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Identify and explain the key concepts and issue.
What is data veillance?
Data veillance is an inelegant blend of data and surveillance that to monitor a person's activities by studying the data trail created by action such as credit card purchase, cell phone calls and Internet use. It has been around since the late 1980s, but its use has jumped significantly over the past few years thanks to the increasingly widespread concerns for individual privacy in the Internet age. (Dataveillance, Ty Narada)
Define the privacy and liberty right
We all have right of privacy. With the arrival of the internet and its clear presence well into our individual and collective future, our right of privacy will face increasing attack and concurrent broadening still further. (Ethics for the information age, 2011)
The Fair Work Ombudsman is bound by the privacy Act 1988(Privacy Act) in collecting, storing, using and disclosing your personal information. The Privacy Act also provides you with a number of rights designed to protect your privacy.
What is ‘personal information'? Personal information is broadly defined under the Privacy Act as information or an opinion which identifies you or would allow your identity to be ascertained. Such as names, date of birth, phone number or home address.
How to collection of personal information? You may collect personal information from you in a range of circumstances for lawful purposes necessary for, or related to, carrying out its functions under relevant legislation. Any personal information collected by the Fair Work Ombudsman must be relevant to carrying out its function and cannot intrude to an unreasonable extent on you affairs. Information collected by the Fair Work Ombudsman can only be used for the purpose for which it is collected or for any other directly related purpose. Where you provide personal information to the Fair Work Ombudsman, the Privacy Act gives you a number of rights, including:
The right to be told why the information is being collected where the Fair Work Ombudsman seeks personal information from you, whether it is required or authorised under law and whether the Fair Work Ombudsman can give it to anyone else.
It is the right to have you personal information protected against loss, unauthorised access, use, modification and disclosure. The right to access records containing personal information about you, subject to Commonwealth laws, that may refuse you access to certain information. Also it is the right to have personal information about you corrected if it is inaccurate or out of data. (Ethics for the information age, 2011)
Liberty is one of the most fundamental human rights. The right to liberty is the right of all people to freedom of their person freedom of movement and freedom from arbitrary detention by others. (Liberty, 2011)
Liberty is a concept in political philosophy that identifies the condition in which human beings are able to govern themselves, to behave according to their own free will and take responsibility for their action. There are different conceptions of liberty which articulate the relationship of individual to society in different way, including some which relate to life under a social contract or to existence in a state of nature and some which see the active exercise of freedom and rights as essential to liberty. (Liberty, 2011)
The advantage and disadvantage of dataveillance
There are some benefits can result from dataveillance. Such as the physical security of people and property may be protected and financial benefits may accure from the detection and prevention of various forms of error, abuse and fraud. Benefits can be foreseen both in government activity (e.g. tax and social welfare) and in the private sector (e.g. finance and insurance).
There are some threats of dataveillance. Firstly, it is the significant likelihood of wrong identification. When the data are used in their original context, data quality may be sufficient to support effective and fair decision making, but when data are used outside their original context, the probability of misinterpreting them increase greatly. This is the reason why information privacy principles place such importance on relating data to the purpose for which they are collected or used.
Some errors are intentional on the part of the data subject, but many are accidental and some are a result of design deficiencies such as inadequate coding schemes. Similar problems arise with other elements of data quality such as the timeliness and completeness of data. Data quality is generally not high and while externally imposed controls remain very limited, it seems likely that the low standard will persist.
How to overcome the problem of dataveillance?
We have recommended some safeguards to control over dataveillance such as external control, new and improved safeguards and the responsibilities of I.T. professionals.
For the external control, government can establish some rules, guideline or laws to protect the privacy of personal information. However, there are serious difficulties in convincing such legislatures to constrain the development of new technologies.
Form the new and improved safeguards, it is essential that governments consider each dataveillance technique and decide whether it should be permitted under any circumstance to all. Further, it must be recognized that IT continues to develop and mechanism are needed to ensure that legislators in particular and public.
The technologist has an unavoidable interest in the outcome and cannot appreciate and take into consideration the interests of the many different social groups who may consider them to be affected.IT professional and academic alike have a moral responsibility to appreciate the power of the technology in which they play a part.