Practice of the HR Functions Theory

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Today's rapidly changing economies, organizations holding well established human resource practices are progressing double than other firms. Staffing is one of the most important component of the human resource functions and it is support to the organization and also guarantee to the other function for the success of the organizational process.

Well established organizations always maintain their optimum level of productivity at any cost and in this connection each and every component is participating effectively and sharing the information to the other component to ensure the success and employees of the organizations play an important role in such productivity.

Staffing Function includes the following sections;

Assessment

Talent Allocation

Training & Development

Compensation

Succession Planning

Promotion

Performance Analysis & Appraisal

Application of staffing factors is very much advantageous for both individual and organization

Contribution of employees and the organizations in the staffing function could be illustrated as below.

Support the employees and give orientation regarding job expectations.

Give them necessary training to strengths themselves and proper time to improve their skills level and reasonable development opportunity.

There must be a proper screening process of application while hiring, for the satisfied results.

Human Resource management should try to develop such teams which are mix of skills and abilities to get maximum level of satisfaction.

Proper compensation and rewards to the employees.

Train them to be flexible towards change within the organization.

In short, we can say proper recruitment and selection policies results in developed organizational results. As organization recruit the candidates effectively, also can retain them as a satisfied employees.

Practice in the UAE

Selection and staffing method must be reliable, in the United Arab Emirates well define practices are being followed as implies from the Gulf News paper. It contains all necessary information and role to be done for the specified position. Organizations are asking from the applicants to send their Curriculum Vitae through E-mails or apply through websites. Later on there is a screening process and shortlisted candidates are called for test or interviews. Further practices can understand through the following diagram.

Human resource Development

Human resource is the most important thing to run any kind of organization and better educated and motivated employees. In the previous centuries the most important assets counted was plant and machinery but on the other hand in the current century human resource have become most important factor of the firm.

Human resource development has become now the key agenda of any kind of organization all over the world, this also a kind of organizational investment, the basic purpose of this step to get maximum productivity of work.

Human Resource Development depends upon the big range of policies charters that develop the routine work of the employees and group. In the world, most of the organizations are considering that human resource development is a long life investment opportunity and better than acquisition from other companies. Therefore, we can say that multinational organizations has been changed their views and switched over to the training and development requirements of the employees and holding long term relationship with the organization. The definitive objective of the training and development cycle has been distinguished as the development of learning activities within the organization, continuously looking after the faults and achievements and applying it properly on the system.

Now a day, study for the characteristics, motivational tools and strategically handling of the workforce is easily available. Well established organization having developed infrastructure are applying such application and as implies from their progress they are successful and satisfied upon implementation.

Human resource development totally depends upon the main productive knowledge and information of the organization. The development will predictably engross contribution of all employees in creating the information of the organization.

The endurance and accomplishment of each and every organization will mostly lies on their talent to guarantee the stakeholders that they are holding well versed standards to run and achieve our targets and from start to end they can manage efficiently. The confront of developing and supporting such good organizations, obviously with well developed and educated workforce at every stage of productivity, because in such competitive market and to face the challenges from peer organizations, the management must develop their workforce's skills, attributes with high standard prevailing in the world.

Practice in the UAE

The basic human resource development parameters in the UAE could be studied at two stages:

a) Nationally

b) Internationally

Upon evaluating the performance with other industrial and developing nations, the first stage, nationally, permit us to discover the frequency, arrangement, and quality of human development in the UAE. At the second stage, internationally, permit us to check the extent of human development in the UAE .

When we talk about the national level of human resource development, United Arab Emirates tremendously achieved the literacy rate and developed the local human resources very well as shown by the HR indicators. Regarding international level, United Arab Emirates is also ranking at one of the top positions as evaluating in the other industrial and developing countries.

In the United Arab Emirates, an optimistic affiliation between economic growth and human resource development is well-versed. Human resource development and training are taken as main measurement of boosting productivity, and as an indicator distributing growth. The Government of the United Arab Emirates is considering it as a one of the most important factor for the success and development of skills and attitude is the most important agenda of the management. For such purpose Government is License to many institutes for training and development like;

Professional Management Institute - offering wide range of professional courses to develop the skills and attitude

In the education sector, the UAE Government have already taken a mile stone steps like free education to all UAE nationals, and other Arabic people working the public sector organization. In the United Arab Emirates the learning foundations are divided into parts like public and private foundations, military foundation, higher studies and vocational training institutes.

