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We South Africans and coloured people feels that our areas we live in are the most unsafe places in Cape Town. However the white living in Cape Town fell that the city they live in are dirty. "41% of people fell very unsafe in their area of residence after dark, 71% of respondents believe crime in Cape Town has increased compared to previous years, Burglary in considered to be the most frequent crime type occurring in people's areas (48%), followed by gang-related crimes (19.2%), of males assault victims, 42.6% believe their assaults were gang-related. (Published in Monograph No 23: Crime in Cape Town, April 1998). The most feared feature of crime in Cape Town areas are the lost of life.
- FEAR OF CRIME
- CRIME DIFFERENCES DURING THE DAY AND AT NIGHT.
- RESPONES OF CAPE TOWN RESIDENCE:
- SCIENTIFIC PROVE OF EVIDENCE:
- PERSEPTIONS OF GANGS IN NEIGHBOURHOOD BY GEOGRAPHIC MEASURES:
For addressing the fear of crime it is important at all times to know where the people feel unsafe in Cape Town. It is unknown to find the source of fear of crime in communities at some stages and its valuable in order to create policies to address it. Feeling guilty are stages of fear of crime and have several sources, not joking of which is the familiarity of authentic unfair treatment and the insight that successful assistance will be doubtful. One of the major affects of how safe people feel in their work environment and living conditions are the variety of risks of unfair treatment.
There are little differences between crimes committed during the day and at night time, or when it is dark, but the victims still feels fearful during both occasions. Victims are more likely to show more intense fears rather than sensible fears for example at night they tend to feel more unsafe compared to non-victims who feels just a bit unsafe at night or in the dark. Related to the general levels of crime in Cape Town it has appeared that there is not much a difference between victims and non-victims.
"50% of the victims living in the previous settlements areas feel unsafe at night, 53% of the people living in the former coloured suburbs feel unsafe in the dark. 49.5% of white people feel unsafe in the dark compared to most coloureds and African people who feels very unsafe after dark in their own place of living. This shows and relates to the perceptions of the most unsafe place in Cape Town, pointed out by Africans and coloured people as the places where they stay. Only 16.1% of white's victims felt very unsafe after dark, 54.2% victims living in the previous settlements felt unsafe after dark and 27.7% felt moderately safe during the day which are a much higher percentage of whites only". (Published in Monograph No 23: Crime in Cape Town, April 1998.
While burglary may be the most frequent crime type occurring in all areas, unsurprisingly, loss of life is the most feared by people living in Cape Town (42,3 per cent), especially those living in informal settlements. This is followed by physical injury (31,6 per cent), sexual violence (14,1 per cent), loss of property (9 per cent) and sexual intimidation (3,1 per cent).
There are very few differences in what people fear about crime when tested by victimisation. Non-victims are slightly more likely to fear loss of property and loss of life than victims. This is a surprising finding and possibly indicates high levels of fear of crime across the board, for both violent and property crimes. Victims are significantly more fearful of sexual intimidation than non-victims.
The group older than 60 years is the most fearful of loss of life (46,9 per cent) and physical injury (35,4 per cent), while those between 16 and 20 years are the most fearful of sexual violence (16,8 per cent) among all the age groups - they are the most vulnerable - and are the least fearful of physical injury (27,4 per cent). Those most fearful of loss of property among all age groups, are between 35 and 60 years old, possibly having the most to lose (10,5 per cent), while those over 60 years are the least fearful of loss of property among all age groups (5,3 per cent). (Published in Monograph No 23: Crime in Cape Town, April 1998.
The high levels of fear may be connected to perceptions that the problem of crime is getting worse in Cape Town. When asked whether crime levels had increased, decreased or stayed the same, compared to previous years, most respondents (77 per cent) said that crime had increased, while 7 per cent believed it had decreased and 16 per cent believed it had remained unchanged.
It has been calculated that 41% of robberies, 40% of murders, 28% of assaults and 20% of sexual assaults were assumed to be gang-related. 42.6% of those men that were victims of the assaults believed that the crime were gang-related while this was the perception of 7% of women. Gang-related crimes are very important and as they draw attention to the need to look upon crimes as a priority. When it were asked about the most feared crime type in certain areas, gang-related were featured in the four most feared crimes, male respondents a bit more fearful of gang-related crimes ( 15.5%) than women ( 13%). It is expected that people have different fears for different crimes, but it all depends on their exposure to such crimes. (Published in Monograph No 23: Crime in Cape Town, April 1998.
BASIC SOLUTIONS THAT THE COMMUNITY AND GOVERNMENT HAVE CAME UP WI TH TO RESOLVE OR EVEN LESS THE PROCESS OR PREVENT THE AMOUNT OF CRIMES COMMITTED.
The creation of new jobs for the unemployed (59.2%) is the most chosen policy option than other policing. Only 18% of respondents felt that there was nothing they could do to make Cape Town a better place. The most valuable or important measures that people think the government should take to make Cape Town a safer place are more resources to the police(28.2), harsher penalties(24.3%),infrastructure and socio-economic development(21.8%). Being more involved in community work or upliftment projects should been taken more seriously and community activities 49.2%) is seen as the most important action to be taken to make Cape Town a better place.
- GOVERNMENT SAFETY STRATERGIES
Most common solutions expected to the community from the government are effective law enforcement and criminal justice options so that the impact from those choices would make Cape Town a safer place to live in and still be able to be proud of your roots. Here is an open-ended response; respondents were asked what they think the government should do to make Cape Town a safer place.
What the government should do to make Cape Town a safer place:
- 28.2% more resources to police and other policing.
- 24.3% harsher penalties / death penalty.
- 21.8% Infrastructure and socio-economic development.
- 15.7% better law enforcement.
- 10.1% other which includes issues as getting rid of gangsters or drug merchants (54%) and the replacement of the government (20%).
It was asked from the government to identify at least one option other than policing, that they could do to make Cape Town a safer place, and their responses were as follows:
It is most likely that these strategies bare differences when asked to be considered by race. The fact they planned to create more jobs for the unemployed are still the most important government intrusion across the board, but this will occur with harsher penalties. According to the statistics taken it shows that 33.4& whites and 22.1% coloureds consider this fact as vital, compared to only 8.5% of Africans who see the improvement of the local infrastructure as an equally major action by the government with 8.2%.
This survey that was sent out also involves the consideration of education desperately needed as a possible factor which greatly influences people's opinions of the strategies that the government should drastically employ to make our community a safer place. Seeing that the lack of education in our society influences our employment rates it has so believes that the government and the minister of education will provide greater learning not just in languages but the different skills we people have and the ability to work with our hands would have a great affect on our employment industry.