India And The Knowledge Economy Commerce Essay

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One of the world's largest economies, India has made enormous strides in its economic and social development in the past two decades. But according to a new World Bank report, India can do much more to leverage its strengths in today's knowledge-based global economy India and the Knowledge Economy: Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities argues that, when supported by the right kind of government policy incentives, the country can increase its economic productivity and the well-being of its population by making more effective use of knowledge. This report serves as an important Bank input into the domestic consultation and reform process which will move India further into the global knowledge economy of the twenty-first century," says Michael Carter, World Bank Country Director for India. "The World Bank recognizes that making effective use of knowledge in any country requires developing appropriate policies and institutions to promote entrepreneurship and efficient use of knowledge."

Management dilemma-

The service sector banking, IT, BPO, KPO and Consultancy growth leading to development of Indian economy

Research objective

How can we accelerate development by growth of knowledge sector?

Hypothesis

Indian growth of the knowledge economy is sufficient to propel the economy towards development

Literature review

Articles

BPO and the Indian economy

BY C Rammanohher Reddy

According to finance minister Indian economy on verge of explosive growth Indian economy is rising and U.S. economy is declining. The magic set of initials is BPO, or business process outsourcing Software that is the flavor of the times. buzz earlier was about China becoming the manufacturing base of the global firms, it is now about India becoming the "service capital of the world" China cut costs for global manufacturing, India will make similar savings for global services How big is this BPO affair really? Can the re-location of numerous BPO services to India really do what a relocation of low-end manufacturing has done for China - become a leading source of economic growth and of employment to millions of young people?

Until just a few years ago, the services outsourced to India were mainly back-office functions Now have, though still on a very small scale, GE getting some of its research and development on aircraft engines and Intel some of its chip design research done in India. What has made all this possible is the development of high-speed and large-capacity communication networks Common to all these activities is the critical role of information technology (IT), which is why IT-enabled services (ITES), covers a larger area and is a better description than BPO of the new era of outsourcing.

OPINION: For an innovation-driven economy

In this article written that India and china both country developing very fast. India mainly manufacturing base is relatively less capital-intensive, but its knowledge sector shows enthusiasm Calls are being made to accelerate India's development by pushing the economy into the investment-driven stage. Like both country it is suggested should forcefully automate its manufacturing with foreign direct investment, giving it a low-cost advantage in exports and setting the stage for higher-order expansion to occur. The above suggestion is less than optimistic, at least for now, for two reasons: its benefits are likely to be obstructed by India's inefficient port and road infrastructure. In this present time they are not able to takle high volume at driven economy create; and secondly it could thrust India into a critical fight with China for international markets in low cost goods. With China's lead benefit in this area, India could lose. Put gently, India is still not ready for this fight. Innovation-driven a more salient approach is to leapfrog to the innovation-driven stage. This view is matching with the Global Competitiveness Report which recognizes India's innovation capabilities. India's world-class engineering and business schools offer opportunities to export higher knowledge in specialized fields. Large group of skilled workforce in science and technology makes the country attractive to new ventures in product engineering, pharmaceutical research, and healthcare. In essence, India must exploit its investments in human capital by positioning itself as an innovation-driven economy focused on knowledge-based industries. The various examples are given in this article

Private and Public Insurance Sector Organizations

There is various type of service sector in India .In this article the insurance sector has come to a full circle from being open competitive market to nationalization and back to a liberalization market again. At this movement India is one of the best markets to life insurance industry which growing at 15.20% the contribution of the insurance sector to economic development is positive and exhibits long run equilibrium relationship. The mutual dependence of insurance and capital markets can play a powerful role in channeling funds and investment expertise to support the development of Indian economy personality is defined only on the attitudes which are exhibited by the individual

Investment sectors showing good results'

In this article highlight the IT sector the stock market which contribute a very big role in overall growth of economy the key point is that In the long-run, it would be the knowledge-based industry and 'concept' stocks that will yield profits, he said, speaking at the 'Investors Meet' organized by Business Line jointly with PCS, here recently. India being a consumption-led economy, with high growth rates expected in the future, he pointed out that there is likely to be "buoyancy in the market." Those looking for avenues of investment should make some prudent investments in the stock markets, he said. Portfolio Speaking on reducing risks and irritants in managing a portfolio, Mr. V. Shiva Prasad, Deputy Manager, CDSL (Business Development and Operations) explained the process of opening a demat account, how to follow up with the broker, the banker and also how to regularly monitor a depository.

