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Attributes establish what leaders are, and every leader needs at least three of them: standard or ethical bearer, developer and integrator. For example, a leader demonstrates the attribute of being a standard bearer by establishing the ethical framework within an organization. This demands a commitment to live and defend the climate and culture that you want to permeate your organisation. What you set as an example will soon become the rule as unlike knowledge, ethical behavior is learned more by observing that by listening. And in fast moving situations, examples become certainty. Being a standard bearer creates trust and openness in your employees, who in turn, fulfill your visions. (http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadchr.html).
On the other hand, a leader demonstrates the attribute of being a developer by helping others learn through teaching, training, and coaching. This creates an exciting place to work and learn. She or he will never miss an opportunity to teach or learn something new yourself. Coaching suggests someone who cares enough to get involved by encouraging and developing others who are less experienced. Employees who work for developers know that they can take risks, learn by making mistakes, and winning in the end. (http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadchr.html).
Integrators orchestrate the many activities that take place throughout an organization by providing a view of the future and the ability to obtain it. This leader assumes that success can only be achieved when there is a unity of effort. Integrators have a sixth sense about where problems will occur and make their presence felt during critical times. They know that their employees do their best when they are left to work within a vision-based framework. (http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadchr.html).
From another source:
A leadership acronym is often used to remember leadership attributes. For example, a leader who sets a good example is respected more than one whose behaviour indicates "do as I say not as I do". The acronym ATTRIBUTES, devised for this web site, provides guidance for achieving a sustainable future:
* Align your lifestyle at work and at home in ways that are sustainable
* Treat people with respect, give support and challenge as appropriate
* Take initiatives to do things differently; make a difference through your actions
* Review progress regularly
* Invest in ethical and environmental organisations for credit, mortgages, savings and pensions
* Buy fair trade goods wherever possible
* Use banks whose ethical standards are compatible with your own
* Take holidays that are socially and environmentally sustainable
* Extend your sphere of influence within your community - provide effective leadership at your level
* Set the example you want others to follow, including continuous learning (see http://www.biothinking.com/applysd/leadership.htm).
Leader Character Traits
According to the business literature, some of the key leader traits of character held by the effective leader are:
Honesty - For example, the leader will display sincerity, integrity, and candor in all your actions. Deceptive behavior will not inspire trust.
Competent - For the leader who is competent, her or his actions will be based on reason and moral principles. The leader will not make decisions based on childlike emotional desires or feelings. One example, is a leader who involves the team, has an open discussion about what needs to take place to make a successful change that is necessary, and then chose from alternatives the best option to solve the problem. A analytical decision-making model is often employed (see the five-steps below under problem solving ability).
Forward-looking - When a leader has the character treat of being forward-looking, for example, she or he will set goals and have a vision of the future. The vision must be owned throughout the organization. Effective leaders envision what they want and how to get it. They habitually pick priorities stemming from their basic values. Can you think of a time when a leader in your life experiences was for-forward-looking?
Inspiring - The leader will display confidence in all that you do. By showing endurance in mental, physical, and spiritual stamina, the leader will inspire others to reach for new heights. For example, in a project that needs direction, the leader also takes charge when necessary. At other times, through delegating work to the team and words of encouragement: "you are meeting your goals on time, good for you!" the leader might have inspired you and other team players to reach new heights.
Intelligent - The intelligent leader will be effective through reading, studying, and seeking challenging assignments, which are examples of how leaders who are intelligent involves her or himself.
Fair-minded - For example, leaders demonstrate fair-mindedness when they show fair treatment to all people. Prejudice is the enemy of justice. Display empathy by being sensitive to the feelings, values, interests, and well-being of others.
Broad-minded - Leaders who are board-mined will seek out diversity. For example, the leader might form teams that are diverse knowing that diversity adds to the decision-making process and grasps at the opportunity to embrace diversity as a positive to team development and production.
Courageous - A leader who has the trait of being courageous will have the perseverance to accomplish a goal, regardless of the seemingly insurmountable obstacles. For example, a leader will display a confident calmness when under stress while other leaders, who are less courageous might crater under stress and not be able to persevere to accomplish a goal, when there are obvious insurmountable obstacles.
