Leadership is theÂ ability,Â meaning a leader has a capacity to do something through talent and skill. Talent is natural ability and skill is proficiency gained through training and experience. Talent certainlyÂ helps, but it isn't required. I know many people whose natural leadership ability was close to zero but through training, experience, and most of all, persistence, became great leaders.
Among the core traits identified are:
Achievement drive: High level of effort, high levels of ambition, energy and initiative
Leadership motivation: an intense desire to lead others to reach shared goals
Honesty and integrity: trustworthy, reliable, and open
Self-confidence: Belief in one's self, ideas, and ability
Cognitive ability: Capable of exercising good judgment, strong analytical abilities, and conceptually skilled
Knowledge of business: Knowledge of industry and other technical matters
Emotional Maturity: well adjusted, does not suffer from severe psychological disorders.
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Others: charisma, creativity and flexibility
Strengths/Advantages of Trait Theory
It is naturally pleasing theory.
It is valid as lot of research has validated the foundation and basis of the theory.
It serves as a yardstick against which the leadership traits of an individual can be assessed.
It gives a detailed knowledge and understanding of the leader element in the leadership process.
Limitations of The Trait Theory
There is bound to be some subjective judgment in determining who is regarded as a 'good' or 'successful' leader
The list of possible traits tends to be very long. More than 100 different traits of successful leaders in various leadership positions have been identified. These descriptions are simply generalities.
There is also a disagreement over which traits are the most important for an effective leader
The model attempts to relate physical traits such as, height and weight, to effective leadership. Most of these factors relate to situational factors. For example, a minimum weight and height might be necessary to perform the tasks efficiently in a military leadership position. In business organizations, these are not the requirements to be an effective leader.
The theory is very complex
Implications of Trait Theory
The trait theory gives constructive information about leadership. It can be applied by people at all levels in all types of organizations. Managers can utilize the information from the theory to evaluate their position in the organization and to assess how their position can be made stronger in the organization. They can get an in-depth understanding of their identity and the way they will affect others in the organization. This theory makes the manager aware of their strengths and weaknesses and thus they get an understanding of how they can develop their leadership qualities.
The trait model of leadership is based on the characteristics of many leaders - both successful and unsuccessful - and is used to predict leadership effectiveness. The resulting lists of traits are then compared to those of potential leaders to assess their likelihood of success or failure. The trait approach points out physiological which includes appearance, height, and weight and, demographic which includes age, education and socioeconomic background and, personality, self-confidence, and aggressiveness. Intellectual ability including intelligence, decisiveness, judgment, and knowledge and , task-related including achievement drive, initiative, and persistence, and social characteristics including sociability and cooperativeness .
Leadership, a critical management skill, is the ability to motivate a group of people toward a common goal. These items will help you develop your skills as a leader. Important leadership skills include, getting and giving information, understanding group needs and characteristics, resources, controlling, counseling, example, representing, planning, evaluation and sharing leadership.
There are a number of common behaviors recognized in an effective Team Leader at the helm of a productive team. In particular, an effective Team Leader displays an ability to communicate effectively, recognize the developmental requirements of team members, Set goals and motivate the team to achieve them, Provide enthusiastic and creative encouragement, Model acceptable behavior.
A leader's attitude should depict the following;
PositivityÂ - "Looking at the literal world in a favorable way".Â This is the essence of what I call being a "Half-Full" leader.
Always on Time
Marked to Standard
PurposeÂ -Â There must be a place you want to lead someone, or a group, (or yourself)Â TO
Empathy & CompassionÂ -Â I have to be able to walk a mile in the other person's shoes, and apply the "Golden Rule"
HumilityÂ -Â You want to make them BETTER than you. You shine the light on them.
LoveÂ -Â You have to love leading, and not be afraid to talk about it, or express it.
The first and most important quality in being a good leader is that the leader will be understanding and supportive. Good leaders always take the blame for a loss, turnover, miss executed play, etc. If the problem wasn't the leader's fault, they won't blame anyone else; they either blame themselves, or don't say anything.Â The leadership qualities that enable you to become a better leader are a complex interaction of interpersonal knowledge is important.
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN SMALL PRIVATE BUSINESS VERSUS LEARGE SIZED PUBLIC BUSINESS.
A leader could be any person even he/ she is just able to lead themselves. Strong, effective leadership is important in all business. All leaders need to stay calm in difficult situations, farseeing, brave, able to think and act and direct the activities of others for the benefit of all,(Arbinger, L. ,2002).
