Leadership Definition In Influencing Of Leaders Commerce Essay

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Leadership is the influencing process of leaders' and followers to achieve Tesco and Marks and Spencer objectives through change. A leader always has the ability to influence others; a manager may not. Thus, a leader is not necessarily a person who holds some formal position such as manager. A follower is a person who is being influenced by a leader. A follower can be a manager or a non-manager. The qualities needed for effective leadership are the same as those needed to be an effective follower.

Different approaches of leadership:

According to Katz (1995, p34) suggested that effective administration i.e. leadership depends on three basic personal skills: technical, human and conceptual. Katz argued that these skills are quite different from traits or qualities of leaders. Skills are leaders can accomplish, whereas traits are who leaders are.

Technical skills:

Technical skill is knowledge about and proficiency in a specific types work or activity. It includes competencies in a specialized area, analytical ability and ability to use appropriate tools and techniques. Technical skill is most important for lower and middle level of management and less important for upper level of management. For leaders at the highest level, such as chief executive officer, presidents and senior officers, technical competencies are not as essential. Individual at the top level depend on skilled subordinates to handle technical issues of the physical operation.

Human skill:

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Human skill is knowledge about and ability to work with people. It is quite different from technical skill, which has to do with working with things (Katz, 1955). Human skills are people skills. They are the abilities that help a leader to work effectively with subordinates, peers and superiors to accomplish the Tesco and Marks and Spencer's goals. Human skills allow a leader to help group members in working cooperatively as a group to achieve common goals.

Conceptual skills:

Broadly speaking, these skills are the ability to work with ideas and concepts. Whereas technical skill deal with things and human skill deals with people, conceptual skills involve the ability to work with ideas. A leader with conceptual skills is comfortable talking about the ideas that shape an Tesco and Marks and Spencer and intricacies involved. A leader with conceptual skills works easily with abstractions and hypothetical notions.

The pace of change in the business environment continues to accelerate. The external context within which Tesco and Marks and Spencer operate, as well as their internal context, constantly shift. Start - up Tesco and Marks and Spencer can quickly become the status quo. Status quo Tesco and Marks and Spencer must constantly reinvent them and act like more starts- up. Change is the norm. Such dynamics have led to a fundamental shift in assumptions and expectations pertaining to leadership. In a majority of today's Tesco and Marks and Spencer, anyone from anywhere at any time may be called on to think and act like a leader.

In the past, there are two requirements to becoming a leader. First, only a small percentage of individuals were considered to have the ''right stuff'' to serve as a leader. By natural design or happenstance, they had the mental, emotional, and physical capacity to think act as leaders. Then, only a small number within this group considered having the right to serve as leader. This was earned by being the right gender, having the right family heritage, being from the right socio-economic position or attending the right school. The exceptions to this rule were those ''self-made men'' who were smart enough to invent products or launch new services at the right time and thus to be raised to the leadership levels.

More recently, a small percentage of individual high enough in the Tesco and Marks and Spenceral hierarchy were called leaders. Those on one side of this invisible line were followers and those inherently capable of successfully making the leap crossed to the other side of the line where they had the right to be considered leaders. But the event of the past decades forever change the role managers and supervisor are expected to play- individuals throughout an Tesco and Marks and Spencer are now called on to think and act like a leader.

Task 2:

Role of leadership in change management:

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Influencing and setting objectives is about change. Tesco and Marks and Spencers need to continually change, in adapting to the rapidly changing global environment. Effective leaders realize the needs for continual change to improve performance. Effective leaders and followers enjoy working with people and helping them succeed. People skills are more valuable than computer skills. There is little evidence that being a mean, tough manager is associated with leadership success. It is the collective efforts of all people contributing that make things happen. The pace of change in the business environment continues to accelerate. The external context within which Tesco and Marks and Spencers operate, as well as their internal context, constantly shift. Start - up Tesco and Marks and Spencers can quickly become the status quo. Status quo Tesco and Marks and Spencer must constantly reinvent them and act like more starts- up. Change is the norm. Such dynamics have led to a fundamental shift in assumptions and expectations pertaining to leadership. In a majority of today's Tesco and Marks and Spencer, anyone from anywhere at any time may be called on to think and act like a leader.

Either in a large or small business Tesco and Marks and Spencer, for being a effective leader a manager should have to do five things:

Explain and understand the Tesco and Marks and Spencers environment.

Interpreting strategies.

Operate them effectively.

Anticipate the impact of these strategies systematically.

Improve Tesco and Marks and Spenceral, departmental team and personal capacities.

Task 3:

Strategies and policies of leadership:

Along with the methods of developing leadership, there also has the great importance of management. Such as: management of Marks and Spencer conducts the activities or functions of maximizing the output of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer through the implementation of administration. In order to attain these forms of objectives, some activities are taken by the manager, which are also considered as the requirements of the management of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer and these activities are: planning, controlling, staffing, directing and organizing. In relation to the activities of direction process, leadership plays the small role within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer.

