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Eating disorder is a human behavior towards eating the meals; some time it is over and some time the patient avoid eating. It relates to the mental illness of a person who is surfing from the eating disorder and addressed by the psychological theories and practices. It brings the patient from anguished behavior to life-threatening position which affects the daily routine of a patient. The authors have said on the eating disorder, "feelings about work, school, relationships, day-to-day activities and one's experience of emotional well being are determined by what has or has not been eaten or by a number on a scale." The most common eating disorders are Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa which have been recognized by the psychology medical sciences. There are several other eating disorders which are identified as Rumination syndrome, compulsive overeating, and Selective eating disorder
Psychology the Core of Human Study:
Psychology uncovers the mysteries of human behavior, human actions and the underlying mental processes that greatly impact the individual and social life of human beings. Yet it does not just limit itself to the study of humans but other species of the world have also been a subject of study for psychologists. Even when there was no existence of psychology as a formal discipline of studies in educational landscapes throughout the history of mankind its presence was there and had much to influence the social life of people. Psychology in historic perspective was a study of soul which transformed into the study of mind to the study of conscious experience and then the study of behavior and behavioral disorders. The vast areas of psychological studies have made it a very deep rooted subject. If we just confine our self to the investigation of human life we would see that psychology not only takes into account the scientific approach to determine the mental activity but it also gives immense importance to the behaviors and the hidden meanings beneath them. Thus it must be treated as a science of mind, behaviors, and mental disorders.
The Eating Disorders:
- Anorexia nervosa
- Bulimia nervosa
- Rumination syndrome
- Orthorexia nervosa
- Selective eating disorder
- Compulsive overeating
Anorexia nervosa can be determined as some one's consciousness about the wait loss for bad body image; it can be serious as to death. There are two types of anorexia nervosa Restricting type and Binge/Purge type. This type of eating disorder is observed very commonly in the society. The modern and stylish word has made it necessary to have a stable body image. This necessity made people conscious about their stylish looks and to have a good body image. Which create seriously bad impact on the heath of people, it is as serious as to death.
Bulimia nervosa refers to the over eating, or to eating under the lead of guilt, shame, embarrassment, and complete failure feeling. The bulimics wants to get control over them. This neurotic behavior is to eat as it can be and to regain the energy to overcome the failure feelings. This situation is also harmful for the well being of a person, the over eating can be resultantly make the people fatty. Fat create numerous heath problems, which will ultimately failure the body system of a person.
Rumination Syndrome is not very common and very rarely diagnosed chronic eating disorder. Patients normally feel vomiting after eating the food. Rumination syndrome verily misdiagnosed as bulimia nervosa by the doctors, it is because of lack of awareness about the disorders, the resemblance in symptoms, and the common age group of the patients.
Orthorexia nervosa was treated as Anorexia and now it is recognized as a new discovered eating disorder disease. This is an obsession of a specific type of healthy food. The patients of orthorexia nervosa do the things like planning the next meals. This determines that the patients have strict schedule of breakfast, lunch and dinner. The patients with orthorexia nervosa are very conscious to know about what other eat.
Selective eating disorder:
Selective Eating Disorder (SED) refers to the selected food eating disorder. It can be observed in the society that most children has this disease they does not eat the meals that they do not like, selective foods would be preferred by the children which some time can be overcome by the patients. On the other hand some patients will continue with the selective eating disorder. These people preferred a specific food variety and do not like to eat other then selective food. This kind of eating disorder will affect in the middle childhood and adolescence, the result of this kind of disorder will be conflict, anxiety, and social avoidance.
Obsessive Compulsive Overeating also known as binge eatingl, it is one of the very common mental disorders with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The patient in this disease eat very large amount of food in a short time. A very large amount of binge patient is struggling in the United States. The disorder can be developed in any age, but very common in young children. The patient with this disease feels disgust and guilt which lead to depression.
- Developmental etiology
The environmental causes are very obvious which include family and friends influence. Media is the second largest influential element on the eating disorder because of its advertisement of different food items and to encourage the people to modernize the life styles. In this regard the media advertise the thin products or the products which are not healthy. But the projection has much fascination and affection in it, so, people would go with the fascination and modernization.
The biblical factors are also influential on the eating disorder. Patients with severe obsessive compulsive disorder, depression or bulimia were all found to have abnormally low serotonin levels. Neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine are secreted by the intestines and central nervous system during digestion.
In the family system during the development of children parents does not care of the eating activities of their children. They develop the self care system and prepare a diet plan for them. This creates massive destruction and made them patient of eating disorder.
Eating disorders should also be understood in the context of experienced trauma, with many eating problems beginning as survival strategies rather than vanity or obsession with appearance. According to sociologist Becky Thompson, "eating disorders stemming from women of varying socio-economic status, sexual orientation and race, and finds that eating disorders and a disconnected relationship with one's body is commonly a response to environmental stresses, including sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, racism, and poverty".
Health and well being
Health and well being are studied under the humanistic psychology and are very important for the individuals to develop positive behaviors. As we know humans strive for the good throughout their life, health is above all things to really live a good life. It is one of the basic needs of humans to stay well and healthy so that they can perform their social roles in their respective lives. When we study psychology with an integrated approach the importance of health and well being play an important role in acquiring knowledge in the field of psychology. Good health can be maintained by the good and balanced food. The excessive or lesser eating of food can not be maintain a healthy life and creates eating which affect the overall life of a person. However, a balance diet will be the guarantee of heath and well being.
Personality can be defined a collection of human behavior, emotions, and balance in diet. Personality is an organized set of characteristics pertain by a person that uniquely influences his or her cognitions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations. The word "personality" is extracted from the Latin word persona, which means mask. As we put mask on our pace to change the facial appearance, the personality is also a mask to expose a person's characteristics. The theory of personality is critically explained as "plastic" across time, places, moods, and situations. The change in personality could be due to disordered diet, medical effects, significant events, or learning. However, an ordered diet is quite essential for a perfect personality.
Nurture refers to the grooming of human body and personality under the cultural umbrella of society. Society and culture have much importance in the nurture of a human being; it can influence the inborn nature and shape it up according to the prevailing preferential of society. The nurture can be determined to evaluate the development influences on a person and the learning from the ups and downs of life or empiricism. Nurture has complete influence on the eating disorder, in other words nurture means eat and groom up. So, healthy nurture have healthy affect on the personality and unhealthy nurture have unhealthy affect on personality.
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