BPO Roll in India's economy growth

In this article highlight the role of BPO in the overall growth of Indian economy The role played by BPOs in boosting India's economy shows that the IT and IT sector have been contributing largely to the economic growth of India. The growth in the contribution of BPOs to Gross Domestic Product has shown a steady rise from 1.2% to 5.4%. It is hence evident that the BPO industry is making an impact on the Indian economy. BPOs are aiming at contributing towards bringing in more earnings to the country and IP creation.

The following are some useful statistics with regard to the growth of the IT-BPO sector during the past 10 years:

1997-98: US$ 4.8 billion, 2006-07: US$ 47.8 billion, Current rate of growth is 28% Employment to be generated -1.6 million. BPO Role in India's economic growth is set towards making a significant impact in the time to come as well. The driving forces that account for the increase in foreign investments through the BPOs in India are:

BPO role in India's economic growth is definitely at the growth stage but is all set for a major contribution to the Indian economy, especially if the government supports the sector in terms of financial growth, openness to trade, rural-urban migration, and education.

The Sub- prime impact on Indian economy

In this article highlight the major sector impact on Indian economy in 2007-08 india's trade deficite of $90 billion 40% was covered by IT sector While the falling rupee could make non-import intensive Indian merchandise exports more competitive, since banking, financial services and insurance (BFSI) are at the centre of the credit storm in western markets, there is likely to be shrinkage in both job opportunities and export revenues in what is the largest outsourcing vertical of India's IT sector. The combination of current account and inflationary pressures has put the Indian rupee under pressure since capital flows other than FDI are drying up as a consequence of the credit freeze and reprising of risk in western capital markets. There was a net outflow of $3.7 billion of FII from India during April-August 2008. The reduction in capital flows may have made monetary management easier, but the reduction is so sharp that the rupee is coming under heavy pressure, having dipped below Rs 46 to the dollar, even as RBI's foreign exchange reserves have fallen by $20 billion between March 31 and September 5, 2008. The reversal in FII flows has sharply reduced market capitalization on account of the stock market's dependence on FII flows

After Conquering the BPO Wave, India is Ready to Flourish in the KPO Sector

In this article highlight the service sector BPO and KPO overall contribution in Indian economy The sustenance and success of any business is determined by its cost competitiveness and time-to-market window The late 90's witnessed a surge in the services sector of the Indian economy with numerous BPO centers for global conglomerates emerging in all the metros. From technical customer support to bill handling to medical transcription services to banking back-end operations to insurance services success of the services sector more or less balanced the void created in the Indian economy by the lack of adequate manufacturing activity. The Indian BPO industry was making waves and was amassing revenues to the tune of $4 billion by 2004-05. This constituted a major chunk of the global pie of BPO revenues.

While the BPO industry in India was flourishing, the dusk of 2005 saw the emergence of a new spectrum of outsourcing services termed knowledge process outsourcing (KPO). Considered to be the next tsunami of outsourcing services, countries across the globe were preparing themselves to ride the KPO tide; India being no exception. Knowledge process outsourcing as the name indicates is the outsourcing of specialized services that warrant the expertise of highly skilled persons. It includes engineering, legal, medical, banking, market research and consulting services.

KPO - Triggering the Next Bull Ride in the Indian Economy! Research also indicates that the global KPO industry is expected to be worth over $15 billion by 2009, with India expected to account for nearly 70 percent of this revenue. This shows the enormous potential the KPO industry holds for the future of the Indian economy

It is not an exaggeration to believe that India will surely emerge among the global super powers through the growth of its services sector in the next five to ten years. The next few years could well be the golden period of the Indian economy.

SERVICE SECTOR OF INDIAN ECONOMY

In this article highlight the role of Service Sector of Indian Economy .The service sector contributes to around 55 percent of India's GDP during 2006-07. This sector plays a leading role in the economy of India, and contributes to around 68.6 percent of the overall average growth in GDP between 2002-03 and 2006-07.

