Characteristics Necessarily Guarantee Leadership Effectiveness Business Essay

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An organization is a social entity with a common goal, and it is also connected to the external environment. Organization can shape communities, and in return are shaped by the community. Organizations need structure for the sound working of organizations that leads to the creations of authority. In the following paragraphs I will put light on the fourteen functions of leaders, and I will try to explain three of them.

What leaders exactly do is not something explicit and commonly known. In order to describe it Yukl (2002), Wall, and Lepsinger identified fourteen separate leadership functions. They listed these fourteen functions as: planning and organizing, problem solving, clarifying, informing, monitoring, motivating, consulting, recognizing, supporting, managing conflict and team building, networking, delegating, developing and mentoring, and rewarding.

I think that all of these functions are crucial for the success of a leadership, but the three most important ones are: delegation, motivating, and conflicts management. Delegation is important because businesses are expanding their reach because of globalization, operations are becoming complex, and in order to focus over bigger picture leaders have to delegate some decisions in order to stay effective.

Conflict management is also very important, as an organization cannot succeed if its employees have conflicting interests as compared to the organizations'. It is job of the leader to manage all the conflicts in order to achieve harmony in the organization. Motivation is the most important function of a leader. Motivation is a state of mind that gives an individual energy to do something that ensures peak level of effort, and most of the time success. Edgar (1965) notes, "motivation explains why people act as they do" (p.67).

In conclusion, Yukl (2002), Wall, and Lepsinger have identified fourteen functions that leaders perform: planning and organizing, problem solving, clarifying, informing, monitoring, motivating, consulting, recognizing, supporting, managing conflict and team building, networking, delegating, developing and mentoring, and rewarding. Conflict management is also very important, as an organization cannot succeed if its employees have conflicting interests as compared to the organizations'. Motivation is the most important function of a leader, and in order to focus over bigger picture leaders have to delegate some decisions in order to stay effective.

2. Research suggests that leaders who are more interpersonally-oriented and those who use more participative styles in particular have followers with higher levels of satisfaction and morale. Is this true or false and what makes this the case in your opinion?

Leading is the ability to direct the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of objectives. Leadership is the process of directing the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of some objective. Leadership is considered to be one of the most important and desirable trait of a manager. One approach towards leadership is the trait based leadership. The trait based approach towards leadership was developed on early research, and it assumes that leaders are born, not made. I don't believe that leaders are always born, not made.

A leader can attain an authoritative approach to leadership, as well as an interpersonally oriented participative style. It is true that the research gests that leaders who are more interpersonally-oriented and those who use more participative styles in particular have followers with higher levels of satisfaction and morale. For example, Filley and House (1969) did research over this issue, and they found that supportive and participative leadership is related to low inter-group stress, more cooperation, lower turnover, and widespread view that the leader is desirable.

Hamner and Organ (1973), based on their review of a different number of studies, noted:

Generally speaking, we find that participative leadership is associated with greater satisfaction on the part of subordinates than is non-participative leadership, or, at worst, that participation does not lower satisfaction.

In conclusion, Leading is the ability to direct the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of objectives. Leadership is the process of directing the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of some objective. Leading is the ability to direct the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of objectives. Leadership is the process of directing the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of some objective.

3. Review three general factors that have been the focus of researchers' attention regarding who becomes defined as a leader. Search the Internet for "organization leadership". Report on what you find and cite your reference with the complete link.

Leadership has always been an important field to explore for researchers, as leaders are sought everywhere. Researchers have been trying their best to find what are the determinants or resources of leadership. According to contemporary theories about organizational leadership, there are three determinants or resources of leadership: more or less permanent characteristics of the leader, behavior or style that the individual may opt, and the characteristics of the followers or characteristics of the situation as a whole.

The most contemporary approach towards leadership is the situational leadership. Leadership studies have shifted emphasis from the trait approach to the situational approach, which suggests that leadership style must be appropriately matched to the situation the leader faces. Situational Leadership approach assumes that each leadership instance is unique, and hence needs a specific leader, followers, and situation.

