How Training and Development Supports Growth

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The information considers TESCO for the idea of Human Resources management contribution to organisational objectives study and in this report we would be based on the principles adopted by TESCO on the human resources front. The organisation has adopted a strategy of placing the employees at the centre of their strategy which has made them grow into United Kingdom's no.1 retailer. The TESCOs have adopted their brand logo of 'every little helps' and have extended it to cover their employees as well. Which has enabled them to focus their energies and resources for the development of the individual along with the TESCO also grew and has attained the position of being the no.1 retailer in the United Kingdom. (Poulter, S. 2005).

There is a vast difference between the previous personal management department which was in vogue in the previous decades and the new and improved Human Resource Management which has a strategic perspective to it. Of late it can be seen that more and more organisations are implementing strategic HR as a change agent.

The TESCOs have incorporated training to every employee who joins their organisation and the same are provided with the bigger picture and how they fit in the scheme of things, this model ensures that all the employees understand their contribution towards the company and it creates a sense of belonging and pride in the organisation.(Whitelock, N. 2003).

The identified objectives of Human Resource management for the purpose of this study are training of employees, transfer of knowledge, and handling situations.

Let us have brief look at the above mentioned techniques and then we would be able to provide some insights into how TESCO implemented the same in their domain.

Training of Employees

Training methods are one of the key contributors for the growth of the organisation. This is required to be imparted on a continuous basis for the all the employees so that it would provide a proper guidance to the employees and enables them to perform their jobs with greater efficiency.

Transfer of Knowledge

This technique has been adopted as with the globalised economy the concept of employees sticking on to one job and retiring has slowly but eroded. A reward is now in the way knowledge transfer that would enable the employee to gain the required skills in his sphere of experience thereby enabling him and providing the right motivation as the organisation provides knowledge.

Situational Handling

From a human resource management point of view this is one of the key factors that would enable the organisation to adapt itself if all the employees in the organisation are aware and trained in situational leadership activities. As every employee would be interacting with the customers and at the same time facing different situations, hence an understanding of the situational leadership would enable the employees to provide right guidance in any given situation.

The objectives of the organisation were to create a policy of human resources around the people so that effective strategies can be built around them and the organisation would benefit from the same. Effective team building activities and individual contributions were related as the growth contributors in the organisation and accordingly the individuals are trained to achieve the targets which are then related to the objectives of the organisation.

TESCO has built their strategy around the human resource department and it has enabled it employees to be individual contributors by enabling them with the right tools like training and allowing them to have a view of the bigger picture and enabling them to handle situations by providing them with situational leadership skills.

This has enabled them to grow to their current position of being the No.1 retailer in United Kingdom. Hence, I would suggest that they have fared well under the compulsive economic downturn and they have achieved a sales turnover of around two billion pounds.

All this can be related this strategy of keeping the employees at the fore front of their strategy and developing the others around this centre piece. This has created them a unique brand proposition and enabled them to capture the fiercely competitive United Kingdom's Supermarket retail space.

The company was able to tap the knowledge base of the human resources it employed by providing them with additional training and with that it enabled creativity in the work place which in turn helped the organisations to grow tremendously. This unique approach to marketing has given them the results and beat their competitors in the market place and enabled them to strategise effectively in their brand positioning.

The other aspect that would be of great importance and needs to be noted is that the company achieved all this in the height of recession which in itself speaks volumes about the company's strength and resilience.

Two HRM Models

As we have understood the concepts and the Human Resource Management Activities let us go ahead and have an understanding of the two models which I am going to illustrate below:

The first model that is explained would be the stage eight model which has been proposed by Harrison R, 2002. A pictorial representation of the same is given below for ease of understanding of the concept. This process is based on the concept of Internal Consistency and External Consistency.

"Internal Consistency: This refers to the outcome achieved by the effective application of a systematic approach to planning, designing, delivery and evaluation tasks. The systematic training model seeks to achieve this kind of consistency.