TWO SMALL PRIVATE BUSINESS LEADERS IN NEW ZEALAND
Hayrs Equipments a small private business which operates in Papatoetoe, Auckland is run by Abdul Zuhayr.
Shaadi Fashions is Indian clothing and is operated by Shadiya Madiya, operates electronically.
SMALL PRIVATE BUSINESS LEADERSHIP
Small businesses need business do not employ many people. Effective business leadership demands a captain of the ship, not just someone who's standing by the helm. Leadership is active, not passive.
Cool-headed, farseeing, visionary, courageous - whichever adjectives you choose,Â leadership a winning combination of personal traits and the ability to think and act as a leader, a person who directs the activities of others for the good of all. Anyone can be a leader, even if the only person they're leading is themselves.
But you can't be a leader just by saying you are. Business leadership, like leadership of any kind, needs to be worked at. Transform yourself into the kind of leader your small business needs with these five keys to business leadership.
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN LARGE SIZED PUBLIC BUSINESS
Large public organizations are built around under the vision and able guidance of one or more leaders. In such organizations, success or failure depends on how effective the leadership is. In this type of business leaders practice democratic style and leaders role is based on employee requirements. However the leader has a clear vision and if he/she treats their employees well and is able to gain their trust and loyalty, then the business does well. If there are internal wars then the leadership is not effective and employees start taking sides based on who they favour. In such situations, unless one person is able to emerge the clear leader and assume control, the company suffers terribly.Leadership is more formal and fully structured. Activities are pre-planned and employees work according to the plan to achieve objective of the organization. Vision, values, norms, initiatives, systems and processes, as well as management practices are used to engage employees, satisfy customers, and ultimately lead to high performance that has to be continuous overtime,(Arbinger, L. ,2002).
TWO LARGE SIZED BUSINESS LEADERS AND ORGANIZATION IN NEW ZEALAND
Don Braid CEO and Managing Director of Mainfreight Limited
Nadeem Ashraf, CEO of Tanica cars Limited
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN FOR PROFIT BUSINESS
In a forprofit business leader aims to encourage employees to reach a set target through enticement such as pay rise or bonuses. The main purpose of business is make extra profits. so the Leader's style and methods concentrate on how to make the team members contribute towards this goal and the yard sticks for measurement would center around profits . The leadership style change in an organization where the last but one quarter results show a declining trend which is not acceptable to the Leader .
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There are several Business Leaders who say that their style is to first build trust in their employees. For example, they have successfully tried open kind of salary discussions with the potential employees either asking them to quote their own salaries or asking them to decide a group salary pattern in an open interview . These attempts very clearly point out a very different Leadership approach even within for profit organizations, mainly because the leaders want to modify their styles to suit the business needs. Other emerging leadership methods include compassion. Many for- profit organization leaders, are setting up Charity
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN PROFIT VERSUS NOT FOR PROFIT BUSINESS
All leaders need leadership qualities, skills and ability to lead a team so that they can increase the performance of their employees to achieve pre-set goal of business. I personally believe there exists a major difference in the leadership styles of individual leader depending on the Leader's own personal traits and qualities , influences the leader's own work areas
TWO FOR PROFIT BUSINESS LEADERS AND ORGANIZATION IN NEW ZEALAND
1.Kevin Kenrick new CEO of Television New Zealand He is a well-known business figure who has held a number of significant roles in some of New Zealand's largest companies, including Lion Nathan, Telecom, and most recently, House of Travel.
2. Ian Walker the chairman of Farmers Stores in New Zealand,.
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN NOT FOR PROFIT BUSINESS
The Leadership style and methods in a not -for profit business reflects the specific objectives of the organization. For example, in an organization whose objectives are to serve people of the country below the poverty line undertaking humanitarian projects , the leader needs to have a style which will encourage team members to be more human and kind while serving on the projects. The leadership methods for measuring the employee contribution and results would also differ in nature. Leaders style , would have an extra dosage of a human value touch. The leader will take servant leadership style. The leader would be more concerned with whether the ultimate customer has really been benefitted by the project. non - profit leaders, especially if they also founded the organization, fill a very important role in the life of the organization. They have been the public face of the organization and have built trusting relationships with donors and the community in general. Their passion has been the source of inspiration for other staff members, volunteers, and constituents. When they retire or must leave for health or personal reasons, the organization that lacks a plan for succession may face a crisis.
