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Leadership is theÂ ability,Â meaning a leader has a capacity to do something through talent and skill. Talent is natural ability and skill is proficiency gained through training and experience. Talent certainlyÂ helps, but it isn't required. I know many people whose natural leadership ability was close to zero but through training, experience, and most of all, persistence, became great leaders.
Among the core traits identified are:
Achievement drive: High level of effort, high levels of ambition, energy and initiative
Leadership motivation: an intense desire to lead others to reach shared goals
Honesty and integrity: trustworthy, reliable, and open
Self-confidence: Belief in one's self, ideas, and ability
Cognitive ability: Capable of exercising good judgment, strong analytical abilities, and conceptually skilled
Knowledge of business: Knowledge of industry and other technical matters
Emotional Maturity: well adjusted, does not suffer from severe psychological disorders.
Others: charisma, creativity and flexibility
Leadership, a critical management skill, is the ability to motivate a group of people toward a common goal. These items will help you develop your skills as a leader. Important leadership skills include, getting and giving information, understanding group needs and characteristics, resources, controlling, counseling, example, representing, planning, evaluation and sharing leadership.
There are a number of common behaviors recognized in an effective Team Leader at the helm of a productive team. In particular, an effective Team Leader displays an ability to communicate effectively, recognize the developmental requirements of team members, Set goals and motivate the team to achieve them, Provide enthusiastic and creative encouragement, Model acceptable behavior.
A leader's attitude should depict the following;
PositivityÂ - "Looking at the literal world in a favorable way".Â This is the essence of what I call being a "Half-Full" leader.
PurposeÂ -Â There must be a place you want to lead someone, or a group, (or yourself)Â TO
Empathy & CompassionÂ -Â I have to be able to walk a mile in the other person's shoes, and apply the "Golden Rule"
HumilityÂ -Â You want to make them BETTER than you. You shine the light on them.
LoveÂ -Â You have to love leading, and not be afraid to talk about it, or express it.
The first and most important quality in being a good leader is that the leader will be understanding and supportive. Good leaders always take the blame for a loss, turnover, miss executed play, etc. If the problem wasn't the leader's fault, they won't blame anyone else; they either blame themselves, or don't say anything.Â The leadership qualities that enable you to become a better leader are a complex interaction of interpersonal knowledge is important.
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN SMALL PRIVATE BUSINESS VERSUS LEARGE SIZED PUBLIC BUSINESS.
A leader could be any person even he/ she is just able to lead themselves. Strong, effective leadership is important in all business. All leaders need to stay calm in difficult situations, farseeing, brave, able to think and act and direct the activities of others for the benefit of all,(Arbinger, L. ,2002).
TWO SMALL PRIVATE BUSINESS LEADERS IN NEW ZEALAND
Hayrs Equipments a small private business which operates in Papatoetoe, Auckland is run by Abdul Zuhayr.
Shaadi Fashions is Indian clothing and is operated by Shadiya Madiya, operates electronically.
SMALL PRIVATE BUSINESS LEADERSHIP
Small businesses need business do not employ many people. Effective business leadership demands a captain of the ship, not just someone who's standing by the helm. Leadership is active, not passive.
Cool-headed, farseeing, visionary, courageous - whichever adjectives you choose,Â leadership a winning combination of personal traits and the ability to think and act as a leader, a person who directs the activities of others for the good of all. Anyone can be a leader, even if the only person they're leading is themselves.
But you can't be a leader just by saying you are. Business leadership, like leadership of any kind, needs to be worked at. Transform yourself into the kind of leader your small business needs with these five keys to business leadership. (Daft,S.,2002).
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN LARGE SIZED PUBLIC BUSINESS
Large public organizations are built around under the vision and able guidance of one or more leaders. In such organizations, success or failure depends on how effective the leadership is. In this type of business leaders practice democratic style and leaders role is based on employee requirements. However the leader has a clear vision and if he/she treats their employees well and is able to gain their trust and loyalty, then the business does well. If there are internal wars then the leadership is not effective and employees start taking sides based on who they favour. In such situations, unless one person is able to emerge the clear leader and assume control, the company suffers terribly.Leadership is more formal and fully structured. Activities are pre-planned and employees work according to the plan to achieve objective of the organization. Vision, values, norms, initiatives, systems and processes, as well as management practices are used to engage employees, satisfy customers, and ultimately lead to high performance that has to be continuous overtime,(Arbinger, L. ,2002).
