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This essay is writing about organisation behaviour which is widely used both in past and contemporary society in business field. Firstly, it will be benefit to know what is organisational behaviour and why it exist. Secondly, what are managers and effective managers should be addressed to know, as well as their functions. Lastly, the contemporary issues organisational behaviour would be confront in today's business society.
According to Jack Wood et al.(2013, p.5), it emerged as an academic discipline during the late 1940s and has been prominent as an academic subject in business schools since then. Even through hundreds of definition has been given through out the history, however, the most two acceptable and accessible definitions are given by Jack Wood and Stephen P.Robbins. In the first place, according to Jack Wood et al.(2013,p.5),organisational behaviour is the study of individuals and groups in organisations. What is more, Organisational behaviour is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organisations for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organisation's effectiveness was the case Stephen P.Robbins et al(2005,p.9). According to this two definitions listed above, organisational behaviour is sort of relationship which is strongly consolidated between employers and employees both in the aspects of time and space, as well as material and spiritual. More specific, organisational behaviour is the research in organisations and organisational interaction with the environment, people engaged in the work of the psychological activity and behaviour reaction regularity of science.
When one certain thing were arising from the historical context, people may ask why did it exist, generally speaking, in terms of necessity. In other words, everything conducted by a determined reason. For organisations, according to Jack Wood et al(2013,p.7)organisations are mechanisms through which many people combine their efforts and work together to accomplish more than any one person could alone for individuals are limited in their physical and mental capabilities. It is carefully and specifically divided people into divergent certain groups in terms of what they capable of doing, so classified people should be addressed to organisations; what else, the organisations gather people to a setting environment to accomplishing fixed objectives. For instance, if take granted that university as an organisation, the professors are managers and the students are employees, professors are supervising the students to achieving certain pedagogically academic task, in their counterpart, the students, with the assistant of the professors via their own physical and mental endeavor to achieve their personal goal. Based on an extensive horizon, they are working together to accomplish the university's teaching objectives which is contributing to the society. That is to say, neither the professors nor the students are able to contributing to the humanity educational career. So it can be clearly see form the example that most people are raised and educated in organisations, acquire most of their material possessions from organisations, and die as a member of organisation was the case Ricky W. Griffin et al(2012,p..5) .That is the importance of the organisations, and why organisations are exist.
People, who is the core and essential factor which is prerequisite achieving certain goals in any circumstance no except from organisations. According to Jack Wood (2013), managers as a key role in organisations is a person who is responsible for work that is accomplished through the performance contributions of one or more other people. In other words, managers, both administers and assistants they are, helping and assisting workers, as well as themselves to achieve business and personal objectives in organisations. Other than managers, organisations are more prefer to accept effective managers. When people talking about effective managers, according to Jack Wood et al.(2013) an effective manager is a manager whose work unit achieves high levels of task accomplishment and maintains itself as a cable workforce over time. That is to say, an effective manager is such a person leading his or her work team or unit to utilising both the human resources and physical resources to do anything necessary to accomplish one settled organisational objectives with highly well-managed efficiency. Because of this, firstly, how to managing task performance, what is to say, how to enhancing and improving productivity by leading and using work unit is required with a successful effective managers. Secondly, how to maintain human resource is the other key point should be addressed, that is to say to be 'the voice' of employees, negotiating with employers to fixed that 'the right people go to the right place, to do the right work, and rewarded by right prize'. According to Jack Wood et al.(2013) effective managers 'should never allow a valuable human contribution to be lost for lack of proper care'. So 'QWL' is one of the vital factors can be highlighted, for it not only affect the employee's working performance at work place, but also disturb their personal life after work.. In the last place, the psychological contracts should be concerned on effective managers, because according to Jennifer and Gareth(2004,p.237)it is an employee's perception of his or her exchange relationship with an organisation, outcomes the organisation has promised to provide to the employee, and contributions the employee is obligated to make to the organisation. If only the balance among employers and employees are claimed, organisations are operating in a healthy way.
Comparing to the former business fields, organisations nowadays are confronting many challenges and new issues that has never faced before, as well as organisational behaviour. At first place, Australia's Financial Review(as cited in Raymond J.Stone) globalisation is allowing skilled labor to move like capital across the world to locations that offer the best compensation and the best future.' For this, globalisation requiring managers to manage organisations to adapting world market by updating competencies and strategies. According to Stephen et al(2004,p.15) organisations are no longer constrained by national borders. What is more, the changing nature work, workforce and relationship between employers and employees had a profound effect on organisational behaviour. Because the nature of work is changed by the globalisation, so it requires both employers and employees updating their internal and external capabilities to fit in the globally new market. Under the condition of workforce diversity, according to Debra and James et al(2011,p.630) the workforce will see increased participation from women and the work force will be more culturally diverse than ever. At the same time, the relationships between employers and employees had never had enhanced and consolidated before, which means that duties and responsibilities are highly expected from each other among employers and employees for their on sake.
In this essay, we are discussing about what is organizational behavior and why it is exist, then we define what is a manager and what is an effective manager, what is more, the function of an effective manager. In the end, what are the new issues and the challenges organisational behaviour are faced today.