Foreign and Defense Opportunities and Risks for Australia's Engagement with the Asian-Pacific Region

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Regional economies, communities and cultures are becoming integrated by the globe-spanning networks of exchange; a process typically referred to as globalization. Particularly to economic globalization which is involving the integration of national economies into the worldwide economy through migration, foreign direct investment, trade, capital flows, and the widening of technology. Nevertheless, globalization is generally recognized as being driven by an amalgamation of economic, political, socio-cultural, technological and biological factors. It is now extensively accepted that worldwide economic, planned and political influence is inevitably shifting to the Asia-Pacific region, making the region the world's centre of gravity.

The Asia's economic growth on average has been outpacing adjacent regions for many years. For instance the rise of China is an important element of Asia's growing influence; however it is not the only or the whole situation. The development of India , the influence of the ASEAN economies combined the enormous individual potential of Indonesia and the continuing economic forces of Japan and South Korea cannot pass unacknowledged as well . This current shift in influence is not only about economics or demographics: economic power strengthens military modernization, as it contributes to political and strategic weight. The repercussions of this historic shift remain unfolding and no individual can say with assurance what the new regional order will appear like or when it might crystallize.

Besides the ASEAN and the East Asia Summit remaining of central importance to Australia's participation in existing regional architecture, there are additional key regional groupings: such as APEC, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) as well as the Asia Europe Meeting process (ASEM). These associations independently make an exclusive contribution to regional cooperation and jointly, they work in harmonizing ways to reinforce regional firmness and prosperity.

The Asia-Pacific community would unite together all key regional countries in a solitary forum at Leaders' level with a vision to improving cooperation on economic, security, political and strategic issues. This community will further encourage economic and financial integration and cultivate a culture of more collaboration and intelligibility in security matters, in addition to driving cooperation on a diversity of transnational challenges. The community is not about replacing or diminishing the roles of the present regional groupings, particularly the centrality of ASEAN. This community idea might emerge from the present architecture, likewise to the ARF and the EAS came out from ASEAN itself.

Asia harbors the world's two most populous countries and the world's major holders of foreign exchange reserves, thus the Australia's engagement in the Asian-Pacific region will present the country with a great deal of foreign opportunities. North Asia is a suitable place for Australian bilateral relationships. Fundamental, enduring and lasting Australian economic, defense and strategic wellbeing is concentrated on North Asia. More specifically Japan and China are ranked on the top three world's largest economies. In addition to South Korea they offer Australia with top three commodities export markets. The APEC economies now account for almost 70 per cent of Australia's overall trade in goods and services . Australian economic associations with APEC economies and India have assisted Australia withstand the storm of the global recession. In 2008 education institutions in Australian recorded more than 290,000 enrolments by Asian students; this created new job opportunities and supported the Australian growth.

Importantly, six of the G20 members are come from the Asian region, which gives the region a significant say in the ambitious agenda of reform of global financial regulation and governance that is presently underway. The G20 is not merely an economic phenomenon; it represents industrialized influences meeting with the new, emerging powerhouses like equals for the first time. Australia has elevated ambitions for the G20 as well as the region's responsibility in it. It ought to become the political motivation for stronger international cooperation and governance, reacting to the full range of worldwide challenges that will face up the Asia-Pacific.

Between 2008 and 2009, Australia's development support for the East Asia region is estimated to be almost $1 billion, which making Australia one of the region's key development partners . This will not only help discharge its obligation to be a first-class international citizen, it too makes foreign policy and strategic logic to help put up the economic, social and security ability of the region. This too intensifies the bargaining power of bilateral and area Free Trade Agreements within and outside the region. For many years, Japan has been the Australia's biggest export market. It was the country's largest trading partner in 2008 and Japanese venture in Australia has continuous grown, notwithstanding the universal economic crisis and the domestic economic difficulties in Japan. China on the other hand was Australia's second biggest trading partner in 2008 and currently china has become a more and more important foreign investor in Australia. The Australia's engagement with the China provides an exceptional opportunity for millions of Chinese tourists to experience authentic sceneries, sounds and tastes of Australia and at the same time generate foreign exchange for the country.

Australia's third-largest export market is South Korea and is countries sixth-largest trading partner. The two have started negotiations for an all-inclusive bilateral FTA and are working jointly to advance a wide agenda, as well as in the World Trade Organization and the G20. South Korea is Australia's second biggest source of working festival makers and the third major source of abroad students.