The major sector is Information Technology (the most leading service sectors in Indian economy) IT-enabled services (ITeS) Telecommunications Financial Services

Community Services Hotels and Restaurants

The service sector of India has also witnessed a remarkable rise in the global market apart from the Indian market. It has experienced a rise of 2.7 percent in 2006 from that of 2 percent in 2004. The broad-based services in the trade sector has undergone a large-scale rise

The software services in Indian economy along with the export of products is growing at a massive pace and thereby witnessed an alarming rise of 35.5 percent and reached a lump sum amount of USD 18 billion. The IteS and BPO sectors grew by 33.5 percent and earned revenue of USD 8.4 billion. The service sector of Indian economy has been the most high-powered sector in India's economy. It has also been focusing in various investments of late. As Indian economy is looking forward for more liberalization, sectors like banking are on its way to loom large and occupy a more significant position in India's economy.

Service Sector

In this article highlight on service sector the overall impact on economy Service sector is the lifeline for the social economic growth country It is today the largest and fastest growing sector globally contributing more to the global output and employing more people than any other sector. The real reason for the growth of the service sector is due to the increase in urbanization, privatization and more demand for intermediate and final consumer services. Availability of quality services is vital for the well being of the economy. In advanced economies the growth in the primary and secondary sectors are directly dependent on the growth of services like banking, insurance, trade, commerce, entertainment etc. Indian Service Sector Indian service sector has witnessed a major boom and is one of the major contributors to both employment and national income in recent times. The activities under the purview of the service sector are quite diverse. Trading, transportation and communication, financial, real estate and business services, community, social and personal services come within the gambit of the service industry.

The Indian economy has moved from agriculture based economy to a knowledge based economy. Today the IT industry and ITE'S industry are the dominant industry in the service sector. . Media and entertainment have also seen tremendous growth in the past few years

Indian consolidation

In this article author discus about Indian growing economy .The rapidly growing, India will set to become a financial powerhouse within the next 15 year. The Indian stock market grew nearly 100% in the calendar year 2009 according to the MSCI Index, outstripping China which grew 59%. Recent advancements coupled with the ability to weather the economic storm lead people to believe India will consolidate its position as one of the world's economic powerhouse by 2025. India's relatively strong economy has been driven by its high savings rate, rising urbanization, fast-growing middle-class and young population, which is fueling a huge domestic consumption boom. As the global recession subsides, there are many opportunities for investors looking at India, based on its strong domestic economy, demographics and knowledge base, financial and political stability and ability to grow in key sectors driven by global demand.

Is India on her mind?; India's high-growth environment and DuPont's innovative products and services

That fits in well with DuPont's global strategy of juicing out more from emerging markets-which in 2009 have contributed 30 per cent to the top line, with emerging Asia accounting for 11 per cent. So it wasn't an unpredictable move when made a strong pitch for investing in manufacturing when DuPont Chairman & CEO [Ellen flew into the country last fortnight. Currently, DuPont India has six units in three manufacturing locations in India at Hyderabad, near Baroda and Madurai in Tamil Nadu. These units make crop protection chemicals, engineered polymers, automotive paint refinishes, seeds, Teflon coatings and . This apart, in 2008, the company set up a Knowledge Centre and a Service Centre in Hyderabad, which is easily the jewel in DuPont India's crown.

feels it's time for the next big move. "Three years ago my position was: Let's focus on what India can bring to the table. That led to the setting up of the knowledge centre. I feel this is the right time to focus on (scaling up) manufacturing." Adds Senior Vice President and Chief Science and Technology Officer of the parent firm, who made the trip to India along with Ku (see Passage Back To India): "In emerging markets such as these, we do not have time to waste." For DuPont, however, which has just about got its house in order after a difficult 2009, a scale-up in India may have to wait. "We have local manufacturing here in three in India. The knowledge centre will help us understand the local needs and determine what's next for us here," .