In relation to the developing the management and leadership within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, it has been clearly prove that leadership development has the significant importance to the public and private companies, the agencies of government, Tesco and Marks and Spencer of profit and non profit, institutions as not for profit where the development strategies of leadership and the designing framework of developing this leadership is established and executed which supports the process of selection and promotion and activities of succession planning.

In order to the current and future requirement of the leadership within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, it is impossible to obtain the leadership through practices hiring but it is not so difficult to develop the leadership in the Tesco and Marks and Spencer. In order to make the contributions on increasing the success of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, there has the significant requirement of the leadership within the Black hall Tesco and Marks and Spencer.

The development of leadership and management include the activities of goals identification; determine objectives, methods, resources are required that are used for the purpose of methods carrying out; determine dates and responsibilities in relation to the task completion. There are some examples of planning such as: planning of the strategy, planning of business, planning of project, planning of staff, planning about advertising and promotion etc.

In order to meet the specific requirements of leadership and management within the Fashion- to- Go Tesco and Marks and Spencer, a proposal can be made that can be adopted by the Tesco and Marks and Spencer. In the upcoming future, the critical lackings of the leadership as middle and upper will be experienced by the today's business world. More difficult situations are faced by the business environment in relation to the qualified leader reduction. The activities of mergers and acquisition, shortages of work force, changes of rapid technology, domestic and foreign competition increasing, and the confidence of the company lessening that are experienced by the company.

Task 4:

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It has been clearly evident that leadership has the great importance to the public and private companies, the agencies of government, Tesco and Marks and Spencer of profit and non profit, institutions as not for profit where the development strategies of leadership and the framework of developing this leadership is established and executed which supports the process of selection and promotion and activities of succession planning.

In relation to the current requirement of the leadership within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, it is impossible to obtain the leadership through practices hiring but it is not so difficult to develop the leadership in the Tesco and Marks and Spencer. For giving contributions on enhancing the success of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, there has the significant requirement of the leadership within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer Tesco and Marks and Spencer.

Currently, the leadership and management are required within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer Tesco and Marks and Spencer for the purpose of implementing following activities:

→ Development of the best strategy of development

→ Best people hiring within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer

→ Selecting and employing the expertise people for filling up the vacancies

→ The process of business streamlining

→ Efficiencies are squeezing in Tesco and Marks and Spencer's outside

→ Give responses to the demand of market places

Besides the requirements of leadership, there also has the great importance of management. Such as: management of Fashion- to- Go conducts the activities or functions of maximizing the output of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer through the implementation of administration. In order to attain these forms of objectives, some activities are taken by the manager, which are also considered as the requirements of the management of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer and these activities are: planning, controlling, staffing, directing and organizing. In relation to the activities of direction process, leadership plays the small role within the Tesco and Marks and Spencer.

Task 5:

In relation to the current situation of the Fashion- to- Go and Black Hall Tesco and Marks and Spencer, there has the significant requirements of leadership and management. On this Tesco and Marks and Spencer, global skills of leadership can be used by the leader and also the manager which is mostly required in this Tesco and Marks and Spencer.

In determining the future requirement, by being a leader, the human resource manager of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer should have the leadership skills of socio cultural for example: logical, entrepreneurial, political, strategic, curatorial and visionary. For the purpose of successful completion of the project of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, it is necessary to be ambiguous of the manager. By being the ambiguous by a manager, it is possible to make ambiguous of all staff member through which the staff member can motivate to do their work according to ambiguities of them. In relation to the skills of socio cultural, a clear vision should be hold by the leader in the project and this vision is needed to be cleared to all staff members of the project by the leader on the time of the life cycle of project.

Except of the future requirements or contribution on the project, there also has several sector on which the leadership and management has future requirement within the Fashion- to- Go Tesco and Marks and Spencer. The examples of these sectors are:

→ For the purpose of understanding the elements of the strategy of global marketing

→ In order to making the Tesco and Marks and Spencer's proper alignment that can be used on the business as global.

→ For the purpose of determining the financial requirements in relation to the changing economy

→ Political risk recognition and handling through designing the appropriate strategies

→ Designing the strategies of leadership in relation to the business as global

→ For the purpose of meeting the challenges of leadership

Besides these sectors, the leadership and management have also used to achieve the future goals and objective of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer by giving proper direction to the employees or motivation them to do their works interestingly.

In relation to the development of the leadership and management, by being a leader and manager, the manager of the human resource of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer should have the development of the leadership skills of socio cultural for example: logical, entrepreneurial, political, strategic, curatorial and visionary. In relation to the successful completion of the project of the Tesco and Marks and Spencer, it is necessary to be ambiguous of the manager. By being the ambiguous by a manager, it is possible to make ambiguous of all staff member through which the staff member can motivate to do their work according to ambiguities of them. In relation to the skills of socio cultural, a clear vision should be hold by the leader in the project and this vision is needed to be cleared to all staff members of the assignment by the leader on the time of the life cycle of project.