Straightforward - An example of a leader being straightforward is when she or he uses sound judgment to make a good decision at the right time. This leader will not make hasty decisions or wait too long to solve a problem, but through good decision-making power and judgment, will make the right decision at the right time through asking the right questions and being transparent.
Problem solving ability - This leader will encourage involvement from the team and listen to the opinions of others, and then make a decison based sound judgment often using an analytical decision making model, such as:
1. Recognize and define the problem.
2. Gather facts and make assumptions.
3. Develop possible solutions.
4. Analyze and compare the possible solutions.
5. Select the best solution (http://www.military-net.com/education/mpdlead.html).
Imaginative and creativity - The leader will, for example, make timely and appropriate changes in your thinking, plans, and methods. She or he will show creativity by thinking of new and better goals, ideas, and solutions to problems. Be innovative! (http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadchr.html and http://www.military-net.com/education/mpdlead.html).
From another source:
Similarly, and often draw on my other leadership experts, the U.S. Army lists 23 traits of character in order to be an effective leader.
Sense of humor
Let's look at five of the above characteristics of effective leadership by example, which you can consider for your paper.
(1) Empathy is an important characteristic of effective leadership, shown when a leader demonstrates an understanding and identification with another person's feelings, situation and goals. Showing such empathy even in difficult situations will win the leader regard with the staff. In the event of a conflict, an effective leader will be able to empathize with both sides, while being able to negotiate an amicable solution. The staff will work much better with a leader who shows some empathy.
(2) Also, an effective leader shows a tenacious endurance, determination and resolve, never wavering in spite of obstacles. Together with a positive attitude, the leader who has tenacious determination and resolve can turn around an almost impossible situation, thus enabling others to see the brighter picture and carry on with the task at hand, keeping the end result in mind. This involves commitment as well.
(3) Although not mentioned above, detachment is a characteristic of an effective leader. For example, an effective leader is a person who must be able to detach her or himself from the situation and analyze it from a distance. The effective leader is therefore calm and composed in the face of turmoil and uncertainty, and this stability like a rock gives a certain sense of character and offers some peace of mind to others who may be mindlessly caught up in that turmoil.
(4) Excellent communication skills are also necessary for effective leadership. For example, the leader must have excellent communication skills, and must be comfortable running meetings and making presentations, which demands excellent communication skills, for example. Her or his presentation skills have to be excellent, and be able to convey accurately the essence of the subject at hand and be able to address any ambiguities before they come up. Such communication skills will have to be learned along the way to being an effective leader or manager.
(4) Resourcefulness is also essential to effective leadership. For example, an effective leader has to be resourceful enough to find the resources that are needed. Not every leader will have an intimate knowledge of the subject, but he will be able to turn to the people in the know and gather any necessary resources as required
From another source:
According to the U.S. Army, there are eleven leadership principles that are necessary for effective leadership:
Be tactically and technically proficient
Know yourself and seek self-improvement
Know your soldiers and look out for their welfare
Keep your soldiers informed
Set the example
Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished
Train your soldiers as a team
Make sound and timely decisions
Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates
Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities
Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions (http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadchr.html).
Can you think of examples for the above leadership principles?
In conclusion, this response has covered many important characteristics, character traits, etc. of an effective leader. Although there are perhaps many more characteristics of effective leadership, it covers many of the crucial factors that will have to be learned by anyone who wishes to become a great leader. Most people can learn these characteristics, whether they are currently an effective leader or not.
Thus, the reasons why people are willing to follow their leaders who are effective:
* Leadership is essentially about helping people to achieve a better life
* Leaders have vision; they are not just for themselves, they set a common goal and give direction to their followers
* People are most willing to follow those who know what they are doing
* In difficult positions, leadership flows to the person who knows what to do in a given situation (see more detail at http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/crosscuttings/leadership_main.html).
A quote from John F. Kennedy: "Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other." And, when effective leadership accomplishes results, people say: "we did this ourselves!" (http://www.biothinking.com/applysd/leadership.htm).
And so on...
This is not exhaustive, but touches on many of the reported characteristic, etc. of effective leadership. Also, see the attached resource for other ideas and examples.
FINAL COMMENTS I HOPE THIS HELPS AND TAKE CARE.
BEST OF LUCK!