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In this project, I will talk about leadership as a title to my project process . The project included definition to the process leadership, comparing leadership to management, the types of leadership, the theories of leadership and leadership ingredients, The factors of leadership and leadership traits.
Any body knows the importance of leadership in organizations and the effective role of leadership in organizations. Leadership can be the main factor that lead to improving the workplace. But do you think all leaders are the same? Or all leaders do the role of the efficient in their workplace. Of course, not all leaders are the same. Because there are many measurements in which we can distinguish the successful leadership and unsuccessful leadership. Through , having a look at this project, you are going to know more about leadership. Eventually I will conclude my project by rephrasing the main Idea of my talk in the first paragraph to memorize you my topic of this project.
1.1. What is leadership?
I can say, leadership is the process of influencing people so that they struggle towards the achievement of group goals.
1.2. How can we differentiate between management and leadership?
The different between them seem to be clear as follows:
-Managers are appointed.
-They have legitimate power that allows them to reward and punish.
-Their ability to influence is based on formal authority inherent in their positions.
Then the leaders simply do the following:
-Leaders on the other hand, may either be appointed, or emerge within a group.
-They can influence others to perform beyond actions dictated from formal authority.
1.3. What do we mean by ingredients of leadership?
-Leaders envision the future; inspire the members of the organization.
1- The ability to use power effectively and in a responsible manager.
2- The ability to comprehend those human beings has different motivation force at different times in different situation.
3- The ability to inspire
4- The ability to act in manager that will develop a climate conductive to responding to and arousing motivation.
2.1. Traits theories of leadership
If we consider the world of theories we can find the following :
It refers to theories that separate characteristics that differentiate leaders from non-leaders.
Following are six traits on which leaders are seen to be different from non-leaders:
One: Drive: leaders exhibit a strong effort level. They have a strong desire for achievement; they are ambitious and have a lot of energy. They are tirelessly persistent in their activities and show initiative.
Two: Desire to Lead: Leaders have a strong desire to influence and lead others. They demonstrate the willingness to take responsibility.
Honesty and Integrity
Four: Self-confidence (absence of self-doubt)
Six and last: relevant knowledge: they have a high degree of knowledge about the company, industry and technical matters.
Then if we consider Leadership Behaviors we can behave and make simulation to them as I can say:
2.2. Managerial Grid
9,1 - Task Management - Efficiency in operations results from arranging conditions of work in such a way that human elements interfere to a minimum degree.
1,9 - Country Club Management - Thoughtful attention is given to needs of people for satisfying relationship, leads to a comfortable, friendly organization atmosphere and work tempo.
9,9 - Team Management - Considered to be the best situation. Work accomplished is from committed people. A "common stake" leads to relationships of trust and respect.
5,5 - Middle of the Road - adequate organization performance is possible through balancing the necessity to get out work with maintaining the morale of the people at a satisfactory level.
1. Path-Goal Theory
This theory says that :
It is the leader's job to assist his/her followers in attaining their goals and to provide the necessary direction and support to make sure that their goals are compatible to the overall objectives of the group or the organization.
The term "path-goal" is derived from the belief that effective leaders clarify the path to help their followers go from where they are to the achievement of their work goals and make the journey along the path easier by reducing bottlenecks.
- Thus, in order to have a clear path to attain an organizational goal, two important situational factors have to be considered:
-The Personal Characteristics of the followers
-The environmental pressures and demands with which subordinates have to cope to achieve their goals.
-These two factors determine which leadership behaviors are more appropriate.
- Leadership Behaviors include the Participative Style, Directive Style, Supportive Style, and Achievement-Oriented Style.
Four Leadership behaviors identified by the Path-Goal Theory:
1-Directive Leader: he lets employees know what is expected from them. He schedules the work to be done. He also gives specific guidance as to how to accomplish tasks.
2-The Supportive Leader: He is friendly, and shows concern for needs of employees.
3- The Participative Leader: he consults with his employees and uses their suggestions before making a decision.
4-The Achievement-Oriented Leader: he sets challenging goals and expects employees to perform at their highest levels.