External Consistency: This refers to a commitment, shared purpose and perceptions, of stakeholders, that can be gained through actively involving them in those tasks. A business partnership approach seeks to ensure this kind of consistency."(Kessels, 1998)

Stage 1: Establishing Needs

The starting point of any decision on imparting study skills would be answer few questions on the necessity of the study and for what purpose is the study and understanding the skills, knowledge, attitudes required for the job specified. And then analysing the job for its requirements for which the following methods may be applied

Comprehensive analysis

Key task analysis

Problem centred analysis

Competency-based analysis

They are not exclusive and most of the times would require to be used in combination to enable the right kind of result.

Comprehensive Analysis

This kind of analysis is carried out mostly simple and for jobs which require manual labour and would provide guidance on teaching the teacher and relevant activities.

Key Task Analysis

This analysis is required to be carried out for any jobs that would require one specialised skill and the other things may not be so critical in such a scenario this kind of analysis is carried out. And the type of training required is ascertained accordingly and the learning activities are developed proportionately.

Problem Centred Analysis

This approach identifies the major roles required for a job to be performed and provides training based on the same. This kind of approach is best suited to handle speedy training times and provide appropriate resolutions accordingly.

Competency based Analysis

The word competency refers to dimensions of behaviour that are believed to lie behind competent performance (woodruffe, 1991). This is more like the problem centred analysis where in both the requirements need to be assessed they being the job and the person to be deputed for the job.

Stage 2: Agreeing Purpose and Objectives

The whole idea of this stage is to understand the requirements of the business partners and agree on the learning activities that would be undertaken to provide the results as desired by the business partners. Here the learning is a means for achieving the task of job knowledge. Based on the requirements projected by the business partners the learning modules are developed and shared with the business team which are then imparted as training modules to the employees.

Stage 3: Identifying the Learner's Profile

The identification of learning should be ideally accomplished in the first instance itself however if the activity is not done in the first instance, the identification is carried out in this module and depending upon the number of people involved the strategy of learning delivery is discussed. Learning strategy would also vary upon the numbers and also on the aspect of the location.

Stage 4: Establishing Strategy, Direction and Management

In this phase the strategy would be clarified on the lines of accountability for conducting the learning activity and the result expected after the learning activity is completed. In case of small learning activities the requirement of manpower and who would carry out the learning activity are decided. However, in case of complex learning activities this would require much more number to carry out this study. All these issues are addressed in this stage and accountability and responsibility fixed to the individuals to carry out the activities accordingly.

Stage 5: Selecting the Learners

In this stage the emphasis is laid out on who should be part of the learning activity and the same needs to be decided by the line manager or the supervisor that who would require the training and why is it required for them? Apart from that the learning providers would also need to assess the requirement of the training and the capability of the employee to undergo such training sessions especially for some modules which would require considerable expertise or knowledge the same are often tested by the learning team to ensure that the person undergoing the learning activity is capable enough to undertake this study.

Stage 6: Finalising Strategy and Designing the Learning Event

In this stage the module is ready and the employees have also been identified and the final stage before going into the module would be verify the module once again to check if the same is as per the expectations of the employees or would it require certain modifications to enable the employee to comprehend the subject and gain better understanding of the same would be assessed in this module.

Stage 7: Deliver the Learning Event

Once all the modules have been formulated the penultimate stage would be undertake the learning activity these needs to be taken up with caution and in confidence to ensure that activity is successful. The other point that would require clarity and would be to ensure that the learning location is ideal and the event is carried on with minimal disturbance and in an ambient atmosphere which would enable clear understanding and learning for the employees.

Stage 8: Monitor and Evaluate the Learning Event

After completion of the learning event the next step in this activity would be to ensure that the continuation of learning and implementation of the learning modules is monitored to ensure effectiveness of the learning activities.

The second Human Resource module that we are going to discuss is that of the Situational Leadership. Let us get an understanding of the same.

Situational Leadership

This can identified as a leadership quality and generally is categorised leadership form of learning. In lay man terms situational leadership can be defined as a trait of humans to adopt to different kinds of situations and provide guidance in those situations. The model we are going to study under this is the Blanchard and Hersey's model. A pictorial representation of the same is illustrated for ease of reference.

Let us understand the diagram in brief and how they are related to each other.

"Directing Leaders define the roles and tasks of the 'follower', and supervise them closely.  Decisions are made by the leader and announced, so communication is largely one-way.

Coaching Leaders still define roles and tasks, but seeks ideas and suggestions from the follower.  Decisions remain the leader's prerogative, but communication is much more two-way.

