This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
Enterprise Resource Planning
It is possible to describe an Enterprise Resource Planning system (ERP) as an integrated information system that serves all aspects of business to enable data and information related to a business to be readily accessible and viewable at desirable locations (Harwood, 2003, 1 - 2). ERP software packages running on networked personal computers and other computer systems containing modules for inventory, human resources, sales, finance and production etc customised for the specific needs of an organisation have the capacity for driving down operating costs and enhancing efficiencies (Esteves, 2000, 2 - 3) and (Exact Holdings Limited, 2005, 1 - 2). Properly designed ERP systems have the capacity for streamlining ordering, manufacturing and distribution processes together with providing valuable information to help in all spheres, including decision support and new product development. In addition, ERP systems help with strategic management because executives and managers have access to valuable information in real time at all times (Hunter, 2010, 382 - 383). Not only is information technology (IT) necessary for developing strategy, streamlining operations and enhancing efficiencies, it is also important to align the IT and business strategy of a firm to benefit more. Noted ERP software developers and vendors including SAP, Baan, Oracle and PeopleSoft amongst others provide software that enables various departments in a firm to communicate and to share information with each other (Kennerley, 2001, 103).
Although ERP systems had their roots in manufacturing resource planning, today ERP and ERP - like systems are found in many non-manufacturing organisations, including universities, hospitals, airlines, banks and finance companies (Gunasekaran, 2009, 21 - 22). ERP systems used to have a back office focus, but today these systems have successfully crept out of the back office, customers and suppliers amongst others. Many leading suppliers and vendors of ERP software now include modules for Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS), Sales Force, Automation (SFA), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), Business Intelligence and E-commerce in their solutions in addition to the traditional ERP modules for inventory, human resources, sales, finance and production. However, if an ERP system is to be optimally useful, a judiciously designed ERP system with an enterprise wide coverage must present seamless integration to provide designated officials with needed information from within and outside of an organisation through Web - based interface to enable cost and operational efficiencies with a capacity for enhancing workflow and supporting business processes. Selecting the right enabling technology
A Review of Technology for Enterprise Resource Planning
Case Studies for Enterprise Resource Planning
A Critical Discussion of the Challenges and Problems associated with the Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning
The Impact of an Enterprise Resource Planning Implementation
Management Recommendations for Implementing Enterprise Resource Planning in Organisations
(This page intentionally left blank)
Adam, Fredric and Sammon, David. (2004). The Enterprise Resource Planning Decade: Lessons Learned and Issues for the Future. Idea Group Publishing.
Boucher, Thomas and Yalcin, Ali. (2006). Design of Industrial Information Systems. Academic Press.
Carroll, Brian J. (2008). Lean Performance ERP Project Management: Implementing the Virtual Lean Enterprise. Auerbach Publications.
Chang, James F. (2006). Business Process Management Systems. Auerbach Publications.
Chen, Injaz J. (2001). Planning for ERP Systems: Analysis and Future Trends. Business Process Management Journal, Volume 7, No. 5, 2001, Pp. 374 - 286. Retrieved: January 9, 2008, from: http://cis.csuohio.edu/~ichen/ERP.pdf
Ehie, Ike C. & Madsen, Mogens. (2005). Identifying Critical Issues in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Implementation. Computers in Industry 56 (2005) 545-557. Retrieved: January 9, 2009, from: http://zwep.net/articles/Identifying%20critical%20issues%20in%20enterprise%20resource.pdf
Epicore. (2009). 11 Criteria for Selecting the Best ERP System Replacement. Epicore. Retrieved: January 9, 2010, from: www.silicon.com
Esteves, Jose and Pastor, Joan. (2001). Enterprise Resource Planning Systems Research: An Annotated Bibliography. Communications for the Association of Information Systems, Volume 7, Article 8, August 2001. Retrieved: January 9, 2010, from: http://profesores.ie.edu/jmesteves/Cais2001.pdf
Exact Holdings Limited. (2005). Making ERP Deliver on its Promise to the Enterprise. Exact Holdings Limited. Retrieved: January 9, 2010, from: www.silicon.com
Ferran, Carlos and Salim, Ricardo. (2008). Enterprise Resource Planning for Global Economies: Managerial Issues and Challenges. Information Science Reference.
Fui-Hoon Nah, Fiona. (2002). Enterprise Resource Planning and Management. IRM Press.
Gunasekaran, Angappa. (2009). Global Implications of Modern Enterprise Information Systems: Technologies and Applications. IGI Global.
Gunasekaran, Angappa. (2009). Techniques and Tools for the Design and Implementation of Enterprise Information Systems. IGI Global.
Gupta, Omprakash., Pryadarshini, Keren., Massoud, Samia and Agarwal, Shivprakash K. (2004). Enterprise Resource Planning: A Case of a Blood Bank. Industrial Management & Data Systems Volume 104 Â· Number 7 Â· 2004 Â· pp. 589-603. Retrieved: January 9, 2009, from: http://amacris.ode.unipi.gr/articles/erp/sub/11.pdf
Harwood, Stephen. (2003). ERP: The Implementation Cycle. Butterworth-Heinemann.
Hossain, Liaquat., Patrick, Jon David & Rashid, Mohammad A. (2002). Enterprise Resource Planning: Global Opportunities and Challenges. Idea Group Publishing.
Hunter, Gordon M. (2010). Strategic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications. IGI Global.
Kennerley, Mike and Neely, Andy. (2001). Enterprise Resource Planning: Analysing the Impact. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 12/2, 2001, Pp. 103 - 113. Retrieved: January 9, 2009, from: http://www.som.cranfield.ac.uk/som/dinamic-content/research/cbp/ERPAnalysingtheImpact.pdf
Kerr, James M. (2006). The Best Practices Enterprise: A Guide to Achieving Sustainable World-Class Performance. J. Ross Publishing.
Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi. (2003). Annals of Cases on Information Technology, Volume 5. Idea Group Publishing.
Nded-Amadi, Atieno A. (2004). What Strategic Alignment, Process Redesign, Enterprise Resource Planning and E-commerce have in Common: Enterprise - Wide Computing. Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 10 No. 2, 2004, pp. 184-199. Retrieved: January 9, 2010, from: http://amacris.ode.unipi.gr/articles/erp/sub/45.pdf
Parthasarathy, S. (2007). Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) - A Managerial and Technical Perspective. New Age International Publishers Limited.
Shtub, Avraham. (2002). Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): The Dynamics of Operations Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Vilpola, Inka., Kouri, Ilkka & Väänänen-Vainio-Mattila, Kaisa. (2007). Rescuing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises from Inefficient Information Systems - a Multi-disciplinary Method for ERP System Requirements Engineering. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences organised by IEEE Computer Society. Retrieved: January 9, 2009, from: http://www.oaklanduniversity.biz/ise580/2008Winter/Articles/Oda_Article.pdf
Wallace, Thomas F. & Kremzar, Michael H. (2001). ERP: Making it Happen - The Implementers Guide to Success with Enterprise Resource Planning. John Wiley & Sons Limited.