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In the process of education, teaching and learning is actually process of information transmission and reception. The continuation of human civilization, knowledge transmission, and cultural exchange, without exception, base on such information dissemination process and information and communication technologies (ICT) development has been regarded as a major driving force to promote the development of human society.
This essay strives to examine how ICT are being used to transform teaching and learning . firstly, secondly, finally
Teaching and learning with ICT
Reviewing the development process of human society, every innovation of ICT will largely increase the population of educated, improve the overall quality of human beings and thus effectively promote transformation in society. For instance, the formation of the character, the emergence of the paper, the invention of the printing and so on and so forth, greatly contribute to increase the opportunities achieving education from a few elites to general public; the emergence of telegraph, telephone, radio, television also provide people with more communication channels and information sources; ICT which is represented by Internet has brought many potential benefits to teaching and learning:
The dissemination of information transcends constraints of time and space. Thus, teachers and students are able to take lessons/lectures in any place, any time, instead of going to school and staying in classrooms; ICT can fully utilize the limited educational resources, maximize the resource sharing; ICT effectively promotes the interaction between teaching and learning and facilitates the communication, discussion and assessment between teachers and students; Modern education with ICT provide comprehensive content which not only contains traditional textbook knowledge, but also vocational skills training, professional certification and individual interest development, in order to meet the different needs of people.
ICT and higher education
Conventional higher education has always been confined to a certain space such as fixed campus and a certain age period which is mainly between juvenile and adolescence. However, in contemporary society which is regarded as ‘knowledge society', ICT especially the extensive application of the Internet not only offers new approaches and tools for university education, research and management, but also exerts a great influence on the developing direction of the universities.
These days, universities around the world are generally facing the problem of the shortage in education funding, while society strongly urges the universities to enhance their operational efficiency. As a result, ICT has been used as an important way to reduce costs by a growing number of universities.
Universities take responsibilities for the students: on one hand, universities should enable more students to receive good quality higher education, on the other hand, universities should take into account the various specific requests of the students so as to push their integrated developments. For those students who grew up in the computer age, they want universities and teachers can apply a variety of modern information technology equipment. In the so-called ‘information society' there has been an increasing tendency that knowledge and skills of modern information technology become fundamental requirements for labor. Thus, universities should ensure students master the knowledge and skills to meet the social demands. And now the students require more flexible and diversified teaching methods makes the universities must take advantage of modern information technology to meet the needs of students.
Nowadays in the universities, ICT has been widely applied in the school administration, library and information services, and has gained many successful experiences. However the application of ICT in the teaching process could be more complicated.
Currently, there are several application mode of ICT in the teaching process in the universities.
Common tools: text editor, e-mail of teachers and students, document and materials transfer, chat room, video conference.
Information acquisition via Internet: through multimedia technology and database, students can get access to a huge amount of information such as eBooks, research, literature, journals, curricula, and exercise materials and so on. What is more, internet enables the resource sharing among various universities and institutions.
School Organization and administration with ICT: teachers can set a teaching plan, give assignments, allocate learning tasks, and evaluate academic performance on the Bulletin Board System.
Teaching experiment with ICT: students can take advantage of online video conference to conduct interviews with different people and collect diverse information. And also studentsare able to use computer to do simulation experiments in order to acquire data and experience which can't be obtained through conventional experiments.
Distance-learning and ‘virtual class': conventional distance learning, like broadcast, television is being replaced by more effective method-- ICT. There has been a multimedia technology-based interactive distance learning and virtual teaching and learning.
Through the application of ICT, there have been many changes in the teaching and learning process.
To expand the teaching scope and to improve teaching effectiveness.
New distance learning
Reduction of educational costs
The changing role of teacher
Changes of learning style
Changes of teacher-student communication mode