The Use Of Management And Leadership Skills Business Essay

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To achieve organisation objectives and goal, it is always necessary that organisation hold significant level of effective resources. To achieve organisation objective and growth, it always needed efficient and effective human resource. Managers plays vital role in the success of organisation as they capable of using minimum resources and produce maximum output as they hold leadership qualities.

Modern and Traditional views about managers and leaders.

Trait theory states that people possess traits and qualities by birth. Some qualities and traits are well suited leadership. These traits include adaptation, assertiveness, cooperation, dependable, clever, creative etc.

Behavioural theory emphasises on leaders can be made rather than born. The idea behind this theory is that if organisation knows what leaders do then they can make leader. So leaders can be made by teaching and training them properly.

Contingency Theory

It states that the leader ability to lead is dependent on different factors and situation of organisation. These factors include leader's style, capabilities and behaviour. Situation favourableness involves leader-member relationship, nature of task and leader position.

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Leadership and Management Skills

Leadership Skills

There are a number of skills that make a person to become a leader or leader should have held multiple skills. These skills include

Leading skill

It is very important quality as working with a team. A leader must have quality of control and must take members of team with him. It involves adapting, cooperating and facilitating member to feel part of it.

Analytical Skills

Analytical skills involves a great understanding of any situation and able to identify fact and figures to handle any situation. It also involves quality of predicting future requirements and takes necessary action to keep things under control.

Fierceness

A leader must have courage to express his opinions, belief and thoughts. Fierceness also involves accepting consequences of situation if any decision goes wrong. A great leader accepts and recognises the cost of his decision and its outcomes.

Motivational Skill

Without this skill a manager cannot work efficiently and effectively. It is a very vital skill as manager acts as motivator and keep its team and subordinate motivated. It involves pushing and encouraging them to meet organisation objectives and ensuring that the staff is satisfied with the management and organisation.

Decision Making

A leader must have decision making quality. A manager is responsible for the achieving organisation objectives so he/she should right decision and ensure that the decision is made at the right time and are in the interest of both organisation and employees.

Planning Skill

A leader do not start tasks/work haphazardly, he/she prepares a clear plan to perform work efficiently and effectively and to achieve goals.

Forecasting skill

A leader possesses the quality of predicting future requirement on the basis of its experience.

Controlling Skill

A leader has the quality of influence people and their performance e.g. Captain of football team keep his team under control and pushing them to work hard to win. So as leader try to keep its on track and provide feedback to manage them.

Organising Skill

A leader is not responsible for a single task, he/she is responsible for a series of different tasks and sometimes manager has to delegate some work to subordinates and to ensure that employees are performing delegated task efficiently and effectively, he/she mush hold organising and planning skill.

Bridging communication gap

Manager/leader must have good communication skills to avoid one way flow of information. Interpersonal skill is very much necessary to be an effective and efficient leader. He/she must hold the quality of understanding human behaviour and communicate with them accordingly.

Conflict and grievance

An organisation is consisting of employees from different backgrounds, norms and culture. There is always chance that conflict will arise between them. A leader must have quality to understand the problem and how to solve such issues for effective working environment.

Personal Skills

Assertiveness

It involves expressing the feelings and opinions without violating the right of others. It is appropriately honest, direct and clear. Such assertiveness skill reduces the lackness of interpersonal skill. Assertiveness is vital personal skill of a manager and it should not confuse with aggressiveness. In aggressiveness it's a win-win situation but in assertiveness it is expression of own right with respecting other rights.

Punctual

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In any work environment, time is very important. It does not involve only coming on time on job but it puts more emphases on timely decision making.

Communication

Communication has effective impact in maintaining relations, promoting organisation objectives, in solving conflict and providing help in stress situation to employees. Without effective communication might result in employees pursue on objective rather than company objectives.

Charismatic

A leader/manager always possess this quality, they use their charisma on employees to achieve desire results without manipulating them. They left impact on employees on such a way that they become role model for them and everyone tries follow their footprint.

Professional Skills

Misuse of power

A leader never abuses its power, always set high moral standard for subordinate. He/she never criticise the opinion and suggestion of employees. They encourage them to bring forward new ideas and provide feedback to be more efficient and effective.

Stress Management

A leader has clear mind set towards organisation objectives and work hard to achieve them. They are objective oriented and without it organisation cannot achieve its objectives. They are fearless and ready to face any kind of situation.

Meeting Skills

They present themselves according to the situation. They are well defined and meld themselves according to the situation.

Method to improve personal and professional skills

Manager needs to improve personal and professional skills to achieve organisational goals and objectives.

Personal improvement involves following methods

Learn from mistakes

There is a saying that experience is the best teacher. Learning from mistakes is a best a way to learn. If any decision goes wrong a manager should pin point the mistake in it and avoid that mistake should not happen in future.

Internet

Internet has changed the way of people doing. It has become one of the major source of learning as it held world wide information and any information is just far from a click. E.g. distance learning, workshop, Wikipedia, Google or YouTube etc are biggest examples of e-learning.

Newspaper/Magzines

Newspaper held information from day to day activity of every aspects of life. It is biggest education method in the modern world.

Television

Media has too much involved in learning, entertaining and updating to the world. There are different channel available that could be used to learn from the changes in industry.

Professional Improvement

Workshop

Workshop provides a place to learn where new methods of working are introduced.

Attend Meeting

This is effective way of improving professional skills. Such incidence provides help to manager to learn from other and the way things should be done in better way and what people have achieved and how they have achieved.

Seminars

Different companies organise seminars on different topics. Such seminars provides significant aid in professional development.

