The General Managers Of Respective Departments Business Essay


In this project have focused on the behavior of people, the process of management, the organizational context in which the process of management takes place, Organizational processes and the execution of work, Interaction with the external environment.


every organization to be effective must have an organizational structure. But what is an organizational structure? It is the form of structure that determines the hierarchy and the reporting structure in the organization. It is also called organizational chart. There are different types of organization structures that companies follow depending on a variety of things it can be based on geographical regions, products or hierarchy. To put it simply an organizational structure is a plan that shows the organization of work and the systematic arrangement of work.

Types of Organizational Structures

There are different types of organizational structures and a company should choose the one that best suits their needs. 

Traditional Structures

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These are the structures that are based on functional division and departments. These are the kind of structures that follow the organization's rules and procedures to the T. they are characterized by having precise authority lines for all levels in the management. Under types of structures under traditional structures are:

Line Structure - this is the kind of structure that has a very specific line of command. The approvals and orders in this kind of structure come from top to bottom in a line. Hence the name line structure. This kind of structure is suitable for smaller organizations like small accounting firms and law offices. This is the sort of structure that allows for easy decision making, and also very informal in nature. They have fewer departments, which makes the entire organization a very decentralized one.

Line and Staff Structure - though line structure is suitable for most organizations, especially small ones, it is not effective for larger companies. This is where the line and staff organizational structure comes into play. Line and structure combines the line structure where information and approvals come from top to bottom, with staff departments for support and specialization. Line and staff organizational structures are more centralized. Managers of line and staff have authority over their subordinates, but staff managers have no authority over line managers and their subordinates. The decision making process becomes slower in this type of organizational structure because of the layers and guidelines that are typical to it, and lets not forget the formality involved.

Divisional Structures

This is the kind of structure that is based on the different divisions in the organization. These structures can be further divided into:

Product structure - a product structure is based on organizing employees and work on the basis of the different types of products. If the company produces three different types of products, they will have three different divisions for these products.

Market Structure - market structure is used to group employees on the basis of specific market the company sells in. a company could have 3 different markets they use and according to this structure, each would be a separate division in the structure.

Geographic structure - large organizations have offices at different place, for example there could be a north zone, south zone, west and east zone. The organizational structure would then follow a zonal region structure.

Organizational culture there is no single definition for organizational culture. The topic has been studied from a variety of perspectives ranging from disciplines such as anthropology and sociology, to the applied disciplines of organizational behavior, management science, and organizational communication.

Definition of Organizational structure

The specific collection of values and norms that are shared by people and groups in an organization and that control the way they interact with each other and with stakeholders outside the organization


The relationship between organizational structure and culture is further complicated by the fact that the two are somewhat similar, and certainly interrelated. Organizational structure is a mechanism through which effort and work is coordinated with supervision to produce the results that are hoped for from organizational culture.

Organizational structure seems to be the conduits, the lines of authority, the system set into place through which individuals can come together collectively in order to fulfill the expectations of the organizational culture.

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The success of a company meeting the goals of its organizational culture is dependant on having an effective set up and clearly defined relationship between organizational structure and culture. A well thought out and planned model that can clearly distinguish the relationship between organizational structure and organizational culture will allow for a more efficient directing of both employer and employee efforts towards the company's ultimate goals.

One of the most important aspects in the relationship between organizational structure and culture is to make sure that each individual understands the full extent of responsibilities and work expected out of them. Likewise, the workers and supervisors should also know their limitations, and so not have to worry about issues that are beyond their scope of expectations.

Eliminating these worries will help to make the workers more efficient. When there is confusion, or any type of "gray area," this hurts production and efficiency. If there is a general misunderstanding of who and what a situation entails, or even worse, multiple conflicting interpretations, then this is an example of a faulty relationship between organizational structure and culture. There cannot be an effective organizational culture without an organizational structure to allow efficient work and effort. Yet, the organizational structure is going to reflect the larger organizational culture.

Task 3

State Trading Organization plc (STO)

the State Trading Organization STO is a public company with 92.29% of the shares owned by the Maldivian Government with the rest 7.71% being held by the public after the IPO a couple of years ago. It is operated directly under the Ministry of Trade and Industries, and is controlled by a board of directors headed by a Chairman.


