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The main purpose of this report is to examine the effectiveness of logical and critical analysis in academic, it also discuss how difficult is for the student to used this analyse their evolution studying by showing the weakness why the student should struggle and work hard to provide a good assignment, the report will give
Everyone think is done by students, and we are thinking about the critical is a negative factors, but in academic all the students have to think very carefully and critically in their assignment to prove or show their lecturer they have done lot of research on the assignment and referred lot of books and the journals, sites, and newspaper to present their views. Logical and critical analysis are formed as the most wanted features in education especially in the university level, all the lecturers will want they students to think critically to know the proper way of assignment, their student should gain some knowledge of the subject, studies and skill to do better in their assignment. The main purpose of the teaching critically and logical analysis to students to improve their skill and more concern on teaching that skills to student. Many student struggle to apply the academic approach the writing to theirs assignment until the end of their degree without knowing and understanding what critical analysis is all about. A well thinker comes out with a logical progression of ideas, questioning, flawed reasoning, gathered relevant information is
The aim of this report is to find out how students can think critically, when doing and finally to find out why students are struggling that much to apply them in their assignment. In Western tertiary contexts, critical analysis is firmly established as one of the most desirable characteristics of student writing. In subject guidelines and assessment criteria, the distinction between successful and less successful writing is often couched in terms of critical analysis as opposed to description. Student writing which merely describes aspects of theories, issues or concepts is not highly valued.
What is the role of logical and critical analysis in academic writing?
Logical and critical analysis are going hand to hand there is a good correlation, logical analysis consist on developing and argument by linking ideas together and proceed to a logical conclusion, Greetham (2001) argued that “the importance of logical indicators-the problem is not just that we fail to use them, believing that the reader can follow our train of thought without difficulty but that they get lost in our sentences” Critical thinking involves various processes in the disciplines. will be better for a student to put himself as a reader as a reader, the will be good to clearly good to clearly assist the, create a connection between the argument.
In science and technology it can include asking questions, identifying problems, describing, predicting, analysing, categorising and establishing cause and effect.
In the arts, social sciences and commerce it can include asking questions, identifying problems and solutions, relating theory to practice, stating an argument and supporting it with evidence, making comparisons and evaluating.
Critical thinking is useful for most activities associated with tertiary study, such as forming judgements in lectures and tutorials, and when reading, writing essays and assignments, making decisions and developing arguments.
Critical analysis can be define according to Browne and keeley (2001, p.2) as “the awareness of a set of interrelated critical question, the ability to ask and answer critical questions at appropriate times, the desire to actively use the critical questions”. Critical analysis is a central process in all academic work. It involves thinking critically, which is applying rational and logical thinking while deconstructing the texts you read (and write) at university. Critical analysis is applied more in assignment when you want to collect secondary data for example information's from books, framework, articles, internet etc... will help student to think critically when gathering them, try to put what has being said before in the field of study in question, student should always have in mind some questions as the read to know, should be able to distinguish between fact and personal, reason with emotion
If there are in the good direction like to ask for example what is the aim of this topic?, underlined the keys words during the reading, what evidence is used to support assumption, argument should be well structured, making comparison, problem solving, Critical analysis always result with new ideas that why it should be unique and original, also (Adapted from unit learning online) One of the most important skills you will need to learn as a student, whatever your Discipline is the ability to think critically and objectively about an issue and to present The well-constructed argument. Critical and analytical-thinking skills such as these will Be essential to most aspects of your study, whether you are listening to lectures, Contributing to seminars, or reading about your subject. Here, we will be focusing Mainly on critical analysis for written work, as nothing gains or loses marks more for Most student assignments than the quality of your written argument. Argument here doesn't mean disagreement or unpleasantness. It simply means Presenting a strong case to support a point of view. You don't have to be an Argumentative person to do this: on the contrary, good critical writing means using Reasons and evidence to support your stand point.
Why students struggle with the logical and critical analysis in academic writing
The effect of time management:
To relate the time management with the real life we know is not an easy task for student to have a planning, that will be to perfect but the minimum effort and sacrifices need to be done to be awarded with the success, everything student always have many things to do, to think about at the same time, the important thing is to determine the type of learner you are and organised the studying wisely not to be stocked at the end. According to Cameron (2002) “better time management requires changing habits, thinking when you did not think before, checking and generally becoming better organised” while Cottrell (2008) was more practical by saying a student should be “very specific in the time planning, to be aware of the time management, schedule time for unforeseen event and specially kwon exactly how much time it will take to complete a task”
The stress management
Stress and pressure are known as something negative in our daily life by psychological factors such as tiredness, illness or family problems or social problem, can have a serious impact on the student, or a student my it can be the result of lack of concentration why it was agues by Cameron(2002) “one of the problems with stress is that it tends to creep up on us gradually as it increases we become less capable of rational thought about our situation”, student is no more focus on what his studies, other factors can be that the self esteem is not good enough, the fear not to be able to achieve good result, the student has to avoid being pessimist and challenge himself not just for the study but for the life as well.