Task Two

Personal Skills Audit as identified in Task One

Rating Skills

Analysis of selected personal skills in light of

no

Skill

very good

satisfactory

Needs improvement

poor

Not tested

1

assertiveness

*

2

Time management

*

3

communication

*

4

Stress management

*

5

Meeting skill

*

6

Presentation skill

*

Analysis of selected personal skills in light of

no

Skill

very good

satisfactory

Needs improvement

poor

Not tested

1

assertiveness

*

2

Time management

*

3

communication

*

4

Stress management

*

5

Meeting skill

*

6

Presentation skill

*

Analysis of selected personal skills in light of

no

Skill

very good

satisfactory

Needs improvement

poor

Not tested

1

assertiveness

*

2

Time management

*

3

communication

*

4

Stress management

*

5

Meeting skill

*

6

Presentation skill

*

Personal SWOT Analysis

SWOT analysis helps me to identify and improve talents, abilities and opportunity. A SWOT analysis is a technique to identify Strengths, weakness, opportunity and threat of person. So organisation uses its strength to overcome weakness and avail opportunity that in turn reduce the level of threats.

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Strengths

What are the competences and skills I have?

What are advantages to the company from skills and competences?

What people expects from me?

What resources are required to make me more strengthen?

Its my own perspective to be succeful in life. If I have difficulty in identifying my strengthen then it will be easy to for my friend to identify my strengths.

I want to become a successful salesman of a big portfolio company. As I have a lot of educational background and exposure of sales market. To be more successful, good communication and interpersonal skills is required. With the help of strong company background and its backing will provide me additional resource and make me more lethal in sales and marketing field.

However to identify your personal strength, you just have to think about the people around you and compare yourself with them and how you better than them. Such approach helps you to identify your strengths.

Weakness:

What is required to improve?

What is needed to be avoided?

What people see in you as weakness?

It can be considered from personal and external basis. What people perceive your weakness and how collegues out-perform you at work are key areas. I should identify such weakness and tries ways to overcome them to be successful.

Opporutinties

What are opporutinties available

What are the news trends in the market

Opportunities come from changing in the industry either due to change in technology or change in market condition. There could many factors that bring new opportunity for individual. All you require is keep updated yourself. A better approach would to use your strengths and turn them into opportunity.

Threats

Obstacles from your people around you

Change in job conditions and environment

Change in market demand

International demand

Task Three: Personal development Plan

To achieve your long term goals and objectives, your personal and professional skills must be aligned with the objectives and plan a realistic approach towards achieving those goals and objectgives. In drawing plan to achieve your objectives, you must identify the critical skills that you needed to learn and decide a suitable and appropriate learning style.

Each living persona has some goals and objective in life and try hard to achieve those goals and objectives. I want to be a successful business man after the completion of education. In honour to do that, I have to obtain the skill and competences that I have mentioned in task one.

Personal Development Plan

Learning and development need

How dose this support the organization's goals

Resources needed for learning and development.

Date for achievement/review

Fierceness

Leader need to fearless because he/she is a leader of the team and is leading the group of individuals to achieve organisation objectives.

Whether leader is assertive or agressive?

How well team is managed?

Then leader will achieve there goal.

Attending Meeting

Discussion with top level management

Seminars

Workshop

Experience

Litrature Research

Internet

I will achieve my this skill properly at the end of

31stDecember, 2010.

Punctuality

"Time is the money"

With out time management every person will not be achieve his very goal which may be personal may be professional. With out time management we don't able to spend our whole life.

* Explore why time management issues arise

* Improve your ability to plan and prioritise work

* Raise your awareness of the importance of setting clear goals

* Minimize wasted time and distractions in the workplace

* Avoid being deflected from your priorities

* Explore self-motivation and motivation of others as a time management tool

Seminars,

Internet

Workshop

Discussion

Self Study

Lecture/Academic education

This is a main part of the whole life, I will achieve my this skill properly in

31stDecember 2010.

Communication

Communication is an important skill to achieve the objectives and goals of an organization. Because without this you are not able to tell others some thing about your, what you want to do, and what you have. If you are working in the organization without communication you are nothing to tell other. And if you are a manager of an organization then it is must for you that you have to able to communicate with others company's managers.

The communication skill is the vital skill to obtain the objectives and goals of an organisation.

Feedback

Discussion and understading comments

Answer Question Sessions

This is an important skill for an organization. I will achieve 30 November, 2010

Stress management

There will be situations when decision made by manager goes wrong that put manager under great stress.

There are ways to learn to remain calm and control ourselves.

Learning from others

Overcoming weakness

Discussing and getting feedback from seniors.

I will achieve this at

31stOct, 2010.

Presentation skills

Presentation skill is an important skill to achieve the organizational goals. Because if you are not a good presenter then you will fail to tell every things to others about your organization. If you are a good presenter but your wording has no weight but you will win the heart of others by your spoken.

This is very important skill to achieve the organizational goals and to boost up your organization.

You can learn by these.

By try again and again rehearsal at front of the mirror.

By discussing in the style of presenting some things at front of your managers.

By take the feedback from your colleagues.

Training and attend the workshops.

Self assessment.

This is also an important skill to achieve the organizational goals.

I will achieve this at

31 December, 2009.

Meeting skill

With out meeting you didn't have had more improvement.

If you don't able to meet then you don't sell and buy the ideas of the others.

With out meeting you don't able to tell which you have.

We can improve this skill by adopting some technique and learning styles.

By meeting your own employers, your own managers, by you own colleagues. By hear the discussion of the two others people, they may be on media.

I will improve my skill at 15december, 2009.