Our corporate mission is to make STO one the most innovative and efficiently managed multinational companies in the region.


To become the most successful and the most efficiently managed multinational company (in the country) that would make every individual of the nation proud by the year 2014.

The organization is divided into segments based on the functions when managing. This allows the organization to enhance the efficiencies of these functional groups. As an example, take a software company.

Software engineers will only staff the entire software development department. This way, management of this functional group becomes easy and effective.

Functional structures appear to be successful in large organization that produces high volumes of products at low costs. The low cost can be achieved by such companies due to the efficiencies within functional groups.

In addition to such advantages, there can be disadvantage from an organizational perspective if the communication between the functional groups is not effective. In this case, organization may find it difficult to achieve some organizational objectives at the end.

Our work in providing a conducive and pleasant

work environment for the staff also continued at

a greater pace, new investment in technology,

Infrastructure, equipment and machinery were

made in order to enable staff to work efficiently

with lesser work load and lesser work related

stress. Staff trainings including in-house training

programs, short-term training and long-term

Training, both locally and overseas were also

Conducted in order to improve the skills and

Knowledge of our staff members. It is also a

Pleasure to note that staff will be paid an annual

Bonus for the recognition of their hard work during

The year ended 2011. A total of 3% of the net

Profit of 2011 will be paid out to the staff based

on their performance and contribution to the



Board of Directors

Managing Director

Executive Team

General Managers of Respective Departments

Senior Management Team

Respective departments/outlets/Business unite

Other Staff

Respective departments/outlets/Business unit

The Coca-cola Company

The coca-cola company is the worlds largest beverage company. The American multination company, Coca-cola was established in United states by Sunil Kumar Jha in 1982. .More than 200 countries enjoy the ,500 brands of beverages produced by The coca cola company. Now the company have employed approximately 98,400 workers

Our Mission

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Our Roadmap starts with our mission, which is enduring. It declares our purpose as a company and serves as the standard against which we weigh our actions and decisions.

Our Vision

Our vision serves as the framework for our Roadmap and guides every aspect of our business by describing what we need to accomplish in order to continue achieving sustainable, quality growth.

The coca-cola Zero has been one of the most successful product of the coca cola company .With the success throughout the years ,Coca-cola are now producing 6 kinds of beverages. Such as

Energy Drinks(such as Burn, Rehab and Tab)

Juices/ Juice drinks(such as Minute maid and Bright & early )

Tea and Cofee(Such as Honest tea and Georgia)

Water(such as Vio and Vitamin Water)

Sports drinks(such as Fuze and Powerade Zero)

Soft drinks(such as Coke,Fanta and sprite)brands_softdrinks.jpgbrands_juices.jpgbrands_energy.jpg

Energy Drinks Juices/Juice drinks Soft Drinks


Sports Drinks Tea And Cofee Water

Organizational Structure and Culture of the Coca-cola Company

Functional Structure of the Coca cola Company

Euroasia & Africa group


Board Of Directors

McDonald's Division

Europe Group

Bottling investment group

Pacific Group

Latin America group

North America group

Coca-cola Refreshments

Senior Vice President, Global Business and Technology Services

Senior Vice President and

Chief People Officer

Senior Vice President, 

Chief Public Affairs and

Communications Officer

Senior Vice President and 

General Counsel

Senior Vice President,

Global Community Connections

Senior Vice President,

Global Community Connections

Executive Vice President and

Chief Administrative Officer

Executive Vice President and

Chief Financial Officer

Executive Vice President and

Chief Financial Officer

Divisional Structure Of Coca Cola company

The coca-cola Have a separate international division structure because its staffs work separately in insulation with the head office .Coca-cola company has 5 Continental divisions

Euro Asia &Africa Group

Europe Group

Latin America Group

North America Group

Pacific group


Corporate Staff







Pacific Group

North America group

Latin America Group

Europe Group

Euroasia & Africa group


There are many important things which I learned in this subject, Organizations and behavior. All the information collected were read over and over again and been put up by own words in this assignment report.

This clearly indicates the importance of Organization and behavior in an organization in order to achieve its objectives. The companies which were selected to do this assignment are leading conglomerates within the nation and this also indicates why they have been able to climb the ladder in the local market since they started as infants in the market.