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In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution," which locates in the book Strategies for Business and Technical Writing, J. C. Mathes and Dwight W. Stevenson (2010) state how to analyze audience in business writing. To begin with, the authors express that without thinking about readers will result unsuccessful writing. In addition, they explain how to analyze the problems which are brought up by possible readers. Furthermore, the authors classify the audiences into three types which are horizontal, vertical and external readers. Finally, they point out that classification system might not helpful for some special situation, so that they provide another method, which is to prepare a personal organization chart, to classify possible audiences.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution,"< span>Â authors Mathes and Stevenson (2010) mentioned that a writer , a message, and an audience are three components
(1 s-ce/1prg) of every communication situation. (p. 168, first 3 wds/1st prg) However, writers always forget the importance of audiences. In order to write a good report, writer should clear the concept of the organization. Moreover, analyzing and classifying audiences are necessary steps before writing.Â In addition, authors discuss three types of audience, which include horizontal, vertical, and external. In other hand, the concept of the organization and classification system for audiences are not helpful, therefore preparing an egocentric organization chart is also a good method to choose.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution," Mathes and Stevenson(ND) mainly talk about the problem and a solution in the audience analysis. First, authors claim that in order to make an efficient report, a writer should do enough audience analysis. Moreover, according to how the audiences posing their problems, the authors provide a conventional organizational chart and classify audience into three types: horizontal, vertical, and external. However, the author point out three weaknesses of the organization and classification system. Subsequently, the authors provide a three-step procedure so that writers can analyze audience systematically.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution" which was collected in the book "Strategies for Business and Technical Writing" by Kevin J. Harty, authors J. C. Mathes and Dwight W. Stevenson (2010) indicate that writers often ignore their audiences because they usually focus on their own opinion, and this can lead to a ineffective report. Then, authors explain that how to analyze your audiences. Furthermore, they identify the report audiences in to three types, including horizontal, vertical, and external. However, authors point that sometimes this concept of the organization and this classification system for report audiences are not very helpful. Therefore, they provide a more effective three-step procedure to classify the audiences.
In the article Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution from the book Strategies for Business and Technical Writing, Â the authors Mathes and Stevenson mainly correct the components of communication situation and express how audience analyze and involve professional report writing. To evaluate the crucial idea they build up, the authors organize this study in two sections: audience components with problem experience and a method for systematic audience analysis. Additionally, by using the organization chart for Naval Ship Engineering Center and the chemical engineering report, the authors get a hook with the target audience. To sum up, this study could be a useful guideline for future report writing either for college academic assignments or in professional department.Â
In "Strategies For Business And Technical Writing", Mathes and Stevenson (2010) express how important writers should think about audience in bussiness wrting and the ways to analyse audiences. At frist, they suggest writers should pay highly attention to all the fundamental component of report which are the writer,the massage and the audience. And then, they explain to us why should us understand the problem posed by audience. The authors also determine three types of report readers which areÂ horizontal, vertical, and external. At last, they provide a systemic method to analyse audience byÂ preparing an egocentric organization chart.
Mathes & Stevenson's (2010) article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution" talks about writes should pay more attention on their readers when they are writing their articles. To achieve this goal, writes must identify their future readers, and they should notice that their article may not only be read by a reader but also will be used in some other ways. What is more, the authors point out three types of readers which are horizontal, vertical, and external. For different audiences, writers should distinguish them in reading styles and words that be used in articles.
In "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution" ofÂ Strategies for Business and Technical Writing, the author Kevin J. Harty points out problems that writers should deal with before writing and also provides a solution to them. Many inexperienced writers always forget to consider their readers. Thus they probably make false assumptions about readers' backgrounds or positions, causing their reports to be unclear or difficult to understand. Harty says that, to satisfy readers, a writer should first know who his or her readers are, and then classify them by titles, educational backgrounds, positions and other information, and finally write the report according to its use. Â In the end, Harty claims to introduce a three-step procedure helping writers to identify report readers.
