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Leadership is a quality to direct the people but what is more important than an ability to direct is to secure obedience from the audience about that direction. People are a crowd and to persuade and motivate them to go for something collectively is the task of leadership. A leader knits these people into a team and then guides how to act in unity. A leader motivates his team with his action, personality and charisma to follow and perform the task given whole heartedly. However, this role of leadership is too general and seems easy to perform. This task becomes more and more difficult when there is a need of persuasion to go for martyrdom. In uniformed services, be it arm forces, police, fire brigade or any other, the employees are not just like any other employee in civil set ups. Their roles and duties are different from all the others and hence needs a different sort of motivational level to perform their risky duties. It must be kept in mind that during the performance of duties, there is a risk of life which is otherwise negligible in any service other than those mentioned above.
UK police is one of the most professional police force around the world and is known for their professionalism, dedication, performance and motivational commitment toward their duties and nation as a whole. Like any other force, it needs motivation to carry on its commitment level. On organizational level, there are a number of motivational factors and theories which are working to keep this motivational level at the top of the world, but there is another factor which provides a roadmap for the organization towards professional commitments. This is leadership.
Leadership is the beacon light for the employees and a leader by his stature, commitment, and vigor to perform his duties impress upon the other employees and motivate them for the martyrdom in performance of their duties. On many instances there are a number of known leaders in the history of UK policing who have provide a motivational pedestal for the employees and the impacts of the same travelled a long way and kept the police department proud for times to come. The role of leadership has a relationship with the motivational level of the organization.
3. Preliminary Review of the Literature
Give a brief critical review of the literature that you have read in writing the proposal and explain how these references relate to your project. Don't forget to give a list of sources used (a minimum of 6) - use the Harvard Referencing system.
Have you a conceptual framework? If so, include.
Justify the need for the research in relation to the literature you have reviewed..
Motivation has a long history among nations, armies, offices and teams. Psychologically, human beiges in search for reasons to perform any task and he may find it in religion, duty or cause. But for the reasons he has to be convinced about the action he is going to perform. It needs motivation and encouragement.
There is a lot of literature available on motivation in form of theory X and Y, Malsaw's theory of need and hierarchy of needs. Similarly there are theories about leadership as great event theory, trait theory etc to define the role and nature of leadership. Role of Leadership in motivation is further deliberated there. Robbins concept of motivation, 1999 forwards the followings reason for motivation:
All physical activity is preceded by mental action of some sort.
All behaviour is goal directed and aims to achieve some desired state of affairs.
Individuals seek to maximise pleasure and minimise pain and un-pleasantries.
Similarly, Motivation can be considered as the arousal, direction and maintenance of human behaviour toward attaining some goal" (Buelens et al. 2006)
To increase motivation among the employees D. McGregor (1960) finds two extreme logics. One as theory and the other as theory Y. according to theory X it is natural for human to dislike work and they will defy the work whenever they will have the opportunity. But in theory Y he finds that it is natural for human beings to work as they need food and sleep. Only motivation they need is acknowledgment of their work. These both theories have their own merits and demerits.
In leadership theories, these are the leaders who perform motivating tools and are pivotal for the success of any organization. Leader might be born or made but the common trait they must have is their command over their people and to secure their obedience.
4. Research Questions and Objectives
Here you should write your research questions as they emerge from the background and critical literature review. Develop these into 3-5 specific research objectives that begin with toâ€¦ and use higher level verbs e.g. to identify, explore, evaluate, investigate, explain, describe, etc.
Aims and objective of the research:
In this study our main focus remains on the relationship between motivational level of an organization and role of leadership. This study is based on case study of UK police department and will remain mainly focus to the motivational theories being applied in UK police department, leadership theories being practiced and role models of the police department. In case of these role models, we will look into their style, models of leadership, personal contribution toward the motivational level of organization and contribution in development of leadership models and theories with specific reference to police force.
In order to achieve the purpose and to avoid any deviation during the study, following aims and objectives has been defined:
Study the motivational level of the employees in UK police department as compare to other forces and so far as possible a comparative analysis of UK police department's motivational level with a few others.
Motivational theories and application of these motivational theories in police department as compare to other services which are working in the civil side and corporations.
Leadership models and study of the best applicable model of leadership for a force like UK police department
Study and evaluation of role of leadership in motivation especially in police force
Role models in UK police and their imprints on the department
In order to achieve these aim and objectives, we will look deeply in the established body of literature in general and for police and other armed forces in particular.
In order to keep the study focus and result oriented, following research question has been framed:
Does the leadership motives the employees to in achievement of professional and national duties?
5. Research Plan
This is the most important section.