5- Path-Goal Theory
Situational Leadership Theory:
-This is a model of leadership behavior that reflects how a leader should adjust his leadership style in accordance with the readiness of the followers.
-Readiness - It is defined as the follower's ability and willingness to follow a leader.
-The leader should first analyze the situation and then decide what to do Look before You Lead"
- According to the situational leadership theory, there is no one best style of leadership usually applicable to all situations.
A leadership style may be effective in one situation and ineffective in another.
Emerging Approaches to Leadership:
2.3.Charismatic leadership theory :
Charismatic leaders are dynamic risk takers who show their expertise and self-confidence, dominance and strong convictions.
-This theory says that followers make attributions of heroic and extra-ordinary leadership abilities when they observe certain behaviors.
-There is a very high co-relation between Charismatic Leadership and high performance and satisfaction among followers.
-It is the ability to create a realistic and a very clear vision of the future of the organization or organizational unit that grows out of the present and improves upon the present.
-A vision should create enthusiasm, bringing energy and commitment to the organization.
3- Transactional and Transformational leaders
1- Charisma : they provide the vision and the sense of mission; instill pride, gain respect and trust.
2- Inspiration : communicates high expectations, expresses important purposes in simple ways.
1- Contingent Reward : Contracts exchange of rewards for effort, promises rewards for good performance, recognizes accomplishments.
2- Management by Exception active watches and searches for deviations from rules and standards, takes corrective action .
1-Individual Consideration - Gives personal consideration, treats each employee as a separate individual, coaches and advises
2- Intellectual Stimulation - promotes intelligence, rationality, and careful problem solving.
3- Management by Exception (Passive) - Interferes only if standards are not met.
4- Laissez faire - hands over responsibilities.
Conclusion how cans we build trust:
It is a positive expectation that another will not-through words, actions or decisions-act opportunistically.
It may also be considered to be a belief in the integrity, character and ability of a leader.
Trust takes time to form, building incrementally and accumulating - most of us find it hard to trust someone immediately, if we don't know much about them.
Dimensions of Trust:
It refers to honesty and truthfulness. This is the most critical dimension.
It consists of an individual's technical and interpersonal knowledge and skills. Does the person know what he/she is talking about?
It refers to an individual's reliability, predictability and good judgment in handling situations. Inconsistencies between words and actions decrease trust."
It is the willingness to protect and save face for another person. Trust requires that you can depend on someone not to act opportunistically.
Leadership guides us to understand what makes leaders introduce the way they do. The idea not means involve yourself in a type of conduction mentioned in the model, but to a ware that every condition requires different ways or behavior to be taken tow models will be discussed, the four types of work and the managerial grid.
3.2. The successful leadership
To be successful leader you have to satisfy you superiors, that you deserve of being followed. You must find out your employees. You should communicated you employees and be close to them regularly. You should know your people! The fundamental starting point is having a good understanding of human nature, such as needs, emotions, and motivation.
3.3.The factors of leadership
Of course leadership has many factors represented in :
First of all, you should understand who you are to be known leader for public, what you know ? In order to be ready for what you lead. What you know ? To be qualified for the post you will be appointed for.
They are people in general; they need different types of leadership style. For example, the new employees need more observation and supervision rather that experienced ones. A person who suffer from less motivation needs different approaches than one with a high degree of motivation.
Communication is a way of connecting people to improve leadership process. Any leader need to be connected with his people or the others in the other organizations. Communication help leaders to do their jobs easily.
No doubt, not all situations are the same. This means what you do in one situation, will not work in another. This means you should use your measurements to distinguish the best type of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. For example, you may need to face an employee for not proper behavior, but if the facing is too late or too early , then the result may prove infective.
Finally, let me say again leadership is the process of social influence where one person can require the assistance the others to perform common task in community. Leadership is about creating a way of people to take part in executing something. Leadership takes part in performing tasks for community after appointment of the public. This means to be leader means to responsible for your people in organization or in any society because leadership takes a strong personality with a well developed positive ego. Not so much as styles of motives but a set of trains. To be a leader means to carry out leadership by applying knowledge and skills. However, we know how we have features that can influence our actions which are called trait leadership.