2B

Government to Business

Inventory

Fig.2 Working methodology for textile indistry

E-Government

(G2B and B2B)

Cloud Computing

Infrastructure

Cloud based Infrastructure for textile Industries

Layer 2: Industrial collaboration

Layer 3: Uniform user graphic interface

Layer 1: Business process integration

Fig.3 shows the infrastructure and combination of layers.

The cloud computing has the potential to meet the mentioned challenges as its goals is to obtain batter resources, utilization and focused on providing the cost effective services for enterprise, small and medium level industries. Cloud based infrastructure help the entrepreneur in Business process by organizing coordinating and focused to produce a valuable product or services with concrete flow of work, material, and information and cross functional activities and integration in department in a unique way.

The industrial cloud based infrastructure helps in smooth flow of information within the industries to facilitate in planning which involves demand forecasting, level of inventory, manufacturing and production planning. It also reduces the emission of carbon by sharing the formation in supply chain process.

In textile sector the workers are not very much familiar with software and computer based applications in Pakistan. It is also costly for the organization to spend time and money for training. Industrial cloud based infrastructure with uniform user graphic interface enhance the workers adaptability. They can easily adopt such application while changing their job from one organization to others. So this way they can work efficiently and consistently, it also reduces the human mistake and builds confidence in them while working.

CONCLUSION

To develop this cloud computing platform a complete support of Government Ministries and support of the bodies that are directly responsible for the development of SMEs in Pakistan, are requisite. In the developing countries like Pakistan where no any organization are ready to take the initiative to built a cloud computing platform , a Public cloud model is proposed , the Government of Pakistan should take the initiative to establish a sample cloud computing platform , as a facilitator for SMEs and to promote the Information Technology .The Ministry of Industries, The ministry of commerce and The Ministry of science and technology, and the Small and Medium Enterprise development Authority (SMEDA), should take the responsibility for the regulation , promotion of the cloud computing environment for SMEs in Pakistan. The Ministry of Science and technology and The Ministry of Information Technology, can play significant role in the development of cloud computing plate form for SMEs.