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This paper leads to the study of the organizational behavior in the IT companies or the companies where the projects are related to the CASE (Computer Aided Software Engineering) tools, where the managers do not concentrate much on the dynamics in the team. The paper aims at studying the pattern of the organization structure in such organizations and the practices which are being followed over the team development and the group dynamics in these organizations.
Organizational behavior is one of the core management approaches in the recent times compared to the market scenario. The study of management has been stressed on the fact that it should focus more on the human behavior and the personal relations among the people in business. The interpersonal relations can be orientated towards the internal communications within the organizations or the inter organization communications between the clients and the service provider. Though with the experience and the nature of the organizations and the people there is no proper procedure to adopt the best practice in the business towards making the process effective as it depends from organization to organization and is dependent to the nature of the person as well.
The way the organizations today in the UAE have progressed with the rise in the globalization and the different forms of new management methods which are being introduced in the country have been discussed in this article (Laouisset, 2009). The concept of the leadership and the group dynamics have been very essential form of the organization communication and the effective performance which has led to the development of the new businesses and the effective performance of the teams today.
In the discussion about the group dynamics and the concept of the team the author looks into the following different facts being that the term group dynamics is a term given to the social face to face interaction of the people in the same project or a collective group which has been formed. A team on the other hand fills up the gap between individuals since a team forms up a single entity on its own possessing all the combined skills of the group. A team has to possess the skills of leadership, communication, goal setting, cross training, problem solving, and decision making as the requirements for the successful elements of the teamwork. However a group on the other hand can be social or a set of individuals aimed at moving the organization ahead. The group definition as given by (Maurer, Shulman, Ruwe, & Becherer, 1995) is stated as the bifurcation of the formal and informal categories. The formal groups are more oriented towards the organization in decision making and other activities whereas the informal groups are more aimed towards the social issues.
The concept of the group dynamics and the other related sources about the different phases of the way the group behaves and how they are categorized into the social and the organizational groups have been perfectly differentiated by the author. The definition and the role of a team and the way they are more important over the successful implementation of the projects and deploying them to the customer relates to the satisfaction and the new way of management which is more essential in the organizations (Tosi, Mero, & Rizzo, 2000).
The paper then looks into the concept of leadership and how it has been important for the structuring and the functioning of the different organizations. Leadership is a role that is defined as the process of guiding and directing the people and monitoring their behavior in the particular work environment. The essentials of leadership is a process which helps in interacting with the people and making them convinced and motivated towards the work. A good leader has the responsibility to maintain the correspondence or the communication in the group as well as to interact with the customers and maintain their satisfaction by delivering the quality products as demanded by them.
The concept of leadership and its significance in the organization has not much been looked into apart from stressing on the different types and forms of leadership which is very essential for the organization (Tosi, Mero, & Rizzo, 2000). The qualities of being a good leader and the functions of the good leader are defined in way of the traditional organizations without giving much stress towards the new way of development and learning in the industry. Furthermore the concept of the shared leadership is also one of the most commonly heard factors in the leadership types which stresses on the self-motivation or the colleague motivation from the same team to in turn motivate the group to perform better ahead in the tasks to come there forth.
The article then looks into the various aspects of the trust building and the different phases and types of the modern form of team trust and the different aspects which have to be kept in mind in the team processes. The author states that trust building in the teams is a critical aspect for the success of the team and the workââ‚¬â„¢s successful completion. The definition of the team trust is the fact that the team members
Have good faith in one another so that they are able to behave in situations where there are commitments and the projects have to be delivered.
The members are honest towards the commitments made and the roles assigned to them for the job.
Do not take advantage of the fellow members even if there is a chance of doing so in order to maintain the team trust.
A higher level of the trust between the employees and the managers leads to the better communication and the job satisfaction from the two groups of individuals in the organization. It has also been observed that the employees in the organization who work in a team have a far more greater trust and a higher level of job satisfaction in the organization compared to the ones who are traditionally structured, due to the fact that in a team every person is trusted with the job designated to them and the sole responsibility of the job is put on the employee making him more important and valuable for the organization.
The above all concepts which have been discussed do apply to the UAE market as the concepts stress mostly on the marketing and the different aspect of the strengthening of the organization and the team performance. The concept flow in the article from the types of the group dynamics to the trust building between the groups highlights the different phases of the organizational processes and the steps which have to be taken in the understanding of the management concepts behind the whole process.
Is the Review of Literature comprehensively addressed and up-to-date? Elaborate on your answer.
The review of the article cites sources from the different papers dated from 1996 to 2003, which is very close to the present market scenario. The concepts and the methods which have been illustrated in the paper are some of the best measured practices in the industry and have been successfully been used in the process of organizational structure development in the recent times.
