Concentrated Growth And Inclusive Development Commerce Essay


While Malaysia is undergoing the transformation to become high-income nation from poor and mid income country, people clusters toward high populated cities to reap the benefits of higher wages and economic opportunities further increasing the density of population in urban areas. An estimation of 70% Malaysia's population will be concentrated in urban areas such as the major cities of states including Kuala Lumpur, Georgetown, Johor Bahru by year 2020.


This policy is to facilitate fast growing population cities in the process of urbanization and solving crime, grime and time problem at the same time. People are not only attracted to places with high employment opportunities, but livability of the places. Livability of cities have to be enhanced by addressing crime and improving public transportation in major urban centres.


Identification of Greater Kuala Lumpur conurbation as one of the 12 sectors of National Key Economic Area. Major projects and initiatives are planned for the Tenth Malaysia plan to transform Greater KL into a world leading city. These initiative are as below:

Major new developments

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International Financial District in Kuala Lumpur

Redevelopment of Sungai Besi Airport

Township Development in Sungai Buloh

World Class integrated convention facilities at Jalan Duta

Malayisa Truly Asia Centre

Major investment in Public Transport

Expansion of the Kuala Lumpur Light Rail Transit coverage

Kelana Jaya Line

Ampang Ling

Implementation of Mass Rapid Transit system.

From Sungai Buloh to Kajang

End-to-End connectivity for commuters and pedestrians

Extension of network of feeder buses

Covered walkway

Urban Rejuvenation

Restore and protect heritage buildings

Kampung Bharu urban development in Kuala Lumpur

Introduction of en-bloc mechanism to facilitate redevelopment of collectively-owned property and land.

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10.Supporting effective and smart partnership


Effective and smart partnership have to be practiced in the relationship between public and private sectors to in order to maintain the constant growth of the nation.


Cooperation between public and private sectors has to be strengthen in order to drive the economic transformation agenda. The three main areas of smart partnerships under tenth Malaysia plan are as followed:

Catalysing and accelerating strategic private investments

Partnering to advance industry and economic development

Collaborating to support public delivery and social development


Catalysing and accelerating strategic private investments

Facilitation fund of RM20 billion is allocated for a key initiative called Public-Private Partnership to catalyse private investment in nationally strategic areas. Infrastructure and assistance or guidance such as through grants or offtake agreement will be provided by the Government to grease up the process. One of the example of the project is the High Speed Broadband initiative, which is estimate to be completed during the period of tenth Malaysia plan. Areas such as transportation for strategic infrastructure and education, healthcare and tourism for National Key Economic Area (NKEA) sectors are included as well.

A new wave of privatisations has been proposed by the Government which emphasis on creating a more equitable sharing of risks and returns with the private sector. The government will also co-invest with the private sector such as high growth and strategic sectors with the help of Government fund agencies such as Malaysian Venture Capital Management Berhad (MAVCAP), Malaysian Technology Development Corporation (MTDC) and Ekuiti Nasional Berhard (EKUINAS).

Partnering to advance industry and economic development

The Government will collaborate with private sectors to focus in human capital development in term of skills training, curriculum development and internships, to ensure the supply of talents and skills meets the demand of the uprising industry. Post-graduate courses, research and development, and centres of excellence will be co-funding by the Government with industry. Special financing schemes and skills training will be provided as well to promote the development of small and medium knowledge enterprises (k-SMEs) to encourage foreign SMEs to help in the develop of specialized capabilities by setting up operations in Malaysia.

Government-linked Companies (GLCs) are encouraged by the Government to collaborate with private sector to seek for overseas opportunities and pioneering in new growth areas and markets as well. Genuine partnerships between Bumiputera and non-Bumiputera businesses will also be promoted by the Government.

Collaborating to support public delivery and social development

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To enhance the delivery of social objectives, collaboration between the public sector, private sector and civil society will be greatly support by the Government. Successful partnership between the Government and non-Government organisations (NGOs) in welfare initiatives and between public and private sector in corporate social responsibility programmes such as in education and environmental conservation will be extended. Last but not least, collaboration of the Government with civil society in areas such as the maintenance of low cost housing and heritage conservation.

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11.Valuing our environmental endowments


Malaysia has the wealth of natural endowments in term of fauna and flora bio-diversity, oil and gas as well as water. It is the duty of all parties to safeguard it for the future generations of Malaysia. The Government has to ensure that Malaysia's environmental assets and ecological resource are preserved during the process of globalization. Government will focus on adaptation strategies to sustain growth and mitigation strategies to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses.


The Government will undertake mainstreaming environmental considerations which focus in economic planning to ensure sustainability of resources through assessing the opportunity cost and environmental impact of public or private investments. Underpricing of resources such as oil, gas and water has become the risk of sustainability, market pricing of gas and water tariffs will be restructured towards full cost recovery during the tenth Malaysia plan period.


There are few initiatives to be taken by the Government to promote sustainability measures:

Introducing feed-in-tariff to help finance renewable energy investments.

Providing fiscal incentives and funding for green technology investments

Promoting projects eligible for carbon credits

Promoting eco-tourism to create commercial value in sustainability

Facilitating greater participation of local communities in

eco-tourism activities

Example: Fishermen as guides at Kilim Geopark, Langkawi

bio-diversity protection

Example: Compilation of knowledge on bio-tropical herbs

Initiating public-private CSR initiatives around protection of flagship species

Example: Malayan Tiger, OrangUtan, Leatherback turtle

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12.Government as a competitive corporation


The Government must evolve alongside with the economic and social structure to meet development needs of the country. As Malaysia emerges as a globally competitive and high-income nation, the Government needs to act like a competitive corporation.


The Government of Malaysia need to undertake a transformation on the basis of three key principles:

Culture of creativity and innovation

Speed of decision making and execution

Value for Money and integrity

These principles will be applied on the Government's priorities such as 1Malaysia concept, Government Transformation Programme (GTP), New Economic Model and the Tenth Malaysia Plan.


By mimicking the priorities of a competitive corporation, the Government will be focused on

Customers: Involvement of the people and businesses in the Government's case

This focus is reflected in the consultative approach to policy formulation of GTP, National Key Result Area (NKRA), and NKEAs. The Tenth Malaysia Plan represents the ideology of Malaysia's Government, a plan by the people and for the people. The Government is urge to reform for providing efficient and convenient services to both the people and businesses.

Competitiveness: in terms of raising the performance of public delivery

The competitiveness of a Government is subject to global competition, this focus on the competitiveness of public delivery. The Government must ensure Malaysia offers a compelling value proposition as a place to do business for local and foreign companies. Performance of Government procedures will be benchmarked to international comparisons.

Finance: both in term of getting value for money on expenditure and ensuring sustainability of public finances

The Government will focus on deriving value for money in terms of outcomes just like a corporation optimises on finances to maximize profits. The initiative involves focusing on outcomes, promotes greater creativity and innovation towards achieving results.

Talent and Organisation: ensuring the necessary human capital and organizational structure meet the needs of the country

Effective implementation of the Tenth Malaysia Plan requires the right people and right organizational structure for the public sector. The Government will focus towards attracting top talent for the public sector from all available sources. The Government structure will be rationalized to shift resources to the highest priorities.

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