The general environment represents the outer layer of the environment. These dimensions influence the organization over time but often are not involved in day-to-day transactions with it. The dimensions of the general environment include international, technological, sosiocultural, economic, legal-political, and natural.
According to New Era of Management book 9th edition Technological) by Richard L.Daft the technological dimension is a dimension of the general environment that includes scientific and technological advancements in the industry and society at large. Twenty years ago, mny organizations didn't even use desktop computer. Today, computer networks, Internet access, handheld devices, videoconferencing capbalities, cell phones, and laptops are minimum tools for doing business.
Nestle's are use many advantage from technological in their business. Nestle's use technology in research and development (R&D) and in packaging.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Nestle;s research and development centres have two primary objectives. The first objectives is to create new products and manufacturing processes and the second is to improve those that already exist. Along with product quality and safety, the conversation of resources and the preservation of the environment form an integral part of the development criteria for new projects.
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We was informed, research and development encompasses a wide range of environmentally-related activities with emphasis on:-
Environmentally sound production techniques and sourcing criteria for agricultural raw materials.
Processing methods that minimise water and energy consumption, as well as waste generation.
Packaging designs that reduce total waste and enable environmentally sound disposal options, while safeguarding product safety and quality.
Innovative ways to recover by-products and thus generate secondary raw materials and energy
Other than that, for important product or process innovation ad renovation, Nestle's research an development centres prepare an environmental impact study. This covers significant aspects in the product life cycle, from the sourcing of raw materials, through processing to the packaged consumer product and the end-life of the packaging matrial. This study is carefully evaluated in conjunction with detailed information on the potential manufacturing site, to ensure that new projects meet Nestle's environmentally standards.
In the other hand, packaging serves a major role in our daily lives. It protects food products from spoilage and ensures safety from manufacture through storage, distribution and consumption. Packaging may also provide tamper-evidence features. It communicates information, including nutritional information
and serving instructions, and provides the convenience demanded by today's consumers.
Nestlé is committed to reducing the environmental impact of packaging, without jeopardising the safety, quality or consumer acceptance of its products. It is Nestlé's objective to develop safe and wholesome packaged foods using the most efficient and appropriate packaging materials available,
while, at the same time, satisfying consumer requirements
Nestlé seeks packaging solutions that:-
Result in the lowest possible weight and volume of packages.
Take into account new packaging materials and processes that reduce the impact on the environment.
Avoid the use of substances that can adversely impact the environment during packaging production and disposal.
Decrease packaging waste at all stages, including package manufacturing, utilisation and disposal.
Increase the use of recycled materials wherever possible.
Increase the recyclability and compatibility of its packages with existing waste management schemes.
` Nestlé supports industrial and governmental efforts to promote integrated waste management that takes into consideration matters such as source reduction, reuse, recycling, composting, energy recovery and landfill. Nestlé encourages suppliers of its packaging materials to
adopt sound environmental practices.
According to According to New Era Of Management book (9th edition) by Richard L.Daft, natural dimensions is the dimension of that includes all elements that occur naturally on earth, including plants, animals, rocks, and natural resources such as air, water, and climate.
The natural dimension is different from other sectors of the general environment because it has no voice of its own. Influence on managers to meet needs in the natural environment may come from other sectors, such as government regulation, consumer concerns, bad press in media, competitors' actions or even employess.
PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT.
Since its early days Nestle has been committed to environmentally sound business practices throughout the world and continues to make substantial environmental investments in this way Nestles contributes to sustainable development by meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs.
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We are been informed, Nestle also adheres to the Inernational Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Business Charter for Sustainable Development. This charter requires the establishment of policies, programmes and practices for conducting operations in an environmentally sound manner.
Other than that, Nestle fully supports the United Nations Global Compact's three guiding principles on environment.
Supports a precautionary approach to environmental challenges.
Undertakes initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility.
Encourages the development friendly technologies.
Integrates environmental policies, programmes and practices into each business as an element of management in all its functions.
Develops, design and operates facilities and conducts its activities taking into consideration the efficient and sustainable use an renewable resources, the minimization of adverse environmental impact and waste generation, and the safe and responsible disposal of residual wastes.
Respects and complies with existing laws and regulation in local markets concerning environment issues.
Applies Nestle internal standards suitable to local conditions in those regions where specific environmental legislation is non-existent or insufficient.
Improves environmental protections relevant to its activities on a continuous basis.
Provides appropriate information, communication and training to build internal and external understanding about its environment commitment and action.
Supports professional associations such as the International Chamber Commerce in their work relative to environmental protection, as well as efforts to set up environmental management guidelines.
The Nestlé Environmental Management System (NEMS) is an essential corporate management tool that consolidates all organisational and technical measures taken by the Group to achieve environmentally sound business practices.
The NEMS objectives include the following:-
To provide a systematic approach that ensures compliance with Nestlé's environmental policy, applicable legislation and Nestlé's operational standards.
To ensure the continuous improvement of Nestlé's environmental performance, for example through the conservation of natural resources and the minimisation of waste.
To achieve compatibility with international voluntary standards on environmental management systems, such as ISO 14001 and the European Union Eco-Management and Audit Scheme.
To build mutual trust with consumers, governmental authorities and business partners.The Nestlé Environmental Management System is being implemented throughout Nestlé's entire operation.
According to According to New Era Of Management book (9th edition) by Richard L.Daft, sociocultural dimension is the dimension of the general environment representing the demographic characteristics, norms, customs, and values of the population within which the organization operates. Important sociocultural characteristics are geographical distribution and population density, age, and education levels.
In the other hand, Nestle fully supports the United Nations Global Compacts's two guiding principles on human rights. The principle is:-
Supports and respects the protection of international human rights within its sphere of influence.
Ensures that its own companies are not complicit in human rights' abuses.
Nestle aims to provide an example of good human rights' throughout its business activities and has an interest in encouraging the improvement of social conditions, which are an important factor for sustainable development. Nestle also recognize that governments are ultimately responsible for the establishment of a legal framework of protecting human rights within their market to respect and follow the local laws and regulations concerning human rights' practices.
We also been informed, the Company's business practices are designed to:-
Establish staff relations based on trust integrity and honesty.
Maintain respect for basic human values, attitudes and behavior.
Respect employees' privacy.
Comply with applicable data protection regulations and apply Nestle standards in those countries where specific legislation is not yet in place.
Promote a sense of integrity among all employees all over the world and apply a number of common rules while at the same time adapting the expression of these rules to local customs and traditions.
Encourage continuous improvement through training, and the improvement of professional skills at all levels in the organization.
Offer career opportunities based upon merit, irrespective of colour, age, national origin, religion, gender, disability, veteran status, or any other protected class as defined by local law. Professional skills, experience, and the capacity and willingness to apply The Nestle Basic Management and Leadership Principles are the main.
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Offer competitive salaries and benefits. Working hours, wages and overtime pay comply with applicable local laws and are competitive with those offered by similar companies.
Limit overtime to a reasonable level.
Create a safe and healthy working environment for each employee.
Respect the right of employees to form representative organizations.
Retrain from any action restricting the employee's right to be, or not to be, affiliated to a union.
Treat employee with respect and dignity, and not tolerate any form of mobbing, harassment or abuse.
Forbid the use of forced labour or involuntary prison labour.
According to According to New Era Of Management book (9th edition) by Richard L.Daft, legal political is the dimension of the general environment that includes federal, state, and local government regulation and political activities designed to influence company behavior.