Nature Of Strategic Human Resourse Management Business Essay

Published:

Human resource management is a new approach which is used for managing different people in the organization. People are considered as the key resources. It includes body of people, their acquisition, development of skills, motivation for higher level of attainments, and maintaining their level of commitment of activities. It includes the domain of human resource management. It has normally four main activities such as acquisition, development, motivation, maintenance of human resources. It has the relationship between the management to employees and employees to employees and the their developments also.

It is responsible for maintaining good human relations in the organization. It also responsible for the development of individuals and achieving the organizational goals through these individuals. It is a part of general management n , so it is called as an extension of general management. It is the important factor of every organization. Human resource will increase the cooperation among employees and the overall out put of the organization.

Lady using a tablet
Lady using a tablet

Professional

Essay Writers

Lady Using Tablet

Get your grade
or your money back

using our Essay Writing Service!

Essay Writing Service

It stimulating all the employees in an organization to achieving the organizational goals. It is the major component of the managerial function. It includes generally recruitment, selection, development, utilization, compensation and motivation. It is the planning, organizing, directing and controlling the procurement of resources that means developing the personnel resources of the organization. It is not the responsibility of the single manager in an organization, it is performed by all the managers in the various levels of the organization. it is the process management and inherent in nature. This activity is performed by all the managers throughout the organization rather than by the personnel department in the organization. it concerned with the functions relating to the persons in the organizations. Human resource management includes manpower planning and employment, placement, training, appraisal and compensation of employees. human resource management includes the motivation of human resources in the organization. The managers should give prior attention to these function. It also requires training, performance appraisal, transfer and promotion of subordinates

NATURE OF STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURSE MANAGEMENT:

Human resource management includes personnel administration. It means both efficient and effective use of human and non human resources. It is the part of management process. It is responsible for maintaining good human relations in the organization. It also responsible for the development of individuals and achieving the organizational goals through these individuals. It is a part of general management n , so it is called as an extension of general management. It is the important factor of every organization. Human resource will increase the cooperation among employees and the overall out put of the organization.

All the managers has the responsibility to select the best people. And they are responsible to train them for the industry. That means the managers of the each and every organization has the responsibility to recruit and select the personnel and train the to the best in the organization, it is inherent in the process of management. He has the responsibility to develop, motivate and guide the personnel. The nature of human resource management has some features, they are:

Inherent part of management

Pervasive function

Basic to all functional areas

People centered

Personnel activities

Continuous process

Based on human relations

1.Inherent part of management: it is the process management and inherent in nature. This activity is performed by all the managers throughout the organization rather than by the personnel department in the organization. If a manger got best of the people, he is the responsibility to recruit, select, train, guide and motivate effectively. 2.pervasive function: it is pervasive function. It is not the responsibility of the single manager in an organization, it is performed by all the managers in the various levels of the organization. 3. People centered: human resource management is people centered and it is relevant to all types of business. It considers all the employees in the organization from top to bottom. It is again classified in to blue collar workers, white collar workers, managerial and no managerial, professional and non-professional workers. 4. Personal function: it concerned with the functions relating to the persons in the organizations. Human resource management includes manpower planning and employment, placement, training, appraisal and compensation of employees. For performing these tasks efficiently ,a separate department is formed, that is called personnel department. 5. continuous process: it is not a single time process. It is a continuous process by achieving the objectives in the organizations. 7. Based on human relations: human resource management includes the motivation of human resources in the organization. The managers should give prior attention to these function. It also requires training, performance appraisal, transfer and promotion of subordinates

OBJECTIVES OF STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Lady using a tablet
Lady using a tablet

Comprehensive

Writing Services

Lady Using Tablet

Plagiarism-free
Always on Time

Marked to Standard

Order Now

The objectives of strategic human resource management is to obtain individual development, maintain smooth relationship between employers and employees and employees and employees relationship and as a result to utilize the best utilization of the individuals in the organization. human resource management is people centered and it is relevant to all types of business. It considers all the employees in the organization from top to bottom. It is again classified in to blue collar workers, white collar workers, managerial and no managerial, professional and non-professional workers.

The basic objectives to contribute to the realization of the organizational goals. The specific objectives of strategic human resource management is divided in to six. They are as follows.

For ensuring the effective utilization of resources, other resources will be efficiently utilized by the human resources.

To establish adequate organizational structure among all the members in the organization tasks into functions, positions and jobs,

To maintain maximum development of human resources with in the organizations by offering extra opportunities to the employees.

To ensure the mutual respect among the employees by providing various facilities and welfare activities.

To ensure reconciliation of individual goals with in the organization.

To identify and satisfy the needs of individuals by offering various monetary and non monetary benefits.

In order to achieve the above objective , strategic human resource management takes some other activities. They are

Human resource planning

Recruitment, selection and placement personnel

Training and development of employees

Appraisal of performance of employees and taking appropriate steps for further promotion and transfer.

