A Guide To Web Hosting Computer Science Essay

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To setup website some guidelines are necessary to follow. To make your online presence or to achieve your business objective, the step by step guide to web hosting will help you to setup your website.

Choosing hosting provider is the most important part of website hosting. It is similar to choose the place of your office. It is very easy to type url of any website in browser and go through the website despite the fact that the site server is physically located in USA or Europe or any other place.

Different types of web hosting are available to meet the requirements of different web sites i.e. ecommerce, commercial, content and personal. Guide to web hosting will help you to get an idea about different types of web hosting and their usage.

Free Web Hosting: Free websites are popular among website owners who are running basically personal website and blogs. You can even host your domain by using free web hosting account. But majority free hosting providers allow hosting in the form of free sub-domain hosting e.g. www.yoursite.freehosting.com where your site will be hosted as sub-domain. Small website hosting is very cheap as you can run your website as sub-domain hosting and if you do not care about Ads, customer support and performance.

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Shared Web Hosting: Shared hosting is most popular as well as economical as the disk space and bandwidth of a server is divided between total numbers of websites hosted in that particular server. They are using virtual hosting technology and cost of shared hosting is very less. Reliability is the only concern for this type of hosting.

Dedicated hosting

In this type of hosting a server is allocated for your hosting. As the name suggests the cost of dedicated hosting is much more than shared hosting. If you are running a large ecommerce website or website with critical application or database hosting then use dedicated hosting.

Co-located Hosting:

It is similar to dedicated server hosting and here you are using your own server and your server is located in datacenter and connected to the web through hosting provider. You need to pay for bandwidth and maintenance.

There are different hosting services ranges from mere couple of dollar to costly dedicated server. Detail research is required to find a quality hosting company.

Setting Objective:

First step of guide to web hosting is setup goals for website hosting. You want to host site for fun or like to do some sort of serious business. Estimate your basic requirement for business web hosting like web space requirement, monthly bandwidth (website traffic volume multiplied by total size of the most visited web-page) , availability of Mysql database and CGI script.

In case of ecommerce website your requirement would be like this:

Disk space of 500Mb-1Gb depending on how many products will be displayed, monthly bandwidth of 1-3 GB and cgi-bin for running your custom scripts.

In case of content rich website your requirement would be like this:

25-50 Mb of disk space, monthly bandwidth 400-500 to 1 GB, availability of Mysql database and CGI script.

In case small and personal website, 10-15 Mb of Disk space, 300-500 Mb of monthly bandwidth is sufficient to run the hosting operation.

At first do not go for a hosting package consisting of higher disk space and bandwidth as you can always upgrade the plan for higher usage.

Find out additional value added services which are necessary for web hosting. They are as follows:

-Email, webmail, Email forwarding, POP3, SMTP, IMAP Accounts, URl redirects, FTP Accounts and FTP quota, Web control panel, Sub domain, Custom error pages, Perl, PHP, SSL, Auto responders, MYSQL DATABASE etc.

And additional features like online Technical Support, chat, forum and shopping cart etc.

Set the Budget: Prepare your hosting budget properly. Pay for the services only what is essential to run the hosting. You should make provision for future up-gradation of services if required.

Take help of www.google.com and web hosting review sites http://www.findmyhosting.com/ to find an appropriate hosting for your website. Narrow your search by short listing 10 website hosts from hundreds of hosts.

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Next step is to compare all the features of website Hosting provider and look for host with excellent service, support etc. Go through the website of hosting providers and get a clear idea about price features etc.

Clear idea about the target market will help you to differentiate some of the hosting providers which are located near your market.

Look for a hosting service which is having features like Powerful server with more than 1 Gb of ram. Check that the server is proving 99.5% uptime guaranty and excellent backup option for power and cooling.

Send the selected hosting server with a prewritten email asking for hosting related question. Check the response time and it will help you to select the best hosting provider.

Check the connection speed of hosting providers. Take help of online sites to find out the fast response time of Hosts. You may refer http://www.webhostdir.com/toolkit/comparehosts.asp or http://netmechanic.com/server_check/site_monitoring.htm which allows you to compare 4 hosts simultaneously.

The above mentioned guide to web hosting steps will help you to find a web host which will fulfill your objective for hosting your website.