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Organizational strategy is concerned with vision goals and objectives of an organization. The task of an organization designer is to examine the firm and its situation and to design a form of organization that meets its needs. Practicing Managers must deal with the new technology and their organization situations before making any major design shifts to the organization. When designing an organizational strategy, the designer must have in mind the vision, long and short term objectives of the organization and its goals. A goal is a general statement of accomplishments that are desired to be accomplished .In order for goals to be achieved, several steps need to be followed otherwise they will not be accomplished
My learning intervention is primarily about competence in organization management. Its purpose is to educate those aspiring to venture in business on principals of instructional design and importance of an organizational strategy. At the end of this Intervention learners will be able to know the factors that should be put into consideration when designing an organizational Strategy.
Reengineering the organization is among some of the factors.
This involves drastic redesigning of the processes of an organization in order to achieve major gains in cost, time, and provision of services. It forces the organization to start from the beginning to redesign itself around its most important processes rather than beginning with its current form and making incremental changes.
If a company had no existing departments, jobs and protocol, reengineering would come in handy and design an effective strategy that meets the objectives and accomplishes its goals. The process of reengineering begins when the designers determine and put into consideration the needs of the customers. The company knows what is expected from it and develops strategies to provide it. Once the strategy is in place, the top management can create a competent team of people to design an organizational system that will achieve the laid strategy.
Rethinking the organization is another factor to be considered. This is a process of Restructuring that entails thinking of the organization as a dome rather than a pyramid. Internal units under the management would have the flexibility to interact with each other and with environmental forces. Some organizations like Microsoft Corporation have some of the characteristics of this top management approach to organization design.
Managers in a global environment should consider differences and similarities among firms in different cultures as well as the structural features of multinational organizations. More firms are now in the international arena and have found it essential to rethink their designs to cope better with different cultures For example, after a company achieved a moderate level of international activity; it often establishes an international division, usually at the same organizational level as other major functional divisions.
Learners will also get a deeper understanding of the importance of technological and environmental change and its effect. They will explain why changes in electronic information processing, transmission, and retrieval alone are so vast that employee relationships, information distribution, and task coordination need to be reviewed almost daily.
Learners will also understand why it is important to stay in touch with the customers at the initial stage and how productivity is seen through involvement of people. Staying in touch with the customers is essential since it gives the designers ideas on what to consider as they design the strategies for a particular firm or organization. Learners will identify and explain dominant themes of current design strategies and their approaches.eg, universal approaches and contingency approaches. This is necessary because it helps the managers identify the best approach to use for their organization.
The purpose of the designer is to examine the firm and its situation and to design a form of organization that meets its needs. Practicing managers must deal with the new technology, and their organization situations before making any major design shifts to the organization.
The learner will explain how an organization is an open system structured to integrate two important subsystems: the social and the technical subsystem. Organizations are expected to lay strategies that take care of authority, reporting relationships around the work group, delegating to the group decisions on job assignments, training, inspection, rewards, and punishments.
The learners will also know what the task of management which is to monitor the environment and coordinate the structures, rules and procedures.
When teaching organizational strategies, a content outline and unit plan should be created.
The content outline contains:
Topic: Duration of time
Entrepreneurs 4 weeks
Forms of Business Ownership. 4 weeks
Principals of Instructional Design. 3 weeks
Design Strategies 4 weeks
The relevance of the intervention and instruction is to help learners describe the general nature and extent of business and how global competition affects business operations and in general how to design strategies for the company or organization in order for the business to flourish. This intervention relates to the entire course in a business centered way. Learners are educated on the importance of developing design strategies and the best approaches of designing the strategies. It also teaches the students on the legal regulations behind business ownership.The purpose of the intervention are to help the students become competent in their different business fields. Therefore the topics identified above all serve the purpose of giving tips to aspiring entrepreneurs on how to breakthrough the business world in an honest way.
The unit plan will be designed as follows:
Business and its environment
Forms of Business Ownership and the Law
Principals of instructional design
Organizational design strategies
Room set up: Classroom
Interactions: Student will work with small groups for diversity. These groups will be determined
by their fields of interest. For example those interested in small scale or global
Media/materials: Business Organization and Management 1.5, 3.1, and 4.1
Instructional design (handout from the lecturer).
Learning outcomes: The learners will design effective strategies for their organizations.
They will know how to deal with society's influence on business, ethics,
economics and concepts of trade.
Gagne Level; Intellectual skills. Students acquire skills on economics and trade
and gets to know the legality behind the business.
Affective: The learners are able to create their own organizational designs.
Intellectual skills are also learnt on approaches to design strategies.
Taxonomy level: Topic 1 is in the psycho motor domain. It deals with the business setting.
Topic 2 is in the cognitive domain. Learners have to know the law and
Regulations that should be followed in any type of business. This involves legal
Procedures that must be met before acquisition of any business for example
ensuring that the business is licensed.
Topic 3 is in the affective domain. It involves making goals and attaining them.
Topic 4: Intellectual and affective domain.
Instructional strategy: Case study where students analyze a "case" that has been written on a
Particular situation to come up with solutions and solve problems.
Plans for assessment .A summative evaluation at the end of the course. Which will provide information on the effort put in the instruction and if the students achieved what they were supposed to achieve at the end of the course. They should also take a formative evaluation since it provides data for revising and improving the instructional materials that were used and those Objective; Students should learn about design strategies of an organization and their principals
Rodney, J. (1998). The systematic design of instruction. Lisle, IL: Pacific Crest.
Brently,V. (2003). A Motivated Strategies for Learning. London: Kogan.
Maslow, A. H. (1998). Business ownership. New York: Wiley