The UAE Government encourage their employees by financial incentives upon attending the interim and annual training and development sessions and seminar according to their relevant sectors for the purpose to be secure in the future.

Education of human resources and their development could be measured as a procedure of build up capital, which could augment an employee's productivity and revenue. UAE Government admitted that such investment on employees is like an investment in the human capital. Obviously, Human capital is a prolific investment personified in human resources.

In short, we can say that the United Arab Emirates is a very rich country, the availability of such funds ensure the successful execution of human development strategy in the country, hand in hand with the other industrialization strategy, urbanization strategy and modernization strategy. The examples of such investment in the human resource development are not available commonly in which any country successfully implemented all of its long term strategy and getting positive results.

Compensation

Compensation in the means of wage and salary are given to the employees and workers against their services. Compensation is generally given as basic pay and variable pay. Basic wage and salary is depends upon the job description in the organization and prevailing in the market and ability to conduct such job. Variable wage and salary disbursed upon the daily or hourly basis of the human. Further, compensation includes incentive plans, for example;

Provident fund

Gratuity

Travelling Allowance

Daily Allowance

All over the world, organizations normally finalize the compensation of employees according to their job description. Therefore, such amount determine by the management as company earn from that job.

Employee's compensation can be connected with the following factors;

Business structure

Employee recruitment

Retention

Motivation

Performance

Feedback and satisfaction

It is characteristically surrounded by the first things probable employee's consideration. For employee's reimbursement indicates that how much they have valued. Compensation further can be divided on the following three sectors.

Non-monetary compensation

Such compensation includes benefit received from owner or organization which is not tangible in value like career development training, social security, hour's flexibility and growth opportunity and gathering etc. these factors considered as non-monetary compensation.

Direct compensation

Compensation in the means of wage and salary are given to the employees and workers against their services. Compensation is generally given as basic pay and variable pay.

Employers have the option of different kind of compensation packages according to the geographically different from one place to another. Therefore, by jointing such compensation substitutes, human resource managers can develop packages for the employees according to their job description.

Practice in the UAE

Even financial crisis hit the Gulf region and UAE as well, the aloft tendency is still as explained from human resource managers, the mainstream of whom accounted consisting confronts in staffing and holding staff. It is also apparent that, after an early unwillingness to identify the magnitude of the current war for aptitude, organizations are finally announcing to take extreme steps.

In the United Arab Emirates Wages Protection System (WPS) basically a Salary Processing System through a software salary can be process reporting to the UAE Ministry of Labor and UAE central Bank.

Basic Features of Wages Protection System

Automatically develop database and System information File just by entering the value of each employee.

Online checking of data and accuracy would be 100%.

Letter to the bank requesting for salary transfer.

Refund can be got if not collected by the employees.

Maintains complete database for the employees and keep necessary bank detail alongwith Ministry of Labor issue number.

Such Wages Protection System gives you alarm well before time about expiration of any legal documents.

This system is also maintained record for salaries.

Basically, in the United Arab Emirates the compensation structure based on the following factors;

Basic Salary

Accommodation Allowance some percentage of Basic Salary

Transportation Allowance some percentage of Basic Salary

Health & Safety:

In all kind of organizational structure, health and safety requirement always comes first. This is most important things in the firms and business organizations. Therefore, the organizational environment must be supportive, healthy and safe for all activities. There must be written standards for health and safety.

All organizations must be confirmable dedication to health and safety, health policy must be in written and should be followed by each and every employee and also taken as responsibilities. Initial all organizations must put some medical tools and medicine for emergency purpose like First Aid Boxes etc. Such health standards must be well versed to all employees.

Human resource managers must take care about the workforce and do necessary action for the health and safety measures. Further, they must assess the chances of risk at the work place and if sizeable risk found at the station, they develop safety standards for the same.

It is also must be oriented to the employees and workforce about proper training and clear information to protect themselves from the accident. Human resource managers must make arrangement for availability of adequate and necessary equipment and tools also includes the following for the safety measures.

Safety Suits

Safety Jackets

Safety Shoes

Safety Helmet

Hand Gloves

Safety Belts

Safety Standard Board

Necessary Drinks and Medicine

Further regarding health and safety measure an organization or employer must take care the following standards.

The organizations have health & safety policy

The organizations must make essential measures to assess the risks, eradicate them or must be under control to reduce the risk at the desired level.

The management must make sufficient arrays to handle the accident at emergency basis.

The management of the organization must provide sufficient training, supervision and orientation to maintain the health and safety standards.