Summary of Harty 168-174
In the article " Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution," Mathes and Stevenson (2010) demonstrate the significance of analyzing the audience components and the ways of solving the problems they pose when a writer writesÂ hisÂ report. In order to write an effective report, a writer needs toÂ create a good relationship among himself, his messages, and his audiences.Â Â In addition, the authors illustrate that the audiences can be classified into three types: horizontal, vertical, and external. Furthermore, the authors also indicate the insufficiency of conventional organization chart. Moreover, a method of analyzing audiences systematically is introduced at the end of this article.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution", Mathes and Stevenson (2010) mainly state that the importance of audiences and why people just focus on writers and messages. In addition, authors suggest that some writers do not analyze real mind of their readers. Moreover, authors introduce three types of report audiences by using conventional organization chart, which includes horizontal, vertical, and external. From the chart, authors analyze how to identify the differences and importance between writers and audiences. However, finally authors believe that in real world if writers just base on the conventional organizational chart, they cannot reasonably analyze audiences. They should analyze audiences correctly and systematically.
In the article" Audience Analysis the Problem and a Solution", authors J.C. Mathes and Dwight W. Stevenson(2010) talk about a writer should pay attention to both his writing and his readers. A writer should consider more about his readers, and writes an article which his readers can understand. Also, a writer should update and organize his article by time. A writer should not write a very long article because a long article will make readers feel bored. All in all, a writer needs to care about his readers a lot, and he needs to stand in the point where his readers are standing.
Â In Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution of Strategies for Business and Technical Writing (7thÂ ed. 2010), the authors J. C. Mathes and Dwight W. Stevenson discuss the importance of the readers when writing a report. In this essay, the top priority thing for writers to do is to design their reports effectively including usefulness, long-term effectiveness and universality. Then the writers should understand their reports' audiences as well as classify them as three types: horizontal, vertical and external. The last part discusses the insufficiencies of the concept of the company organization chart and the essay will continue presenting a three-step procedure for a wider range of readers.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem andÂ a Solution," Mathens and Stevenson(2010) write about writers should do an audience analysis for their reports. WhenÂ writers write reports,Â they must understand what kind of problems will be posed by their audience. Moreover, the report audienceÂ is classified as three sorts: horizontal, vertical, and external. For horizontal audience, asking questions about all report writing situations which writers face.Â The useful reportÂ is the point for vertical audience. The external audienceÂ judges theÂ report's organization. The audience analysis just uses for the conventional concept of the organization chart.
In " Strategies for Business and Technical Writing", Mathes and Stevenson (2010) mention that writers should not only think about the message, but also analyze their audiences. Since there are many different kinds of readers, the authors really have to make their articles complex enough to suit with those readers. Moreover, Mathes and Stevenson list three types of audiences: horizontal, vertical, and external. The authors give several examples to describe the meaning and propose. In addition, the authors talk about the defects concept of the organization and the classification system for report audiences.
In article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution", the authors showed the components of audience, the problems they pose, and the solution of audience analysis. First, the authors state that a writer, a message, and an audience are the tree fundamental components in a good report, so writers cannot ignore any of them. Then, the authors emphasize and detail the importance of realizing the separation between him and three types of audiences, which are: horizontal, vertical, and external. Finally, in order to make a good audience analysis, preparing an egocentric organization chart is a good solution.Â
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution," Mathes and Stevenson (2010) trace why analysis audience is important, how to solve the problem of audience analysis. The authors show three components that include a writer, a message, and an audience, so those components are necessary if you want to write a good report. In addition, the authors give three types of the audience that are horizontal, vertical, and external. In this part, there are enough examples and details to show reader the differences. Moreover, there is a conventional organizational chart which is a good method to analyze audience, and it makes audience analysis to be easy.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution" of Strategies for Business and Technical Writing, the author Kevin J. Harty(1980) emphasizes the importance of audiences, discusses the problems audiences likely to pose, and teaches how to solve them. Writers may regardless of the usefulness and the period of their reports, and may jump some points, which confuses readers a lot. To realize problems may be posed by audiences, writers should classify their audiences, which can be made in many divisions, and learn the separation. At the end, it says that the method for reporting audience analysis by classification in the traditional way is no good.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â In " Strategies for Business and Technical Writing,"Â Mathes and Stevenson (2010) state the problem and a solution of audience analysis about report writing. If people want to write a good report, they should first analyze the audience component because the report will convince a variety of people who have different education and business backgrounds. Moreover, people shouldÂ understand howÂ theiraudience poses a problem, and then they offer the best solution. The audiences are also classified into three types by authors, includingÂ horizontal, vertical,Â andÂ external. Then the authors give some specific examples to show these differences. Additional, the authors useÂ the conventional concept of the organization chart as a method to analyze audiences, but sometimes it isn't helpful and gives some reasons to explain it.Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â According to the "Strategies for business and technical writing", Kevin J. Harty(2010)
Â indicates that writes always ignore the audience, which is the most significant.Â First, Harty
Â explains that the most common mistakes the writers make are: assume their audiences,
Â ignoreÂ the dynamic situations and neglect the efficiency of the report.Â In addition, Harty
Â claims that a good writer should be able to provide solution for the reader and need to
Â classify the audiences to differentÂ levels, such as vertical, horizontal and external.Â Finally,
Â the author shows us an effective method to analysis the audiences which is drawing the
Â organizational chart.