In October 2008, took over as President and CEO-designate of E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co, the $26-billion, 207-year- old "market-driven science company," after growing through the ranks for 19 years. K elevation from President to CEO on January 1, 2009 happened at a time when the global economy was in the throes of a vicious recession. took some tough decisions like closing down a few units and cutting staff by 7 per cent to keep the company's profits on track. But we didn't cut back on R&D, says , who made a whistle-stop visit to India (Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai in three days) last fortnight. Excerpts:

Economic Sector in India

This article discussing various important economic sector .the economy of India depend on these major sector .In these major sector one of them service sector Services contribute to 41 per cent of the GDP. Rapidly, the quality and complexity of the type of services being marketed is on the rise to match worldwide standards. these is sector it is finance sector, IT sector ,accounting sector India is fast becoming a major force in the Information Technology sector. A number of multi-nationals have leveraged the relative cost advantage and highly skilled manpower base available in India, and have established shared services and call centers in India to cater to their need. The software industry was one of the fastest growing sectors in the last decade with a compound annual growth rate exceeding 50 per cent India's success in the software sector can be largely attributed to the industry's ability to cultivate superior knowledge

ge through intensive R&D efforts and the expertise in applying the knowledge in commercially viable technologies.

Overall impact of service sector on Indian economy

In this article mainly highlight the role of service sector Indian economy. service sector now accounts for more than half of India's GDP: 51.16 per cent in 1998-99. The rise in the service sector's share in GDP marks a structural shift in the Indian economy and takes it closer to the fundamentals of a developed economy .It is true that, in India, the service sector's contribution in GDP has sharply risen and that of industry has fallen

Thus, the service sector has grown at a higher rate than industry which too has grown more or less in tandem. The rise of the service sector therefore does not distort the economy The fact that the service sector now accounts for more than half the GDP probably marks a watershed in the evolution of the Indian economy.

Indian Economy Overview

In this article highlight the economy of India. India is seventh largest in area in the and has the second largest population . The land covers an area of 3,287,240 square km and the population stands at 1,202,380,000 people  The Indian economy is one of the fastest growing economies and is the 12th largest in terms of the market exchange rate at $1,242 billion. ). In terms of purchasing power parity, the Indian economy ranks the fourth largest in the world. However, poverty still remains a major concern besides disparity in income. ). The biggest boon to the economy has come in the shape of outsourcing. Its English speaking population has been instrumental in making India a preferred destination for information technology products as well as business process outsourcing. the service sector is greatly expanding and has started to assume an increasingly important role. The fact that the Indian speaking population in India is growing by the day means that India has become a hub of outsourcing activities for some of the major economies of the world including the United Kingdom and the United States

Software Companies in India

in this articles highlight the software company in India It's the technological revolution that at times brings surprising opportunities for some nations. India, though not among the front runners in terms of economic growth, has successfully utilized such opportunities in the revolution to become an IT hotspot. Not only the number of players has increased in the Indian IT market, but at the same time, Indian software companies have done considerably well in the global market Indian example and whether the success of India would constitute a competitive challenge to the software industry of the developed world or not. the Indian software industry in turn has become successful in making a mark in the global arena. This industry has been instrumental in driving the economy of the nation on to a rapid growth curve

EXPORT PROMOTION OF CONSULTANCY AND MANAGEMENT SERVICES FROM INDIA

In this article highlight consultancy service sector the service sector has been growing at a fast pace and now contributes more than 50% to the GDP. India has been globally recognized for its fast paced development.

Consultancy includes services contracted for and provide to organizations by specially trained and qualified persons. In consulting sector, the clients are broadly classified into different categories i.e. Government institutions, funding agencies• the demand for consulting services tends to increase with the economic development of the country. The development of consultancy capabilities and business is directly proportional to growth in

Economic and industrial development. Due to the nature of the industry, getting accurate estimates of its size is difficult. It is estimated that the consultancy business in India engages about 100,000 persons in about 5000 consulting firms. The key initiatives of the government in promoting exports of consultancy services are through Market Development Assistance (MDA), Market Access Initiative (MAI) scheme,

Proactive EXIM Policy and EXIM Bank schemes

Banking sector openness and economic growth

Banking sector openness may directly affect growth by improving the access to financial services and indirectly by improving the efficiency of financial intermediaries, both of which reduce the cost of financing, and in turn, stimulate capital accumulation and economic growth. The objective of the paper is to empirically reinvestigate these direct and indirect links using a more advanced econometric technique (GMM dynamic panel estimators). An illustrative model is presented to link financial market development with investment. The empirical results confirm the presence of direct and indirect links, and thus provide support for countries planning to open their banking sector for international competition.