A clear description of the three phases of the Research Plan is required:
Design for meeting your objectives
Data Collection Methods
What is the access and sampling strategy (including sample numbers)?
How will the data be analysed and presented?
What are the limitations of your research?
Comment briefly on validity, reliability and generalisability.
Note: This section is not meant to be a review of the literature on research methods generally.
In our case there are two research methods which might be applied as per literature of the research methodology in order to define the path and tools of research to proceed further. Selection of these methods is mainly dependant on our aims and objectives defined for the purpose of the study. In light of these aims and objectives we have to select the method as to positivism and interpretism.
Interpretism is method to interpret the happenings going on around us and to explain the same and very much applicable in explaining natural happenings.
On the other hand, positivism is believed to be applicable in all those cases where researcher wants to explain the casual relationship between two dependant variables and help in theory building process in the end.
"Positivism has a long and rich historical tradition. It is so embedded in our society that knowledge claims not grounded in positivist thought are simply dismissed as a scientific and therefore invalid"(Hirschheim, 1985, p.33)
In our research, we have selected the method of positivism being most applicable in our case.
Research approaches are meant to define the means and methods to conduct a research so that a concrete plan for the execution of the research program could be conducted in the most befitting manner. A research approach helps the research to go for techniques of data collection and analysis thereof, interpretation of results and a help to frame resultant theories. (Collin & Hussey, 2003)
There are two types of approaches in this regard. One is qualitative and the other is quantitative. In researches where there are situation and researches to define and find qualitative relationship between the two factors and inductive model of thinking is followed. It is affirmative rather than confirmative in nature. (Saunders et al, 2007).
Whereas quantitative approach is mainly meant to test the hypothesis through experimental ways by means of facts and figures put into the established theorem to test their validity. Quantitative research is believed to be the best where quantifiable figures could be generated like natural sciences.
In our research module, the best option as to approach toward the research is qualitative method. In our research, we are aimed to testify the research question as to affirmation of relationship between two abstract things, i.e., leadership and motivation and to test relationship between the two. Quantitative approach emphasized on the verification of hypothesis through scientific methods like experiments and are frequently been used in scientific research especially in natural sciences. In our case, we have adopted the approach of qualitative research.
3.3 Research Strategy-- Surveys:
In research philosophy, the basic parameters of research approach, tools and methods have been discussed. Research strategy is the pant and parcel of that research design and it focuses on the selection of data collection tools to investigate the matter and to satisfy the aims and objectives of the study already specified. As we have adopted for positivistic design of the research, keeping in view the qualitative approach, the appropriate mode of data collection in this case will be surveys. My basic tool would remain interviews and surveys.
3.4 Data Collection method:
Data Collection is the pivot for successful and result oriented research. A data compromised study leads toward disaster and ill founded results and it is therefore emphasized by the researchers for a healthy and authentic data collection activity in any research. Data are of two types: Primary data and Secondary data. Primary data is one which is collected for the first time and is specific for the purpose of study. It is always to the point and its collection Techniques corresponds with the aims and objectives of the study. Whereas, in case of Secondary data, the data is collected initially for some purpose other than the research. Secondary sources are available in form of statistical reports, electronic data bases, libraries searches, books, journals etc.
For the purpose of this research main focus shall remain on primary data collection through surveys in form of questionnaire. However, wherever required, adequate help from the secondary sources will be utilized to the best of this research.
3.5 Strengths of the Methodology:
The accuracy of results of a research predominately depends upon the methodology adopted. No one can deny the importance of methodology. It is the glass through which a researcher sees the truth behind the dust of suspicion and goes beyond the world of what and why (Burks 2001).
Methodology adopted in this case is based on qualitative research and conducted through the tool of Surveys. In this method, researcher has a direct access to the person under study and all expressions and behaviour is known to him. Although, it would be subjective to calculate behaviour of the subject under study but in this case corrective measures and additional information, if required, are possible to retrieve and to make the record straight. As in this study, survey is to be conducted through questionnaire prepared for this purpose but still the last question is kept open to evaluate the behaviour as well additional information subjects want to provide. The first hand knowledge and emphasis on primary data makes this study reliable and confidant.
3.6 Limitation of the methodology:
There is a factor of confidentiality which might act as limiting factor for the study.
6. Ethical Considerations
What we are looking for here is a discussion of any ethical issues raised by your particular proposal and how you propose to handle them. You will need to acknowledge and follow the
There are no apparent ethical issues foreseen to arise out of our proposal.
7 Timetable and any special resources required
Include a Gantt chart.
Alert us to any particular problems you are likely to face.
Read methodology literature
Update literature read
Draft to supervisors
Print & Bind