TWO LARGE SIZED BUSINESS LEADERS AND ORGANIZATION IN NEW ZEALAND
Don Braid CEO and Managing Director of Mainfreight Limited
Nadeem Ashraf, CEO of Tanica cars Limited
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN FOR PROFIT BUSINESS
In a forprofit business leader aims to encourage employees to reach a set target through enticement such as pay rise or bonuses. The main purpose of business is make extra profits. so the Leader's style and methods concentrate on how to make the team members contribute towards this goal and the yard sticks for measurement would center around profits . The leadership style change in an organization where the last but one quarter results show a declining trend which is not acceptable to the Leader .
There are several Business Leaders who say that their style is to first build trust in their employees. For example, they have successfully tried open kind of salary discussions with the potential employees either asking them to quote their own salaries or asking them to decide a group salary pattern in an open interview . These attempts very clearly point out a very different Leadership approach even within for profit organizations, mainly because the leaders want to modify their styles to suit the business needs. Other emerging leadership methods include compassion. Many for- profit organization leaders, are setting up Charity
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN PROFIT VERSUS NOT FOR PROFIT BUSINESS
Great LEADERSHIP results in, Satisfied EMPLOYEES, who become LOYAL TEAMS that
Increases PRODUCTIVITY and Provide a VALUE-ADD so the, Customers are SATISFIED and they, Become LOYAL CUSTOMERS which results in, Increasing PROFITS
All leaders need leadership qualities, skills and ability to lead a team so that they can increase the performance of their employees to achieve pre-set goal of business. I personally believe there exists a major difference in the leadership styles of individual leader depending on the Leader's own personal traits and qualities, influences the leaders own work areas
TWO FOR PROFIT BUSINESS LEADERS AND ORGANIZATION IN NEW ZEALAND
1. General Manager George Fietje of Living Earth Company Limited, the company gets garden and food waste from transfer stations, arborists and collection firms such as Auckland's Sunshine Garden Bag and the companies pay him to take the rubbish and now he is making more money than any other established business in NZ.
2. Chief Executive of Les Mills International, Phillip Mills is a pioneer and "thought leader in the global fitness industry and "revolutionized" the modern group-exercise experience.
LEADERSHIP CONCEPTS IN NON PROFIT BUSINESS
In non profit businesses the leadership style and methods reflects the specific objectives of the organization. For example, in an organization whose objectives are to serve people of the country below the poverty line undertaking humanitarian projects, the leader needs to have a style which will encourage team members to be more human and kind while serving on the projects. The leadership methods for measuring the employee contribution and results would also differ in nature. Leader's style would have an extra dosage of a human value touch. The leader will take servant leadership style.
TWO EXAMPLES OF NON PROFIT BUSINESS
LEADERSHIP IN RELATION TO SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
How the business is being lead plays a vital role in initiating and developing corporate social responsibility and initiatives within and across organization. Inkson and Kolb,(2002)state responsible leaders are defined as people of the highest integrity and deep understanding of difficult concepts such as sustainable development, committed to building enduring organizations in association with others, leaders who have a deep sense of purpose and are true to their core values. Leaders of socially responsible organizations have been associated with the charismatic leadership style. The success is attributed to leader's restless focus on clients, continuous communication of values and beliefs, a large amount of engaging with others, accountability and as well as a long term perspective
Followership - for each leader there should be a follower. Leaders must have someone that they can lead in order to accomplish what they set out to do.
Power - the power in this leadership is a servant type. Where each leader has substantial interest in providing the services to the public. A notable time is spent prior to joining the organization.
Communication - is very important because the followers or the people who like the idea of the not for profit business to understand what the organization is going to do thus works inline to either follow the leader or vice versa.
Marketing - get no respect in the not for profit organization.
LEADERSHIP IN RELATION TO BUSINESS SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Businesses can use ethical decision making to secure their businesses by making decisions that allow for government agencies to minimize their involvement with the corporation. Emissions of dangerous pollutants are minimized and leaders even get involved in the community and address concerns that the public might have for surroundings. For example businesses donated money for victims of natural disaster to gain respect and recognition of the public,(Daft,S.,2002).
COMPANY SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE
Pak n Save, Warehouse, Caltex, Trimmer Diary does not pack items in plastic bags to protect the environment because plastic is non biodegradable
B. ETHICS IN LEADERSHIP
Ethics is the ability to understand what is fair, just and right. Ethics is very important in leadership because for each leader he/she has to be refers to the desirable and appropriate values and morals according to an individual or the society at large. Ethical theories on leadership talk about two main things.
