The entrepreneur plays an important role in the development of economic nowadays, in recent 21st century, where the competitive market is so tough. They are highlighted as the person making the opportunity becomes the profit, who starts the business and be their own boss (Stephen, 2007). People spend millions in business training course to learn the entrepreneurship and dream to have the wonderful life as successful magnate. Many researches had tried to figure out what makes the success of the entrepreneur, is there any particular factors modeling it? According to the research of Allen (2012) there is one kind of genetic factor called business talent. It can manage the potential of whether one individual have enough condition to become an entrepreneur or not. Although in the real life, you can see the practice will help you to have relevant skills or even get used to with the way to solve the problems base on the experiences you had. But on the other side of sword, the innate ability comes naturally and cannot be imitated to follow by. This "business blood" usually passed through generation where the idiom "like father, like son" is applied perfectly. In my opinion, potential entrepreneur is implied as a raw diamond, they must have perfect cutting to be sharper to take the attention. In case they are not sparkling enough, they already are what they are as the valuable diamond. It is just the simple example to prove that "entrepreneur are born, not made".
Entrepreneurs are born, not made.
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People always dreams to get rich to enjoy a comfortable life. The fastest way to the glory is take a chance as a risk-taker by starting your own business, become an entrepreneur who can open the enterprise and work for your own benefit. However, Damir (2012) defined entrepreneur as an individual who known as financial risk-taker of all the business activities that the enterprise involved. He is also the person who has the innovative spirit, creativity and strong emotion of confidence to prove himself to be unique. All of those characteristics start with the desire to pursue high target of doing profitable business, and it becomes the most vital thing that drives most of successful entrepreneur.
On contrary direction, there also exist some theory claimed that entrepreneur are also made. There are not only the "entrepreneur gene" of talent or some habits and characteristics inside one person who can be the potential "star" to bright. Maria (2011) highlighted that entrepreneur are born or made depends on some more external and internal factors which can affect the way one person do business such as time, geography, culture and of course a little luck. Genes could not determine or influence that much to the way you think of business, it is up to the behavior and also the habits of one individual who really want to make their plan comes real (Scott 2011). I agree with that point of view; entrepreneurship can also be practiced and nurtured to improve needed skills and experiences but still base on what you got at first step of your life. There is similar to the raw diamond without technical cutting; it may not shine to become priceless (Aminah Khalid, 2012). Human and external factors can help the entrepreneur to develop themselves. At the beginning, the real price of jewelry is already based on how original the raw diamond is.
To sum up, in my opinions the most important things to make the perfect successful entrepreneur is the innate factor. Practice and education only can support partly in one individual to help them in improving their skill of doing business in right way. However, it can not affect to the way they recognize or react with the problem like the one who owns the original talent does.
Entrepreneurs are born as talent opportunists.
The ways entrepreneur runs the business, of course, is not similar to the skill of original manager need to have such as learn how to plan the strategy and manage the activities inside the operation. As I had mentioned before, entrepreneur is the person who has willingness to seize a risky opportunity to transform it become competitive advantages. But without any courses of training program, one individual who owns talent business spirit can have the "sense" of success to find when and where to apply their innate abilities. How far the field of vision one person can take, the percentage of success they can earn. Innate entrepreneur will think different than the others who even can not realize the valuable price of opportunity but the way to use it reasonably. Most of successful entrepreneurs in the project of Dr Stephen (2011) admitted that there is a strong voice inside leads them to make decision when they face with the positive opportunity to earn profit even they were still very young. At that early age, they could not understand exactly what the entrepreneurship is but the spirit inside leads them to the right direction. It is only just the small self-income business with the profit of 5 cents actually but with that good start of beginning, this young businessman can develop in future for sure.
Entrepreneurs are born with innate characteristics.
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Passion and ambition, abilities to apply the knowledge, personalities, are main elements that Allen (2012) described as what the thing one entrepreneur needs to have as a must. They have the ability to think bigger than the others, and fast respond to the innovative idea. It is not only how to make the profit but the willing to pass the challenges and want to make things differently. 'People who don't have ambition - they get a regular job' Earl (2004) says as the founder of Black Enterprise magazine. Passion and ambition will turn into the strength which helps them to keep the faith of the spirit in whatever they do to discover the business advantages even problems can exist. The satisfaction when they reach the reward is the inspiration to step over the difficulties during the long business journey. The strong passionate heart will be the motivation to those entrepreneurs to not give up and keep moving forward and develop their business. Passion can not be taught, it start with how strong the ambition of gaining the success despite how hard it takes. To have more obvious view of the discussion, I provide the example of the basketball player, who has the perfect height compare to the others, he can be taught the movement and the regulation of the game but it is not enough to be the champion, unless he has the strong passion and ambition to win. As Donald Trump said, 'Without passion you dont have energy, without energy you have nothing.' (Michael, 2009).
Moreover, the things that also very important are the ability to widen and import the knowledge effectively and imply it into the real business life. Although everybody can attend the same classroom, together they share the same source of information. But the potential entrepreneur knows how to make it become their own powers. It can be relevant as the weapons that everybody will have a chance to try on but just the hero can pick it up and use it wisely. Usually, most of successful entrepreneur are smart, whose education process were very impressive and bright when they were young (Stephen, 2007). Those above abilities can be measure as the IQ score which is not affected by the human impacts but the nature involves.