The organization must arrange the necessary and proper machinery and equipment for safety.

The organization must provide the personal protection equipment for the individual like safety clothing etc.

The management must clearly inform for fire risk and their precautions wherever necessary.

The management must provide better working environment to the employees.

Practice in the UAE:

No doubt, the human is the most important need and element of the life and also most valuable factor for the development of socio-economic. Therefore, keeping in view this importance the Ministry of Health (MOH), United Arab Emirates has decided that to implement world's best health and safety standards with in the organization in the country. Under this objective the human can easily get quality services for health and safety in the UAE.

Consequently, the Ministry of Health has created strategies that can be combined with the political and socio-economic objectives and which focused on international and nation co-operation and collaboration to improve such basic services to the human resource. The main objective of this strategy is to provide intensive health care services and best safety education and trainging to the workforce.

Obviously, human resource development is a significant indicator for the economic development, hence, there are number of health and safety training programs drawn and started by the Ministry of Health to protect the human resource from any loss or incident.

The Government of United Arab Emirates and Ministry of Health has the ambition to develop start of the art health and safety standards within the country and properly educate the patriots and expatriates to help them to maintain such policies and standards.

Employees in the construction sector in United Arab Emirates are confronting challenges to guarantee for the compliance of health and safety standards sets in the country. Inspite of such challenges, human resource management ensure the application of safety standards for examples the following companies carrying world's standards applications;

Emirates Technical Associates

Arabian Construction Company

Al Jaber Group of Companies

And many other factories running in different Emirates

Employees & Labour Relation

Everybody understand that employees are the main assets of every organization and obviously, organization always needs to magnetize, stimulate, and hold the highly qualified employees and define their job description for what they are suits too. Therefore, in this regard, human resource management plays an important role to attract and motivate the employees.

Today's human resources management performing such relationship building tasks and also increasingly they are consulting with the higher management for such strategic relationship with employees and workforce.

In an endeavor to boost confidence and efficiency such relationship of employees and organizations augment the productivity and enhance the better consequences. Management can better understand that there workers are directly participating to the overall organizational output by utilizing their potential. Therefore, such relation becomes very beneficial for the organization and always to retain such employees companies develop long term relationship plans and provide them all necessities of the life.

Practice in the UAE

In the United Arab Emirates, most of the employees in private sector are expatiates and also they are highly qualified personnel. Definitely, these personnel are very much profitable for the organizations that why to retain and motivate the employees, organizations are providing the most of the necessities of the life in the country like;

Accommodation

Transportation

Safety and Health Facilities

Education Facilities for their children etc.

Conclusion

We can conclude that in the UAE the five functions of Human Resources Management are being applied. As well as Government also pursuing this matter on upper level to ensure the world's best business environment within the country such efforts can also enhance the Foreign Investment.

Human resources functions help to incorporate rules & regulations and objective, goals about people with the conclusion that an organization is trying to obtain. By incorporating human resources management within the organization and its planning process and more accentuated human resources activities support the organizational mission and goals as well as most important thing is to build strong relationship between Human Resource and Management. Organizations are now realized that human resources functions participate to the mission achievement.

With regard to the United Arab Emirates, many domestic and multinational organizations are working and according to the traditions of each organization applying such functions for getting their objectives, such organizations in the UAE includes, Soruh Al Dar, Al Jaber, ETA, Al Shafar Group, Ascorp etc.

In the United Arab Emirates well define practices are being followed as implies from the Gulf News paper. It contains all necessary information and role to be done for the specified position. Organizations are asking from the applicants to send their Curriculum Vitae through E-mails or apply through websites.

In the United Arab Emirates, an optimistic affiliation between economic growth and human resource development is well-versed. Human resource development and training are taken as main measurement of boosting productivity, and as an indicator distributing growth. The Government of the United Arab Emirates is considering it as a one of the most important factor for the success and development of skills and attitude is the most important agenda of the management.

In the United Arab Emirates Wages Protection System (WPS) basically a Salary Processing System through a software salary can be process reporting to the UAE Ministry of Labor and UAE central Bank.

Human resource managers must take care about the workforce and do necessary action for the health and safety measures. Further, they must assess the chances of risk at the work place and if sizeable risk found at the station, they develop safety standards for the same.

In the United Arab Emirates, most of the employees in private sector are expatiates and also they are highly qualified personnel. Definitely, these personnel are very much profitable for the organizations that why to retain and motivate the employees, organizations are providing the most of the necessities of the life in the country

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