It is an ethical job of the leader to treat his followers with respect as each of them has unique personality.
TWO EXAMPLES OF ETHICS IN LEADERS
1. Grant Robertson (born 30 October 1971) is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament. Who has tremendously fought against discrimination and equality?
2. Nick Paterson, general manager of the fraud and corruption has fought against the fraudulent practices and corruption to make NZ safety and ethical nation.
2. Leaders who are ethical demonstrate a level of integrity that is important for stimulating a sense of leader trustworthiness, which is important for followers to accept the vision of the leader
TWO EXAMPLES OF UNETHICAL LEADERS
1. Farouk Hussein of South Auckland Muslim Association based in Otahuhu, who served as the President and he performed such duties which were not in the favor of the affairs of the organization. He took up projects without consulting the members and the buildings which he constructed could not obtain the certification from the Auckland Council.
2. Hone Pani Tamati Waka Nene Harawira, was the MP and after coming into power he split the Maori Party in 2011 due to his personal gains and later his parliament dissolved due to his actions and once he was out of the parliament he did boycotts and sat in front of the parliament and passed remarks.
Are any entities that are affected by the running of the business in a way or the other? It may also consist of person, group or organization that hasÂ interestÂ orÂ concernÂ in an organization.
Stakeholders can affect or be affected by theÂ organization'sÂ actions,Â objectivesÂ andÂ policies.
5 Stakeholders areÂ creditors,Â directors,Â employees,Â government and suppliers.
1. The Customers are those people who buy goods and services from the business, the leader's responsibility is to look after the customer interest properly and offer discounts if possible so that the business is able to make more profits and operate properly.
2. The directors are those who own the business. The leader should always work in line to the strategies and interest of the directors so that the common goal could be achieved.
3. Employees are the most important resource of any organization. The leader should always appreciate the work of employees and if there are any differences it should be sought out because if the employees are not happy then the work they do, they do not put their 100% in it. There could be room for laxity and inefficiency.
4. Government is the agency who has the whole right to question any organization on it operations and employees. The leaders responsibility is to see if the business is registered, the employees are registered with IRD, they are legally qualified to work, the PAYE is deducted and is paid the income return is made for the business.
5. Supplier is the other business who supplies goods and materials to the business. The leader's responsibility is to work closely with the raw material supplier because unless they supply the items the business will not be able to new products and if this happens the business will incur loss.
LEADERS RESPONSIBILITY TO STAKEHOLDERS.
The leader's responsibility towards the stakeholders is very important. Leaders always follow the instructions of the directors; implement it to the standard of the government, relate the message and business techniques to the employees, get the best and fast supply of goods from the suppliers and have good and sound practice in place for the customers so that they feel happy whenever they do business with the organization. The leaders should only use its employees to achieve organizational goals. Any personal gain is not the practice of a good leader. He should be democratic leaders where the values, ideas and the feelings of the stakeholders are always kept in mind no matter what the situation may arise.
LEADERSHIPS IMPACTS ON THE SOCIETY
The Leadership Effect offers customized programs and consulting designed to facilitate for these leadership challenges. Similarly the world has witnessed many great leaders who changed the face of society and proved instrumental in revolutionizing the world. Even today, they are held in high regard for their work, and their lives inspire many. Their leadership has brought about a dramatic change to the world and deeply affected society. Here are a few of the greatest leaders of the world.
Firstly, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi: Born on October 2, 1869 and popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, this leader was a prominent figure in the Indian Independence movement. He pioneered 'Satyagraha', which was an unarmed revolt against injustice. He, for the first time ever, laid and followed the principles of fighting against injustice by the use of non-violence. He headed the Indians in the 'Dandi March' and the very famous 'Quit India Movement', which proved groundbreaking for the Indians in the attainment of freedom. And from that time till now there are always someone to stand up for the rights of the people and fight against injustice. The negative impact is that his teachings allows people to be ill-treated unless they achieve their goals
Secondly, Martin Luther King Jr, He was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, US. He was the leader of the American Civil Rights Movement. During the initial years of his career, he became active in the Civil Rights Movement. He famously led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and was instrumental in founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He was the youngest person to receive the Nobel Prize for his work in fighting racial discrimination with non-violent measures, at the age of 35. He gave a religious angle to his struggle against poverty and opposition to the Vietnam War. The negative impact in this is the followers have to suffer a lot to achieve. Two leaders who have negative impact on society are John Brash former National Party Leader and Verpal Singh Secretary of Sikh Council of New Zealand.