South Asia is progressively more imperative for Australia's strategic and economic wellbeing due to their relationship with India in bilateral partnerships. Nowadays, the world is starting to see India as the biggest parliamentary democracy, take the global power to which its economic size and power, its strategic weight and its wealthy history entitle it. Trade with India has developed faster than any other top markets for Australia over the five previous years, with India being the fifth largest export market for the country.

Australia and India have insightful values and interests in common and they cooperate mutually regionally and multilaterally to move ahead those common interests, no matter what they are from climate change, food security, nuclear disarmament, energy and non-proliferation or counter-terrorism. The Strategic Research Fund between Australia-India is the Australia's major bilateral science fund. This guarantees cooperation in areas like climate change, conservation of water and information technology security, where both countries have much to offer one another in terms of know-how and innovation. Besides two countries defense cooperation, India is growing swiftly, encompassing regular senior-level consultations.

Australia is gazing forward to the cooperation of a comprehensive Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership (TPP) accord, with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, Chile, Peru, the United States and probable Vietnam, which will advance the strength of economic integration and liberalization in the Asia Pacific region.

Asia hosts three of the largest militaries in the world. Australia participates in military-to-military cooperation with several countries in the region, varying from common exercises and training to assisting in infrastructure development. It as well has been very vigorous in peacekeeping and peacemaking missions with other nations. In 1999, over 5,000 Australian forces headed a UN global force in East Timor aimed at halting violence following the territory voting for independence from Jakarta.

Chin and Dent investigating the dangers of investing in assets markets in the Asian region, divided the risk into investment risk, political risk, currency risk, and institutional risk. In the midst of increasing foreign relations, it is notable that the Australian government is making attempts to expand the country's influence in South East Asia. Australia sent defense representatives to Indonesia, and signed an accord on closer collaboration, including on military matters . North Asia has some of the world's largest military forces and several of its probable flashpoints. China policy practices a bipartisan rule to this day. The legal system in China doesn't offer an effective means to challenge authorities' verdicts on what constitutes a state secret, thus their secretive way of legislation challenges the handling of legal matters concerning it with other nations .

Australia is working to improve defense and security collaboration in marine security and lessening organized crime. The ex-foreign ministers from Australia and Japan headed the International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament . Which demonstrates the defense risk that the country will face incase of any disagreements with this Asia-Pacific allies.

Given the different socio-political systems between Australia and the regional nations; differences will inexorably arise from time to time. For instance, Stern Hu and Rebiya Kadeer's stopover to Australia are present cases in point. Australia and China countries have an interest in effectively managing these concerns and differences, and focusing on a good deal of issues where their interests coincide. Current efforts by the Australian and Japanese Governments to 're-strengthen' the bilateral association have been a overdue acknowledgment that for the past five years associations have been stationary, humdrum and frequently taken for granted. The proposal to enhance the security and defense aspects of the association is welcome, however long over-due. To some degree the lack of defense ties, predominantly in comparison to the widespread networks in the trade affiliation, may be explained by a stress on commercial relations by successive Japanese Governments. Australian leaders have as well sought to evade public approval of a security link with Japan owing to the legacy of the Pacific War .

There are several defense threats that are involved in the Australia's involvement with the Asia-Pacific region. For instance in a recent ARF meeting, they discussed the major security issues for the region, counting Afghanistan, Iran, Burma and North Korea all which are international known security threats. In such meeting the region as well discusses collaboration on countering-terrorism such as the current terrorist attacks in Jakarta .

Australia has participated an active responsibility in implementing trade and migration sanctions against nations whose activities have threatened their worldwide or domestic communities, for example in North Korea following an underground nuclear test On 9 October 2006 by North Korea . This action caused a great deal global tension, and provoked the United Nation's Security Council to give out trade sanctions, financial sanctions and migration sanctions against the country. Australia was swift to adopt the sanctions as law, demonstrating its commitment to them.

Australia brings immense assets and strengths to the risks and opportunities of the Asia-Pacific region, along with genuine commitment and energy. This consequently means that Australian prosperity and security is increasingly dictated by what is happening in Asia-Pacific region. In the wake of that fact the Australian Government is concentrating on the premium Australian foreign policy to actively enhance them at each level to get the best from the engagement with the region.


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