Some student will not like to make any effort studying properly and will expect some good marks, the lack of interest on the field of study can generate laziness, and again is preferable to like the field of study you choose, not because a friend has done that he his earning good money that is applicable for everyone, this may even have effect later on the lack no job satisfaction doing something like is a punishment. We need to enjoy what we are actually doing, family background can also influenced a student in his study like if he his coming from a family where no one went to school that can play a big role in his life in general he would not understand the importance of studying can go to school whenever he feels like, there will be no motivation at all.
The ignorance about plagiarism:
Plagiarism can be define by Cottrell as “using the word of others without acknowledge your source of information or inspiration. This include like using words exactly the way they have been used in books, television, theory without quoting them paraphrasing” many student are actually the victims of plagiarism most of the time is due to the lack of information, there not aware and they don't even know what plagiarism is all about they are completely ignorant not many not many education system are providing that course, a student should be able to have that knowledge otherwise he will not be able to provide a good critical analysis assignment in both reading and writing
Unfair practice in academic writing:
When talking about academic writing, we know student have always being struggling with critical and creative thinking, another factor to examine is the unfair practices, which has been a huge problem with universities for centuries. According to Cottrell plagiarism can be define as “using the word of others without acknowledging the source of information or inspiration, this include like using words exactly the way they have been used in books, television, theory without quoting them and paraphrasing Plagiarism can take several form like to quote from books, internet, magazine, newspapers etc without using any quotation marks and put the name of the author”.
There are several ways in which unfair practices and plagiarism can be completely avoided in higher education and academic settings by students. Firstly, as most higher education andacademic work extremely and considerably relies heavily on drawing from materials and information's of others, as long as they are clearly referenced indicate this. the handout and link (online) argued that “student should have an understanding of the material used, refer to the sources to support the idea developed, and distinguish your analyse from the one read from the author” In order for students to avoid unfair practices, they have to conform to clear referencing of all course work and assignment task of any information or materials they know do not belong to themaccurately to indicate this. Secondly, students should devote enough time to evaluate their course work and assignment, to identify whether any materials or information contain inside it is not from another source or someone else. A habit of this practice needs to be adapted into students work on a more regular basis in order to avoid unfair practices.
Thirdly, when writing a course work such as essay, report and research topic, use a note book as a documentation guide to enable you differentiate between your own work and those copied from others. And fourthly, ensure that you take notes of all your research work with full bibliography citations in order to accurately cite the source of any quote in your work and reference it accordingly. Also, always seek help from the institution instructor to help in reading your project to indicate any writing that have not been reference with clear indication that it was not your own words. Finally, students should have utmost confidence in their own ability and capability to demonstrate at all times that their own ideas is sufficient enough to obtain them good grades without resulting to unfair practices and plagiarism.
Also, a particular group of students continue to struggle to abstain from these practices due to their lack of understanding of second language or cultural differences. This group of students tend to believe that the best possible ways to excel in their course work or assignment task is to incorporate other people materials into their work as they could not clearly communicate their views and ideas across academically. Other group of students engage in this practice as they believe that it's the easy way out to obtaining good grades to enable you gain good employment while some believe that this is a common practice and phenomenon in higher education academic settings. We can also conclude that the marking standard of variables higher institution have played a part in not dissuading students from this practice as they are deemed to unfair, unreliable without transparency.
We can also conclude that higher education institution are not engaging students with clear acceptability of code of practice in every course work or assignment task to with the possibility of stiffer penalty as the consequence of unfair practice and plagiarism.
Why many student struggle with unfair practises and suggest method which will help them in avoid unfair practises in academic writing:
The University expects its graduates to meet certain criteria relating to good academic practice. (See The University's Learning, Teaching and Assessment Strategy for a complete list of the characteristics Of the Sheffield Graduate) these include:
Using unfair means in the assessment process is dishonest and means that you cannot demonstrate that you have acquired these essential academic skills. To avoid using unfair means, any work submitted must be your own and must not include the work of any other person, unless it is properly acknowledged and referenced.
As part of your programme of studies you will learn how to reference sources appropriately in order to avoid plagiarism. This is an essential skill that you will need throughout your University career and beyond. You should follow any guidance on the preparation of assessed work given by the academic department setting the assignment.
You are required to attach a declaration form to all submitted work (including work submitted online), stating that the work submitted is entirely your own work.
If you have any concerns about appropriate academic practices or if you are experiencing any personal difficulties which are affecting your work, you should consult your personal tutor or a member of staff involved with that unit of study.
Any form of unfair means is treated as a serious academic offence and action may be taken under the Discipline Regulations. For a student registered on a professionally accredited programme of study, action may also be taken under the Fitness to Practise Regulations. Where unfair means is found to have been used, the University may impose penalties ranging from awarding a grade of zero for the assignment through to expulsion from the University in extremely serious cases.
The University subscribes to a national plagiarism detection service which helps academic staff identify the original source of material submitted by students. This means that academic staff has access to specialist software that searches a database of reference material gathered from professional publications, student essay websites and other work submitted by students. It is also a resource which can help tutors to advise students on ways of improving their referencing techniques. Your work is likely to be submitted to this service for further
Findings in this report pointed out that for a student to be successful in his study need to think critically, the student should become more aware of the logical and critical analysis when reading and writing, avoid descriptive and be familiar with the critical approach.