TWO EXAMPLES OF NOT FOR PROFIT BUSINESS
Ruby Duncan- leader of Salvation Army campaign that the poor and homeless people should be treated equal under the humanity grounds.
Mr D. G. Whyte is national chairman of the New Zealand Red Cross Society. He visited christchurch when the city centre was recently shaken by an earthquake.
LEADERSHIP IN RELATION TO SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Leadership plays a pivotal role in initiating and developing corporate social responsibility and initiatives within and across organization. Inkson and Kolb,(2002)state responsible leaders are defined as people of the highest integrity and deep understanding of difficult concepts such as sustainable development, committed to building enduring organizations in association with others, leaders who have a deep sense of purpose and are true to their core values. Leaders of socially responsible organizations have been associated with the charismatic leadership style. The success is attributed to leader's restless focus on clients, continuous communication of values and beliefs, a large amount of engaging with others, accountability and as well as a long term perspective. Leaders such as William Wilburforce and Martin Luther king risked their life while serving for humanity.
LEADERSHIP IN RELATION TO BUSINESS SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Businesses can use ethical decision making to secure their businesses by making decisions that allow for government agencies to minimize their involvement with the corporation. Emissions of dangerous pollutants are minimized and leaders even get involved in the community and address concerns that the public might have for surroundings. For example businesses donated money for victims of natural disaster to gain respect and recognition of the public,(Daft,S.,2002).
COMPANY SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE
Kmart does not pack items in plastic bags to protect the environment because plastic is non biodegradable
ETHICS IN LEADERSHIP
Ethics refer to the desirable and appropriate values and morals according to an individual or the society at large. Ethical theories on leadership talk about two main things. Firstly the actions and behavior of leaders and secondly the personality and character of leaders. A leader drives and influences the followers to achieve a common goal.. It is an ethical job of the leader to treat his followers with respect as each of them has unique personality.
TWO EXAMPLES OF ETHICS IN LEADERS
1. Peter Clare is the CEO of Westpac NZ. He is involved in various leadership seminars and training programs. He is in a position of social power, ethical leadership focuses on how leaders use their social power in the decisions they make, actions they engage in and ways they influence others.
2. Mike Robertson the leader of TV one news presenter is respectful and honest person who takes risk and goes to dangerous places to collect news for the listeners. For example he went to Christchurch to help and give news during the earthquake disaster.
2. Leaders who are ethical demonstrate a level of integrity that is important for stimulating a sense of leader trustworthiness, which is important for followers to accept the vision of the leader
TWO EXAMPLES OF UNETHICAL LEADERS
1. John Brash former leader of National Party. This leader has had a negative impact on society as he had secret affair with co worker while he was leading the party as leader of opposition. He left his position as he had done wrong.
2. Verpal Singh who is the secretary of Sikh Council of New Zealand has had negative impact was linked to alleged voter fraud in South Auckland.
AÂ person, group or organization that hasÂ interestÂ orÂ concernÂ in an organization.
Stakeholders can affect or be affected by theÂ organization'sÂ actions,Â objectivesÂ andÂ policies. Some examples of key stakeholders areÂ creditors,Â directors,Â employees,Â governmentÂ (and itsÂ agencies),Â ownersÂ (shareholders),Â suppliers,Â unions, and theÂ communityÂ from which theÂ businessÂ drawsÂ itsÂ resources.
RESPONSIBILITY TO STAKEHOLDERS.
Ethical leaders always use its employees to achieve organizational goals only. Any personal gain is not the practice of a good leader. He should be democratic leaders where the values, ideas and the feelings of the stakeholders are always kept in mind no matter what the situation may arise. Always listen to them and sympathies with them
LEADERSHIPS IMPACTS ON THE SOCIETY
Leadership is instrumental to achieving social change. All through history, whether it was for abolishing social norms, overcoming social evils or modernizing history, social change has been impossible without the right kind of leadership. When it comes to mobilizing the masses, igniting passion in people towards a common goal and motivating people to act towards the said common goal, it isn't possible to unite the people and inspire action without leadership. One person has to spear the movement, and he may not professionally be a leader, and does not have to be a political leader, but he should have the charisma to inspire people and motivate them. A great example from recent times would be that of Anna Hazare, and Indian citizen who inflamed thousands of Indians against the injustices of the Indian political system and the rampant corruption in society and politics and launched one of the biggest civil movements Asia has seen in a long time. In terms of social change, the leader is the face of the movement as well as the backbone of it, while the people form the heart and soul.