Indicators of the information revolution

Recent development in computer and communication technology have revolutionized society. These technology are now making a significant contribution to the dramatic increase in national GDP while simultaneously increasing the per portion of their contribution in comparison to other sectors such as agriculture and industry.AS the GDP increase so too does the standard of living .To measure a country's progress up the technology curve researchers and institutions have proposed various indications that provide an inside in to how technological infrastructures skill and experience contribute to country economic growth and development .in this article these indications are and then applied to India vis-à-vis other low ,middle economies .from the analysis we conclude that development of an information society depends to a large extent on developments in other socioeconomics sectors ,such as education telecommunication and the media .in India these sector are developmentally far behind when compared to other countries To boost GDP growth through information technology ,faster development of other sector is also required .This article discusses India 's achievement to date in different sectors that are an integral part of the information revolution

How Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Economic Growth? Exploring the Effects of Financial Markets on Linkages

The empirical literature finds mixed evidence on the existence of positive productivity externalities in the host country generated by foreign multinational companies. We propose a mechanism that emphasizes the role of local financial markets in enabling foreign direct investment (FDI) to promote growth through backward linkages, shedding light on this empirical ambiguity. In a small open economy, final goods production is carried out by foreign and domestic firms, which compete for skilled labor, unskilled labor, and intermediate products. To operate a firm in the intermediate goods sector, entrepreneurs must develop a new variety of intermediate good, a task that requires upfront capital investments. The more developed the local financial markets, the easier it is for credit constrained entrepreneurs to start their own firms. The increase in the number of varieties of intermediate goods leads to positive spillovers to the final goods sector. As a result financial markets allow the backward linkages between foreign and domestic firms to turn into FDI spillovers. Our calibration exercises indicate that a) holding the extent of foreign presence constant, financially well-developed economies experience growth rates that are almost twice those of economies with poor financial markets, b) increases in the share of FDI or the relative productivity of the foreign firm leads to higher additional growth in financially developed economies compared to those observed in financially under-developed ones, and c) other local conditions such as market structure and human capital are also important for the effect of FDI on economic growth.

Research Methodology

Research design

BPO and the Indian economy

Analysis-In this articles author discussed about the impact of IT sector (BPO) in Indian economy .Now a days Indian economic growth on verge and US is on decline and india is becoming service capital of the word.

OPINION: For an innovation-driven economy

Analysis-In this article author said that Indian service sector growing very well.the knowledge sector accelerate Indian economy large group of skilled workforce in science and technology makes the country attractive to new ventures in product en

gineering, pharmaceutical research, and healthcare.

Private and Public Insurance Sector Organizations

Analysis- In this article author said that Indian insurance service sector showing leading role in Indian economy and growing 15.20% contribute in Indian economy development

Investment sectors showing good results'

Analysis-In this article author said that one of the biggest service sector that is IT sector the stock market which contribute a very big role in overall growth of economy the key point is that In the long-run, it would be the knowledge-based industry

BPO Roll in India's economy growth

Analysis-In this article author said that The role played by BPOs in boosting India's economy shows that the IT and IT sector have been contributing largely to the economic growth of India

The Sub- prime impact on Indian economy

Analysis-In this article author said that the major role in trading business with foreign country IT sector covered 40% in whole business

After Conquering the BPO Wave, India is Ready to Flourish in the KPO Sector

Analysis-In this article author highlight the service sector BPO and KPO overall contribution in Indian economy.BPO and KPO provide world class services. Its believe that India will surely emerge among the global super powers through the growth of its services sector in the next five to ten years

SERVICE SECTOR OF INDIAN ECONOMY

Analysis-In this article author discussed the overall impact of service sector on Indian economy this sector plays a leading role in the economy of India, and contributes to around 68.6 percent of the overall average growth in GDP between 2002-03 and 2006-07.

