Application Of Gis And Location Computer Science Essay

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Due to the development of GIS technology, the application become wider and advance. Therefore there are many other technology can be combine with GIS to make it perform better. Users, especially when in unfamiliar areas, would appreciate services that provide them with information about their surroundings and objects in the neighborhood. A natural way to find such information is by looking at the objects. Therefore, it would be very useful if Location-based Services could provide a kind of viewer-centric interaction between the users and their surroundings (Zaid Farid, 2010). Basic questions about the users in LBS are: who are the users? What are their needs? When and where do they need services? etc. (Bin Jiang, 2006).

This study will show the integration between and GIS application and Location Base Service (LBS). LBS are a service that determines where a mobile device and its user are geographically located and also acts as an information gateway for the user by providing various kinds of services (Rose India Technologies, 2008).Other than that, Location based services also can be defined as "services that integrate a mobile device's location or position with other information so as to provide added value to a user." (Schiller J.2010). If we unpack the term "location-based services", it is clear enough that location is an important part of LBS. Location is part of context (which will be further discussed in the following section) and it determines what information and services the user may expect. A location can be represented and perceived in different ways. A location could be represented as geometric or symbolic on the one hand (Leonhardt, 1998), and it could also be absolute or relative on the other (Hightower & Borriello, 2001).

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Meanwhile, a geographic information system (GIS) are integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information (esri). GIS allows us to view, understand, question, interpret, and visualize data in many ways that reveal relationships, patterns, and trends in the form of maps, globes, reports, and charts. Therefore, in this study, its approach to examine the use of existing features of GIS to support development of LBS. GIS can provide the basis for most functionality, from services like geocoding, routing, location search to map presentation in LBS.

Therefore, with the combination of GIS and LBS application may be used in tourism field, which is tourism require new service quality and management level that may make people easily and expediently to acquire,query,amend, and analysis the information.

Then, to maximize the capability of delivering the information we also will providing the 360 panoramic photo of location surrounding, this is intended to give information more clearly and also give the personal experience to visualize the location surrounding simultaneously it also help tourist to making decision about their recreation activities and to make preparation before going to the park. This also helps the management to manage and organize the information of the park.

1.2 Problem statement

In the process of society modernization, alone with the enhancement of people's living standard, as one of the most popular leisure, tourism is developed in a rapid way. People attach more and more importance to the development of tourism. They also require new service quality and management level. With the development of computer science and internet, a new technology has been used to modern tourism. Geographic Information System (GIS) technology provides a service and management platform to modern tourism. It makes people easily and expediently to acquire, query, amend, and analyses the latest tourism information only if you have a computer and internet. In the recent years, positioning technology and wireless communication are developed fleetingly; it makes the function of GIS platform movably, you can achieve all functions the platform provided on a mobile device. In modern intense competition of the telecommunications industry, wireless operators have to find out a revolutionary way to create new profit points or profit growth. In all kinds of wireless add-value operations, Location-Based Services (LBS) are one of the most potential one. Location-Based Services(LBS), which is offered by some cell phone networks as a way to send custom advertising and other information to cell-phone subscribers based on their current location, it has already become a new profit growth for a mobile agency. Once users have a mobile communication device, mobile LBS can provide services based on geography information and location information to users according to their requirement. This thesis is an application of the complex of GIS, LBS at tourism industry. It includes positioning technology, wireless communication technology, database technology and computer programme. I propose a tourism information system for supporting the location based service of GIS applications. This system includes four components: positioning technology, wireless communication, establishment of GIS server and database, and security problems of the whole system. GIS server is the main point, I propose two solutions, and they are Java solution and ArcIMS solution. At last, a comparison between them is given.( Zhang, Yu,2008)

1.3 Aim and Objectives

Aim:

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The aim of this study is to create GIS map for recreation Park with providing spatial information and surrounding visualization.

Objectives:

To produce map and database of recreation park using GIS and Location Base Service.

To analyze the potential application of LBS and GIS for park recreation and tourism of Shah Alam .

To visualize the information about the park location and the surrounding in 3D panoramic view

1.4 Scope of Study

1.4.1 Study area

This project involved the GIS application combine with a basic of Location based service which is will allowed user to get the information about the environment of the recreational park and simultaneously give the information about the surrounding. In this project it will involve the recreational park at Shah Alam.

1.4.2 Software

ArcGIS 9.3

PTGui

PTGui is panoramic stitching software for Windows and Mac OSX. Originally developed as a Graphical User Interface for Panorama Tools (hence the name), PTGui now is a full featured photo stitching application

Use PTGui to stitch any number of photos into a panoramic image. Some benefits of PTGui, when compared to other stitching software:

PTGui can stitch multiple rows of images

Create 360 degree cylindrical panoramas, 'flat' partial panoramas and even spherical 360x180 degree panoramas

No need to keep the camera level: PTGui can stitch rotated and tilted images

Virtually unlimited output size: create Gigapixel panoramas from hundreds of images!

Layered output allows full control over the final stitched result

PTGui stitches most panoramas fully automatically, but at the same time provides full manual control over every single parameter. This enables stitching of 'difficult' scenes, where other programs fail.

Full 16 bit workflow for best image quality

1.4.3 Data require

1.4.4 Technique

CHAPTER 2

LITERETURE REVIEW

Tourism and Location-based Services

Local, domestic, and international tourism all have different characteristics, participants, and underlying motivations [Gottlieb 1982; Collins et al 2002; Cole2007]. Some of the motivations emphasize the way travel experiences help reinforce select social relationships that may be strained and attenuated by work obligations. For example, a family vacation often serves as a means of reinforcing family ties through the shared experience of travel. In other cases, travel and tourism may be related to performance and identity. One travels to certain places and in certain modes to emphasize, enact, and demonstrate desired personal characteristics. A rugged trek through the Andes can provide the experience of spectacular landscapes while demonstrating toughness and an adventurous spirit. Such travel also serves to differentiate oneself from the "mass-tourist" who travels only in comfortable and safe places while shying away from more authentic experiences. Because tourists vary in motivations, self-perceptions, and in how they want to cast themselves, tourist services have shifted towards more diverse offerings. The growing diversity of tourism offerings stems from increasing disposable incomes and the ability of information technologies to efficiently connect niche demand with niche supply [Anderson 2006; Lew 2006]. The growing capabilities of mobile communications and locationaware services will accelerate these trends towards ever more individualized touristic experiences. Computation is rapidly becoming more mobile and ubiquitous [Greenfield2006:48-65] and this shift has important implications for how we travel and experience places. At its heart,ubiquitous computing will enable nothing less than the customization of place. Locations will become dynamically responsive to the needs, expectations, and desires of their visitors in two primary ways:

(1) Experience Filtering: Location-based services can

help tourists achieve these goals by enabling tourists

to avoid experiences that distract or diverge from

their goals. More and more of one's experiences of

travel will be in tune with individualized goals and

expectations.

(2) Experience Augmentation: Location-based services

can make tourism activities more memorable,

informative, and entertaining by enriching the

environment with additional information