Supporting Leaders pass day-to-day decisions, such as task allocation and processes, to the follower.  The leader facilitates and takes part in decisions, but control is with the follower.

Delegating Leaders are still involved in decisions and problem-solving, but control is with the follower.  The follower decides when and how the leader will be involved." (Blanchard, 1985)

Effective leaders and situational leaders would be able to move between different quadrants effectively depending upon the situation.

Task 2:

Tesco planning and development methods

TESCO has launched its activities as explained above with a specific focus on the development of the individual and centred their strategy around him. Keeping this mind it would be reminded that the policies adopted by TESCO are as follows:

Employee training

Knowledge sharing

Situational Leadership

Employee Training

As has been illustrated in the above paragraphs an effective training program concentrated towards the employees would fetch amazing results to the organisation. It can be seen that more and more organisation are moving towards this concept of enabling information sharing to the employees and providing them training for developing their skills, which is becoming more and more relevant in this kind of global atmosphere. As the competition is building every organisation is offering the same kind of products. Hence, the only differentiating factor that can have provide a competitive advantage to the enterprise would be the human resources. Hence, developing their skills by providing them the training goes a long in gaining a strategic advantage over its competitors in the market place.

That is the reason why TESCO has adopted this kind of strategy and has gained from this by reaching the no.1 in the United Kingdom market even when faced with stiff competition from other market players who are much bigger in a global arena. The crucial differentiating factor that can be identified in this regard would be the human resource capital that is employed by the organisation.

Knowledge Sharing

This kind of activity has emerged recently where in today competitive world and fast pace of life is. There are very limited people who stick to a job for longer duration and they invariably move to greener pastures for better benefits and hence the earlier concept a retirement has crept in and the best way to address this issue is offering something apart from the remuneration which is part of the package. TESCO stuck with this idea of knowledge sharing wherein employees are given challenging tasks to enable them to impart their learning tasks on the vice versa learn the skills required to achieve the results which are of prime importance in today's world.

This kind of strategy adopted by TESCO has enabled them to become the market leaders and has provided the company with multiple options and enhanced talent pool from which to choose the right talent for the right roles and thereby benefit from those skills shown by the individual.

Situational Leadership

Situational leadership is required in TESCO context as most of their employees interact with customers and a definitive knowledge on situational leadership would enhance their brand image. Hence, TESCO has identified this as their priority area for learning and have created modules and enabled employees to undergo the training in this activity which ensured that the employees were beneficiaries in this regard. And they are capable of handling difficult situations and provide right responses to any queries raised by the customers or for that sake if the manager would required to take a decision he has been trained in situational leadership. This kind of planning has enabled TESCO to grow and enter different markets because of the people involved with the day to day activities of the organisation.

This wholesome approach towards people has been appreciated and well renowned by the market strategists and has enhanced the value of TESCO as a brand in the market place and has enabled it to capitalise the same by becoming the no.1 brand in the United Kingdom.

Task 3:

Review of HR Performance

The Human Resource department of TESCO has been dealing with the concept of encouraging the best part of their strategy i.e., to deploy and motivate the human resources of the organisation which it has been doing effectively and positioned themselves as market leaders in their sphere of operations.

The Human Resources Department has been effective in understanding the needs and requirements of different culture people whom it employs over vast markets has enabled it to gain significant knowledge on operations in the context of international standards and practices.

The other aspect that needs to be considered is that TESCO being the biggest private employer in the United Kingdom with a vast human resource capital has been able to manage such gigantic resources effectively and in a cohesive manner that would require to be applauded for the benefits that it derives from such a commendable way.

The Human resources department continuously evaluates its strategies and policies to be in line with the current requirements of the business and also understand the markets and accordingly plan their packages and benefits to the employees which has ensured that the company has been able to tide over the recession with minimum concerns and effectively gained through the recessionary phase of the economy.

Conclusion and Improvement:

As far as the policies and procedures are concerned TESCO is effectively implementing the same with a considerable amount of success involved in it. However it needs to be understood that they are now operating in a globalised world and the demands and pulls of the globalised economy are much stronger and has its own dimension. The company would require to develop skills in this regard, to enable it become a very strong global player in the supermarket chain of business.