Motivation of employees by providing incentives and other benefits

To give proper remuneration to employees

Social security and welfare activities to employees

FUNCTIONS OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT:

Functions of human resource management may be classified in to 2. They are

managerial functions and

operative functions.

Can be classified in to four: they are as follows.

a)MANGERIAL FUNCTIONS.

Planning

Organizing

Directing

And controlling

Planning: it has many steps for determining in advance personal requirements, personnel programs and policies. After determining the correct requirement of the organization human resource manger will decide how many and what type of personnel are required .

Organizing:

Here the human resource manager decide the organizational structure. And for that he organizes the operative functions to achieve the organizational structure. For that he designing the structure of relationship among jobs, and describes and contribute the personnel and physical factors to achieve the organizational objectives. The human resource manger here performs the task preparation, work allocation, integration of work and coordination of work to individuals in different departments.

Directing :

Directing means coordinating all the activities of the organization. Human resource manger is responsible for all the activities within the organization.

4.Controlling:

Another area of human resource management is controlling the employees and over all functions of the organization. Controlling provides basic data for maintaining standards, job analyze and performance appraisal. As a result of these effect will increase the quality, time, and efforts of the workers.

b) OPERATIVE FUNCTION:

operative functions includes :-

procurement of personnel

development of personnel

compensation of personnel, and

maintaining good industrial relation.

1. Procurement of personnel:

It means that procuring the necessary personnel for the achievement of the organizational goals. It includes determining manpower requirements, recruitment, selection, placement and orientation in an effective way.

2. Development personnel:

Development means providing adequate training and skills for the better job performance. In this process various techniques are used for training and developing the personnel. Making a sound promotion policy, and provide adequate performance appraisal to the employees.

3. Compensation to the personnel:

It means that providing adequate remuneration schemes to the employees for attaining the organizational goals. It is one of the most difficult and important function for the strategic human resource management. Monetary scheme has a number of evaluation such as job evaluation, policy, incentives and premium plans, remuneration, bonus and co partnership policy. It ensures salaries and wages to employees at proper time.

4. Maintaining good industrial relation:

Lady using a tablet
Lady using a tablet

This Essay is

a Student's Work

Lady Using Tablet

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Examples of our work

It is another operative function of strategic human resource management.

It covers wide range. Its intention is to reduce stress in the work atmosphere and also promotes industrial peace. And provide a good deal to workers and employers. Its main aim is to keep very calm and healthy atmosphere in the industry. For that concerned p[persons give moral and physical support to the employees. Automatically it will reduce the work tension and work stress. So personnel manager will make a harmonious relation among the workers of the organization. It will surely lead to overall output of the company.

5. Record keeping:

It is another aspect of human resource management. In this case the personnel manager will keep specific record for each and every employee. It has the complete information of the employee. It is very essential for the organization because it will help the management to take various decisions and plan various promotional activities.

6.personnel planning and evaluation:

In this section different types of activities are evaluated. Such as evaluation of performance, personal policies and practices of an organization, personal audit, morality of employees, conducting surveys and evaluating the performance appraisal.

IMPORTANCE OF STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT:

IT is the important factor of every organization. Human resource will increase the cooperation among employees and the overall out put of the organization.

Here below we mention some points that are important to the development of human resource management.

It helps the management in the continuous evaluation of the persons- policies and programs.

It provides multi skilled workers through the scientific selection program.

It ensures maximum benefit to the company or organization. The main aim of the human resource management is to reduce the expenses and increase the efficiency of the program.

It prepares employees according to changing atmosphere of the industry. That means to provide adequate training to the employees on the right time.

It helps to motivates the workers and upgrade them to achieve the organizational goals.

Proper motivation helps to reduce the cost and increase the productivity. It one of the important factor of strategic human resource management.

It facilitate industrial harmony and maintain the healthy relation between employer and employee.

It establishes the mechanism for the administration process and to the personnel department also.

The role of human resource department is very important in each and every organization especially in large industries such as marketing, production and finance. Such as evaluation of performance, personal policies and practices of an organization, personal audit, morality of employees, conducting surveys and evaluating the performance appraisal. Here we maintains and follow a structure in all the activities of the organization in order to maintain the organizational goals at the maximum level. So proper coordination and effective utilization of human effort is very much essential in every organization.

FUTURE CHALLENGES OF STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANGER:

We know the future is uncertain. Our technologies ,socio economic culture and political conditions may changes every day. It has creates more challenges to the human resource manager.

The main challenges faced by the human resource managers are listed below.:

Increase in size of work force

Increase in education level

Technological advances

Changes in political environment

Aspiration of employees

Psychological system changes

Computerized information system

Mobility of professional personnel

Changes in legal environment

Management of human relation

: Workforce

A variety number of multinational companies grown over the years. So the number of people working in one organization. So adequate controlling is not possible. This will create problems to human resource managers.