the major sector is Information Technology (the most leading service sectors in Indian economy) IT-enabled services (ITeS) Telecommunications Financial Services Community Services Hotels and Restaurants

Service Sector

Analysis - In this article author said that service sector the overall impact on economy Service sector is the lifeline for the social economic growth country real reason for the growth of the service sector is due to the increase in urbanization, privatization and more demand for intermediate and final consumer services The Indian economy has moved from agriculture based economy to a knowledge based economy. Today the IT industry and ITE'S industry are the dominant industry in the service sector

Indian consolidation

Analysis -In this article author said that Indian economy growing rapidly, India will set to become a financial powerhouse within the next 15 year. The Indian stock market grew nearly 100% in the calendar year 2009. People to believe India will consolidate its position as one of the world's economic powerhouse by 2025

Is India on her mind? India's high-growth environment and DuPont's innovative products and service

Analysis -In this article author said that Indian knowledge economy

witch consider all type of serve sector in India .The service sector in India come out with new strategy and innovative idea .its provide good services ultimately it will egad India economy

Economic Sector in India

Analysis -in this article author described various economic sector in India .One of them that is service sector. Service sector contribute to 41 per cent of the GDP. Rapidly, the quality and complexity of the type of services being marketed is on the rise to match worldwide standards. these is sector it is finance sector, IT sector ,accounting sector India is fast becoming a major force in the Information Technology sector

Overall impact of service sector on Indian economy

Analysis-In this article author said that, the service sector has grown at a higher rate than industry which too has grown more or less in tandem. The rise of the service sector therefore does not distort the economy The fact that the service sector now accounts for more than half the GDP probably marks a watershed in the evolution of the Indian economy

Indian Economy Overview

Analysis-In this article author said that The Indian economy is one of the fastest growing economies and is the 12th largest in terms of the market exchange rate at $1,242 billion. In terms of purchasing power parity, the Indian economy ranks the fourth largest in the world. However, poverty still remains a major concern besides disparity in income. The biggest boon to the economy has come in the shape of outsourcing the service sector is greatly expanding and has started to assume an increasingly important role.

Software Companies in India

Analysis In this article author said that Indian software companies have done considerably well in the global market Indian example and whether the success of India would constitute a competitive challenge to the software industry of the developed world or not. The software company leading Indian economy

EXPORT PROMOTION OF CONSULTANCY AND MANAGEMENT SERVICES FROM INDIA

Analysis -In this article author said that consultancy service sector the service sector has been growing at a fast pace and now contributes more than 50% to the GDP the consultancy services leading economy of india

Banking sector openness and economic growth

Anathlysis -In this article author said that banking sector openness may directly affect growth by improving the access to financial services and indirectly by improving the efficiency of financial intermediaries. The objective of the article is to empirically reinvestigate these direct and indirect links using a more advanced econometric technique

Indicators of the information revolution

Analysis- In this article author said that the evolution in information system the economy rise rapidly. These technology are now making a significant contribution to the dramatic increase in national GDP while simultaneously increasing the per portion of their contribution in comparison to other sectors such as agriculture and industry in India these sector are developmentally far behind when compared to other countries To boost GDP growth through information technology ,faster development of other sector is also required

How Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Economic Growth? Exploring the Effects of Financial Markets on Linkages

Analysis- in this article author said that enabling foreign direct investment (FDI) to promote growth through backward linkages, shedding light on this empirical ambiguity. In a small open economy, final goods production is carried out by foreign and domestic firms, which compete for skilled labor, unskilled labor, and intermediate products.FDI is the major sector to leading Indian economy

Conclusion and recommendation

As we analysis of all research article we know about that last two decant the impact of the service sector is that Indian economy growing rapidly. These service sectors lead the economy of India so I conclude that Indian growth of the knowledge economy is sufficient to propel the economy towards development

Recommendation-India should more focus on youth education and develop more technology

Ho (null hypothesis)-knowledge economy is not sufficient to propel the economy towards development

H1 (alternative hypothesis)-knowledge economy is sufficient to propel the economy towards development

References - http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/WBI/WBIPROGRAMS/KFDLP/0,,contentMDK:20552872~menuPK:461238~pagePK:64156158~piPK:64152884~theSitePK:461198,00.html

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