In "Audience Analysis the Problem and a solution", the authors Mathes and Stevenson discussÂ Â that most of report writer have common falseÂ Â ,which they only focus on their own proposeÂ Â or problem, makes reader hard to understand their reports; report writer disregard analysis the audience clearly, because all of audiences might have been useless base onÂ Â time or reader' s experiences. The authors give us a good example about a student, who takes a summer job, write a memo explaining report. After that example author analysis the problem that student makes, then article move to next main part which is how to solve the problem. Writers list three ways to report audiences-horizontal, vertical and external.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution," Mathes and Stevenson (2004) mainly emphasize the importance of audience analysis and raise a particular problem about audience analysis along with the corresponding solution. Sometimes, the failure of a report is due to the lack of reasonable analysis of the audience. Accordingly, with regard to the conventional organizational chart, there are three types of report audiences: horizontal, vertical, and external. The success of a report partially depends on how well the speaker or writer distinguish their audience from these three categories of audiences. Finally, the authors point out the defects in the classification system of the conventional organizational chart, and subsequently demonstrate that audience analysis should be more systematic.
In theÂ article "Strategies for business and technical writing", Harty(2010)Â provides the problem and solution of analysis the audiences. At the beginning, the author pointed that we should make the author understand about what we are trying to say and try to answer the question they may have about our writing. Then the author classifying audiences according to directions of flowalong the paths delineated by using the conventional organizational chart into three types: horizontal, vertical and external. At last, the author provided another way to identify the audiences which is using the organization chart.
In the article "Audience Analysis: The Problem and a Solution", Mathes & Stevenson (2010) discuss about that authors should do the audience analysis for their writings. The reason why authors do it is there are many different audiences, author should think about if their writings make every audience understand the purpose. In addition, Maths & Stevenson list three different kinds of audience: horizontal, vertical, and external. Basic on these three different audiences, authors have to analysis in different ways in order to make all the audiences understand the purpose of their articles.Â Moreover, the authors mention the systematic audience analysis by using the conventional organization chart.
In "Strategies For Business And Technical Writing", Mathes and Stevens (2010) indicated how to analyze audience in our business writing. First of all, authors pointed out the importance for understanding our audience before our writing. Then, they showed us how to know the problems Â posed by our audience. Furthermore, they classified report audiences as three types: horizontal, vertical, and external. Moreover, authors indicated that reading audiences' titles was a good way to determine various audiences for the report. In the end, Mathes and Stevens introduced another method for systematic audience analysis, which is preparing an egocentric organization chart.
Â Â Â In the article "Strategies for Business and Technical Writing", Harty claims that too many people know the writer and the message, but they forget the importance of the audiences. The author uses a student who wrote a memo as an example to prove this statement. Also, the author analyzes how to write an efficient report, and relationship between a good report and concerned about varies audiences.Â Â In order to write an efficient report, writers should know their various audiences and know the possible questions that the audiences will post. Additionally, the author mainly talks about three types of audiences: horizontal, vertical, and external. However, the author says that sometimes this kind of classification system for report audience is not helpful for some reasons.