Education level:

Education level of persons will create other problems to human resource managers. Educated consumers and employees will create tough task for the future mangers.

Technological advances.

Because of the faster technology new jobs are created and older jobs become out.

The problem, unemployment resulting from modernization will be solved by Properly assessing manpower needs and training of redundant employees in various skills.

Political environment:

Change in political environment also creates difficulties in human resource managers. There may greater influence in government side. government participation in trade , commerce, and industry will affect the human resource mangers seriously.

Aspiration of employees:

Increase in aspiration of employees will affect seriously. Workers will aware about their higher level needs. So it will create challenges to the human resource managers.

Psychological systems:

Changing psychological system also affect seriously. Organization use of technologies for attaining the human goals. The future human resource management would be required to ensure effective participation of lower levels in the management of the organization system.

Information system:

Computerized information system also makes serious issues to human resource managers. Revolutionary development cover two main areas such as use of electronic computers for the collection and processing of data and the direct application of computers in the managerial decision making process.

Mobility of professional personnel: Interesting fact that increase in the mobility in the various managerial and professional personnel between the organization. As individuals develop greater technical and professional expertise, their services be greater than technical professional expertise in the organizations.

Changes in legal environment:

It is the another duty of the human resource management personnel to execute the changes it the legal environment and train the new systems and technologies to the employees of the organization.

Management of human relation:

Another duty of the human resource management is to bring the human relations with in the organization. It is a significant factor because industrial unrest may make many issues in the organization that will lead to industrial unrest. Unity of employees is very much important factor. So the personnel managers must responsible for this matter. They must provide adequate facilities to create the human relations within the organization. We kn-ow that this type of organization will achieve their business target at higher level.

Evaluation of strategic human resource management:

Although every company has human resource department like drug unit. Every organizations has hr managers and non â€"hr mangers. Supervisors of the company have typical responsibility to the all works in the company. They analyze the work , interviewing the job seekers, participate in decision making, and recommend to pay increase and performance appraisal also. And they also evaluate the employee’s performance and create good relations among employees. A variety number of multinational companies grown over the years. So the number of people working in one organization. So adequate controlling is not possible. This will create problems to human resource managers The evaluation can done supervisors of the organization in the strategic human resource management system.

Performance of human resource management

Human resource management manages all the activities in the organization. It consists of policies, practices, employee’s behavior and attitudes, and the performance of the employees. They coordinate all the activities of the employees to achieve the maximum profit in the organization.

PLAN OF STRTEGICAL HUMAN RESOURCE MNAGEMENT

Analysis and design of work.

Human resource planning

Recruiting

Selection

Training and development

Compensation

Management performance

Employee relation with strategic human resource management

Company performance

Companies attempt is to increase their attempt by introducing new technologies and quality improvement policies to attaine maximum profit. for that they maintain adequate staffing, training and compensation practices. The concept of human resource management is employees are the resources of the employer. Human capital means the employees of the organization. It includes training, experience, intelligence, relationship, insight and judgments.

NEW ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT:

Some of the new role of human resource management is described below. It is the new directions in the human resource management.

Facilitator of change

Integrated approach to management

Mediator

Share employees with strategic partner

Encourage independence

Fund groups of employees to think themselves as a business and organizations various department customers.

Encourage employees to develop customers outside the organization

Help the employees to develop self marketing, networking and consultancy skills.

Human resource man as intellective

Human resource man as educator

CONCLUSSION

The role of human resource department is very important in each and every organization especially in large industries such as marketing, production and finance. Here we maintains and follow a structure in all the activities of the organization in order to maintain the organizational goals at the maximum level. So proper coordination and effective utilization of human effort is very much essential in every organization.

Another duty of the human resource management is to bring the human relations within the organization. It is a significant factor because industrial unrest may make many issues in the organization that will lead to industrial unrest. Unity of employees is very much important factor. So the personnel managers must responsible for this matter. They must provide adequate facilities to create the human relations within the organization. We know that this type of organization will achieve their business target at higher level. We know the future is uncertain. Our technologies, socio economic culture and political conditions may changes every day. It has creates more challenges to the human resource manager. The objectives of strategic human resource management are to obtain individual development, maintain smooth relationship between employers and employees and employers and employees relationship and as a result to utilize the best utilization of the individuals in the organization. The basic objectives to contribute to the realization of the organizational goals.

Human resource management includes personnel administration. It means both efficient and effective use of human and non human resources. It is the part of management process. All the managers has the responsibility to select the best people. And they are responsible to train them for the industry. That means the managers of the each and every organization has the responsibility to recruit and select the personnel and train them to the best in the organization, it is inherent in the process of management. He has the responsibility to develop, motivate and guide the personnel. Human resource management manages all the activities in the organization. It consists of policies, practices, employees behavior and attitudes, and the performance of the employees. They coordinates all the activities of the employees to achieve the maximum profit in the organization.