TEAM - Together Everyone Achieves More. "A team is any group of people organized to work together interdependently and cooperatively to meet the needs of their customers by accomplishing a purpose and goals."
Team can be for long term and short term achievement of the set goals.
Main types of team are:
Functional or Departmental
Together team works towards set of goals or objectives decided by team or set by organization. Excellent teamwork makes things happen more than anything else in organizations.
McGregor's Theory X and Y help demonstrate how and why empowered teams get the best results. Empowering people is more about attitude and behaviour towards staff than processes and tools.
Team work is fostered by encouraging, enthusing respecting and caring-respecting people. "Team usually become great teams when they decide to do it for themselves - not because someone says so." People working for each other in teams are powerful force which is more than any skills or processes.
Theory Z is conceived by Abraham H. Maslow, popularized by William Ouchi. Pyramid of needs is Maslow's early idea, which is less known. Yet Theory Z presented some major changes in Maslow's Theoretical perspective.
For example, in Theory Z, Maslow changed the meaning he assigned to term "Self-Actualizer"
Theory Z places more reliance on the attitude and responsibilities of the workers. Fortune Magazine's cover story of March 1998 is one of the examples of Maslow's Theory Z in action. EntitledÂ Yo, Corporate America - I'm the New Organization Man, the article depicted the wants and needs of the new "gold collar worker."
William Ouchi's Theory Z is often referred to 'Japanese' Management Style, a combination of the best of Theory Y and modern Japanese management. His theory Z titled: "How American Management can meet the Japanese Challenge, 1981".
"Work is not work. It's a hobby you happen to get paid for" - William Ouchi
Maslow written on management and motivation shaped the worlds of Deming and Drucker, who rebuilt Japan after World War II, and their succeeding managing their people and which results rise to global power is the subject to Ouchi's Book. It's the reason why Maslow and Ouchi's Theory Z has commonalities.
Shared goals, is the base of all team building to which all team members are committed. Establishing shared goals requires transformational style of leadership. The Tuckman five stage model, in that first forming stage refers to team's own individual objectives or guided by manager but the later stages refers commitment to the shared goals.
There are seven steps to build successful team. These steps are similar with the structure approach. The following seven steps will lead to team building success:
Long term goals
Participation involvement of individual
Workplace relevance with the session goals
Activity which requires same kind of skills
Internal or external facilitator
Predefined process which allows participants to extract their own learning
Use proven mechanism to transfer the learning back
TYPES OF TEAM BUILDING
Once the foundation of shared goals established, the next step is to look for the types of the issues that may be inhibiting good team work which depends on the size of the teams.
In real world, choosing the right individual for the right job is the big issue these days. A new employee can bring many positive energy and creative ideas for the organisation as well as for the team, which helps team to achieve their goals, objectives better way and present excellent team work.
Self motivated and energetic individual fits perfectly in the team and motivate other team members to work as a team and achieve the target.
For example, our group presentation - The best recent practical example I can connect with this type. We have our individual skills like Imran can communicate and deliver better way so important key issues is presented by him where as Suneil is good with quotes and abbreviations, whereas I am good with slide designing and technical side. We all bring our individual skills to the team and as a result we delivered good presentation.
Small Teams contains 2 to 12 people, which is typically management teams. Personality, dynamics, processes are some of the inhibitors to performance and how the individuals within the team relate to each other can have a big bearing on team performance. When a member leaves the organisation and new member joins, the task of team building starts again.
Where teams do not relate well, they are called 'team islands'. Motivational challenge is to come out of "in/out groups" so that people have positive attitudes. Between teams, there are many barriers but not all of them can be removed, therefore main task is to bridge the relationship between the teams.
Usually large team contains 15+ people - large scale organisational change. Impact on the corporate culture is limited when any changes applied to personnel, excludes senior management team. The aim is to change the behaviours and attitudes in companywide team building, new employee start behaving in accord with the existing culture.
5 P's OF TEAM DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT
When Designing Teams, common interest towards task, individual participation and relevant skills for the task - these are the areas which managers have to look before forming the teams. 5 P's helps management to design better teams.
Defining purpose for the team is essential, so that each team member knows the purpose of the team and works towards it. This purpose has to be written and agreed by both management and team members in order to fulfil the goal.
In order to build a team, management of an organisation have to consider set of skills and tools required to finish the task. On the basis of that, management will select the members of the team through various processes. So the individual participation required in the task correctly identify by the management.
Physical location of the team members - they are working on same site or from different location across the different time zone. For the synchronization of the progress or for problem solving team members do need to conduct meetings time to time and management has to think about the cost of the meetings, in case some members working abroad and fly to attend the meeting. Also management have to build meeting room and allot special facilities to accommodate the team members flying from abroad. Organization also has to look for alternative cost cutting routes like video conferencing but for that management have to consider time zone barrier.
As a team they have set of process decided by the management in order to accomplish its goals. Team have functional boundaries and develop - agree on rules of the team. Meeting agenda and record keeping should be managed by team leader.
Team member should know what it takes to finish the task on given deadline. If team is agreed that the goals are achievable and then agree on the timeline, after that they need have set of measure to track the progress of the task. It may also include require training for team or training for individual.
USING TEAM & PLANNING TEAM-BUILDING ACTIVITIES
Team members are motivated if you involve them in the designing and deciding activities - ask for suggestions, let them part of the complex troubleshoot. The other thing is to know their personal skills - what are the things they will enjoy doing, what are the hidden skills they bring to the organisation / team, which benefits the organisation to achieve their targets. Games can be proved beneficial for many people, in which they participate actively that help them to learn and develop their interested areas of life. Management generally come up with list of ideas which can be put together as a collection of experiences on rotating basis during the day or the team building event.
Great team activities can be built around many hobbies and special interests. Instead of whole day having fun games, build mix activities which include real work challenges, which help them learn new things and achieve goals better way.