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The current article does an analysis of the research which has been made on introducing new technologies in the realm of education. The Faculty members of the College of Education were the chosen sample. The discussion opens with an introduction on artier explaining its details. Next the discussion illustrates the research question, after which we see that the purpose of the study is explained after which the sample population is analyzed. The way of conducting the research is next explained and the methods of collection of data are also analyzed. In the subsequent part of the discussion illustrates the philosophical background that did initiate the discussion and later in the critical analysis part we see that the limitations are discussed.
In the current article we will be reviewing the article “Analysis of Predictive Factors that influence Faculty Members’ technology Adoption level” by the authors Ismail Sahin of the Selcuk University, Meram, Konya Turkey and Ann Thompson of Iowa State University Ames, IA USA. The article was published in the journal JI. Of Technology and Teacher Education (2007) 15(2), 167 – 190. The article within its scope deals with the facet of various technological tools that happens to be adopted by the teachers in the process of their teaching that happens to be bringing an edge to their teaching skills in the current era of innovative technology.
The article through its scope did investigate the tendency of the teachers who are in the process of adoption of new technology and tools in the process of teaching. The level of acceptance o the new technology is to be discerned on the basis of the certain parameters such as the demographic considerations of the faculty members, experience with the computer, the role of instructional hardware in the process of teaching and the methods that the faculty members will be employing themselves in the process of learning about the new technology. The research question in this case will be referring to basic and certain parameters that a faculty member must observe and must be possessing so that they could adapt themselves to the new technology that is to be mastered in the process. In short it could be said that the research question will try to underline the exact facet that the faculty member must be possessing that will be making them the most conducive towards the new technological knowhow.
The study tries to illustrate the fact that in the current age of technology every aspect of the human life is touched by the feature of innovative technology. In fact it is this element of technology that has really added much to the dynamism of the human life and society. In this case we again see that the education segment happens to be no different. It has been witnessed by the observers and the scholars that the entry of different types of technology has in fact really revolutionized the whole education and the academic system and we see that various types of new technologies are being increasingly incorporated within the education system. It is in the context of the same that the teaching faculty needs to become the entire more adept in using different types of technologies and innovative tools.
Ismail Sahin and Ann Thompson in their endeavor to trace the adoption of new technologies by the teaching faculty did take a sample of professors from the College of Education better known as COE which is a large Midwestern University in the US where the faculty members are given questionnaire on the said topic that will be containing their answers. It is their answers that will be further analyzed and evaluated that will be bringing out their adaptability to the new technologies in the process of teaching. The total number of teachers who did happens to constitute the sample population were total 87 in number out of which 43 did respond to the provided questionnaire. Statistics do reveal that nearly 50% of the sample population did come up with answers.
The Figures 1 and 2 in the given article happens to be illustrating adoption rate amongst the teachers as in the given situation of the new online services and the new technologies that they are to get accustomed to in the process of teaching and imparting instruction. In this case we see that the author has adopted the Learning adoption Trajectory model that did happens to be the protagonist central theoretical model that happens to be serving as the illustrating structure on which the thesis has been based. Once again the level of the adoption rate of the teachers of the new technologies are illustrated through the help of distinct and different stages that explains the process through which the teachers got used to the new technologies, mastered the same and also taught the same to the others who were their students. The teachers of the College of Education had been chosen who had been taken as the sample population for the research.
The researchers Ann Thompson and Ismail Sahin did use the method of primary data collection in which we see that the authors did choose a particular batch of teachers who are teaching as faculty members in a University in the US College of Education. The authors did in the process choose a selection of queries that had been compiled together to make a questionnaire and see to the fact that the questions did generate response from the faculty members on certain and four very different and distinct genres of information. Hence in the process the authors did employ the style of primary source data collection that is information collection from individuals whose experience and knowledge and situation is relevant for the research and collecting their feedback through the tool of a questionnaire. However the entire sample population did not react or respond to the whole of the query sheets or the prepared questionnaires.
The data that had been derived from the answers to the questionnaire that had been provided to the 87 faculty members of the College of Education in the US, as a part of the investigation process, did opine that the various teachers and the faculty member did have their own pace and reaction rate to the question and answers. In this case we also see that can be derived from the bar graphs and the tables that the frequency of each of the member to accept and adopt the new teaching method and technology did differ from each other and also the fact that each of the teachers and the faculty member did undergo nearly five stages that defined their own reception index of the technology.
The research that has been undertaken seems to be in vogue with the current state of affairs that can be observed in the general sense. In this case we see that the researcher clearly states that in the current era of technology and an increased use of the computers and the other systems and machines education as a field again essentially happens to be more and more and increasingly dependent on the new technological systems. As a result of the same we see that the new technology is finding its way into the education system and the academics is becoming all the more techno friendly and new gadgets are being used to make the education all the more easy, convenient and interesting that could teach the students through the help of vision, sound and super and special effects of both. Hence it becomes all the more imperative that the teachers also gets a grasp of the new and the modern technologies and of employing the same in the field of education that will be helping the students to understand the lessons better.
The research has been conducted in a very systematic way and definitely deals with a very contemporary situation and problem. In fact this is again the crying need in every institution irrespective of the stream specialization. In this case we see that the author has employed a particular style that has been adopted to understand that how well the sample population does happens to get accustomed to the new technology. However in response to the same it could be said that the selectiveness of the criteria of evaluation and the streamlined or narrow scope of the sample population could be considered to be a problem for the researcher where the said factors are but limitations that could have had influenced the end results of the research.
The researchers Ismail Sahin and Ann Thompson did find a strong trace of the requirement of bringing in new technologies within the realm of the teaching arena. This facet of the new and the modern technology will not just make the whole education system a lot more in sync with the rest of the outside world but at the same time we see that learning as a field will become more welcoming for both the teachers and the students.