With the rise of the globalization and the coming up of the new industries in the market there is a need for the domestic industries to modify their processes and the way they look into the market scenario so that they are able to understand the effectiveness of the modern concepts of the organizational structure. As suggested in the article about the different groups which have been in use in the traditional industries and its comparison with the recent concept of the effectiveness of the working in teams and the importance of the concept of leadership in the organizations have given a new way of thinking towards the new organizational practices.
The literature thus addresses most of the common issues of the marketing and the management concepts which are quite updated compared to the present market scenario.
State and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this article. For example, (Style, Problem definition, methodology, originality, analysis, conclusion and limitations, citations and reference sources)
The article stresses on the concept of the organization structure and the relevance of the concepts of groups and teams along with the leadership value and the trust between the people in the organization. There are many possible answers to the above questions and topics which the article has cited but the way the article makes the reader learn about the different concepts of Organizational structure and how they have developed is one of the main strengths of the article. The article signifies the growth of the concept of groups to make effective teams and the improvement of the functioning of the teams with the guidance of the leadership of the team leader or the manager.
It highlights the idea behind the concept of the team functions and the way the teams are important for the individual as well as for the organizations, then on leads to the concept of the leadership and the way a team leader or a group leader should be able to handle the tasks and the necessary qualities which he has to possess. The author also discusses about the different forms of the functions which the leader should complete and his significance in the organizational hierarchy. Later on the concept of the trust in the team and the way the team has to behave ethically under the lead is highlighted along with the way it becomes important for the organization to choose formation of the teams over the formation of groups.
Apart of these specific advantages the article lacks the citation of the live market or the example of any organization which could have been helpful in citing the whole situation in a better way. The concept of the different aspects and the parts of the organizational system is not very effectively discussed as vast number of ideas has been incorporated in a single article which makes it very difficult for the reader to figure out what has been expected to be delivered from the article (Tosi, Mero, & Rizzo, 2000). The ideas and the concepts have improper citation since most of the article covered constitutes the different forms of definition which have been given by the previous researchers and not much stress has been laid on the structuring of the ideas. Like for example, the idea about the shared leadership is discussed twice in the article whereas the concept about the leadership and the effective advantages over a manager being a leader is not discussed in the above article which is also one of the important aspects of the organizational structure.
Does the article contribute to wider body of knowledge area in OB? If not, why not? Are the findings generally known? Are they trivial?
Organizational behavior which has been highlighted in this article is wider and has various more concepts which are not constructively discussed in this article. The article brings out the different concepts of the organizational behavior but does not discuss them fully.
The concepts of diversity, learning and the different other organizational practices which come under the theories of the organizational behavior have not been cited in the article. The article does not discuss some of the very essential working of the organization and also does not lay much stress on suggesting the ways as to how to improve the organizational behavior in the employees and the people associated with the organization.
The organizational culture and the various other aspects like the job stress and the motivation related effects among the employees are some of the essential aspects which have not been properly discussed in the article. (Organizational Behavior: Terminology and Concepts) As previously stated that the article lacks the example of the citation of the particular organization as an example to discuss all the aspects of the organizational behavior, which causes the learner and the reader to be confused about some of the concepts of the system and as to how they have originated (Tosi, Mero, & Rizzo, 2000). The stress of the article lays on the fact that the concepts which are used in the analysis and the final conclusions of the article is discussed in detail leaving out the other concepts of the organizational behavior.
The outputs which have been given in the final analysis of the paper are quite general and are listed according to the expected discussion of the concepts. The job satisfaction and the trust have been listed out in the same way as the studies have organized the particular structure for the basis of the concepts of the organizational behavior in the organizations. Hence the findings are generally known in these areas.
Comment on the articleââ‚¬â„¢s readability, difficulty level, benefits to both academic and practitioners.
The given article is readable and understandable. It discusses the concepts of leadership, team work and commitment. The discussion not only includes the present day scenario, but goes back to the history too. Talking of the benefits, it is greatly beneficial, both to the academic and practitioners, since, it gives ideas about the new changes in the business.
Today, the market is consumer dominated. In such a time the management plays a great role in managing the business and carrying it out smoothly. The article is a wonderful guide for the people working in this field. The article gives a special emphasis on team work also, which is very essential in any organization. Also, without a leader, a team cannot move ahead. The article thus focuses on the leadership too.
The concepts which have been stressed on in this article are quite useful for the brief idea about the different industry practices and the concepts of the organizational behavior and the way the organizations function based on the concepts discussed, but the in-depth study of the different areas and the other key areas are absent in the article making it better for the introductorily reading of the concepts about the topic but cannot be referred to for the in depth analysis of the situation.