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Syngenta is a leading global agricultural business, committed to sustainable production. It employs over 19,500 people in 90 countries. It invests around £500 million each year in research and developmentÂ (R&D) to find ways to improve crops and crop production.
ItsÂ goalÂ is 'to be the leading global provider solutions andÂ to growers and the food and feed chain'. It mostly makes products that protect crops from weeds, diseases andÂ pest infestations, and it develops seeds of new crop varieties.
Much of its work is business-to-business, but its products touch nearly 95% of the world's population. Its work is vital as it is estimated that up to 40% of food production could be lost without crop protection products.
Every Syngenta employee plays fundamental role in the performance of our business. Who we are what we stand for and what we offer in terms of career growth and personal development are our strongest tools for attracting and retaining the best people.
Therefore it is critical that we communicate this effectively to our existing and potential employees. In 2009, we redoubled our efforts to ensure that our people understand the important contribution they make to significant global challenges, and to reinforce the message that our work matters for society.
With more than 25,000 employees in over 90 countries, the success of our business depends on attracting, retaining and developing the most talented and motivated people. Our key message: 'Our work matters' is highlighted throughout ourÂ careers siteÂ - the first port of call for prospective new recruits - and is experienced by employees through various touch points during daily life at Syngenta.
Encouraging our people to realize their personal and professional potential is central to our culture. We aim to create a stimulating work environment that nurtures talent and creativity, challenges our people to develop skills, and recognizes achievements. We value diverse backgrounds and want to ensure our people can balance work and family commitments. We offer attractive incentives and career development opportunities to keep employees engaged and motivated.
So, finally syngenta adopted matrix structure which involves staff from different departments working together in teams on specific projects and tasks.
It is estimated that as much as 40% of the world's food production would be lost to pests and diseases without crop protection products.
A wide selection of fresh fruit and vegetablesWalk into any major supermarket in the UK and you will find a huge range of fresh fruit and vegetables, which is only made possibleÂ by using crop protection products. If we stopped using crop protection then food shortages would mean higher prices and far less choice in the food we eat.
A farmer spraying his sugar beet with a crop protection product
Crop protection products keep crop safe from attack by insects, weeds and diseases. But they also help us make betterÂ use of scarce resources such as land, water and labour.
By improving productivity on existing farmland we reduce the need for new land to be brought into agricultural production. Crop protection plays an important role in protecting biodiversity by reducing deforestation. Our formulation science ensures our products are effective at very low application rates, ensuring safety.
The benefits of our crop protection products
They are vital in producing crops ofÂ high quality with minimum wastage.
In some instances, they increase the nutritional value of food, for example fungicide treatment can improve the protein content in cereals.
Crop protection products ensure food reaches the shops in good condition, but also extends the seasons for a wide range of produce.
Features of hierarchical organisation structure:
It refers to the way tasks are divided up, how the work flows, how this flow is co-ordinated and the forces and mechanisms that allows this co-ordination to occur. The organisational chart cannot fully capture the organisational structure but gives up a place to begin .Diving of labour into distinct tasks, co-ordination of that labour so workers are able to accomplish the organisational goals.
Co-ordination occurs through:
a) Informal communication:
Important in teams
Common in larger firms
Problems-costly, slow, less popular with young staff
Advantages of organisation structure is More easy control over the resources because withÂ itÂ resourcesÂ can be rationed and allocated to different units to use them to their most productive uses at micro level. Clearly defined reporting lines make it easy for employees to know to whom to report.
Reduce redundancies by eliminating extra and unproductive processes. Stream line processes by giving it more focus and adoptive nature. It helps to reduce costs because the controlling of various cost control centres are controlled at micro level. It gives focus and direction to an organizationhttp://www.learnmanagement2.com/hierarchical.jpg
Matrix management structure:
Matrix management is a technique of managing an organization (or, more commonly, part of an organization) through a series of dual-reporting relationships instead of a more traditional linear management structure. In contrast to most other organizational structures, which arrange managers and employees by function or product, matrix management combines functional and product departments in a dual authority system. In its simplest form, a matrix configuration may be known as a cross-functional work team, which brings together individuals who report to different parts of the company in order to complete a particular project or task. The term "matrix" is derived from the representative diagram of a matrix management system, which resembles a rectangular array or grid of functions and product/project groups.
The practice is most associated with highly collaborative and complex projects, such as building aircraft, but is also widely used in many product/project management situations.
Even when a company does not label its structure a matrix system or represent it as such on an organization chart, there may be an implicit matrix structure any time employees are grouped into work teams (this does not normally include committees, task forces, and the like) that are headed by someone other than their primary supervisor. So, syngenta adopted to use the matrix management to get maximum efficiency from employees. It is based on multiple employees of different divisions coming together on one specific task or project.
Benefits to Syngenta of using Matrix Management Structure:
A matrix organization structure introduces, or at least recognizes, the real life complexity of our business environment. Geography, function, technology, business unit and technology (among others) are important, so why not recognize this reality in our matrix organizations structure.
However, a matrix organization structure also introduces a higher level of internal complexity and some additional people management challenges, so there must be significant advantages to a matrix organization structure that outweigh the matrix people management challenges.
Matrix organization structures were introduced in the airspace industry in the 50s to cope with complex projects. Since then many thousands of organizations, often prompted by the large strategy consultancies, have adopted the matrix organization structure to help deal with internal and external complexity.
At its simplest the matrix organization structure just reflects this external complexity in the internal structure. Companies realize that geography is important but so is function, and so is customer grouping, product and technology. Instead of choosing a dominant organizing principle we choose to reflect all of these important strands in our structure, we have solid lines to product group and function, dotted lines to geography etcâ€¦
In a sense then, a matrix organization structure isÂ recognition that we cannot choose which of these is more important, so we need a structure thatÂ allows them to be balanced and prioritized on a daily basis.
Disadvantages for Syngenta in adopting a Hierarchical Structure for managing its project:
Communications between the employees and other staff could get lost (Chinese whispers)
Jealousy between employees if one gets promoted.
Employees may not agree on the changes within the company.
The organisation can be bureaucratic customer needs & the market within which the organisation operates.
Communication across various sections can be poor especially horizontal communication.
Departments can make decisions which benefit them rather than the business as a whole, especially if there is Inter-departmental rivalry.
Employee's empowerment for Syngenta:
Employees would like to Work-life balance where Syngenta ESPP because company matches 50% of your annual contribution. With Syngenta stock price going up in past 2-3 years, this has returned good money. Other benefits like pension plan and 401K are also above average. Pension plans are unheard of nowadays. Also company matches certain % to employee contribution.
There are not enough opportunities for promotion. Several employees have been in same position for several years. Much recognition isn't given to educational qualifications. The base salary is lower than industry average (although compensated by other benefits like ESPP, pension, 401K). The company is making progress in communication, but still lags behind industry leaders.
Advice to Senior Management:
Identify talented employees and make efforts to retain them, provide more opportunities to employees for promotion, bring base salary to industry average while keeping other benefits at their current levels. Keep up the good work with work-life balance.
Hence, I conclude that matrix structure plays a very vital role in various aspects as how this structure is quite useful for any organisation as where every individuals as a group work towards the organisational goal and objectives and it shows the potential of every person and as well it is easy to reach the targets as different person have their ideas as this is the key point in the matrix structure where their ideas sometimes be the same or sometimes doesn't collaborate hence sygenta as a crops, seed and pesticides company brings us very much awareness as what are the process and the implementation of their ideas of approaching toward them