Hersey and Blanchard's (1982) notes that

In situational leadership there is no single all-purpose leadership style. The leader's behavior has two independent main components: directive behavior and supportive behavior. The four quadrants with the different combinations represent the four different leadership styles: directing, coaching, supporting and delegating.

There are certain forces in the organization that influences the ability of a manager to make sound decision. Organizational factors, including the size of working groups and their geographic distribution, are especially important influences on leadership style and decision making. The second situational force is the effectiveness of the groups in the organization. The third situational force is the nature of the problem to be solved. The fourth and the most important situational force is the time available to make the decision.

In conclusion, researchers have been trying their best to find what are the determinants or resources of leadership. According to contemporary theories about organizational leadership, there are three determinants or resources of leadership: more or less permanent characteristics of the leader, behavior or style that the individual may opt, and the characteristics of the followers or characteristics of the situation as a whole. Situational Leadership approach assumes that each leadership instance is unique, and hence needs a specific leader, followers, and situation.

4. Describe the "big five" personality characteristics given in this Module. Does the possession of these characteristics necessarily guarantee leadership effectiveness? Why or why not?

Leadership is the process of directing the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of some objective. Leadership is considered to be one of the most important and desirable trait of a manager. Researchers have been trying their best to find what are the determinants or resources of leadership. In the following paragraphs I will put light on the personal characteristics that leaders usually have, and the importance of these characteristics.

According to contemporary theories about organizational leadership, there are three determinants or resources of leadership: more or less permanent characteristics of the leader, behavior or style that the individual may attain, and the characteristics of the followers or characteristics of the situation as a whole. Personal characteristics of the individual are considered very important in determining effectiveness of the leader.

The five most important personality characteristics of the leaders are: extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability, agreeableness, and intelligence. These big-five leadership characteristics are confirmed by Hogan and Curphy (1994). They stated that leaders are distinguished by higher levels of extraversion conscientiousness, emotional stability, agreeableness, and intellect. They further argued that the study of emergent leaders enforces the importance of these characteristics, and help to distinguish leaders from followers.

In conclusion, leadership is considered to be one of the most important and desirable trait of a manager. The five most important personality characteristics of the leaders are: extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability, agreeableness, and intelligence. One should keep this in mind that the above mentioned characteristics are mostly present in leaders around the world; different leaders can have different proportions of the characteristics and may not possess some of these characteristics at all. On should also keep this in mind that even having all of these characteristics does not guarantee leadership, but it increases the chances of an individual to become a leader.

5. Identify the type of leadership style that you are most personally comfortable with along with the name of a leader that typifies this style. How would the leadership style you most closely respond to affect organizational behavior in a large food manufacturing company like Nabisco with hundreds of employees?

Leadership is sought so much that sometimes it appears to be an over-rated idea. All of us need good leaders, from failing organizations to failing economies; we all long for great leader, so that they lead us towards prosperity. Leadership can be defined as the process of directing the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of some objective. In the following paragraphs I will put light over my personal choice of leadership style.

Researchers have been trying their best to find what are the determinants or resources of leadership. According to contemporary theories about organizational leadership, there are three determinants or resources of leadership: more or less permanent characteristics of the leader, behavior or style that the individual may opt, and the characteristics of the followers or characteristics of the situation as a whole.

It is obvious from many researches that the choice of the leadership style, by the individual, is a very important factor in determining the effectiveness of the leader. I neither believe in participative nor in autocratic style of leadership. I am adaptable to the situation and go back and forth on the continuum between autocratic and participative styles of leadership. In other words I truly believe in situational style of leadership.

In the case of a large food manufacturing company like Nabisco with hundreds of employees, I will lean towards autocratic approach towards leadership, but not totally abandoning participative approach towards leadership at the very same time. I believe that approach towards leadership is highly dependent over the situation and nature of the followers. I will tend to be autocratic in times of stability, while a participative leader in times of difficulty.

In conclusion, In the case of a large food manufacturing company like Nabisco with hundreds of employees, I will lean towards autocratic approach towards leadership, but not totally abandoning participative approach towards leadership at the very same time. I neither believe in participative nor in autocratic style of leadership. I am adaptable to the situation and go back and forth on the continuum between autocratic and participative styles of leadership.

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