Taken the data from study Allen (2012) found that there also exist some traits that support to recognize a potential person who may do well in competitive market place in the future. Those can be stated as leadership, creativity and responsibility. The characteristic of one individual comes innately without training or learning through any paper-based theory. Skill of doing business can be taught, but the ability to deal with the troubles is unique and made naturally. The leadership skill comes from the innate factor of freedom of making choices by themselves which seems to be inborn. The combination of inherit leadership skill include the stability in mind, dominant, enthusiastic, conscientious, tough-minded, self-assured and compulsive will help them to know exactly what they need to do to build their own plan and take the challenges. In addition, the reason leading to the decision of opening the enterprise maybe just because they do not want to stay "inside the box" of original idea that is usually the same. According to Dr. Stephen (2007) the leadership will help them to have enough space to spread their wings of innovative and open-minded to accept the new materials sources. Successful entrepreneur always willing to learn new things to be better than they used to be, they do not accept the way of sticking with the hierarchy of bureaucracy. Those characteristic belong to individual innate personalities, for example as the skill of working with team to share the work task; this is the talent of being active as a leader is always comes naturally. Together with those factors in which the leader in charge of, even it may take the failure or the success, the inborn talent entrepreneur will take the largest responsibility. They have the talent to think out-of-the-box, and able to generate the idea after idea when problem cause the business fail, they will actively change their plan into another possible chances. When everybody sees no hope, entrepreneur is the one who trust in themselves and make it become possible situation.
Entrepreneurs are born and raised.
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Additionally, entrepreneurship does not only focus on the behaviors but also on the personalities that can pass through the generation. The perfect condition advantages to be the successful entrepreneur come from family base condition. "Like father, like son", one family with a businessman parent have higher possibility to give birth to the child whose characteristics fit to business activities. They may introduce and encourage their children in very first step of starting the business to get familiar with the market efficiently. It can start with the small self-employed business as lemonade stall or some trading activities could earn the profit inside the school, all of that will turn into the experiences to develop the potential entrepreneur. Children intend to take their parents as the idol they want to be in the future and the success of them in the pass could turn into the motivation to the entrepreneur to do things better. One person who nurtured inside the business environment can take the advantages of family asset of both financial and entrepreneur genetic factor to develop their own enterprise (David, Andrew, 1998).
Being the potential entrepreneur is start with the passion and ambition that can figured in the very young age. Most of them owning the entrepreneur spirit with the strong emotion of leadership and the willingness to accept risks as challenges, who ready to make strange decision to take part in competition with full of ambition. According to Romain (2012), Steve Job (1955 - 2011) the father of Apple, one of the most powerful telecommunication companies who lead the worldwide trends of technology, is starting his talent of business in very first years of his life. Together with his friend named Stephen Wozniak and their inspirations in electronic devices, Steve Jobs developed a "blue box". It was the kind of equipment that fooled the AT&T - a telecommunication company in United State, in defining the distance between switching areas and allowed people to make free phone call. They sold them to interested students in dorm and just stopped when nearly been caught by the police.
One more evidence to have clearer view of how important the true "blood" affected to entrepreneurship is Bill Gates (1955 - ?), chairman of Microsoft one of the richest guys in the world. Luckily, Bill Gates was born and nurtured in the business family with his father, William H. Gates II, is a Seattle attorney. His late mother called Mary Gates, was a schoolteacher, who was also one of the most important manager of University of Washington, and chairwoman of United Way International. Under the gene of intelligence, he did well at school and become the Harvard student with a passionate heart of writing the program for computer. He owns the profit as the age of teenager with the help of childhood friend - Paul Allen. They began to set up their company called Traf-O-Data, provided the program to count the city traffics in Seattle (Mary, 2012).
In the field of genetic can pass through the generation, let take a look on Donald Trump (1946 - ?) - known as the successful American business magnate, the chairman and president ofÂ The Trump OrganizationÂ and the founder ofÂ Trump Entertainment Resorts was born in the family with completely wonderful business base. Frederick Trump, his father was a real estate developer who opened the range number of income apartments in the Queens, Staten Island, and Brooklyn. After graduate from high school Donald Trump worked under his family company and after few years in 1971 he was able to convince his father to take control the family firm and reconstruct it as Trump Organization. The company now is managed and controlled under his son Donald "Don" John Trump and his daughter Ivana Trump (the Biography, 2012).
To make it more apparent, let's take a look on some research on how innate factors play an important role whenever the entrepreneurs catch the opportunity. According to Allen (2012), just 1% of the entrepreneurs agreed with the statement that claims business abilities can be taught and improves by practice, while on the other side 61% people left admitted their mindsets were set naturally and unintentionally. It is the evidence to show most that the successful entrepreneurs believe in what they got at the first start of their business life, as the inborn factors, not the experiences or practices can affect much to them.
Nothing happens perfectly, it is obvious to say that no one can gain the success with their business venture totally with their own potential experiences or skill. But it true to claim that can not make the perfect entrepreneurship in case of lacking innate characteristic. However we can make our life and our chances by putting effort in our work, improve what skill we need to practice and develop more to be our best self. Make the original factor we had turn into the individual motivate passion to become the successful entrepreneur in market field by improving your own quality personality together with your own innate potential abilities. Different innate abilities are quite important to lead to the success of entrepreneur, with the passion inside your heart and how hard you learn and practice yourself will specify the next step. It will help you to seek the experience and make the danger risk become your own competitive advantages. The true entrepreneur is the one who knows to apply all their inborn factors and family condition as their own values, make it become their strength and use it with motivation to success. Human factors can impact partly to the time leading to the success of entrepreneurship but the most vital thing is "entrepreneurs are born, not made".